Larkana

Larkana (Urdu: لاڑکانہ‎; Sindhi: لاڙڪاڻو‎) is a city located in the Sindh province of Pakistan. It is called the city of Holy Alams (Shia Muslims' religious flag) due to the greatest number of Holy Alams as compared to other cities or regions of the world. It is the 15th largest city of Pakistan by population.[3] It is home to the Indus Valley Civilization site Mohenjo-daro.[4] The historic Indus River flows in south of the city.[5]

Larkana

لاڙڪاڻو
لاڑکانہ
Larkana Aerial view.jpg
Sambara Inn Larkana.jpgSir Shahnawaz Bhutto Memorial Library Larkana.jpg
Main crossroads in Larkana.jpg
Aerial view of Larkana
Official logo of Larkana
Emblem
Larkana is located in Sindh
Larkana
Larkana
Larkana is located in Pakistan
Larkana
Larkana
Coordinates: 27°33′30″N 68°12′40″E / 27.55833°N 68.21111°E / 27.55833; 68.21111Coordinates: 27°33′30″N 68°12′40″E / 27.55833°N 68.21111°E / 27.55833; 68.21111
Country Pakistan
ProvinceSindh Sindh
DistrictLarkana District
TalukaLarkana Taluka
Government
 • TypeMunicipal Corporation
 • D.CNouman Sadique Latki
 • Deputy Mayor of LarkanaAnwar Ali Luhar
Area
 • City82 km2 (32 sq mi)
 • Metro
1,906 km2 (736 sq mi)
Elevation
147 m (482 ft)
Population
 • City78,000
 • Rank15th, Pakistan
 • Density950/km2 (2,500/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+5 (PKT)
Area code(s)074
WebsiteLarkana.pk

The city is located within Larkana District. Formerly known as 'Chandka', Larkana is located on the south bank of the Ghar canal, about 40 miles (64 km) south of the town Shikarpur, and 36 miles (58 km) northeast of Mehar.[6] According to the 2017 Census of Pakistan, its population is 78,000.[7] Therefore, it is the fourth most populated city of Sindh province after Karachi, Hyderabad,and Sukkur. Moreover, Larkana city has been placed as fifteenth largest of Pakistan during Census 2017[8]

GeographyEdit

Larkana is situated at Latitude 24 56' 00' and Longitude 67 11' 00'.[9] It is situated in northwest part of Sindh and it has own division. It is also included in Upper Sindh.

ClimateEdit

Larkana has a hot desert climate (Köppen climate classification BWh) with extremely hot summers and mild winters. The highest recorded temperature is 53 °C (127 °F), and the lowest recorded temperature is −4 °C (25 °F). The annual rainfall is 127.4 mm, and mainly occurs in the monsoon season (July–September). The highest annual rainfall ever is 580.2 mm, recorded in 1994 and the lowest annual rainfall ever is 7.1 mm, recorded in 1938.

Annual rainfall of Larkana in British eraEdit

Here is the list of annual rainfall of Larkana, which occurred in British era.

  • 1914 = 88.4 mm
  • 1915 = 44.5 mm
  • 1916 = 84.8 mm
  • 1917 = 449.6 mm
  • 1918 = 26.2 mm
  • 1919 = 89.4 mm
  • 1920 = 15 mm
  • 1921 = 59.2 mm
  • 1922 = 34 mm
  • 1923 = 46.7 mm
  • 1924 = 50.5 mm
  • 1925 = 76.2 mm
  • 1926 = 34.3 mm
  • 1927 = 43.9 mm
  • 1928 = 11.4 mm
  • 1929 = 316 mm
  • 1930 = 43.4 mm
  • 1931 = 9.7 mm
  • 1932 = 90.9 mm
  • 1933 = 290.8 mm
  • 1934 = 70.1 mm
  • 1935 = 79.2 mm
  • 1936 = 90.4 mm
  • 1937 = 141 mm
  • 1938 = 7.1 mm (driest year in the history of city so far)
  • 1939 = 80.5 mm
  • 1940 = 50.3 mm
  • 1941 = 16.5 mm
  • 1942 = 84.8 mm
  • 1943 = 18.8 mm
  • 1944 = 209.6 mm
  • 1945 = 28.7 mm
  • 1946 = 47.8 mm

Annual rainfall of Larkana in modern eraEdit

Here is the list of annual rainfall of Larkana from 1994 until now but data of some years, is missing.

  • 1994 = 580.2 mm (wettest year in the history of city so far)
  • 2003 = 302 mm
  • 2005 = 135 mm
  • 2006 = 61 mm
  • 2008 = 203 mm
  • 2009 = 15 mm
  • 2010 = 249.2 mm
  • 2011 = 193 mm
  • 2012 = 227.8 mm
  • 2013 = 134.7 mm
  • 2014 = 15.8 mm
  • 2015 = 179.4 mm
  • 2016 = 43.9 mm
  • 2017 = 79.1 mm
  • 2018 = 48.6 mm
  • 2019 = 181.2 mm
  • 2020 = 286.5 mm so far


Climate data for Larkana
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 29.2
(84.6)
36.0
(96.8)
44.8
(112.6)
50.0
(122.0)
53.0
(127.4)
51.0
(123.8)
47.5
(117.5)
44.0
(111.2)
43.0
(109.4)
41.0
(105.8)
37.0
(98.6)
32.2
(90.0)
53.0
(127.4)
Average high °C (°F) 24.8
(76.6)
26.3
(79.3)
32.3
(90.1)
39.0
(102.2)
43.9
(111.0)
44.0
(111.2)
40.4
(104.7)
38.0
(100.4)
37.0
(98.6)
34.5
(94.1)
30.5
(86.9)
24.8
(76.6)
34.6
(94.3)
Daily mean °C (°F) 17.0
(62.6)
18.4
(65.1)
24.0
(75.2)
29.9
(85.8)
34.7
(94.5)
35.9
(96.6)
34.0
(93.2)
32.3
(90.1)
30.9
(87.6)
27.5
(81.5)
22.6
(72.7)
17.0
(62.6)
27.0
(80.6)
Average low °C (°F) 9.3
(48.7)
10.6
(51.1)
15.8
(60.4)
20.9
(69.6)
25.6
(78.1)
27.8
(82.0)
27.7
(81.9)
26.7
(80.1)
24.9
(76.8)
20.6
(69.1)
14.8
(58.6)
9.3
(48.7)
19.5
(67.1)
Record low °C (°F) −1.1
(30.0)
0.0
(32.0)
4.3
(39.7)
10.8
(51.4)
14.4
(57.9)
18.3
(64.9)
21.5
(70.7)
19.2
(66.6)
20.5
(68.9)
13.0
(55.4)
6.1
(43.0)
0.0
(32.0)
−1.1
(30.0)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 3.3
(0.13)
5.1
(0.20)
5.6
(0.22)
4.5
(0.18)
2.5
(0.10)
8.5
(0.33)
48.6
(1.91)
34.5
(1.36)
3.7
(0.15)
1.5
(0.06)
0.7
(0.03)
8.9
(0.35)
127.4
(5.02)
Average precipitation days 0.6 0.5 1.0 0.7 0.2 0.7 1.3 1.2 0.2 0.3 0.1 0.4 7.2
Source: PMD (1991-2020) [10]

AdministrationEdit

 
The tomb of Shah Baharo.

The deputy commissioner is the head of the District Administrative system. Nouman Sadique Latki is the deputy commissioner of Larkana.

The district of Larkana is administratively subdivided into the following talukas:[11]

EducationEdit

Several old and new schools, colleges, as well as university are functioning in the city for both boys and girls. Many are private and public institutions. IBA has takeover Public School and from 2020, Agha Khan University Education Board will takeover Sindh Board

 
Sir Shahnawaz Bhutto Memorial Library Larkana

Schools, Colleges and training institutesEdit

Local schools include Government Pilot Higher Secondary School (founded in 1926 by the British colonists), Girls High School, Public School Larkana, Deeni Madersa High School, Strathmore School System,[12] and Government Degree College. Technical institutes include Polytechnic Institute and Teachers' Training College.[13]

DESSI International[14] (UN ECOSOC accredited organization) has established STEVTA registered technical and vocational training institute for girls in 2017. DESSI International imparts free trainings along with giving monthly stipends through NAVTTC and BBSHRRDB/BBSYDP projects in Larkana since 2017. DESSI International also provides training programs of Beautician, Diploma in IT, Computers, Dress Making, Rilli Applique, Spoken and Business English, Chinese language and other different short and professional courses in Larkana.

 
Government Pilot Higher Secondary School Larkana

University and campusesEdit

SZABIST opened its first campus in Larkana in 2004. It offers degrees in BBA (day), BA (day), MBA (evening), EMBA. A few years later the SZABIST Trust established two school and college in the city: Montessori to Class VII (Junior School) and Class VIII to XII (School and College).[15]

 
SZABIST Larkana Campus

Chandka Medical College (CMC) was established and inaugurated by the former prime minister of Pakistan Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto on 20 April 1973. It was the fourth public medical college to be established in the province of Sindh. Chandka Medical College is recognised by Pakistan Medical & Dental Council (PMDC). The College of Physicians & Surgeons Pakistan (CPSP) has also established its regional center at the campus of CMC Larkana. CMC is recently upgraded to Shaheed Mohtarma Benazir Bhutto Medical University.[16]

In 2009, Quaid-e-Awam University College of Engineering Science & Technology (QUCEST), Larkano, was established in the outskirt of Larkana, under the directives of Government of Sindh in collaboration with Quaid-e-Awam University of Engineering Science & Technology (QUEST), Nawabshah, Sindh. The campus offers bachelor of engineering degrees in the technologies of civil engineering, mechanical engineering, electronic engineering and electrical engineering.[17]

TransportEdit

Larkana Railway Station is located in the center of the city. It connects Larkana to the rest of Sindh and Pakistan. Pakistan Railway also assists in the transportation of agricultural products to provincial capital Karachi from Larkana. Moenjodaro Airport is located near Mohen-jo-daro, 28 km away to the south of the city of Larkana, about 5 kilometres away from Dokri.

Larkana is connected via land buses to most major cities in the country, including Karachi, Islamabad, and Quetta.

SportEdit

Larkana was the birthplace of the Sindh Games. It also hosted the 12th Sindh Games in 2009 which included sports such as football, gymnastics, hockey, judo, karate, squash, table tennis, tennis, volleyball, weightlifting, and wushu. It also included traditional games such as kodi kodi, malakhara, shooting and wanjhwatti.[18] Larkana is also home to Larkana Bulls.[19]

The Larkana Tennis Association provides the only tennis court in Larkana, and coaches boys coming from various other cities.[20]

Notable peopleEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ https://www.citypopulation.de/php/pakistan-admin.php?adm2id=811
  2. ^ http://www.pbs.gov.pk/sites/default/files/PAKISTAN%20TEHSIL%20WISE%20FOR%20WEB%20CENSUS_2017.pdf
  3. ^ "Pakistan City & Town Population List". Tageo.com website. Retrieved 29 September 2017.
  4. ^ Indus, Valley. "Archeology". Archived from the original on 25 October 2014. Retrieved 14 October 2014.
  5. ^ Rivers, Bridge. "Infrastructures". Retrieved 15 October 2014.
  6. ^ "Imperial Gazetteer2 of India, Volume 16, page 144 -- Imperial Gazetteer of India -- Digital South Asia Library". uchicago.edu. Retrieved 23 March 2016.
  7. ^ http://www.pbs.gov.pk/sites/default/files/PAKISTAN%20TEHSIL%20WISE%20FOR%20WEB%20CENSUS_2017.pdf
  8. ^ https://www.suhnisindh786.com/2020/05/larakana.html
  9. ^ Geography=first1=Larkana. "geography". Retrieved 14 October 2014.
  10. ^ "Flood Forecasting division Lahore". Retrieved 21 February 2020.
  11. ^ "District Larkana Online! [ApnaLarkana.com] - First Official & Commercial website on District Larkana ... Complete guide to Larkana, Sindh, Pakistan. Larkana, Chandka, Moen jo daro, benazir Bhutto, Zulfiqar Bhutto, garhi khuda baksh, murtaza bhutto, bhutto". apnalarkana.com. Retrieved 23 March 2016.
  12. ^ "Schools in Pakistan | Great Pakistan". Retrieved 2 August 2019.
  13. ^ Apna, Larkana. "Schools and colleges". Retrieved 23 March 2016.
  14. ^ "DESSI International - nononprofit women-focused civil society NGO based Larkana". Retrieved 23 April 2020.
  15. ^ School & College. "SZABIST Larkana". Archived from the original on 22 March 2016. Retrieved 23 March 2016.
  16. ^ Chandka, University. "SMBB". CMC. CMC. Retrieved 15 October 2014.
  17. ^ QUCEST, Larkana. "Engineering Campus Larkana". Retrieved 23 March 2016.
  18. ^ Larkana, Sports. "Sindh Games". Dawn. Retrieved 22 March 2016.
  19. ^ "Team Larkana Bulls T20 Batting Bowling Stats - Live Cricket Scores - PCB". pcb.com.pk. Retrieved 23 March 2016.
  20. ^ "Promoting tennis in Larkana". The Express Tribune. 14 April 2015. Retrieved 23 March 2016.

BibliographyEdit

External linksEdit