Ali of Hejaz
Ali bin Hussein, GBE (Arabic: علي بن الحسين بن علي الهاشمي, ‘Alī ibn al-Ḥusayn ibn ‘Alī al-Hāshimī; 1879–1935), was King of Hejaz and Grand Sharif of Mecca from October 1924 until he was deposed by Ibn Saud in December 1925. He was the eldest son of King Hussein bin Ali and a scion of the Hashemite family. With the passing of the kingship from his father he also became the heir to the title of caliph, but he did not adopt the office and the style of caliph.
|Ali bin Hussein|
|King of Hejaz|
Sharif of Mecca
|Reign||3 October 1924 – 19 December 1925|
|Predecessor||Hussein bin Ali|
|Successor||Ibn Saud (as King of Hejaz)|
Mecca, Hejaz, Ottoman Empire
|Died||13 February 1935 (aged 55–56)|
Royal Mausoleum, Adhamiyah
|Issue||Princess Abdiya |
Crown Prince Abd al-Ilah
|Father||Hussein bin Ali|
|Mother||Abdiya bin Abdullah|
The eldest son of Hussein, Ali bin Hussein was born in Mecca and was educated at Ghalata Serai College (Galatasaray High School) in İstanbul (Constantinople). His father was appointed Grand Sharif of Mecca by the Ottoman Empire in 1908. However, his relationship with the Young Turks in control of the Empire increasingly became strained, and, in 1916, he became one of the leaders of the Arab Revolt against Turkish rule. Following the Revolt's success, Hussein made himself the first King of Hejaz with British support. While Hussein's sons Abdullah and Faisal were made kings of Jordan and Iraq, respectively, Ali remained the heir to his father's lands in Arabia.
King Hussein soon found himself embroiled in fighting with the House of Saud, based in Riyadh. Following military defeats by Abdulaziz ibn Saud, King Hussein abdicated all of his secular titles to Ali on 3 October 1924. (Hussein had previously awarded himself the religious title of Caliph in March of that year.)
Ali bin Hussein died in Baghdad in the Hashemite Kingdom of Iraq in 1935. He had four daughters and one son, 'Abd al-Ilah, who went on to become the Regent of the Kingdom of Iraq during the minority of King Faisal II.
Marriage and childrenEdit
- Princess Khadija Abdiya – born 1907 – died 14 July 1958.
- Princess Aliya – born 1911 – died 21 December 1950, married her first cousin, Ghazi I King of Iraq, becoming Queen Aliya of Iraq.
- Crown Prince Abd al-Ilah – born 14 November 1913 – died 14 July 1958, married three times first to Melek el-Din Fauzi in 1936 divorced in 1940, then to Faiza al-Tarabulsi in 1948 divorced 1950 and finally to Hiyam 'Abdu'l-Ilah in 1958.
- Princess Badiya – born June 1920 - died London 9 May 2020, married Sharif Al-Hussein bin Ali. They had a son, Sharif Ali bin Al-Hussein and 2 daughters.
- Princess Jalila – born 1923 – died 28 December 1955, married Sharif Dr. Ahmad Hazim Bey.
- IRAQ – Resurgence In The Shiite World – Part 8 – Jordan & The Hashemite Factors APS Diplomat Redrawing the Islamic Map, Februari 14, 2005 Archived 2018-12-25 at the Wayback Machine
- Alkhaleej today
- Kamal Salibi (15 December 1998). The Modern History of Jordan. I.B.Tauris. Retrieved 7 February 2018.
- "Family tree". alhussein.gov. 1 January 2014. Retrieved 8 February 2018.
Ali ibn HusseinBorn: 1879 Died: 13 February 1935
Hussein ibn Ali
| King of Hejaz
3 October 1924 – 19 December 1925
| Sharif and Emir of Mecca
3 October 1924 – 19 December 1925
Khalid ibn Lu'ayy
as Emir of Mecca
|New creation|| Prime Minister of Hejaz
October 1916 – 3 October 1924
Abdullah ibn Hussein
| Emir of Medina
2 February 1919 – 3 October 1924
Ahmad ibn Mansur