Muhammad ibn Barakat

Muḥammad ibn Barakāt ibn Ḥasan ibn ‘Ajlān (Arabic: محمد بن بركات بن حسن بن عجلان‎‎; 1437 – c. 9 September 1497) was Sharif of Mecca from 1455 to 1497.[1][2] As a vassal of the Sultan of Egypt his authority extended over the entire Hejaz.[3]

Muhammad ibn Barakat
محمد بن بركات
Sharif of Mecca
ReignSha'ban 859 – Muharram 903 AH
August 1455 – September 1497
PredecessorBarakat I
SuccessorBarakat II
BornRamadan 840 AH
March/April 1437
Mecca
Died11 Muharram 903 AH
c. 9 September 1497 (aged 60)
Wadi Marr al-Zahran (present-day Wadi Fatimah, Mecca Province, Saudi Arabia)
Burial
House
FatherBarakat I

He was born in Ramadan 840 AH (March/April 1437), the son of Barakat I, Sharif of Mecca. In 859 AH (1455) Barakat's health deteriorated, and he petitioned the Sultan to appoint his son as his replacement. Barakat died on Monday, 19 Sha'ban 859 AH (4 August 1455), and it so happened that the Sultan's reply—dated 16 Rajab 859 AH (c. 2 July 1455)—arrived from Egypt the following day, accompanied by a robe of investiture (khil'ah) for Sharif Muhammad. On 4 Shawwal (c. 17 September) Muhammad received condolences from the Sultan and his formal decree of appointment (tawqi).[4][5][6]

In the year 878 AH (1473/1474) Sultan Qaitbay appointed Muhammad's son Barakat as co-regent.[7][8]

Sharif Muhammad died on 11 Muharram 903 AH (c. 9 September 1497) at Wadi Marr al-Zahran (present-day Wadi Fatimah). He was buried in the Cemetery of al-Ma'lah in Mecca, and a tomb was built over his grave.[9][10][11]

IssueEdit

He had sixteen sons, besides daughters. Among his sons were:[7][12]

  • Humaydah, Sharif of Mecca
  • Jazan, Sharif of Mecca
  • Hazza', Sharif of Mecca
  • Barakat II, Sharif of Mecca
  • Qayitbay, Sharif of Mecca
  • Ali
  • Rajih
  • Rumaythah

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ de Zambaur 1927, p. 22.
  2. ^ Salname, p. 113.
  3. ^ al-‘Aṣimī 1998, p. 291.
  4. ^ al-‘Aṣimī 1998, pp. 288–290.
  5. ^ al-Ghāzī 2009, p. 314–316.
  6. ^ Daḥlan 2007, pp. 116–117.
  7. ^ a b al-‘Aṣimī 1998, p. 293.
  8. ^ Daḥlan 2007, p. 120.
  9. ^ al-Ghāzī 2009, p. 317–318.
  10. ^ Daḥlan 2007, p. 119.
  11. ^ al-‘Aṣimī 1998, pp. 292−293.
  12. ^ al-Ghāzī 2009, p. 319.

BibliographyEdit

  • de Zambaur, E. (1927). Manuel de généalogie et de chronologie pour l'histoire de l'Islam (in French). Hanovre: Heinz Lafaire. p. 22.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  • Hicaz vilayeti salnamesi (حجاز ولايتى سالنامه‌سى) [Yearbook of the Hejaz Vilayet] (in Ottoman Turkish) (5th ed.). Hicaz: Vilayet matbaasında tabʻ olunmuştur. 1892. pp. 112–114.
  • al-‘Aṣimī, ‘Abd al-Malik ibn Ḥusayn (1998). ‘Ādil Aḥmad ‘Abd al-Mawjūd; ‘Alī Muḥammad Mu‘awwaḍ (eds.). Samṭ al-nujūm al-'awālī fī anbā' al-awā'il wa-al-tawālī سمط النجوم العوالي في أنباء الأوائل والتوالي (in Arabic). 4. Bayrūt: Dār al-Kutub al-‘Ilmīyah.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  • al-Ghāzī, ‘Abd Allāh ibn Muḥammad (2009). ‘Abd al-Malik ibn ‘Abd Allāh ibn Duhaysh (ed.). Ifādat al-anām إفادة الأنام (in Arabic). 3 (1st ed.). Makkah: Maktabat al-Asadī.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  • Daḥlan, Aḥmad Zaynī (2007) [1887/1888]. Khulāṣat al-kalām fī bayān umarā' al-Balad al-Ḥarām خلاصة الكلام في بيان أمراء البلد الحرام (in Arabic). Dār Arḍ al-Ḥaramayn.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  • al-Ziriklī, Khayr ad-Dīn (2002) [1967]. "محمد بن بركات / Muḥammad ibn Barakāt". الأعلام / al-A‘lām (in Arabic). 6 (15th ed.). Bayrūt: Dār al-‘Ilm lil-Malāyīn. pp. 51–52.
  • Wensinck, A. J.; Bosworth, C. E. (1991). "Makka: From the 'Abbāsid to the modern period". The Encyclopaedia of Islam. 6. Leiden: Brill. pp. 149–150.
Muhammad ibn Barakat
Born: March/April 1437 Died: c. 9 September 1497
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Barakat I
Sharif of Mecca
1455–1497
with Barakat II (1473/4 – 1497)
Succeeded by
Barakat II