Andrii Derkach

Andrii Leonidovych Derkach (Ukrainian: Андрі́й Леоні́дович Де́ркач; born August 19, 1967) is a politician, businessman and alleged Russian agent who is a member of the Ukrainian Parliament and an activist of the Russian Orthodox Church. In August 2020, William Evanina, the U.S. counterintelligence chief, identified Derkach as a key participant in Russian efforts to interfere in the 2020 U.S. presidential election.[1]

Andrii Derkach
Андрей Деркач.jpg
Personal details
Born (1967-08-19) August 19, 1967 (age 53)
Dnipropetrovsk, Ukrainian SSR, USSR (now Dnipro, Ukraine)
Political partyIndependent
Other political
affiliations
Party of Regions
OccupationBusinessman
WebsiteDerkach.com.ua

Early life and educationEdit

Derkach is the son of Leonid Derkach, former director of the Security Service of Ukraine, who was fired in 2001 for his alleged involvement in the murder of journalist Georgiy Gongadze.[2] In 2005, the report of an ad hoc committee formed via the Ukrainian parliament, primarily responsible for investigating the murder, concluded that Gongadze's murder had been organized; the primary conspirators remained identified as then-President Kuchma and his Minister of the Interior, in addition to Leonid Derkach, who, according to the committee, had been involved in the crime.[3]

Derkach attended the Kharkiv Higher Military Command and Engineering College of Missile Forces, now the Ivan Kozhedub National Air Force University, graduating in 1989.[citation needed] In 1989 and 1990, he served in the Strategic Missile Force at the technical missile base of the Pervomaysk division; this division remained placed under the command of the Strategic Missile Force.[citation needed] In 1993, he graduated with a Ph.D. in Law from the Dzerzhinsky Higher School, renamed the Academy of the Federal Security Service of the Russian Federation in 1995;[4] his thesis primarily concerned the "Organization and conduct of meetings with secret agents".

CareerEdit

He worked as Security Officer at the Office of Security Service of Ukraine in the Dnipropetrovsk region.[citation needed][when?] He worked within the following capacities as a member of the Ukrainian government:

1994–1996: Deputy Director of the Control Service of the President of Ukraine.[citation needed]
1996–1997: Advisor to the President of Ukraine on Foreign Economic Affairs.[citation needed]
1997–1998: First Assistant to the Prime Minister of Ukraine.[citation needed]
2006–2007: President of the National Nuclear Energy Generating Company “Energoatom"[citation needed]
2007: Director General of the State Concern "Ukratomprom"[citation needed]
2011–2013: Chief Advisor to the Prime Minister of Ukraine, pro bono.[citation needed]

Derkach has been accused of having been involved in ordering the bloody assault by security forces on peaceful demonstrators in Kyiv on December 11, 2013.[5][6]

Business holdings and interestsEdit

Germany's Federal Agency for Civic Education reported in 2007 that Derkach and his father Leonid led the Derkach group, one of the regional cross-industry holding companies formed in Ukraine after the end of the Soviet Union which had close ties to the political elite and tried to influence politics through lobbying, corrupt networks, and illegal appropriations.[2][7] Derkach headed a media company comprising four newspapers, a TV guide, and the website версії.com.[2]

According to Media Ownership Monitor Ukraine, Derkach "de facto owns" television channel TRK Era and Radio Era; officially the owner is his assistant Anton Oleksandrovych Simonenko while Derkach is listed as honorary president of Era-Media and head of the arts council of TRK Еra. Ownership data of the privately held company is not publicly available.[8] Radio Era was one of several radio stations, most prominently among them Petro Poroshenko's Channel 5, that provided around-the-clock reporting from Maidan Square during the Orange Revolution in 2004.[9]

According to anti-corruption watchdog organization Chesno, Derkach and his associates appropriated protected lands valued at millions of dollars;[10] he also failed to declare his wife's stake in various of his business enterprises, as he was obliged to do under the Ukrainian law to prevent corruption.[11]

He often lobbies for Oleg Deripaska's Russia company Rusal (formerly Russkiy alyuminiy) and is close to Anatoly Chubais and Chubais's electricity monopoly firm RAO UES.[2]

Parliamentary activityEdit

Derkach has been a member of the Ukrainian Parliament from 1998 to the present.[12][13]

2002–2006: Deputy Chairman of the Ukrainian Parliament Committee on Fuel and Energy Complex, Nuclear Policy and Nuclear Safety.[citation needed]

Since 2012: Member of the Budget Committee of Ukrainian Parliament (Committee of the Verkhovna Rada on issues of budget).[citation needed]

2014–2016: Deputy Chairman of the Parliamentary Group "Nation's Will”.[citation needed]

According to Ukrainian anti-corruption watchdog organization Chesno, Derkach voted for the "dictatorship laws", ten laws restricting freedom of speech and assembly, which were signed into law by president Viktor Yanukovych in January 2014; nine of them were repealed by the Ukrainian parliament 12 days later.[14][15]

On November 13, 2015, The Interfactional Parliamentary Association “For the Protection of Violated Rights of Citizens and Against Political Repression “Forbidden to Forbid” was established. Derkach was elected as the Chairman of the Association.[citation needed]

On January 26, 2016, Derkach initiated the creation of an interim commission of inquiry on violations of the constitutional rights of citizens.[citation needed]

As of October 2019, Derkach represents District 159 in the Sumy region in northeastern Ukraine.[14]

Interference in United States 2020 electionsEdit

On October 9, 2019, Derkach alleged that Joe Biden had been involved in an international money laundering scheme with Ukrainian energy company Burisma Holdings and US-based Rosemont Seneca Partners.[16] He claimed that Burisma's payments to four of its board members–including Biden's son Hunter–which were neither secret nor illegal, were "a sinister plot involving" Ukraine's former president Poroshenko but his claims initially were mostly ignored in Ukraine and abroad.[17] Anders Åslund, senior fellow at the Atlantic Council, called Derkach "not credible" and a "professional disinformer."[18]

On December 5, 2019, Derkach met with President Donald Trump's personal lawyer Rudy Giuliani in Kyiv to put together a corruption case against Biden's son Hunter, according to Derkach.[19][20] In May 2020, he released a portion of a phone call between Joe Biden and Petro Poroshenko, the former president of the Ukraine.[21]

On September 10, 2020, the U.S. Treasury Department sanctioned Derkach "for attempting to influence the U.S. electoral process," while also alleging that Derkach "has been an active Russian agent for over a decade, maintaining close connections with the Russian Intelligence Services." [22][23] The sanctions include freezing all of Derkach's property interests subject to U.S. jurisdiction and prohibiting U.S. persons from engaging in transactions with him and with entities of which Derkach owns 50 percent or more.[24]

Other engagementsEdit

Since 1997, he has served as the chairman of the Charity Foundation for Ecology and Social Protection "Our Future".[citation needed]

Since 2003, he has been the President of the International Festival of Orthodox cinema "Pokrov".[citation needed]

In 2009, he was elected Delegate of the Local Council of the Russian Orthodox Church of the laity of the Diocese of Konotop.[citation needed]

From 2010–2013 he was a member of the Inter-Council Presence of the Russian Orthodox Church.[25][26]

FamilyEdit

Derkach is married to Terekhova Oksana Volodymyrivna, with whom he has three daughters and two sons.[citation needed]

Honors and recognitionEdit

See alsoEdit

BibliographyEdit

Author of the book Glukhov - hetman's capital (2000), co-author of monographs: "Infinitely lasting present: Ukraine: four years of the road" (1995), "Ukraine-Russia: test of friendship" (1997)[citation needed]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Andrew Desiderio and Kyle Cheney, Democrats’ noisy strategy to stop Russian election interference, Politico, August 8, 2020
  2. ^ a b c d Schneider, Eberhard (2010). "Ukraine - gespalten zwischen Ost und West (Ukraine - divided between East and West)". Bundeszentrale für politische Bildung (German Federal Agency for Civic Education). Retrieved December 5, 2019. (Translation of relevant paragraphs at Talk.)
  3. ^ "Case of Gongadze v. Ukraine". HUDOC - European Court of Human Rights. February 8, 2005. Retrieved December 13, 2019.
  4. ^ Blake, Aaron (December 5, 2019). "The murder story involving the 'Ukrainian Putin,' who just met with Rudy Giuliani". The Washington Post). Retrieved December 5, 2019.
  5. ^ Oleksiyenko, Oles (December 13, 2013). "Between Stability and the Instinct of Survival". TheUkrainian Week. Retrieved December 6, 2019.
  6. ^ Torba, Valentyn (November 26, 2015). "The Euromaidan crackdown: perpetrators and beneficiaries". Day.Kyiv.ua. Retrieved December 5, 2019.
  7. ^ Avioutskii, Viatcheslav (February 20, 2007). "The Consolidation of Ukrainian Business Clans". Revue internationale d'intelligence économique via cairn.info. Retrieved December 5, 2019.
  8. ^ "Andriy Derkach". Media Ownership Monitor. Retrieved December 6, 2019.
  9. ^ McFaul, Michael (2007). "Ukraine Imports Democracy: External Influences on the Orange Revolution". International Security. 32 (2): 45–83. doi:10.1162/isec.2007.32.2.45. JSTOR 30133875. Pg. 62
  10. ^ "Land fraud". Retrieved December 7, 2019.
  11. ^ "Derkach did not mention his wife's corporate rights in the declaration". Retrieved December 7, 2019.
  12. ^ Tkachyk, Nikolay. "NABU-LEAKS: who from the US stands behind the Ukrainian MP Andriy Derkach". International Apostroph. Retrieved December 13, 2019.
  13. ^ "Офіційний портал Верховної Ради України". Rada.gov.ua. Retrieved 23 January 2018.
  14. ^ a b "Derkach Andrii Leonidovich - Description of the politician". Retrieved December 7, 2019.
  15. ^ "Complete list of members of parliament who voted for dictatorship laws". uk:UAINFO. January 19, 2014. Retrieved December 17, 2019.
  16. ^ "Burisma paid Joe Biden $900,000 for lobbying – Ukrainian MP". Interfax-Ukraine. Retrieved 2019-10-10.
  17. ^ Shuster, Simon (November 19, 2019). "Trump's Call For Investigations Finds New Support Among Russian Allies in Ukraine". Time). Retrieved December 6, 2019.
  18. ^ Collins, Ben; Zadrosny, Brandy (November 20, 2019). "As Sondland testified, a misleading Ukraine story spread among conservatives on social media". NBC News). Retrieved December 5, 2019.
  19. ^ Stern, David L.; Dixon, Robyn (December 5, 2019). "Ukraine lawmaker seeking Biden probe meets with Giuliani in Kyiv". The Washington Post). Retrieved December 5, 2019.
  20. ^ RFE/RL's Ukrainian Service (December 5, 2019). "Ukrainian Lawmaker Says He Met Trump Lawyer Giuliani On Corruption". Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty. Retrieved December 9, 2019.
  21. ^ https://www.washingtonpost.com/national-security/ukrainian-lawmaker-releases-leaked-phone-calls-of-biden-and-poroshenko/2020/05/19/cc1e6030-9a26-11ea-b60c-3be060a4f8e1_story.html
  22. ^ "Treasury Sanctions Russia-Linked Election Interference Actors". United States Department of the Treasury. September 10, 2020. Retrieved 11 September 2020.
  23. ^ Cohen, Zachary; Atwood, Kylie; Cohen, Marshall (September 10, 2020). "Vowing crackdown on Russian meddling, US sanctions Ukrainian lawmaker who worked with Giuliani to smear Biden". CNN. Retrieved September 11, 2020.
  24. ^ Sonne, Paul; Dawsey, Josh; Demirjian, Karoun (September 11, 2020). "U.S. sanctions Ukrainian lawmaker tied to Giuliani as 'active Russian agent'". The Washington Post. Retrieved September 11, 2020.
  25. ^ Состав Межсоборного присутствия Русской Православной Церкви / Официальные документы / Патриархия.ru
  26. ^ Как изменился состав Межсоборного присутствия Русской Православной Церкви? | Православие и мир
  27. ^ "Derkach Sig. Andrej Leonidovich". Presidencia della Repubblica. October 28, 1998. Retrieved December 7, 2019.

External linksEdit