Army Group A

Army Group A (Heeresgruppe A) was the name of several German Army Groups during World War II. During the Battle of France, the army group named Army Group A was composed of 45½ divisions, including 7 armored panzer divisions. It was responsible for breaking through the heavily-forested Ardennes region. The operation, which was part of Fall Gelb (Case Yellow), was resoundingly successful for the Germans, as the army group outflanked the best troops of France and its allies, eventually leading to France's surrender.[1]

Army Group A
Heeresgruppe A
Country Nazi Germany
Oberbefehlshaber Heeresgruppe.svg

In 1942, Army Group South on the Eastern Front against the Soviet Union was split into Army Group A and Army Group B, and Army Group A was responsible for the invasion into the Caucasus. In 1945, months before the fall of Nazi Germany, Army Group A was renamed Army Group Centre.

Western Front, 1940Edit

During the German invasion of the Low Countries and France Army Group A was under the command of Generaloberst Gerd von Rundstedt and was responsible for the break-out through the Ardennes. It was composed of 45½ divisions, including the 7 panzer divisions of Panzer Group Kleist.

Order of Battle

Eastern Front, 1942Edit

In 1942, Army Group South was in southern Russia on the Eastern Front. For Case Blue (Fall Blau), the summer offensive of the German Armed Forces (Wehrmacht), Army Group South was split into Army Group A and Army Group B. Army Group A was ordered south to capture the oil fields in the Caucasus.

Army Group A included the following armies:

Eastern Front, 1944-1945Edit

Army Group A was formed a third time on September 23, 1944, in southern Poland and the Carpathian region by renaming Army Group North Ukraine.
The army group was used to defend southern Poland and Slovakia.
Subordinate were :

After the breakthrough of the Red Army near Baranow on the Vistula during the Soviet Vistula-Oder Offensive, on January 16, 1945 Colonel Bogislaw von Bonin, the Chief of the Operational Branch of the Army General Staff (Generalstab des Heeres) gave Heeresgruppe A permission to retreat rejecting a direct order from Adolf Hitler for them to hold fast. Although Heeresgruppe A escaped encirclement and regrouped, von Bonin was arrested by the Gestapo on January 19, 1945, and imprisoned.

On 25 January 1945 Hitler renamed three army groups. Army Group North became Army Group Courland; Army Group Center became Army Group North and Army Group A became Army Group Center.


No. Portrait Commander Took office Left office Time in office
1Rundstedt, GerdGeneralfeldmarschall
Gerd von Rundstedt
15 October 19391 October 194011 months
2List, WilhelmGeneralfeldmarschall
Wilhelm List
10 July 194210 September 19422 months
3Hitler, AdolfAdolf Hitler
10 September 194221 November 19422 months
4Kleist, EwaldGeneralfeldmarschall
Ewald von Kleist
22 November 1942June 19436 months
5Lanz, HubertGeneral der Gebirgstruppe
Hubert Lanz
June 1943July 19431 month
(4)Kleist, EwaldGeneralfeldmarschall
Ewald von Kleist
July 194325 March 19448 months
6Schörner, FerdinandGeneraloberst
Ferdinand Schörner
25 March 194431 March 19440 months
7Harpe, JosefGeneraloberst
Josef Harpe
28 September 194417 January 19453 months
(6)Schörner, FerdinandGeneraloberst
Ferdinand Schörner
17 January 194526 January 19450 months

Chiefs of StaffEdit

No. Portrait Chief of Staff Took office Left office Time in office
1Manstein, ErichGeneralleutnant
Erich von Manstein
26 October 19391 February 194098 days
2Sodenstern, GeorgGeneral der Infanterie
Georg von Sodenstern
6 February 19401 October 1940238 days
3Greiffenberg, HansGeneralleutnant
Hans von Greiffenberg
10 July 194223 February 1943228 days
4Gause, AlfredGeneralleutnant
Alfred Gause
23 February 194313 May 194379 days
(3)Greiffenberg, HansGeneralleutnant
Hans von Greiffenberg
13 May 194316 July 194364 days
5Röttiger, HansGeneralleutnant
Hans Röttiger
16 July 194324 March 1944252 days
6Wenck, WaltherGeneralleutnant
Walther Wenck
24 March 194422 July 1944120 days
7Xylander, WolfGeneralleutnant
Wolf-Dietrich von Xylander
28 September 194415 February 1945 †208 days


  1. ^ Jackson, J. T. (2003). The Fall of France: The Nazi Invasion of 1940. Oxford: Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-280300-9.