Muhammad ibn Abd al-Mu'in

Muḥammad ibn 'Abd al-Mu'īn ibn 'Awn (Arabic: محمد بن عبد المعين بن عون;‎ 1767 – c. 29 March 1858), also known as Muhammad ibn Awn (محمد ابن عون), was Sharif and Emir of Mecca from 1827 to 1851 and 1856 to 1858.

Muhammad ibn Abd al-Mu'in
Muhammed bin Abd al-Muin, Sharif of Mecca 1827–1851, as pictured in the 1848 book by William Francis Lynch.
Muhammed bin Abd al-Muin, Sharif of Mecca 1827–1851, as pictured in the 1848 book by William Francis Lynch.
Sharif and Emir of Mecca
First reign1827–1851
PredecessorAbd al-Muttalib ibn Ghalib
SuccessorAbd al-Muttalib ibn Ghalib
Second reign1856–1858
PredecessorAbd al-Muttalib ibn Ghalib
SuccessorAbd Allah Pasha ibn Muhammad
Born1767
Died29 March 1858(1858-03-29) (aged 90–91)

FamilyEdit

He was the son of Sharif 'Abdu'l Muin bin 'Aun.

EmirateEdit

He was appointed to the Emirate in 1827 by Muhammad Ali Pasha, the ruler of Egypt.[1] He was the first Emir of Mecca from the Abdillahis – the clan descending from his 6th generation ancestor Abd Allah ibn Hasan.

Death and burialEdit

He died on 13 Sha'ban 1274 AH (c. 29 March 1858) after an illness. He was buried in the qubbah (tomb-building) of Aminah bint Wahb, next to her grave.[2]

IssueEdit

He had six sons:

  1. Abdullah
  2. Ali (father of Hussein bin Ali, Sharif of Mecca)
  3. Husayn
  4. Awn ar-Rafiq
  5. Sultan
  6. Abd al-Ilah

He also had four daughters.[3][citation needed]

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Salibi 2006, p. 62.
  2. ^ al-Ghazi 2009, p. 100.
  3. ^ al-Ghazi 2009, p. 84.

ReferencesEdit

  • Salibi, Kamal (2006) [1993]. The Modern History of Jordan (Rev. paperback ed.). London: I. B. Tauris. p. 62. ISBN 1860643310.
  • ‘Abd Allāh ibn Muḥammad al-Ghāzī al-Makkī (2009). ‘Abd al-Malik ibn ‘Abd Allāh ibn Duhaysh (ed.). Ifādat al-anām إفادة الأنام (in Arabic). Vol. 4 (1st ed.). Makkah: Maktabat al-Asadī.