Baar, Switzerland

Baar (German pronunciation: [ˈbaːr]) is a municipality in the canton of Zug in Switzerland.

Baar
Rathaus-Baar.jpg
Coat of arms of Baar
Location of Baar
Baar is located in Switzerland
Baar
Baar
Baar is located in Canton of Zug
Baar
Baar
Coordinates: 47°12′N 8°31′E / 47.200°N 8.517°E / 47.200; 8.517Coordinates: 47°12′N 8°31′E / 47.200°N 8.517°E / 47.200; 8.517
CountrySwitzerland
CantonZug
Districtn.a.
Government
 • ExecutiveGemeinderat
with 7 members
 • MayorGemeindepräsident (list)
Andreas Hotz
(as of March 2014)
Area
 • Total24.83 km2 (9.59 sq mi)
Elevation
443 m (1,453 ft)
Population
 (2018-12-31)[2]
 • Total24,464
 • Density990/km2 (2,600/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (Central European Time)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (Central European Summer Time)
Postal code(s)
6340, 6342
SFOS number1701
LocalitiesAllenwinden, Blickensdorf, Deinikon, Inwil bei Baar, Neuägeri, Sihlbrugg Dorf, Walterswil
Surrounded byHausen am Albis (ZH), Kappel am Albis (ZH), Menzingen, Neuheim, Steinhausen, Unterägeri, Zug
Websitewww.baar.ch
SFSO statistics

HistoryEdit

Baar is first mentioned in 1045 as Barra.[3]

GeographyEdit

 
Lorze river near Baar
 
Aerial view from 500 m by Walter Mittelholzer (1919)

Baar has an area, as of 2016, of 24.85 km2 (9.59 sq mi). Of this area, 51% is used for agricultural purposes, while 25% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 22.8% is settled (buildings or roads) and the remainder (0.8%) is non-productive (rivers, glaciers or mountains).[4]

The municipality is located in the northern portion of the flood plain of the Lorze river. It was originally a linear village along the road between Lake Zug and Lake Zurich. Since the 1960s it has grown rapidly. It consists of the village of Baar and the former hamlets of Allenwinden, Blickensdorf and Inwil, as well as the farm houses of Deinikon.

DemographicsEdit

Baar has a population (as of 31 December 2020) of 24,686.[5] As of 2007, 24.9% of the population was made up of foreign nationals. Over the last 10 years, the population has grown at a rate of 20.9%. Most of the population (as of 2000) speaks German (83.1%), with Italian being second most common (3.6%) and Serbo-Croatian being third (3.1%).[6]

In the 2007 federal election, the most popular party was the SVP which received 31.2% of the vote. The next three most popular parties were the CVP (22.9%), the FDP (18.2%) and the Green Party (17.7%).[6]

The historical population is given in the following table:[3]

year population
1743 1,831
1850 2,346
1860 3,323
1900 4,484
1950 6,992
1960 9,114
1970 14,074
1990 16,147

EducationEdit

In Baar about 72% of the population (between age 25-64) have completed either non-mandatory upper secondary education or additional higher education (either university or a Fachhochschule).[6]

Baar is home to the International School of Zug and Luzern, or ISZL. The ISZL is an independent co-educational, non-profit day school, from Pre-School to Grade 12 serving the international community of Central Switzerland.

The municipality has a stadium, named Waldmannhalle, with fixed seating for 1,200 people. This regular capacity can be extended to 3,000 for larger events.

IndustryEdit

From 1980 to 2006, it was also home to Lego Produktions AG Schweiz, a toy manufacturing plant owned by the Lego Group where some Lego parts, especially those for the Lego Technic building sets, were manufactured. In 2006, the Lego Group announced a restructuring of the current production setup including the outsourcing of some of the production work to Flextronics, a Singaporean electronics company.[7] Lego Produktion AG in Baar was to be shut down and its operations moved to a plant now owned by Flextronics in Kladno, Czech Republic. Lego Technic parts would still be manufactured in the headquarters at Billund, Denmark, which then had a workforce of 3,000.[8]

Baar serves as the official headquarters of Glencore, the global producer and trader of commodities, Sika AG, a chemical company with products for construction and automotive, and Veeam, an independent software vendor.

Baar has an unemployment rate of 2.26%. As of 2005, there were 333 people employed in the primary economic sector and about 94 businesses involved in this sector. 3,810 people are employed in the secondary sector and there are 278 businesses in this sector. 9,335 people are employed in the tertiary sector, with 1,415 businesses in this sector.[6]

Baar is also home to the Typo3 Association, which moderates the free open source content management system Typo3.

TransportationEdit

Baar railway station is a stop on the InterRegio service between Zürich Hauptbahnhof and Lucerne, serviced every full hour, as well as on the Zurich S-Bahn service S24 between Zug and Zürich Oerlikon. Several stops of the Stadtbahn Zug are in Baar.

In the summer months it is possible to rent free bikes to bike around Baar. This can be done near the Rathaus.

Notable peopleEdit

 
Yvonne Gilli, 2008
 
Marcel Rohner, ca. 2013
Sport

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Arealstatistik Standard - Gemeinden nach 4 Hauptbereichen". Federal Statistical Office. Retrieved 13 January 2019.
  2. ^ "Ständige Wohnbevölkerung nach Staatsangehörigkeitskategorie Geschlecht und Gemeinde; Provisorische Jahresergebnisse; 2018". Federal Statistical Office. 9 April 2019. Retrieved 11 April 2019.
  3. ^ a b Baar in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.
  4. ^ Swiss Federal Statistical Office-Land Use Statistics 2018 data (in German) accessed 26 July 2020
  5. ^ "Ständige und nichtständige Wohnbevölkerung nach institutionellen Gliederungen, Geburtsort und Staatsangehörigkeit". bfs.admin.ch (in German). Swiss Federal Statistical Office - STAT-TAB. 31 December 2020. Retrieved 21 September 2021.
  6. ^ a b c d Swiss Federal Statistical Office Archived 2016-01-05 at the Wayback Machine accessed 22-Sep-2009
  7. ^ "LEGO Group to outsource major parts of its production to Flextronics". Lego.com. Archived from the original on 11 June 2007. Retrieved 12 May 2007.
  8. ^ "Lego to move operations out of Denmark and U.S." International Herald Tribune. Retrieved 12 May 2007.
  9. ^ IMDb Database retrieved 27 December 2018
  10. ^ "Brigitte McMahon (SUI)". Profiles. ITU. Archived from the original on 2008-10-14. Retrieved 2009-10-12.

External linksEdit