Avesta Municipality

Avesta Municipality (Avesta kommun) is one of 290 municipalities of Sweden. It is in Dalarna County, in the central part of the country, and its seat is in the town of Avesta.

Avesta Municipality

Avesta kommun
Avesta kommunhus 01.jpg
Coat of arms of Avesta Municipality
Coat of arms
Avesta Municipality in Dalarna County.png
CountrySweden
CountyDalarna County
SeatAvesta
Area
 • Total669.08 km2 (258.33 sq mi)
 • Land613.25 km2 (236.78 sq mi)
 • Water55.83 km2 (21.56 sq mi)
 Area as of 1 January 2014
Population
 (31 December 2019)[2]
 • Total23,178
 • Density35/km2 (90/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
ISO 3166 codeSE
ProvinceDalarna
Municipal code2084
Websitewww.avesta.se
Density is calculated using land area only.

The municipality in its present size was created in 1967 when the four surrounding municipalities were joined with the then City of Avesta. In 1971 it became a municipality of unitary type.

Avesta borders to the municipalities of:

SportsEdit

Speedway: The most successful sport team in Avesta is their speedway team Masarna, translating to "the men of Dalecarlia", competing in the highest division in Sweden.
Football: Avesta AIK, Krylbo IF
Ladies' handball: Avesta Brovallen HF
Ice hockey: Avesta BK

LocalitiesEdit

NotabilityEdit

 
A large 8 daler copper plate from 1658 (the British Museum)

1644–1776, Avesta was the largest part of the Swedish Mint, manufacturing mainly copper plate money. The World's largest - a 10 daler plate - is exhibited in the Avesta Myntmuseum, and weighs 19.4 kg.

 
European bison (wisent) in captivity, Avesta Visentpark, Dalarna, Sweden.

In Stubbsveden, just west of the town Avesta, is a wildlife park for European bison (wisent). Guided tours are conducted around and in between the confinements in the summer season. Occasionally, individuals from this and other Swedish animal parks are relocated to the reserve herds in Poland and Romania to widen their DNA pool.

 
Wisent statue made of stainless steel, located in Avesta City park

The city's largest industry is its steel mill, today owned by the Finnish company Outokumpu Oyj. Iron production started here in the 16th Century, was industrialized in the 17th, but was surpassed by the copper plate producing Swedish Mint factory from 1644. However, production was maintained during the centuries, and in 1823 a forge was added. 1924, production of stainless, acid proof, and fire-resistive steels was initiated. In the 1960s, these were still the main products, but twenty years later, the cold- and hot-rolled stainless qualities dominated. In 1991, British Steel Stainless merged with the Avesta firm, and in 2001 Outokumpu took over the majority of the ownership.

 
The World's largest dalahäst.

The largest Dalecarlian horse (Dalahäst) in the world is located in Avesta. It is 13 meters tall and weighs 67 tons.

Notable nativesEdit

See alsoEdit

PoliticsEdit

RiksdagEdit

This table lists the national results at Avesta's municipal level since the 1972 Swedish municipality reform. The results of the Sweden Democrats from 1988 to 1998 were not published by the SCB at a municipal level due to the party's small size nationally at the time.

Year Turnout Votes V S MP C L KD M SD ND
1973[3] 91.7 17,543 6.4 54.1 0.0 26.7 5.0 2.0 5.2 0.0 0.0
1976[4] 92.3 18,178 4.9 55.9 0.0 24.6 6.4 1.6 6.2 0.0 0.0
1979[5] 91.8 17,989 5.7 57.0 0.0 19.5 6.2 1.7 9.4 0.0 0.0
1982[6] 92.8 18,014 5.9 58.9 1.5 16.5 3.5 1.7 11.9 0.0 0.0
1985[7] 90.1 17,284 5.9 58.0 1.6 14.3 8.8 0.0 11.3 0.0 0.0
1988[8] 86.0 16,178 7.4 55.5 4.2 13.0 7.8 2.9 8.5 0.0 0.0
1991[9] 85.9 16,034 6.1 50.1 2.4 11.6 5.7 5.7 11.8 0.0 6.1
1994[10] 86.1 15,731 7.9 56.5 4.6 10.1 4.6 3.0 11.9 0.0 0.7
1998[11] 80.8 14,159 14.8 46.7 4.3 6.7 2.7 9.4 13.5 0.0 0.0
2002[12] 77.4 13,254 9.7 50.0 3.5 9.4 8.7 6.9 9.5 0.8 0.0
2006[13] 80.6 13,734 6.7 46.1 3.4 8.4 4.9 4.4 19.3 4.0 0.0
2010[14] 83.7 14,345 5.4 44.1 5.0 6.3 4.8 3.5 22.9 7.2 0.0
2014[15] 86.0 14,654 5.6 41.8 3.6 5.6 3.1 3.0 15.5 19.4 0.0

Blocs

This lists the relative strength of the socialist and centre-right blocs since 1973, but parties not elected to the Riksdag are inserted as "other", including the Sweden Democrats results from 1988 to 2006, but also the Christian Democrats pre-1991 and the Greens in 1982, 1985 and 1991. The sources are identical to the table above. The coalition or government mandate marked in bold formed the government after the election. New Democracy got elected in 1991 but are still listed as "other" due to the short lifespan of the party. "Elected" is the total number of percentage points from the municipality that went to parties who were elected to the Riksdag.

Year Turnout Votes Left Right SD Other Elected
1973 91.7 17,543 60.5 36.9 0.0 2.6 97.4
1976 92.3 18,178 60.8 37.2 0.0 2.0 98.0
1979 91.8 17,989 62.7 35.1 0.0 2.2 97.8
1982 92.8 18,014 64.8 31.9 0.0 3.3 96.7
1985 90.1 17,284 63.9 34.4 0.0 1.7 98.3
1988 86.0 16,178 67.1 29.3 0.0 3.6 96.4
1991 85.9 16,034 56.2 34.8 0.0 9.0 97.1
1994 86.1 15,731 69.0 29.6 0.0 1.4 98.6
1998 80.8 14,159 65.8 32.3 0.0 1.9 98.1
2002 77.4 13,254 63.2 34.5 0.0 2.3 97.7
2006 80.6 13,734 56.2 37.0 0.0 6.8 93.2
2010 83.7 14,345 54.5 37.5 7.2 0.8 99.2
2014 86.0 14,654 51.0 27.2 19.4 2.4 97.6

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Statistiska centralbyrån, Kommunarealer den 1 januari 2014" (in Swedish). Statistics Sweden. 2014-01-01. Archived from the original (Microsoft Excel) on 2016-09-27. Retrieved 2014-04-18.
  2. ^ "Folkmängd i riket, län och kommuner 31 december 2019" (in Swedish). Statistics Sweden. February 20, 2020. Retrieved February 20, 2020.
  3. ^ "Riksdagsvalet 1973 (page 167)" (PDF) (in Swedish). SCB. Retrieved 17 August 2017.
  4. ^ "Riksdagsvalet 1976 (page 162)" (PDF) (in Swedish). SCB. Retrieved 17 August 2017.
  5. ^ "Riksdagsvalet 1979 (page 186)" (PDF) (in Swedish). SCB. Retrieved 17 August 2017.
  6. ^ "Riksdagsvalet 1982 (page 187)" (PDF) (in Swedish). SCB. Retrieved 17 August 2017.
  7. ^ "Riksdagsvalet 1985 (page 188)" (PDF) (in Swedish). SCB. Retrieved 17 August 2017.
  8. ^ "Riksdagsvalet 1988 (page 168)" (PDF) (in Swedish). SCB. Retrieved 17 August 2017.
  9. ^ "Riksdagsvalet 1991 (page 30)" (PDF) (in Swedish). SCB. Retrieved 17 August 2017.
  10. ^ "Riksdagsvalet 1994 (page 44)" (PDF) (in Swedish). SCB. Retrieved 17 August 2017.
  11. ^ "Riksdagsvalet 1998 (page 42)" (PDF) (in Swedish). SCB. Retrieved 16 August 2017.
  12. ^ "Valresultat Riksdag Avesta kommun 2002" (in Swedish). Valmyndigheten. Retrieved 17 August 2017.
  13. ^ "Valresultat Riksdag Avesta kommun 2006" (in Swedish). Valmyndigheten. Retrieved 17 August 2017.
  14. ^ "Valresultat Riksdag Avesta kommun 2010" (in Swedish). Valmyndigheten. Retrieved 17 August 2017.
  15. ^ "Valresultat Riksdag Avesta kommun 2014" (in Swedish). Valmyndigheten. Retrieved 17 August 2017.

External linksEdit

Coordinates: 60°09′N 16°12′E / 60.150°N 16.200°E / 60.150; 16.200