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Abida Parveen (Urdu: عابدہ پروین; born 20 February 1954),[2] is a Pakistani Sufi Muslim singer, composer and musician. Her singing and music has earned her many accolades, and she has been dubbed as the 'Queen of Sufi music'. She is also a painter and entrepreneur being a business woman from Pakistan.

"Queen of Sufi Music"

Abida Parveen
عابدہ پروین

Abida Parveen in concert at Oslo.jpg
Parveen performing in Oslo, Norway
Background information
Native name
  • عابدہ پروین
  • عابدھ پروین‬
Birth nameAbida Parveen
Also known asQueen of Sufi music[1]
Born (1954-02-20) February 20, 1954 (age 64)
Larkana, Sind, Pakistan
OriginSindh
Genres
Occupation(s)
  • Singer
  • Musician
  • Entrepreneur
  • Composer
Instruments
  • Vocals
  • harmonium
  • percussions
Years active1973–Present
Associated actsCoke Studio,
Jahan-e-Khusrau,
Bulleh Shah, Mobilink, Telenor, Alfllah, Pakistan Television Corporation
Websiteabidaparveen.com.pk

Born and raised in Larkana into a Sindhi Sufi family, she was trained by her father Ghulam Haider who was a famous Singer and Music teacher. She plays Pump organ, Keyboard and Sitar. Parveen started performing in the early 1970s and came into global prominence in the 1990s. Since 1993, Parveen has toured globally, performing her first international concert at Buena Park, California.[3] She had performed in Churches also several times. Parveen also features in Pakistan's popular musical show Coke Studio and was a judge on the pan-South Asia contest show Sur Kshetra[4] alongside Runa Laila and Asha Bhosle hosted by Ayesha Takia. It also features Atif Aslam and Himesh Reshammiya. She had appeared in various Indian and Pakistani Music reality shows including Pakistan Idol, Chhote Ustaad and STAR Voice of India. Being the Sufi sensation she is among The 500 Most Influential Muslims of the world. With the power to induce hysteria in her audience Parveen is a "Global Mystic Sufi Ambassador". Since last few years, she sings a song for Pepsi ad in the month of Ramadan and also collaborated with Atif Aslam once in it.

Parveen is referred as one of the world's greatest mystic singers.[5] Abida Parveen is reportedly among the highest paid singers in Pakistan. She sings mainly ghazals, Thumri, Khyal, Qawwali, Raga (raag), Sufi rock, Classical, Semi-classical music and her forte, Kafis, a solo genre accompanied by percussion and harmonium, using a repertoire of songs by Sufi poets.[6] Parveen sings in Urdu, Sindhi, Saraiki, Punjabi, Arabic and Persian.[7][8][9] She had also sung a famous song in Nepali language called "Ukali Orali Haruma" by Nepali singer Tara Devi in a concert in Kathmandu, Nepal which was attended by Govinda. In 2017, she was designated a 'Peace Ambassador' by SAARC.

Parveen is best known for her songs in bloomy loud voice Yaar ko Humne from the album Raqs-e-Bismil and Tere Ishq Nachaya which is a rendition of Bulleh Shah's poetry.[10] Pakistan's second highest civilian award the Hilal-e-Imtiaz has been bestowed upon Abida Parveen by the President of Pakistan for 2012.[11]

Contents

Early lifeEdit

Parveen was born in mohalla Ali Goharabad in Larkana, Sindh, Pakistan. She received her musical training initially from her father, Ustad Ghulam Haider, whom she refers as Baba Sain and Gawwaya. He had his own musical school where Parveen got her devotional inspiration from. She and her father would often perform at shrines of Sufi Saints. Parveen's talent compelled her father to choose her as his musical heir over his two sons. Growing up, she attended her father's music school, where her foundation in music was laid.[12][13] Later Ustad Salamat Ali Khan of the Sham Chaurasia gharana also taught and nurtured her. Parveen always remembers that she was never forced towards this occupation and she sang her first complete kalam when she was only 3 years old.

CareerEdit

 
Parveen at her concert in Oslo, 2007

Parveen had already begun performing at Dargahs and Urs in the early 1970s, but it was in 1973, on Radio Pakistan, that she achieved her first real breakthrough with the Sindhi song Tuhinje zulfan jay band kamand widha. In 1977 she was introduced as an official singer on Radio Pakistan. Since then, Parveen has risen to prominence and is now considered one of the finest vocal artists of Pakistan. She has imbued Sufi music with a new identity, marking the beginning of this journey at Sultana Siddiqui's Awaz-o-Andaz in 1980.

Parveen travels internationally, often performing at sold-out venues.[14][15] Her 1988 performance in Chicago was recorded by the Hazrat Amir Khusrau Society of Art and Culture, which issued a LP of her songs. Her 1989 performance in London's Wembley Conference Centre was broadcast on the BBC. Parveen cites her motivation for international travel as being to spread Sufism, peace and the divine message. In doing so, she also promotes Pakistani culture.

In the 1990s Parveen licensed her spiritual ghazals to Bollywood, since her "spiritual brother", Khan, recorded songs for Bollywood. Recently Abida also performed at the grand finale of Sindh Festival arranged by Bilawal Bhutto Zardari in Thatta.[16]

  • Abida had a special appearance in the super hit Lollywood movie "Zindagi" starring Sultan Rahi, Arif Lohar, Attaullah Khan Esakhelvi in lead cast for which she performed her famous rendition of Sufi Sachal Sarmast 'mahi yar di gharoli bhar di'.
  • In 2007, Parveen collaborated with Shehzad Roy on a song entitled Zindagi, dedicated to children's social problems .[17]
  • In the same year she performed at the annual Oslo mela in Norway.
  • In 2010, Parveen performed at London's prestigious Royal Albert Hall, along with Bollywood playback singer Sonu Nigam.[18]
  • In 2010, Parveen performed at the Asia Society's Sufi Music Festival in New York City.[19][20]
  • In 2010, she performed in Union Square, Manhattan, in first Sufi Music Festival in New York City.
  • Parveen performs annually at the Indian film-maker Muzaffar Ali's Jahan-e-Khusrau event where she is reputed to be the top performer.[21][22]
  • In 2010, she judged the Indo-Pak venture Sur Kshetra TV Show.
  • She performed in Manchester International Festival, 2013 in Bridgewater Hall.
  • Abida also collaborated in Manchester in 2013 with composer John Tavener for remarkable composition 'Mahamatar' for a Werner Herzog film about pilgrimage.
  • She had performed in Holland festival 2014 in Stopera, Amsterdam.
  • Praveen was the grand performer of Dhaka International Folk Fest, 2015 in Bangladesh where she also received an award.
  • In the Sindh Litreture Festival, 2016, she performed the grand show and cut the ribbon on its inauguration alongside SLF chairperson.
  • In the same year, she performed 2nd International Sufi Festival at Karachi.
  • In 2016, she collaborated with Indian Music director duo Salim–Sulaiman and an Orchestra in Toronto(Canada) for special song called "Noor e Illahi" released on Eid.
  • In 2017, on new year eve Abida released 'Mulk e Khuda' a patriotic song featuring natural sites and landscapes of Pakistan.
  • She has performed in the finale of Alchemy Festival, 2017 at Southbank Centre, London.
  • In the same year a Music video of romantic gazal "Ahat Si" was released by Abida feat. Saima Ajram.
  • Her performance includes the annual Faiz International Festival at the death anniversary of Faiz Ahmad Faiz.

Coke Studio appearancesEdit

Parveen began performing on the internationally acclaimed Pakistani show Coke Studio in 2010. She sang three songs: "Ramooz-e-Ishq", "Nigah-e-Darwaishaan", and "Soz-e-Ishq" in episodes 1 (Reason), 3 (Conception), and 5 (Realization), respectively of season 3. Parveen said she admired the programme because it offered a Dargahi environment. She commented:[23]

"This project which Rohail Hyatt has started is indeed great and I would like to be a part of it for a long time. The music that comes out of this project reaches both the heart and soul and it always compliments the lyrics without overriding the true message of the kalams. This platform builds on those messages of our Sufi elders."

She was invited back in season 7 in 2014. She sang "Mein Sufi Hoon" with Rais Khan and performed "dost" as a solo. She also performed "Chaap Tilak" (A popular Sufi poem by Sufi poet Amir Khusro) in a duet with Rahat Fateh Ali Khan.

Abida was also a part of season 9. Her first song along with other artists in the season, "Ae Rah Haq K Shaheedo" was dedicated to the war martyrs.[4] After that she sang a duet with Ali Sethi entitled "Aaqa", then solo an entitled "Maula-i-Kull".

QuotesEdit

  • "Pakistan seems disconnected from the outside. But it is built and running on prayers of our Sufi kings, our pirs. Poor people, rich people – we are all God's servants … I'm lucky. My audience is my God."[24]
  • "My culture – our culture – is rich in spirituality and love."[24]
  • "The songs purify the soul of a human being, the human is so involved that he has left God. The songs bring us near to God, near the Almighty, so that the human soul should be purified and satisfied."[3]

Personal lifeEdit

EducationEdit

Abida got her master's degree from Sindh and also learnt Urdu, Sindhi and Farsi specifically.

Marriage and FamilyEdit

In 1975, Abida married Ghulam Hussain Sheikh, senior producer at Radio Pakistan, who had retired from his job in the 1980s to manage and mentor Parveen's career. After he died of a heart attack on an international flight in the early 2000s, their daughter Maryam took up that role. There is a sense that Parveen's career has taken a more commercial route as a result of it.[15] The couple has two daughters Pereha Ikram and Marium Hussain, and a son Sarang Latif who is a music director. All three children act as her advisors.[14] Her family understands her need for riyaz ( daily vocal music practice) and its required space to do that practice.[25]

Abida Parveen GalleryEdit

Parveen is also interested in the arts. She owns the Abida Parveen Gallery which features jewellery, paintings, her music CDs, awards section and garments and accessories and is run by her daughters.[26] She also has her own music recording studio in it.

Clothing styleEdit

Parveen has a distinctive clothing style which she has created herself for ease and comfort. She wears long simple frocks buttoned up to the top covered with a coat. She is always accompanied by an ajrak, a sindhi duppatta, which she claims comes from the dargah (mausoleum) of Sufi saint Shah Abdul Latif Bhittai and her wardrobe is full of it.

OtherEdit

Parveen has taken Bayyat and became a disciple of Najeeb Sultan, her spiritual master. Parveen suffered a heart attack during a performance in Lahore on 28 November 2010.[27] Angiography and angioplasty were performed on her. She regained her health soon after.

Awards and recognitionsEdit

 
Parveen with the Pushto singer Fazal Malik Akif in Manchester, 1994.

FilmographyEdit

Although Parveen is a highly acclaimed singer, she has never rendered her voice to films. Her pre-recorded songs have been used in films, however. Now she has agreed to lend her voice to films on insistence of her fans and Farooq Mengal. Parveen appears less and less in interviews and television morning shows due to her shy personality. Parveen confesses that she keeps getting offers from Bollywood film-makers namely Subhash Ghai and Yash Chopra but she keeps declining them as she has immersed herself in Sufism and it is time consuming to spread the Divine Message.[31] She even got offers from Shah Rukh Khan for Ra.One and music director A.R.Rehman has offered her some songs, too.[32]

TelevisionEdit

Year Show Role Notes
1980 Awaz-o-Andaz Performer aired on PTV
2009 Nara-e-Mastana Performer Concert sponsored and aired by Hum
2010 Chotte Ustad Guest Judge with Ghulam Ali Eid Celebration
2012 Sur Kshetra TV Show Judge Representing Pakistan in India
2012 Shehr-e-Zaat OST Singer for Yaar ko Humne Pre-recorded from album Raqs-e-Bismil
2012 Jhalak Dikhhla Jaa Special appearance with Runa Laila To promote Sur Kshetra TV Show
2012 1st Hum Awards Performer Sang Naraye Mastana
2014 Pakistan Idol TV Show Guest Judge Grand Finale
2014 Zee Channel TV Singer New Channel
2014 Sama-e-Ishq Performer Concert aired on Hum TV

FilmsEdit

Year Film Song Notes
2008 Zill-e-Shah Sajjan de Haath Pre-recorded
2013 Ishq Khuda Title Track Pre-recorded
Winner-1st ARY Film Awards for Best Playback Singer
2014 Hijrat Announced Farooq Mengal debutante directorial
2015 Raabta Announced Farooq Mengal Film
2015 Jaanisaar Sufiye Ba Safa Manam (female) Indian film by Muzaffar Ali
2015 Bin Roye Maula Maula In Collaboration with Zeb Bangash
2017 Rangreza Phool Khil Jayein In collaboration with Asrar (musician)

DiscographyEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Abida Parveen, the Queen of Sufi music talks to Saima Ajram about her career, her childhood and her thoughts on the month of Ramadhan)". BBC RADIO ASIAN NETWORK. 14 July 2013. Retrieved 9 November 2018.
  2. ^ Iqbal, Nosheen (8 July 2013). "Abida Parveen: 'I'm not a man or a woman, I'm a vehicle for passion'". The Guardian (newspaper). Retrieved 9 November 2018.
  3. ^ a b EPSTEIN, BENJAMIN (18 September 1993). "Cleansing Soul Singer Has Purification Motives : Music: Abida Parveen of Pakistan tries to spread a message of love and induce a state of spiritual ecstasy with her Sufi mystic songs". Los Angeles Times. ISSN 0458-3035. Retrieved 9 November 2018.
  4. ^ a b Staff, Images (8 August 2016). "Amjad Sabri, Rahat Fateh, Abida Parveen kick-start Coke Studio 9 with an emotional tribute". Dawn (newspaper). Retrieved 9 November 2018.
  5. ^ Madhumita Dutta (2008). Let's Know Music and Musical Instruments of India. p. 56. ISBN 9781905863297.
  6. ^ Culshaw, By Peter. "Singer with the knock-out effect".
  7. ^ Ecstasy In Songs Of the Sufi By Neil Strauss, The New York Times, Published 15 October 1996, Retrieved 9 November 2018
  8. ^ MYSTICAL SINGER'S MUSIC IS THE MESSAGE Archived 5 April 2010 at the Wayback Machine. By Mary Talbot, Daily News, 11 October 1996.
  9. ^ Abida Parveen World music: the basics, by Richard Nidel. Routledge, 2005. ISBN 0-415-96800-3. p.247.
  10. ^ Anna S. King, J. L. Brockington (2005). The Intimate Other: Love Divine in Indic Religions. Orient Blackswan. p. 358. ISBN 9788125028017.
  11. ^ a b Abida Parveen's Hilal-i-Imtiaz Award (2012) The Express Tribune (newspaper), Retrieved 9 November 2018
  12. ^ Begum Abida Parveen sings dil se TNN, The Times of India, 17 June 2003.
  13. ^ Mughal. "SINDHI MUSIC". sindhiaudio.blogspot.com. Retrieved 18 January 2015.
  14. ^ a b "Abida Parveen". travel-culture.com. Retrieved 18 January 2015.
  15. ^ a b Nosheen Iqbal. "Abida Parveen: 'I'm not a man or a woman, I'm a vehicle for passion'". the Guardian. Retrieved 18 January 2015.
  16. ^ Mansoor, Hasan (5 November 2016). "Sindh Literature Festival opens with Abida Parveen's performance". Dawn newspaper. Retrieved 2 January 2017.
  17. ^ "Shehzad Roy and Abida Parveen Collaborate for a Cause". Sonya Rehman's Archive. Retrieved 18 January 2015.
  18. ^ "Sonu Nigam impresses Abida Parveen". www.oneindia.com. 8 July 2006. Retrieved 3 May 2017.
  19. ^ Pareles, Jon (21 July 2010). "Songs of the Saints, With Love, From Pakistan". The New York Times. Retrieved 9 November 2018.
  20. ^ "First Sufi festival in New York from July 20". Dawn newspaper. 9 July 2010. Retrieved 2 January 2017.
  21. ^ "Abida Parveen: Sufi soul". The Express Tribune (newspaper). IANS. 29 February 2012. Retrieved 9 November 2018.
  22. ^ Banon, Tanya (5 March 2013). "Extraordinary Abida brings Delhi's Sufi festival to a powerful end". Daily Mail. Retrieved 2 January 2017.
  23. ^ "Abida Parveen – profile, interview & pictures". forumpakistan.com. Retrieved 9 November 2018.
  24. ^ a b Iqbal, Nosheen (8 July 2013). "Abida Parveen: 'I'm not a man or a woman, I'm a vehicle for passion'". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 13 August 2016.
  25. ^ "An Exclusive Interview with Abida Parveen- The Reigning Queen of Sufi Music". Fuchsia. Retrieved 18 January 2015.
  26. ^ Vaqas Asghar (21 July 2012). "A store that's jewellery will 'set it apart'". The Express Tribune (newspaper). Retrieved 9 November 2018.
  27. ^ "Abida Parveen suffers heart attack during performance". The Express Tribune (newspaper). 28 November 2010. Retrieved 9 November 2018.
  28. ^ http://infopak.gov.pk/AbidaParveen.aspx
  29. ^ "India honours Abida Parveen with lifetime achievement award". Dawn (newspaper). 9 October 2012. Retrieved 9 November 2018.
  30. ^ Wonder Women of Pakistan Award (Winners) Retrieved 9 November 2018
  31. ^ "Bollywood can wait: Abida Parveen (Interview)". Thaindian News. 8 November 2010. Retrieved 9 November 2018.
  32. ^ Bharti Dubey (31 August 2012). "Abida Parveen and Runa Laila to spread love in India". Times of India (newspaper). Retrieved 9 November 2018.

External linksEdit