Mayor of Rome

The Mayor of Rome (Italian: Sindaco di Roma Capitale) is an elected politician who, along with Rome’s City Council (Italian: Assemblea Capitolina) of 48 members, is accountable for the strategic government of Rome. As Rome is a comune speciale since 2009, the office is different from the offices of the other Italian cities. The title is the equivalent of Lord Mayor in the meaning of an actual executive leader.

Mayor of Rome
Sindaco di Roma Capitale
Insigne Romanum coronatum.svg
Virginia Raggi - Festival Economia 2016.jpg
Incumbent
Virginia Raggi

since 22 June 2016
StyleNo title or style
ResidencePalazzo Senatorio
AppointerElectorate of Rome
Term length5 years, renewable once
Inaugural holderFrancesco Rospigliosi Pallavicini
Formation23 September 1870
DeputyLuca Bergamo
Salary€4,500 per month
WebsiteOfficial website

OverviewEdit

 
Current seat of the Mayor, Palazzo Senatorio on Capitoline Hill.

According to the City of Rome Statutes, the Mayor of Rome is a member of Rome's City Council (Italian: Assemblea Capitolina). The Mayor is elected by the population of Rome. Citizens elect also the members of the City Council, which also controls the Mayor's policy guidelines and is able to enforce his or her resignation by a motion of no confidence. The Mayor is entitled to appoint and release the members of their government, which are twelve (Italian: Assessori delle Giunta Capitolina) according to the Italian Constitution.

The seat of the City Council is the city hall Palazzo Senatorio on the Capitoline Hill.

HistoryEdit

As capital of the Papal States, Rome did not receive its Mayor until 1870, when it became the capital of Kingdom of Italy. The new Mayor served as member of the city council and he was appointed every three years by the King of Italy. Then since 1889 the Mayor was elected every four years by the City Council. However, the fascist dictatorship abolished mayors and City councils in 1926, replacing them with a single authoritarian Rector (Podestà) chosen by the National Fascist Party. The rector of Rome was called "Governatore" (Governor).

After World War II, the Mayor was chosen by the City Council and only in 1993 the Mayor was firstly elected by the population (originally every four, then every five years).

List of Mayors of RomeEdit

Papal States (1558–1870)Edit

From 1558 to 1870, the Papal States created the office of Governatore (Governor), also called Vice Camerlengo, chosen by the Pope.

Kingdom of Italy (1870–1946)Edit

From 1870, when Rome was annexed, the Kingdom of Italy created the office of the Mayor of Rome (Sindaco di Roma), chosen by the City council. In 1926, the Fascist dictatorship abolished mayors and City councils, replacing them with a single authoritarian Governatore (Governor) chosen by the National Fascist Party.

  Mayor Term start Term end Party
Michelangelo Caetani[1] 23 September 1870 30 September 1870 Independent
Giuseppe Lunati[2] 29 November 1870 20 December 1870 Independent
Filippo Doria Pamphili[2] 21 December 1870 March 1871 Independent
Giovanni Angelini[2] March 1871 16 April 1871 Independent
1 Francesco Rospigliosi Pallavicini 16 April 1871 21 October 1871 Independent
2 Luigi Pianciani 29 July 1873 5 August 1874 Left
3 Pietro Venturi 15 January 1875 7 November 1877 Left
4 Emanuele Ruspoli 18 July 1878 20 July 1880 Right
(2) Luigi Pianciani October 1881 May 1882 Left
5 Leopoldo Torlonia May 1882 31 December 1887 Right
6 Alessandro Guiccioli 24 October 1888 28 November 1889 Left
7 Augusto Armellini 28 November 1889 20 June 1890 Left
8 Onorato Caetani 29 December 1890 14 November 1892 Right
(4) Emanuele Ruspoli 14 November 1892 29 November 1899 Right
9 Prospero Colonna di Paliano December 1899 October 1904 Right
10 Enrico Cruciani Alibrandi 10 July 1905 10 July 1907 Independent
11 Ernesto Nathan 25 November 1907 8 December 1913 Radical
(9) Prospero Colonna di Paliano 6 July 1914 8 June 1919 Liberal
12 Adolfo Apolloni 8 June 1919 25 November 1920 Liberal
13 Luigi Rava 25 November 1920 23 May 1921 Liberal
14 Giannetto Valli 23 May 1921 26 June 1922 Liberal
15 Filippo Cremonesi 26 June 1922 1 January 1926 Independent
Fascist Governor (1926–1944)
1 Filippo Cremonesi 1 January 1926 9 December 1926 PNF
2 Ludovico Spada Veralli Potenziani 9 December 1926 13 September 1928 PNF
3 Francesco Boncompagni Ludovisi 13 September 1928 23 January 1935 PNF
4 Giuseppe Bottai 23 January 1935 15 November 1936 PNF
5 Piero Colonna 15 November 1936 30 August 1939 PNF
6 Giangiacomo Borghese 30 August 1939 21 August 1943 PNF
7 Giovanni Orgera 6 January 1944 10 June 1944 PFR
Allied occupation (1944–1946)
16 Filippo Andrea VI Doria Pamphili 10 June 1944 10 December 1946 Independent

Republic of Italy (1946–present)Edit

From 1946 to 1993, the Mayor of Rome was chosen by the City Council.

  Mayor Term start Term end Party Coalition Election
17 Salvatore Rebecchini 10 December 1946 2 July 1956 DC DC (1946–47)
DC  • PLI  • UQ (1947–52)
DC  • PLI  • PRI (1952–56)
1946
1947
1952
18 Umberto Tupini 2 July 1956 10 January 1958 DC Centrism
(DC  • PLI  • PRI  • PSDI)
1956
19 Urbano Cioccetti 10 January 1958 11 July 1961 DC
-
Special Prefectural Commissioner tenure (11 July 1961 – 17 July 1962)[a]
1960
20 Glauco Della Porta 17 July 1962 12 March 1964 DC Organic Centre-left
(DC  • PSI  • PSDI  • PRI)
1962
21 Amerigo Petrucci 12 March 1964 29 December 1967 DC 1966
22 Rinaldo Santini 29 December 1967 30 July 1969 DC
23 Clelio Darida 30 July 1969 9 August 1976 DC DC  • PSI  • PSDI (1969–71)
DC (1971–76)
1971
24 Giulio Carlo Argan 9 August 1976 29 September 1979 SI Red Junta
(PCI  • PSI  • PSDI  • PRI)
1976
25 Luigi Petroselli 29 September 1979 7 October 1981[b] PCI
26 Ugo Vetere 15 October 1981 30 July 1985 PCI 1981
27 Nicola Signorello 30 July 1985 6 August 1988 DC Pentapartito
(DC  • PSI  • PSDI  • PRI  • PLI)
1985
28 Pietro Giubilo 6 August 1988 19 July 1989 DC
-
Special Prefectural Commissioner tenure (19 July 1989 – 19 December 1989)[c]
29 Franco Carraro 19 December 1989 19 April 1993 PSI Pentapartito
(DC  • PSI  • PSDI  • PRI  • PLI)
1989
-
Special Prefectural Commissioner tenure (19 April 1993 – 6 December 1993)[d]
Notes
  1. ^ Nominated by the Prefect after the City Council failed to elect a Mayor.
  2. ^ Died in office.
  3. ^ Nominated by the Prefect after the Mayor lost the support of the majority of the City Council.
  4. ^ Nominated by the Prefect after the Mayor and the members of the City Council resigned in order to hold a new election under the provision of the new local electoral law.

Since 1993, under provisions of new local administration law, the Mayor of Rome is chosen by direct election, originally every four, and since 2001 every five years.


Mayor of Rome Took office Left office Party Coalition Election
30   Francesco Rutelli
(b. 1954)
6 December 1993 8 January 2001[3] FdV Alliance of Progressives
5 December 1993 – 17 November 1997
1993
The Olive Tree
17 November 1997 – 8 January 2001
1997
Special Prefectural Commissioner tenure (8 January 2001 – 1 June 2001)
31   Walter Veltroni
(b. 1955)
1 June 2001 13 February 2008[4] DS
PD
The Olive Tree
1 June 2001 – 1 June 2006
2001
The Olive Tree
1 June 2006 – 13 February 2008
2006
Special Prefectural Commissioner tenure (13 February 2008 – 28 April 2008)
32   Gianni Alemanno
(b. 1958)
28 April 2008 12 June 2013 PdL PdL
28 April 2008 – 12 June 2013
2008
33   Ignazio Marino
(b. 1955)
12 June 2013 31 October 2015[5] PD PD  • SEL
12 June 2013 – 31 October 2015
2013
Special Prefectural Commissioner tenure (31 October 2015 – 22 June 2016)
34   Virginia Raggi
(b. 1978)
22 June 2016 Incumbent M5S M5S
since 22 June 2016
2016

TimelineEdit

MayorsEdit

Political coalitionEdit

Five Star MovementCentre-right coalitionCentre-left coalitionPentapartitoItalian Communist PartyChristian Democracy (Italy)Organic Centre-leftCentrism (Italy)

By time in officeEdit

Rank Mayor Political Party Total time in office
1 Salvatore Rebecchini DC 9 years, 205 days
2 Francesco Rutelli FdV 7 years, 33 days
3 Clelio Darida DC 7 years, 10 days
4 Walter Veltroni DS 6 years, 257 days
5 Gianni Alemanno PdL 5 years, 45 days
6 Virginia Raggi M5S 4 years, 11 days
7 Amerigo Petrucci DC 3 years, 292 days
8 Ugo Vetere PCI 3 years, 288 days
9 Urbano Cioccetti DC 3 years, 182 days
10 Franco Carraro PSI 3 years, 121 days
11 Giulio Carlo Argan SI 3 years, 51 days
12 Nicola Signorello DC 3 years, 7 days
13 Ignazio Marino PD 2 years, 141 days
14 Luigi Petroselli PCI 2 years, 8 days
15 Glauco Della Porta DC 1 year, 239 days
16 Rinaldo Santini DC 1 year, 213 days
17 Umberto Tupini DC 1 year, 192 days
18 Pietro Giubilo DC 347 days

ElectionEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ President of the Government Council of Rome (Presidente della Giunta di Governo di Roma).
  2. ^ a b c Acting mayor.
  3. ^ He left the office because he was candidate at the 2001 general election as Prime Minister.
  4. ^ He left the office because he was candidate at the 2008 general election as Prime Minister.
  5. ^ Ousted from office after more than half the city's councillors stepped down.