16th Army (Wehrmacht)

The 16th Army (German: 16. Armee) was a World War II field army of the Wehrmacht.

16. Armee
16th Army
Insignia of the German 16. Armee (Wehrmacht).svg
Active22 October 1939 – 8 May 1945
Country Nazi Germany
BranchArmy
EngagementsWorld War II

HistoryEdit

It took part in the Battle of France. It was then deployed with Army Group North during Operation Barbarossa, the German invasion of the Soviet Union. It fought its way into northern Russia where in January 1942 part of it was encircled by the Soviets near Demyansk. Hitler forbade a withdrawal and the Army was re-supplied by air until a land corridor was opened in April 1942. It was subsequently involved in the siege of Leningrad. The Soviets relieved Leningrad in January 1944.

On February 19, 1944, the Soviet 2nd Baltic Front launched a fresh set of attacks against the German 16th Army around Kholm. The Soviet 22nd Army made good progress in the initial assault. These attacks greatly diminished the 16th Army. It, along with the 18th Army was cut off in the Courland Peninsula when the Soviets launched their summer and autumn offensives of 1944. It stayed trapped there in the Courland Pocket as part of Army Group Courland until the end of the war. In May 1945 the remnants of the army, now reduced to corps strength, capitulated to the Red Army and were marched into captivity. The survivors were eventually repatriated in 1955.

CommandersEdit

No. Portrait Commander Took office Left office Time in office
1Busch, ErnstGeneralfeldmarschall
Ernst Busch
(1885–1945)
22 October 193911 October 19433 years, 354 days
2Hansen, ChristianGeneral der Artillerie
Christian Hansen
(1885–1972)
11 October 19431 July 1944264 days
3Laux, PaulGeneral der Infanterie
Paul Laux
(1887–1944)
2 July 194430 August 194459 days
4Hilpert, CarlGeneraloberst
Carl Hilpert
(1888–1947)
3 September 194410 March 1945188 days
5Krosigk, ErnstGeneral der Infanterie
Ernst-Anton von Krosigk
(1898–1945)
10 March 194516 March 1945 †6 days
6Kirchensittenbach, FriedrichGeneral der Gebirgstruppen
Friedrich-Jobst Volckamer von Kirchensittenbach
(1898–1945)
[1]
17 March 194510 May 194554 days

ReferencesEdit