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Queen Aliya bint Ali of Hejaz (1911 – 21 December 1950), was an Arabian princess and a queen consort of Iraq. She was the spouse and first cousin of King Ghazi of Iraq and the queen mother of King Faisal II of Iraq. She was the second and last Queen of Iraq.[2]

Aliya bint Ali
Queen Aliya bint Ali of Hejaz.jpg
Queen consort of Iraq
Tenure25 January 1934 – 4 April 1939
PredecessorHuzaima bint Nasser
SuccessorTitle abolished
Mecca, Ottoman Empire
Died(1950-12-21)December 21, 1950 (39)
Baghdad, Iraq
Royal Mausoleum, Adhamiyah
SpouseGhazi of Iraq
IssueFaisal II of Iraq
Full name
Aliya bint Ali bin Hussein
HouseHouse of Hashim
FatherAli of Hejaz
MotherNafissa Khanum
ReligionSunni Islam[1]


Princess Aliya (or Alia) bint Ali was the second daughter of Ali bin Hussein, King of the Hijaz and Grand Sharif of Mecca.[3]

On 25 January 1934, Aliya bint Ali married her first cousin, King Ghazi I of Iraq, in Baghdad, the capital of the Hashemite Kingdom of Iraq. They had one son, Faisal II.

Queen Aliya eventually separated from King Ghazi. When Ghazi died in a car crash on 4 April 1939, the politician Nuri as-Said was widely suspected of being implicated in his death. At the Royal funeral, crowds chanted: “You will answer for the blood of Ghazi, Nuri.” Nuri was suspected to have been in contact with Queen Aliya and plotted with the brother of the Queen, 'Abd al-Ilah, to depose the King[4] Nuri supported the accession of 'Abd al-Ilah as regent for Ghazi's successor, Faisal II, who was still a minor. The new regent was initially susceptible to Nuri's influence. As her son, the last monarch of Iraq, did not marry, Aliya was the last Queen of Iraq.

Suspicion in death of servantEdit

Queen Aliya, possibly through her "adherents," was suspected by the British to have something to do with the death of a young servant of the palace. King Ghazi was suspected of having an extra-marital affair with a young male Iraqi servant. British sources wrote in 1938 that King Ghazi’s bad reputation was tarnished “further” when a “Negro youth,” who was employed at the palace, died by “accidentally” discharging his revolver when he didn't remove it before his afternoon siesta.

An official police expert ruled that the Palace's explanation was consistent with the police examination,[5], but the British suspected that one of the Queen's “adherents” might have killed the boy, as the boy was suspected to be “the King’s boon companion in debauchery” and the Queen therefore had a “deep aversion” to the boy. The King was in a panic after this incident, fearing imminent assassination.[5]


National Honours



  1. ^ "IRAQ – Resurgence In The Shiite World – Part 8 – Jordan & The Hashemite Factors". APS Diplomat Redrawing the Islamic Map. 2005.
  2. ^ a b Royal Ark
  3. ^ Royal Ark
  4. ^ Bitsofnews
  5. ^ a b "The National Archives of the UK, "1938, FO 406/76, telegram no. 31"". 1938. Archived from the original on 2017.
  6. ^ Royal Ark
Aliya bint Ali
Born: 1911 1950
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Huzaima bint Nasser
Queen of Iraq
Title next held by
Kingdom abolished in 1958