Western Wei

The Western Wei (/w/;[5] Chinese: 西魏; pinyin: Xī Wèi) followed the disintegration of the Northern Wei, and ruled northern China from 535 to 557. As with the Northern Wei state that preceded it, the ruling family of Western Wei were members of the Tuoba clan of the Xianbei.

Wei

535–557
Western Wei and neighbors
Western Wei and neighbors
CapitalChang'an
GovernmentMonarchy
Emperor 
• 535–551
Emperor Wen of Western Wei
• 552–554
Emperor Fei of Western Wei
• 554–557
Emperor Gong of Western Wei
Historical eraSouthern and Northern Dynasties
• Establishment of Eastern Wei, start of division of Northern Wei
8 November 534[2]
• Emperor Wen's ascension, often viewed as establishment
18 February 535[1] 535
• Disestablished
14 February 557[3] 557
Area
557[4]1,300,000 km2 (500,000 sq mi)
CurrencyChinese coin,
Chinese cash
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Northern Wei
Liang Dynasty
Northern Zhou
Today part ofChina

After the Xianbei general Yuwen Tai killed the Northern Wei emperor Yuan Xiu, he installed Yuan Baoju as emperor of Western Wei while Yuwen Tai would remain as the virtual ruler. Although smaller than the Eastern Wei in territory and population, Western Wei was able to withstand the attacks from the eastern empire. Due to its better economical conditions, Western Wei was even able to conquer the whole western part of the Liang empire in the south and occupied the territory of modern Sichuan. In 557 Yuwen Tai's nephew Yuwen Hu deposed Emperor Gong and placed Yuwen Tai's son Yuwen Jue on the throne, ending Western Wei and establishing Northern Zhou.

RulersEdit

Posthumous Name Personal Name Period of Reign Era Name
Emperor Wen of Western Wei Yuan Baoju 535–551 Datong (大統) 535–551
Emperor Fei of Western Wei Yuan Qin 551–554
Emperor Gong of Western Wei Tuoba Kuo 554–557

ReferencesEdit

CitationsEdit

  1. ^ Zizhi Tongjian, vol. 157.
  2. ^ Zizhi Tongjian, vol. 156.
  3. ^ Zizhi Tongjian, vol. 166.
  4. ^ Rein Taagepera "Size and Duration of Empires: Growth-Decline Curves, 600 B.C. to 600 A.D.", Social Science History Vol. 3, 115-138 (1979)
  5. ^ "Wei". Random House Webster's Unabridged Dictionary.

SourcesEdit