Branislav Blažić (Serbian Cyrillic: Бранислав Блажић; 1 April 1957 – 1 April 2020) was a Serbian surgeon and politician. He served several terms in the assemblies of FR Yugoslavia, Serbia, and Vojvodina, and was Minister of Environmental Protection in the Government of Serbia from 1998 to 2000. Formerly a prominent figure in the far-right Serbian Radical Party, Blažić was a member of the Serbian Progressive Party since its formation in 2008.
|Minister of Environmental Protection|
24 March 1998 – 24 October 2000
|Prime Minister||Mirko Marjanović|
|Preceded by||Jordan Aleksić|
|Succeeded by||Mila Rosić|
|Born||1 April 1957|
Kikinda, PR Serbia, Yugoslavia
|Died||1 April 2020 (aged 63)|
|Cause of death||Infection induced by COVID-19|
|Political party||Serbian Radical Party (1992–2008)|
Serbian Progressive Party (2008–2020)
|Alma mater||University of Belgrade|
Early life and private careerEdit
Blažić was born in Kikinda, Vojvodina, in what was then the People's Republic of Serbia in the Federal People's Republic of Yugoslavia. He graduated from the University of Belgrade Faculty of Medicine and had his specialization in general surgery.
Blažić was elected to the Assembly of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia's Chamber of Citizens in the May 1992 federal election, winning a single-member constituency seat in Kikinda. He was re-elected to a second term in the December 1992–January 1993 election and to a third term in the 1996 election, both of which were held under a system of proportional representation. Blažić was an opposition deputy in parliament until his appointment to cabinet. He was identified in a July 1999 news report as a member of the Radical Party's presidency.
Cabinet minister in the Government of SerbiaEdit
The Radical Party joined a coalition government led by the Socialist Party of Serbia on 24 March 1998, and Blažić was appointed as environment minister in the government of Serbian prime minister Mirko Marjanović.
During the early stages of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)'s 1999 bombing of Yugoslavia, Blažić argued that the American-led coalition was targeting chemical industry facilities "in an obvious attempt to cause an environmental disaster." He later accused NATO of using chemical and radioactive weapons against Yugoslavia in breach of international conventions, adding that NATO's "carpet-bombing" of Kosovo and Metohija raised the question of whether the military alliance actually wanted Albanian refugees to return to the area as it claimed. At one press conference, Blažić accused NATO of violating international conventions pertaining to oil pollution, benzol poisoning, prevention of risk of cancer, cross-border air pollution, ozone layer protection, protection of the flora and fauna, and protection of workers from occupational hazards. Following the conclusion of the bombing campaign, he suggested that the smoke and toxic fumes caused by NATO's actions might have contributed to the heavy rainstorms and other bad weather affecting Serbia in the summer of 1999.
In early 2000, a cyanide leak originating in Romania caused significant damage to the Tisza and Danube rivers within Serbia. During a survey of the areas, Blažić remarked, "The Tisza has been killed. Not even bacteria have survived. This is a total catastrophe." He was also quoted as saying, "Had we from Yugoslavia done something like this, we probably would have been bombed." He threatened legal action against Romania and said it would take at least five years for life in the river to recover.
His tenure in cabinet came to an end on 24 October 2000, with the fall of Yugoslav president Slobodan Milošević. Blažić was defeated in his bid for re-election in the 2000 Yugoslavian parliamentary election when the Radical Party failed to win any mandates in his division.
Radical Party member of the National AssemblyEdit
Blažić received the twenty-fifth position on the Radical Party's electoral list for the 2000 Serbian parliamentary election, in which the entire country was counted as a single constituency. The party won twenty-three seats, and Blažić was included in its parliamentary delegation. (From 2000 to 2011, Serbian parliamentary mandates were awarded to sponsoring parties or coalitions rather than to individual candidates, and it was common practice for mandates to be awarded out of numerical order.) He received the twenty-ninth position on the Radical Party's list in the 2003 election and was again included in its delegation in the parliament that followed. The Radical Party remained in opposition throughout this period.
Provincial and municipal politicsEdit
Blažić was elected to the Assembly of Vojvodina (Division 47) in the province's 1996 provincial elections. He was not re-elected in 2000 but was returned for Kikinda's first constituency seat in the 2004 elections and served a second term.
Blažić also served as mayor of Kikinda from 2004 to 2008. During his term, Novi Sad mayor Maja Gojković, also a Radical Party member at the time, described him as one of the country's most competent politicians at the local level.
In 2005, he said that Serbian activist Nataša Kandić would be persona non grata in Kikinda on the grounds that she was "fomenting an anti-Serb hysteria" by accusing Tomislav Nikolić of having been responsible for war crimes in Croatia in 1991.
Progressive Party member of the National AssemblyEdit
The Radical Party split in 2008, and several prominent party members joined the breakaway Serbian Progressive Party under Tomislav Nikolić's leadership. Blažić sided with Nikolić and joined the new party.
Serbia's electoral system was reformed in 2011, such that parliamentary mandates were awarded in numerical order to candidates on successful lists. Blažić received the twenty-ninth position on the Progressive Party's Let's Get Serbia Moving coalition list in the 2012 parliamentary election and returned to the assembly when the list won seventy-three mandates. The Progressive Party became the leading force in Serbia's coalition government after the election, and Blažić served as a member of its parliamentary majority. He was re-elected in 2014, in which the Progressives won a landslide victory, after receiving the same list position.
In late 2014, Blažić and fellow MP Vladimir Đukanović went on an unauthorized mission to act as international observers for elections in the breakaway Donetsk and Luhansk People's Republics in Ukraine. This caused some diplomatic embarrassment for the Serbian government. Đukanović said that he and Blažić went on the mission as private citizens.
Blažić received a slightly lower position on the Progressive Party's coalition electoral list in the 2016 election, but he was still returned without difficulty when the list won a second consecutive majority victory. He served on and chaired the parliamentary environmental protection committee and was a member of the health and family committee; a deputy member of the defence and internal affairs committee; and a member of the parliamentary friendship groups with Austria, Belarus, Germany, Kazakhstan, Russia, Switzerland, and the countries of Sub-Saharan Africa.
Blažić was named as a deputy member of Serbia's delegation to the NATO Parliamentary Assembly (where Serbia has associate status) in 2012. He became a full member in 2014 and served until 2016. In June 2016, he indicated that Serbia wanted to be a force for stability in the Balkans but would remain militarily neutral and not become a member of NATO.
|Savo Dobranić||For a European Vojvodina: Democratic Party–G17 Plus, Boris Tadić||5,177||28.77||6,722||58.11|
|Branislav Blažić (incumbent)||Serbian Radical Party||7,054||39.20||4,846||41.89|
|Đura Duja Šibul||Coalition: Together for Vojvodina - Nenad Čanak||1,750||9.72|
|Gordana Aleksić||Hungarian Coalition–István Pásztor||1,490||8.28|
|Siniša Odadžin||Liberal Democratic Party||991||5.51|
|Dragan Pakaški||Socialist Party of Serbia–Party of United Pensioners of Serbia||981||5.45|
|Miodrag Čeleketić||Democratic Party of Serbia–New Serbia–Vojislav Koštunica||554||3.08|
|Total valid votes||17,997||100||11,568||100|
|Total votes casts||18,497||64.30||11,785||40.97|
|Branislav Blažić||Serbian Radical Party||4,578||44.64||5,877||64.17|
|Vlado Krejić||Democratic Party||1,507||14.70||3,281||35.83|
|Dragan Rankov||Coalition: Together for Vojvodina - Nenad Čanak||1,213||11.83|
|Stevan Grbić||Socialist Party of Serbia||818||7.98|
|Gordana Aleksić||G17 Plus||789||7.69|
|Svetozar Tatić||Strength of Serbia Movement||593||5.78|
|Đorđe Lujinović||Democratic Party of Serbia||383||3.73|
|Luka Gašić||Coalition: To Live Normally||374||3.65|
|Total valid votes||10,255||100||9,158||100|
|Total votes casts||10,788||43.07||9,380||37.45|
Federal (Federal Republic of Yugoslavia)Edit
|Branislav Blažić||Serbian Radical Party||20,067||27.10|
|Antal Balint||Democratic Fellowship of Vojvodina Hungarians||18,868||25.48|
|Rajko Popović||Socialist Party of Serbia||12,336||16.66|
|Jandrija Lukač||League of Communists – Movement for Yugoslavia||4,258||5.75|
|Ivan Glavaški||Citizens' Group||4,099||5.54|
|Mirko Knežević||Citizens' Group||3,563||4.81|
|Branislav Knežević||Citizens' Group||2,890||3.90|
|Đuro Popeskov||Citizens' Group||2,359||3.19|
|Milan Ivošević||People's Party||2,143||2.89|
|Mikloš Maroti||Citizens' Group||1,963||2.65|
|Rudolf Cegledi||Citizens' Group||1,501||2.03|
|Total valid votes||74,047||100|
- "Ministarstvo zaštite životne sredine dobilo dva nova državna sekretara", Energetski Portal, 11 October 2017, accessed 16 October 2017.
- "Prva smrt u Vladi Srbije zbog koronavirusa: Preminuo državni sekretar". b92.net (in Serbian). 1 April 2020. Retrieved 1 April 2020.
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- ИЗБОРИ '92: КОНАЧНИ РЕЗУЛТАТИ, Republic of Serbia and Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Department of Statistics (1992), pp. 7, 19.
- ИЗБОРИ '92: ВЕЋЕ ГРАЂАНА САВЕЗНЕ СКУПШТИНЕ, Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Department of Statistics (1993), p. 15. It may be reasonably assumed that Blažić was returned for the Zrenjanin electoral division, which included Kikinda and where the Radical Party won three mandates (p. 28).
- See "КАНДИДАТИ СРПСКА РАДИКАЛНА СТРАНКА ЗА ИЗБОР САВЕЗНИХ ПОСЛАНИІКА У ВЕЋЕ ГРАЂАНА САВЕЗНЕ СКУПШТИНЕ, Velika Srbija [Radical Party publication], September 2000, p. 4, which describes Blažić as having served as a federal representative since 1992. See also "Composition of the New Government," Tanjug, 24 March 1998, which lists him as having been a member of the Chamber of Citizens at the time of his appointment to cabinet. It may again be reasonably assumed that Blažić was elected for the redistributed electoral division of Zrenjanin, where on this occasion the Radical Party won a single mandate.
- "Serbian minister says Milosevic "biggest culprit for situation"," British Broadcasting Corporation Monitoring European, 21 July 1999 (Source: text of report by Serbian news agency Beta).
- "Serbia government list," Reuters News, 24 March 1998.
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- "Serbia says NATO using chemical, radioactive arms," British Broadcasting Corporation Monitoring Newsfile, 28 April 1999; "Belgrade - NATO Launches Indirect Chemical, Nuclear Warfare," Xinhua News Agency, 29 April 1999.
- "Serbian minister says NATO "indirectly waging chemical war," British Broadcasting Corporation Monitoring European - Political, 30 April 1999 (Source: excerpt from report by Yugoslav state news agency Tanjug).
- "Serbian minister blames NATO for bad weather," Associated Press Newswires, 29 July 1999.
- Misha Savic, "Yugoslavia announces legal action as cyanide pollution spreads," Associated Press Newswires, 12 February 2000.
- Adam LeBor, "Cyanide leak heads towards Danube killing every living thing in its path," The Independent, 14 February 2000, p. 12.
- "SPOTLIGHT STORY - CENTRAL EUROPE: CYANIDE SPILL REACHES YUGOSLAVIA," Greenwire, 14 February 2000; "Serbia plans to sue over cyanide in river --- Contamination called ecological catastrophe," Toronto Star, 14 February 2000, p. 1; "POLLUTION - RIVER TISZA, HUNGARY, ROMANIA AND YUGOSLAVIA," Lloyd's Information Casualty Report, 15 February 2000.
- Blažić was at the top of the Radical Party's electoral list in Zreljanin; the party narrowly fell short of winning a mandate. See "КАНДИДАТИ СРПСКА РАДИКАЛНА СТРАНКА ЗА ИЗБОР САВЕЗНИХ ПОСЛАНИІКА У ВЕЋЕ ГРАЂАНА САВЕЗНЕ СКУПШТИНЕ, Velika Srbija [Radical Party publication], September 2000, p. 4; ИЗБОРИ 2000: ВЕЋЕ РЕПУБЛИКА И ВЕЋЕ ГРАЂАНА САВЕЗНЕ СКУПШТИНЕ, Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Department of Statistics (2000), p. 45.
- Избори за народне посланике Народне скупштине одржани 23. децембра 2000. године и 10. јануара 2001. године, ИЗБОРНЕ ЛИСТЕ (Српска радикална странка – др Војислав Шешељ) Archived 11 March 2017 at the Wayback Machine, Republika Srbija - Republička izborna komisija, accessed 17 February 2017.
- Otvoreni Parlament indicates that he took his seat in the assembly at the time of its first sittings in January 2001. See DRUGO VANREDNO ZASEDANJE, 25.01.2001. (p. 4), Otvoreni Parlament, accessed 3 August 2017.
- Serbia's Law on the Election of Representatives (2000) stipulated that parliamentary mandates would be awarded to electoral lists (Article 80) that crossed the electoral threshold (Article 81), that mandates would be given to candidates appearing on the relevant lists (Article 83), and that the submitters of the lists were responsible for selecting their parliamentary delegations within ten days of the final results being published (Article 84). See Law on the Election of Representatives, Official Gazette of the Republic of Serbia, No. 35/2000, made available via LegislationOnline, accessed 28 February 2017.
- Избори за народне посланике Народне скупштине одржани 28. децембра 2003. године, ИЗБОРНЕ ЛИСТЕ (СРПСКА РАДИКАЛНА СТРАНКА - др ВОЈИСЛАВ ШЕШЕЉ) Archived 26 July 2017 at the Wayback Machine, Republika Srbija - Republička izborna komisija, accessed 17 February 2017.
- 27 January 2004 legislature, National Assembly of Serbia, accessed 3 August 2017. The Radical Party won eighty-two seats on this occasion.
- Nichol, Ulric R. (2007). Focus on politics and economics of Russia and Eastern Europe. Nova. p. 239. ISBN 978-1-60021-317-5. Retrieved 26 July 2012.
- He received the Radical Party's twenty-seventh position in 2007 and its forty-second position in 2008. See Избори за народне посланике Народне скупштине одржани 21. јануара и 8. фебрауара 2007. године, ИЗБОРНЕ ЛИСТЕ (Српска радикална странка - др Војислав Шешељ) Archived 30 April 2018 at the Wayback Machine, Republika Srbija - Republička izborna komisija, accessed 17 February 2017; and Избори за народне посланике Народне скупштине одржани 11. маја 2008. године, ИЗБОРНЕ ЛИСТЕ (СРПСКА РАДИКАЛНА СТРАНКА - Др ВОЈИСЛАВ ШЕШЕЉ) Archived 30 April 2018 at the Wayback Machine, Republika Srbija - Republička izborna komisija, accessed 17 February 2017. He is not listed in the Serbian National Assembly's list of members for either convocation. See 14 February 2007 legislature and 11 June 2008 legislature, National Assembly of Serbia, accessed 5 March 2017.
- Official report of the results of the 1996 parliamentary election, Autonomous Province of Vojvodina, 1996.
- "PRVA SMRT U VLADI OD KORONE: Branislav Blažić umro na rođendan!". kurir.rs (in Serbian). 2 April 2020.
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- Избори за народне посланике Народне скупштине, 6. мај 2012. године, ИЗБОРНЕ ЛИСТЕ (POKRENIMO SRBIJU - TOMISLAV NIKOLIĆ) Archived 11 September 2017 at the Wayback Machine, Republika Srbija - Republička izborna komisija, accessed 26 January 2017.
- Избори за народне посланике Народне скупштине одржани 16. и 23. марта 2014. године, ИЗБОРНЕ ЛИСТЕ (ALEKSANDAR VUČIĆ - BUDUĆNOST U KOJU VERUJEMO) Archived 6 May 2018 at the Wayback Machine, Republika Srbija - Republička izborna komisija, accessed 26 January 2017.
- Artem Khomenko, "Ukraine Takes As Unfriendly Act Presence Of Serbia Representatives At DPR, LPR "Elections"," Ukrainian News, 4 November 2014. This source erroneously claims that Blažić was not an MP at the time.
- "Serbian MP allegedly observes unrecognized poll in Ukraine, claims private visit," British Broadcasting Corporation Monitoring European, 5 November 2014 (Source: text of report in English by Serbian pro-western Belgrade-based Radio B92 website, on 4 November).
- Blažić received the fifty-sixth position; the list won 131 out of 250 mandates. See Избори за народне посланике 2016. године » Изборне листе (АЛЕКСАНДАР ВУЧИЋ - СРБИЈА ПОБЕЂУЈЕ) Archived 27 April 2018 at the Wayback Machine, Republika Srbija - Republička izborna komisija, accessed 17 February 2017.
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- ИЗБОРИ '92: КОНАЧНИ РЕЗУЛТАТИ, Republic of Serbia and Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Department of Statistics (1992), p. 19. This election was held under first past the post rules.