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Radio Pakistan serves as the national public broadcaster for radio in Pakistan. Although some local stations predate Radio Pakistan's founding, it is the oldest existing broadcasting network in Pakistan. The network was established on 14 August 1947, following Pakistan's independence from Britain. Radio Pakistan services include AM news services and FM 101 and FM 93.

Radio Pakistan
Subsidiary
IndustryMass media
PredecessorPakistan Broadcasting Service
FoundedAugust 14, 1947; 72 years ago (1947-08-14)
Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan
Headquarters
National Broadcasting House G-5/2, Islamabad Capital Territory
,
Area served
Worldwide
ServicesFM 101
FM 93
ParentPakistan Broadcasting Corporation
Websiteradio.gov.pk

HistoryEdit

Radio Pakistan was originally known as the Pakistan Broadcasting Service at the time of its inception on 14 August 1947. It had the honour of publicly announcing Pakistan's independence from Britain on 13 August 1947 at 11:59 pm. Mustafa Ali Hamdani made the announcement from Lahore in Urdu and English,[1] while Abdullah Jan Maghmoom made the announcement from Peshawar in Pashto.[2]

The announcement was heard as follows:[3]

السلام علیکم
پاکستان براڈ کاسٹنگ سروس ۔ ہم لاہور سے بول رہے ہیں ۔تیرا اور چودہ اگست ، سنہ سینتالیس عیسوی کی درمیانی رات ۔ بارہ بجے ہیں ۔ طلوع صبح آزادی ۔

The English translation of this announcement is as follows:

Greetings Pakistan Broadcasting Service. We are speaking from Lahore. The night between the thirteenth and fourteenth of August, year forty-seven. It is twelve o'clock. Dawn of Freedom.

 
Mustafa Ali Hamdani

Radio Pakistan broadcasts are in 34 languages: Urdu, Punjabi, Sindhi, Balochi, Seraiki, Potowari, Pashto, Hindko, Kohistani, Khowar, Kashmiri, Gojri, Burushaski, Balti, Shina, Wakhi, Hazargi, Brahvi, English, Chinese, Dari, Persian, Hindi, Gujarati, Tamil, Sinhala, Nepali, Russian, Turkish, Arabic, and Bengali.[4]

According to one of the pioneers of Radio Pakistan, Agha Nasir (9 February 1937 – 12 July 2016), three radio stations at Dhaka (established in 1939), Lahore (1937) and Peshawar (1935) existed at the time of independence of Pakistan on 14 August 1947. There was no radio station in the capital of Pakistan, Karachi in 1947.[1][4] On a high priority basis, a major program of expansion saw new stations opened at Karachi and Rawalpindi in 1948, and a new broadcasting house at Karachi in 1950. This was followed by new stations at Hyderabad (1951), Quetta (1956), a second station at Rawalpindi (1960) and a Receiving Centre at Peshawar (1960). In 1970, training facilities were opened in Islamabad and a station opened at Multan.[4]

A 1973 law, signed by Zulfikar Ali Bhutto (President and later Prime minister) regulated Pakistan Broadcasting Corporation (PBC) as "to publish, circulate, distribute and regulate (reliable and trusted) news and information in any part of the world in any manner that may be deemed fit".[5]

Its one core mission states: "education, news and information to be brought to public awareness the whole range of significant activity.".[6] It was converted into Pakistan Broadcasting Corporation on 20 December 1972 as a statutory body governed by the Board of Directors and Director General. The Radio Pakistan World Service was established on 21 April 1973. The service reached the remotest parts of Pakistan with stations at Gilgit (1977) and Skardu (1977) in the far north and Turbat (1981) in the far southwest. From 1981 to 1982 stations and transmitters were also established at Dera Ismail Khan, Khuzdar and Faisalabad. Radio Pakistan opened a new broadcasting house in Khairpur on 7 May 1986, followed by relay stations in 1989 at Sibi and on 21 March 1991 in Abbottabad.[4]

The remoter parts of the country began to receive coverage with new stations opened in the 1990s at Chitral, Loralai and Zhob. In 1997, the Federal Minister of Information inaugurated the computerisation of the PBC news processing system and availability of the news bulletins on the Internet in text and audio form. FM 101 Channel of PBC was launched on 1 October 1998 having stations at Islamabad, Lahore and Karachi and now this channel have nine stations throughout Pakistan and is the biggest FM Radio network of Pakistan. In October 1998, Radio Pakistan started FM transmission and over the period 2002–2005, new FM stations were opened at Islamabad, Gwadar, Mianwali, Sargodha, Kohat, Bannu and Mithi.[7]

In the last two and a half years, three new networks have been launched by PBC. On 28 August 2008, PBC launched National Broadcasting Service (NBS) the first dedicated Current Affairs Channel. It is a combination of 5 (100 KW) AM transmitters permanently linked together to broadcast a single national program beamed across Pakistan. Islamabad, Peshawar, Lahore, Quetta and Karachi are the main stations generating the national programming. It is a 17 hours programming on major national and international issues, target audience and literary and cultural programs. PBC launched a new Community FM channel after February 2009 Station Directors Conference. The network is called FM-93 Network with 22 stations across Pakistan. Gilgit, Muzaffarabad, Mirpur, Abbottabad, Chitral, Bannu, Kohat, Dera Ismail Khan, Sargodha, Mianwali, Faislabad, Lahore, Multan, Larkana, Khairpur, Bhit Shah, Hyderabad, Mithi, Karachi and Gwadar transmit the FM 93 network. On 14 November, PBC launched its first English Music Channel in Islamabad called Planet 94. The network operates on FM 94. The second and third stations of the English channel are soon to start their transmissions from Lahore and Karachi.

ChannelsEdit

News & Current Affairs ChannelEdit

News and Current Affairs Channel was launched by Pakistan Broadcasting Corporation in November 2000 and was converted into National Broadcasting Service in 2008. It broadcasts 13 hours of programmes from 8:00 AM to 9:00 PM daily from Islamabad and 8 hours daily from the Provincial Headquarters.[8]Frequencies:

  • Islamabad – 1152 Khz
  • Lahore – 1332 Khz
  • Karachi – 639 Khz
  • Quetta – 756 Khz
  • Peshawar 1170 Khz
  • 3999.75 Mhz on Satellite Pak Sat1R

FM 101Edit

FM-101 is a commercial radio station first aired in 1998.[7]

OtherEdit

  • FM 93
  • Central Production Unit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Flashback: Voices from the past". Dawn (newspaper). 16 June 2012. Retrieved 14 March 2019.
  2. ^ "Abdullah Jan Maghmoom on weebly.com website". Retrieved 14 March 2019.
  3. ^ "YouTube". www.youtube.com.
  4. ^ a b c d "Pakistan Broadcasting Corporation Stations and their Dates of Inauguration". Archived from the original on 1 July 2010. Retrieved 14 March 2019.
  5. ^ E-Government. "The PBC Act of 1973". Government of Pakistan website. Directorate for Public Relations and International Press Release (PBC Law Ordnance). Archived from the original on 17 May 2012. Retrieved 14 March 2019.
  6. ^ "Pakistan Broadcasting Corporation: Mission and Purpose". Radio Pakistan website (Archived). Our Mission. Archived from the original on 17 May 2012. Retrieved 14 March 2019.
  7. ^ a b "FM-101 NETWORK of Pakistan Broadcasting Corporation launched in Octber 1998". Archived from the original on 2 March 2010. Retrieved 14 March 2019.
  8. ^ "News & Current Affairs Channel". radio.gov.pk website. Retrieved 14 March 2019.

External linksEdit