1st Baltic Front

The First Baltic Front (Russian: Пéрвый Прибалтийский фронт) was a major formation of the Red Army during the Second World War. It was commanded by Army General Andrey Yeryomenko, succeeded by Army General Bagramyan. It was formed by renaming the Kalinin Front on 12 October 1943, and took part in several important military operations, most notably Bagration in the summer of 1944. The 1st Baltic Front also assisted in lifting the siege of Leningrad on 27 January 1944, as well as in Operation Samland, at that time known as the Samland Group, captured Königsberg in April 1945.[1]

1st Baltic Front
1szy nadbałtycki.jpg
Standard of the 1st Baltic Front
Active12 October 1943 – 1945
Country Soviet Union
BranchRed Army flag.svg Red Army
TypeArmy group
RoleCo-ordination and conduct of Red Army Operations in the Baltic, North Poland and East Prussian regions
Size3 Armies
EngagementsOperation Bagration
Baltic Offensive
East Prussian offensive
Siege of Leningrad
Battle of Memel
Commanders
Notable
commanders
Hovhannes Bagramyan

CompositionEdit

As of 23 June 1944, the First Baltic Front consisted of the following units and their commanders:

Baltic Front, led by front commander Army General Hovhannes Bagramyan

4th Shock Army, led by General-Lieutenant Pyotr Malyshev

  • 83rd Rifle Corps

6th Guards Army, led by General Lieutenant Ivan Chistyakov

  • 2nd Guards Rifle Corps
  • 22nd Guards Rifle Corps
  • 23rd Guards Rifle Corps
  • 103rd Guards Rifle Corps
  • Army artillery

43rd Army, led by General Lieutenant Afanasy Beloborodov

3rd Air Army, led by General Lieutenant N. F. Papivin

  • 11th Fighter Aviation Corps

LeadersEdit

CommanderEdit

  1. Army General Andrey Yeremenko (October – 19 November 1943)
  2. Army General Ivan Bagramyan (19 November 1943 – February 1945)

Military CommissarEdit

  1. Lieutenant General Dmitry Leonov (October 1943 – November 1944)
  2. Lieutenant General Mikhail Rudakov (November 1944 – February 1945)

Chief of StaffEdit

  1. Colonel General Vladimir Kurasov (October 1943 – February 1945)

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Jukes. Stalin's Generals, p. 30
  • Zaloga, Steven J. Bagration 1944 - The Destruction of Army Group Center. New York: Osprey Publishing, 1996, p. 24 ISBN 1-85532-478-4