Amal Clooney (née Alamuddin; Arabic: أمل علم الدين; born 3 February 1978) is a Lebanese-British barrister at Doughty Street Chambers, specialising in international law and human rights. Her clients include Julian Assange, the founder of WikiLeaks, in his fight against extradition; the former prime minister of Ukraine, Yulia Tymoshenko; Egyptian-Canadian journalist Mohamed Fahmy; and Nobel Prize laureate Nadia Murad.
Clooney in 2018
3 February 1978
Early life and familyEdit
Her family left Lebanon when she was two years old, during the Lebanese Civil War, and settled in Gerrards Cross, Buckinghamshire. Her father, Ramzi Alamuddin, a Lebanese Druze from Baakline (a village in the Chouf district), received his MBA degree at the American University of Beirut. He returned to Lebanon in 1991. Her mother, Bariaa (née Miknass), from a family of Sunni Muslims from Tripoli in Northern Lebanon, is a political journalist and foreign editor of the Pan-Arab newspaper al-Hayat and a founder of the public relations company International Communication Experts, which is part of a larger company that specialises in celebrity guest bookings, publicity photography, and event promotion.
Alamuddin attended Dr Challoner's High School, a girls' grammar school located in Little Chalfont, Buckinghamshire. She then studied at St Hugh's College, Oxford, where she received an Exhibition and the Shrigley Award. In 2000, Clooney graduated with a BA degree in Jurisprudence (Oxford's equivalent to the LLB) from St Hugh's College, Oxford.
The following year, in 2001, she entered New York University School of Law to study for the LLM degree. She received the Jack J. Katz Memorial Award for excellence in entertainment law. For one semester while at NYU, she worked in the office of Sonia Sotomayor, then a judge for the United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit.
Clooney is qualified to practise as a lawyer in the United States and the United Kingdom. She was admitted to the bar in New York in 2002, and in England and Wales in 2010. She has also practised at international courts in The Hague including the International Court of Justice and the International Criminal Court.
In 2004, she completed a judicial clerkship at the International Court of Justice. She clerked under Judge Vladlen S. Vereshchetin from Russia, Judge Nabil Elaraby from Egypt, and ad hoc Judge Sir Franklin Berman from the United Kingdom.
She was subsequently based in The Hague working in the Office of the Prosecutor at the UN Special Tribunal for Lebanon and at the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia.
Alamuddin returned to Britain in 2010, where she became a barrister in London (Bar of England & Wales, Inner Temple) at Doughty Street Chambers. In 2013 Clooney was appointed to a number of United Nations commissions, including as adviser to Special Envoy Kofi Annan on Syria and as Counsel to the 2013 Drone Inquiry by UN human rights rapporteur Ben Emmerson QC into the use of drones in counter-terrorism operations.
Alamuddin had been involved in high-profile cases representing the state of Cambodia, the former Libyan intelligence chief Abdallah Al Senussi, Yulia Tymoshenko and Julian Assange, and was an adviser to the King of Bahrain in connection with the Bahrain Independent Commission of Inquiry headed by Professor M. Cherif Bassiouni.
For the spring 2015 and 2016 academic semesters, Clooney was a visiting faculty member and a senior fellow with Columbia Law School's Human Rights Institute. She was a co-professor with Sarah H. Cleveland in Cleveland's course on human rights and taught a class on human rights litigation to students in the school's Human Rights Clinic.
Clooney has also lectured students on international criminal law at the Law School of the School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London, The New School in New York City, The Hague Academy of International Law, and the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.
Starting in 2014, Clooney represented Canadian Al Jazeera English journalist Mohamed Fahmy who, along with other journalists, was being held in Egypt. He was eventually sentenced to three years in prison and lost a retrial in August 2015 before finally being pardoned by Egyptian president Abdel Fattah al-Sisi.
In August 2014, Clooney declined a UN commission to look into possible violations of the rules of war in Gaza during the Gaza war of 2014.
In October 2014, Clooney was hired in an attempt to repatriate the ancient Greek sculptures the Elgin Marbles. In May 2015, Greece decided to stop legal proceedings to recover the sculptures and dismissed her as their brief.
In January 2015, Clooney began work on the recognition of the Armenian Genocide. She is representing Armenia on behalf of Doughty Street Chambers along with Geoffrey Robertson QC. She said Turkey's stance was hypocritical "because of its disgraceful record on freedom of expression", including prosecutions of Turkish-Armenians who campaigned for the 1915 massacres to be called a genocide. She is representing Armenia in the case against Doğu Perinçek, whose 2007 conviction for genocide denial and racial discrimination was overturned in Perinçek v. Switzerland (2013). A "minor internet frenzy" resulted from her bon mot prior to the 28 January 2015 hearing. In response to a journalist pestering her over what designer gown she would be wearing in court, she replied "Ede & Ravenscroft" – the tailors who make her court robes.
On 8 March 2015, Clooney filed a case against the Government of the Republic of the Philippines before the UN's Working Group on Arbitrary Detention, a body under the United Nations Commission on Human Rights, for the continued detention of former Philippine president Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo. Arroyo was a sitting Pampanga congresswoman at the time. On 2 October, The United Nations Working Group on Arbitrary Detention later released its opinion that the detention of former President Arroyo "violates international law" and is "arbitrary on a number of grounds".
On 7 April 2015, it was announced that Clooney would be part of the legal team defending Mohamed Nasheed, former President of the Maldives, in his ongoing arbitrary detention. Nasheed was sentenced to 13 years in jail in March 2015 following what was characterized as a politically motivated trial. Amnesty International described his sentencing as a "travesty of justice". Prior to visiting the Maldives, the local co-counsel working on the case was stabbed in the head, an indication of the danger and instability in the country. In January 2016, Clooney gave a series of interviews about the UN-condemned trial and imprisonment of Nasheed and put forth efforts to support imposing sanctions on the Maldives. According to The Economist, she has "helped strengthen the backing of Britain's prime minister, David Cameron, for the cause of Maldivian democracy."
In June 2015, Clooney began work on the recently re-opened Hooded Men case brought by the Irish government against the British government in the European Court of Human Rights. Clooney worked with Irish Minister for Foreign Affairs Charles Flanagan on the case, which concerned policies used by UK Prime Minister Edward Heath (1970–1974) in Operation Demetrius that included the illegal interrogation methods known as five techniques. In September 2018, the court rejected the final appeal in the case.
Clooney is part of the legal team representing Louis Olivier Bancoult and Chagos islanders on their claim that they had been forced off their island, Diego Garcia, in 1971 by the UK government to make way for a U.S. military base.
In 2016, it was announced that Clooney would represent Azerbaijani journalist Khadija Ismayilova at the European Court of Human Rights. Ismayilova's investigative work had resulted in her imprisonment. Following the trial, Ismayilova was released from prison and had her sentence reduced to a suspended three-and-a-half year term.
In September 2016, Clooney spoke – for the first time at the United Nations – before the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) to discuss the decision she made in June 2016 to represent Nadia Murad as a client in legal action against ISIL commanders. Clooney characterised the genocide, rape, and trafficking as a "bureaucracy of evil on an industrial scale" by ISIL, describing a slave market existing both online, on Facebook and in the Middle East that is still active today.
On 2 January 2015, it was reported by The Guardian that before Clooney was involved as Rapporteur in the case against Mohamed Fahmy, she had written a report in February 2014 for the International Bar Association's Human Rights Institute (IBAHRI) that was critical of Egypt's judiciary process. Clooney and others were warned that there was a strong possibility they would be arrested if they entered Egypt, as a result of the criticism.
In April 2019, Clooney became a special envoy at the British Foreign and Commonwealth Office, advising the Secretary of State, Jeremy Hunt on global media freedom. In her role as media freedom special envoy, Clooney will chair a panel of international lawyers to 'develop and promote legal mechanisms to prevent and reverse media abuses'.
Awards and honoursEdit
Clooney studied at St Hugh's College, Oxford, where she received an Exhibition and the Shrigley Award. Clooney received the Jack J. Katz Memorial Award for excellence in entertainment law from NYU School of Law.
Clooney was chosen as Barbara Walters' Most Fascinating Person of 2015. At the 2014 British Fashion Awards, Clooney was shortlisted for Best British Style alongside David Beckham, Kate Moss, Keira Knightley and Emma Watson.
Clooney is the president of the Clooney Foundation for Justice, which she co-founded with her husband George Clooney in late 2016 to advance justice in courtrooms, communities, and classrooms around the world.
Clooney partnered with the Aurora Humanitarian Initiative in beginning the Amal Clooney Scholarship, which was created to send one female student from Lebanon to the United World College Dilijan each year, to enroll in a two-year International Baccalaureate (IB) programme.
On 7 August 2014, the couple obtained marriage licences in the Royal Borough of Kensington and Chelsea in London. They married on 27 September 2014 in Venice's city hall (at Ca' Farsetti), following a high-profile wedding ceremony two days earlier, also in Venice. They were married by Clooney's friend Walter Veltroni, former mayor of Rome. The wedding was widely reported in the media. In October 2014, it was announced that the Clooneys had bought the Mill House on an island in the River Thames at Sonning Eye in England at a cost of around £10 million.
In February 2017, it was reported by the CBS talk show The Talk that Clooney was pregnant. Friend Matt Damon confirmed the pregnancy to Entertainment Tonight. In June 2017, she gave birth to fraternal twins.
Works and publicationsEdit
- Alamuddin, Amal (2010). "II. Before the Trial Begins; 6. Collection of Evidence". In Khan, Karim A. A.; Buisman, Caroline; Gosnell, Christopher (eds.). Principles of Evidence in International Criminal Justice. Oxford: Oxford University Press. pp. 231–305. ISBN 978-0-19-958892-3. OCLC 663822377.
- Alamuddin, Amal; Webb, Philippa (15 November 2010). "Expanding Jurisdiction over War Crimes under Article 8 of the ICC Statute". Journal of International Criminal Justice. 8 (5): 1219–1243. doi:10.1093/jicj/mqq066. ISSN 1478-1387. OCLC 775833494.
- Alamuddin, Amal (April 2012). "Does Libya Have to Surrender Saif Al-slam Gaddafi to The Hague?" (PDF). Mizaan: The Newsletter from Lawyers for Justice in Libya (1). Archived from the original (PDF) on 23 September 2015. Retrieved 28 September 2014.
- Alamuddin, Amal (10 December 2012). "Will Syria go to the ICC?" (PDF). The Lawyer. Archived from the original (PDF) on 3 June 2016. Retrieved 28 September 2014.
- Alamuddin, Amal; Hardman, Nadia (February 2014). "Separating Law and Politics: Challenges to the Independence of Judges and Prosecutors in Egypt". Report of the International Bar Association Human Rights Institute (IBAHRI), Supported by the Open Society Foundations Arab Regional Office. PDF
- Alamuddin, Amal (2014). "The role of the Security Council in starting and stopping cases at the International Criminal Court: problems of principle and practice". In Zidar, Andraž; Bekou, Olympia (eds.). Contemporary Challenges for the International Criminal Court. London: British Institute of International and Comparative Law. pp. 103–130. ISBN 978-1-90522-151-6. OCLC 871319445.
- Alamuddin, Amal; Bonini, Anna (2014). "Chapter 4: The UN investigation of the Hariri assassination; The relationship between the UN investigation commission and the Special Tribunal for Lebanon: Problems of Principle and Practice". In Alamuddin, Amal; Jurdi, Nidal Nabil; Tolbert, David (eds.). The Special Tribunal for Lebanon: Law and Practice. Oxford: Oxford University Press. pp. 50–72. ISBN 978-0-19-968745-9. OCLC 861207456.
- Clooney, Amal (18 August 2014). "The Anatomy of an Unfair Trial". Huffington Post.
- Clooney, Amal (30 April 2015). "Release Mohamed Nasheed – an innocent man and the Maldives' great hope". The Guardian.
- Clooney, Amal (14 October 2015). "Maldives Backslides Into Repression as the World Calls for President Nasheed's Release". Huffington Post.
- Clooney, Amal; Webb, Philippa (2020). The Right to a Fair Trial in International Law. New York: Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-198-80839-8. OCLC 994411014. (forthcoming April 2020)
- Russian, Ale (5 February 2018). "Amal's Big 40! George Clooney Celebrates Wife's Birthday on 24-Hour Getaway". People.
- "George Clooney Finally Meets His Match With Human Rights Lawyer Amal Alamuddin". Vanity Fair. 29 March 2017.
- Rothman, Michael (19 March 2014). "5 Things About Amal Alamuddin". ABC News.
- Johnston, Ian (27 April 2014). "George Clooney Engaged To Amal Alamuddin: Actor To Marry British Human Rights Lawyer Who Has Represented Julian Assange". The Independent.
- Kingsley, Patrick (6 November 2014). "Amal Clooney calls on Egypt to release journalist Mohamed Fahmy". The Guardian. Retrieved 20 September 2019.
- Day, Emma (11 December 2018). "Nadia Murad is Joined by Amal Clooney as She Accepts Nobel Peace Prize". Vogue Middle East.
- "Amal Clooney appointed Foreign Office special envoy". BBC. Retrieved 5 April 2019.
- Rosenthal, Franz (2014). Gutas, Dimitri (ed.). Man Versus Society in Medieval Islam. Leiden; Boston: Brill. p. 613. ISBN 978-9-004-27089-3. OCLC 892338528.
- Flanagan, Padraic (28 April 2014). "George Clooney Engaged to High-Flying British Lawyer". The Daily Telegraph.
- Gatten, Emma (13 September 2014). "Amal Alamuddin: George Clooney's Betrothed a Star Among Druze Community". NBC News. Retrieved 28 September 2014.
- "George Clooney's Fiancée Amal Alamuddin Has Beauty, Brains And Style". The Straits Times. 27 April 2014. Retrieved 6 May 2014.
- "You'd think George Clooney asked all of Lebanon to marry him". Global Post.
- Gebeily, Maya (30 April 2014). "Amal Alamuddin from 'Druze family of sheikhs'". NOW News. Archived from the original on 6 October 2014. Retrieved 28 September 2014.
- "Amal Clooney - the most wanted woman in Britain". Tatler. 19 January 2016. Archived from the original on 30 August 2017. Retrieved 5 August 2018.
'"I remember her as humane and brainy," adds Ghil'ad Zuckermann, now a professor of linguistics at the University of Adelaide, Australia, who was also at St Hugh's with Amal. "Students were talking about Amal even then, especially those from Middle Eastern backgrounds. I remember being told around 1997, about her famous journalist mother."
- Karam, Joyce (28 April 2014). "Who is Clooney's fiancée Amal Alamuddin?". Al Arabiya. Retrieved 28 September 2014.
- "Lebanon in frenzy over Clooney-Alamuddin engagement". NOW News. AFP. 1 May 2014. Archived from the original on 13 October 2014. Retrieved 28 September 2014.
- "Colleges, Halls, and Societies: Notices – St Hugh's College". Oxford University Gazette. 23 October 1997. Archived from the original on 18 July 2010. Retrieved 6 May 2014.
- McNeal, Gregory S. (27 April 2014). "International Lawyer And Scholar Amal Alamuddin Engaged To George Clooney". Forbes. Retrieved 15 September 2014.
- "Law (Jurisprudence)". University of Oxford. Retrieved 8 April 2014.
- "Amal Alamuddin". Doughty Street Chambers. Archived from the original (PDF) on 31 July 2015. Retrieved 14 May 2015.
- Schumann, Rebecka (29 October 2013). "George Clooney Girlfriend Revealed: Who Is Amal Alamuddin? 6 Fast Facts About The Actor's New Love". International Business Times. Retrieved 6 May 2014.
- Mathis-Lilley, Ben (28 April 2014). "London Human Rights Lawyer Amal Alamuddin Is Engaged". Slate. Retrieved 28 September 2014.
- "Clerkships – Prior and Present Clerks". Institute for International Law and Justice. New York University School of Law. Archived from the original on 4 September 2014. Retrieved 28 September 2014.
- Chi, Paul (27 February 2014). "George Clooney Engaged to Amal Alamuddin: 5 Fast Facts About Her". People. Retrieved 6 May 2014.
- Alamuddin, A.; Webb, P. (2010). "Expanding Jurisdiction over War Crimes under Article 8 of the ICC Statute". Journal of International Criminal Justice. 8 (5): 1219. doi:10.1093/jicj/mqq066.
- Butter, Susannah (20 August 2014). "Amal Alamuddin's caseload: why the future Mrs George Clooney isn't about to give up her day job as a human rights lawyer". London Evening Standard. Retrieved 28 September 2014.
- "UN SRCT Drone Inquiry – Credits: UNSRCT Team". United Nations. Retrieved 28 April 2014.
- "BBC News Amal Alamuddin on Yulia Tymoshenko and Ukraine". BBC News. 2 April 2014. Retrieved 30 August 2015.
- Duboff, Josh (6 March 2015). "Amal Clooney Will Be Teaching at Columbia Law School This Spring". Vanity Fair. Retrieved 7 March 2015.
- Frankel, Mark (12 May 2016). "From Morningside Heights to the Maldives" (Press release). Columbia Law School.
- Andriakos, Jacqueline (7 March 2015). "Amal Clooney to Teach at Columbia Law School in N.Y.C." People. Retrieved 7 March 2015.
- "Amal Clooney: Visiting Professor and Senior Fellow, Human Rights Institute (Spring 2015)". Columbia Law School. Archived from the original on 18 May 2015. Retrieved 14 May 2015.
- "Amal Clooney Returns to Columbia Law to Teach International Human Rights Law". Columbia Law School. 23 March 2018.
- "Merck Sharpe & Dohme (I.A.) LLC v. The Republic of Ecuador". Permanent Court of Arbitration. 2011. Archived from the original on 10 September 2015. Retrieved 30 August 2015.
- Kingsley, Patrick (6 November 2014). "Amal Clooney calls on Egypt to release journalist Mohamed Fahmy". The Guardian. Retrieved 16 July 2015.
- Paris, Max (26 February 2015). "Amal Amal wants Stephen Harper to 'pick up phone' to free Mohamed Fahmy". CBC News. Retrieved 16 July 2015.
- Galloway, Gloria (26 February 2015). "Amal Clooney to travel to Egypt to lobby for Fahmy's freedom". The Globe and Mail. Retrieved 16 July 2015.
- Logan, Nick (15 July 2015). "Mohamed Fahmy's lawyer Amal Clooney pens deportation request ahead of verdict". Global News. Retrieved 16 July 2015.
- Malsin, Jared (29 August 2015). "Al-Jazeera journalists sentenced to three years in prison by Egyptian court". The Guardian. Retrieved 30 August 2015.
- "Mohamed Fahmy, Canadian journalist, pardoned by Egyptian president, released from prison". Retrieved 6 October 2015.
- Ryder, Taryn (11 August 2014). "Amal Alamuddin 'Horrified,' but Unable to Serve on Gaza Rights U.N. Probe". Yahoo! Celebrity. Retrieved 12 August 2014.
- Reuters (9 October 2014). "Clooney's wife Amal Alamuddin to advise Greece on Elgin marbles bid". The Guardian. Retrieved 13 October 2014.
- Squires, Nick (13 October 2014). "Amal Alamuddin to tour Acropolis as she advises Greece on return of Elgin Marbles". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 13 October 2014.
- Smith, Helena (13 May 2015). "Greece drops option of legal action in British Museum Parthenon marbles row". The Guardian. Retrieved 14 May 2015.
- Waterfield, Bruno (28 January 2015). "Amal accuses Turkey of hypocrisy on freedom of speech in Armenian genocide trial". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 28 January 2015.
- Akkoc, Raziye (28 January 2015). "Amal Clooney's latest case: Why Turkey won't talk about the Armenian genocide". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 28 January 2015.
- "Amal Clooney's speech in ECHR hearing of Perinçek v. Switzerland case" (Video). News.am Channel. 28 January 2015. Retrieved 18 March 2015.
- "Perinçek v. Switzerland (no. 27510/08)". European Court of Human Rights. 28 January 2015. Retrieved 30 August 2015.
- Craw, Victoria (29 January 2015). "Amal Clooney gives brilliant smackdown to journalist at new case in European Court of Human Rights". News.com.au.
- Waterfield, Bruno (29 January 2015). "Amal Clooney and her robes: A tale told in tweets". The Daily Telegraph. telegraph.co.uk.
- "British lawyer Amal Clooney takes Gloria Arroyo's case to UN". GMA News. 8 March 2015. Retrieved 8 March 2015.
- "UN: Gloria Arroyo's detention 'violates int'l law'". Rappler. 9 October 2015. Retrieved 9 October 2015.
- "President Mohamed Nasheed Announces International Legal Team". Maldivian Democratic Party, Maldives. 7 April 2015. Retrieved 7 April 2015.
- Clooney, Amal (30 April 2015). "Release Mohamed Nasheed – an innocent man and the Maldives' great hope". The Guardian. Retrieved 23 May 2015.
- "Maldives: 13 year sentence for former president 'a travesty of justice'". Amnesty International. 13 March 2015. Retrieved 23 May 2015.
- "Amal Clooney Tells Amnesty International Why the Former President of the Maldives Must Be Released". Amnesty International. 14 October 2015. Retrieved 16 October 2015.
- McFadden, Cynthia; Whitman, Jake; Connor, Tracy (14 January 2016). "Amal Clooney Takes Maldives Human-Rights Battle to Washington". NBC News. Retrieved 15 January 2016.
- McFadden, Cynthia (15 January 2016). "Amal Clooney: Human Rights Lawyer On Her Reluctant Celeb Status". TheToday Show. Retrieved 21 January 2016.
- Todd, Chuck (17 January 2016). "Amal Clooney On Human Rights Crisis In The Maldives". Meet the Press. NBC. Retrieved 21 January 2016.
- "Politics in the Maldives". The Economist. 20 February 2016. Retrieved 20 February 2016.
- "Hooded men: Irish government bid to reopen 'torture' case". BBC News. 2 December 2014. Retrieved 30 August 2015.
- Kearney, Vincent (9 February 2015). "Amal Clooney to represent 'hooded men' in torture legal case". BBC News. Retrieved 14 May 2015.
- McDonald, Henry (9 February 2015). "Amal Clooney joins team representing Northern Ireland's 'hooded men'". The Guardian. Retrieved 14 May 2015.
- Corrigan, Patrick (13 February 2015). "If Amal Clooney wins the 'Hooded Man' case, the embarrassment for the UK would be huge". The Independent. Retrieved 14 May 2015.
- Bowcott, Owen (11 September 2018). "Human rights judges reject final appeal of Troubles 'hooded men'". The Guardian. Retrieved 11 September 2018.
- Hart QC, David (11 April 2014). "Chagossians update". UK Human Rights Blog. Retrieved 30 August 2015.
- Bowcott, Owen (22 June 2015). "Chagos islanders ask supreme court to overturn House of Lords decision". The Guardian. Retrieved 23 June 2015.
- Salimova, Gulnar (20 January 2016). "Star lawyer Amal Clooney to defend Azerbaijani investigative journalist Ismayilova". Kyiv Post. Retrieved 20 January 2016.
- "Azerbaijan court frees journalist backed by Amal Clooney". BBC News. BBC. 25 May 2016. Retrieved 26 May 2016.
- Allum, Cynthia (9 June 2016). "Exclusive: Amal Clooney to represent ISIS survivor Nadia Murad and victims of Yazidi genocide". The New York Times. Retrieved 24 September 2016.
- Lara, Maria Mercedes (19 September 2016). "Watch: Amal Clooney Reveals She and George Talked About the 'Risks' of Taking on ISIS – 'I Mean, This Is My Work'". People. Retrieved 19 September 2016.
- McFadden, Cynthia; Whitman, Jake; Rappleye, Hannah (19 September 2016). "Amal Clooney Takes on ISIS for 'Clear Case of Genocide' of Yazidis'". NBC News. Retrieved 19 September 2016.
- Harris, Elise (19 September 2016). "Amal Clooney, George's wife, takes on U.N. and ISIS". The Washington Times. Retrieved 22 September 2016.
- "Appointment Ceremony of Ms. Nadia Murad Basee Taha As UNODC Goodwill Ambassador for the Dignity of Survivors of Human Trafficking on the Occasion of the International Day of Peace" (Video). United Nations Television (UNTV). 16 September 2016. Retrieved 21 September 2016.
- "Myanmar Releases Pulitzer Prize-Winning Reuters Journalists". NPR. Retrieved 7 May 2019.
- "Attorney General's civil panel counsel: appointments, membership lists and off panel counsel". Treasury Solicitor's Department, Government Legal Department and Attorney General's Office. 14 August 2015. Retrieved 30 August 2015.
- "Public International Law Panel of Counsel - Summary of Selection Process" (PDF). UK Attorney General. 25 February 2014. Retrieved 30 August 2015.
- "Leading UK women unite with UNICEF UK in call to end sexual violence against children in conflict". UNICEF UK. 2014. Archived from the original on 6 October 2014. Retrieved 31 August 2015.
- Kingsley, Patrick (2 January 2015). "Amal Clooney warned that she risked arrest". The Guardian. Retrieved 30 August 2015.
- "Film - Egypt: Separating Law and Politics". International Bar Association. Retrieved 30 August 2015.
- Mackelden, Amy (6 April 2019). "Amal Clooney Is Working with the U.K. Foreign Office on a New Initiative". Harper's BAZAAR. Retrieved 6 April 2019.
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- Sowray, Bibby (1 December 2014). "Emma Watson Wins Award for Best British Style at Fashion Awards". Telegraph Media Group. Retrieved 23 May 2015.
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- Swartz, Tracy (12 February 2018). "George and Amal Clooney sponsor an Iraqi refugee attending U. of C." Chicago Tribune.
- "Oprah Follows George and Amal Clooney's Lead, to Donate $500,000 for Parkland Students' March". 20 February 2018.
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