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The 540s decade ran from January 1, 540, to December 31, 549.

Millennium: 1st millennium
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EventsEdit

540

By placeEdit

Byzantine EmpireEdit
EuropeEdit
PersiaEdit
AfricaEdit
AsiaEdit

By topicEdit

ReligionEdit
WorldEdit

541Edit

By placeEdit

Byzantine EmpireEdit
EuropeEdit
PersiaEdit
AsiaEdit

By topicEdit

ReligionEdit

542Edit

By placeEdit

Byzantine EmpireEdit
EuropeEdit

By topicEdit

ReligionEdit
LiteratureEdit

543Edit

By placeEdit

EuropeEdit
AfricaEdit
PersiaEdit
AsiaEdit

By topicEdit

LearningEdit
ReligionEdit

544Edit

By placeEdit

Byzantine EmpireEdit
PersiaEdit
AfricaEdit
  • Battle of Cillium: A Byzantine army under Solomon is defeated by the Moors on the border of Numidia. Solomon and his bodyguard are forced to retreat and are later killed.[16][17]
AsiaEdit
  • February – Lý Bí is declared emperor and establishes the empire Van Xuân (modern Vietnam). His armies repel attacks from the kingdom of Champa.
  • October – The Liang dynasty retaliates against Van Xuân, and sends an imperial army (120,000 men) under Chen Baxian to re-occupy the region.

By topicEdit

ReligionEdit

545Edit

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Byzantine EmpireEdit
EuropeEdit
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PersiaEdit

By topicEdit

ReligionEdit

546Edit

By placeEdit

Byzantine EmpireEdit
EuropeEdit
AmericasEdit

By topicEdit

ReligionEdit

547Edit

By placeEdit

EuropeEdit
BritainEdit
AfricaEdit
AsiaEdit

By topicEdit

ReligionEdit

548Edit

By placeEdit

Byzantine EmpireEdit
EuropeEdit
PersiaEdit
  • Lazic War: King Gubazes II revolts against the Persians, and requests aid from Justinian I. He sends a Byzantine expeditionary force (8,000 men) to Lazica (modern Georgia).
  • Gubazes II besieges the fortress of Petra, located on the Black Sea. The Persian army under Mermeroes defeats a small Byzantine force guarding the mountain passes, and relieves Petra.
  • Mermeroes stations a garrison of 3,000 men in the stronghold of Petra, and marches to Armenia. The Persians, lacking sufficient supplies, secure the supply routes and plunder Lazica.
AfricaEdit
AsiaEdit

By topicEdit

CommerceEdit
ReligionEdit

549Edit

By placeEdit

Byzantine EmpireEdit
EuropeEdit
PersiaEdit
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By topicEdit

ReligionEdit

Significant peopleEdit

BirthsEdit

540

541

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543

544

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DeathsEdit

540

541

542

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548

549


ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Herwig Wolfram, History of the Goths (University of California Press), 1990
  2. ^ Rome at War (p. 56). Michael Whitby, 2002. ISBN 1-84176-359-4
  3. ^ Graham, 2002 & p. 44
  4. ^ "List of Rulers of Korea". www.metmuseum.org. Retrieved 21 April 2019.
  5. ^ "In 1986 I discovered that a series of Irish oaks exhibited their narrowest rings in the immediate vicinity of." 080205 aryabhata.de
  6. ^ Baillie, M.G.L. (2007). Tree-Rings Indicate Global Environmental Downturns that could have been Caused by Comet Debris, Chap. 5 in Bobrowsky, Peter T. and Hans Rickman (eds.), Comet/Asteroid Impacts and Human Society: An Interdisciplinary Approach, Springer-Verlag, Berlin. ISBN 3-540-32709-6, pp. 105–122.
  7. ^ Highfield, Roger; Robert Uhlig and David Derbyshire (9 Sep 2000). "Comet caused Dark Ages, says tree ring expert". Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 6 November 2011.
  8. ^ "El Chichon eruption implicated in Mayan upheaval - BBC News". BBC News. Retrieved 2016-04-20.
  9. ^ a b Frye Ancient Iran
  10. ^ Bury 1923, Volume 2, p. 57–58; Martindale et al.
  11. ^ Farrokh 2007, p. 235
  12. ^ J.B. Bury, 1923. History of the later Roman Empire, chapter XIX
  13. ^ Bury (1923). Vol. II, Chapter XIX, p. 231-233.
  14. ^ Bauer, Susan Wise (2010). The History of the Medieval World: "From the Conversion of Constantine to the First Crusade". ISBN 978-0-393-05975-5 p. 231.
  15. ^ J. Norwich, A Short History of Byzantium, p. 77
  16. ^ Kazhdan 1991, "Solomon", pp. 1925–1926.
  17. ^ Martindale et al.; Bury, 1958 & p. 145
  18. ^ Procopius. History. XXV. 26 Vol. IV 261
  19. ^ "List of Rulers of Korea". www.metmuseum.org. Retrieved 19 April 2019.
  20. ^ Morton, H. V. (2003). A Traveller in Rome. Da Capo Press. ISBN 0306811316.
  21. ^ Pringle, 1981 & p. 202
  22. ^ Pringle, 1981 & p. 205-206
  23. ^ Saint of the Day, November 7: Herculanus of Perugia[permanent dead link] at SaintPatrickDC.org
  24. ^ O'Donnell, James (2008). The Ruin of the Roman Empire. New York: HarperCollins. p. 266. ISBN 978-0-06-078737-0.
  25. ^ a b T. M. Charles-Edwards (2006). The Chronicle of Ireland: Introduction, text. Liverpool University Press. pp. 99–. ISBN 978-0-85323-959-8.
  26. ^ Isidore of Seville, Historia de regibus Gothorum, Vandalorum et Suevorum, chapter 44. Translation by Guido Donini and Gordon B. Ford, Isidore of Seville's History of the Goths, Vandals, and Suevi, second revised edition (Leiden: E. J. Brill, 1970), p.21
  27. ^ Martindale et al.
  28. ^ Council of Orléans at the Catholic Encyclopedia
  29. ^ P.W. Joyce (22 March 2018). A Concise History of Ireland. Charles River Editors. p. 97. ISBN 978-1-61430-701-3.
  30. ^ Ancient and Early Medieval Chinese Literature (vol.3 & 4): A Reference Guide, Part Three & Four. BRILL. 22 September 2014. p. 1697. ISBN 978-90-04-27185-2.
  31. ^ Anna Welch (15 October 2015). Liturgy, Books and Franciscan Identity in Medieval Umbria. BRILL. p. 188. ISBN 978-90-04-30467-3.
  32. ^ Kenneth Baxter Wolf (1999). Conquerors and Chroniclers of Early Medieval Spain. Liverpool University Press. p. 99. ISBN 978-0-85323-554-5.
  33. ^ Pádraig Ó Riain (1985). Corpus genealogiarum sanctorum Hiberniae. Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies.
  34. ^ Peter Connolly; John Gillingham; John Lazenby (13 May 2016). The Hutchinson Dictionary of Ancient and Medieval Warfare. Routledge. p. 191. ISBN 978-1-135-93674-7.
  35. ^ Ancient and Early Medieval Chinese Literature (vol.3 & 4): A Reference Guide, Part Three & Four. BRILL. 22 September 2014. p. 1552. ISBN 978-90-04-27185-2.
  36. ^ Wanton Women in Late-Imperial Chinese Literature: Models, Genres, Subversions and Traditions. BRILL. 27 March 2017. p. 36. ISBN 978-90-04-34062-6.