Dubricius or Dubric (Welsh: Dyfrig; Norman-French: Devereux; c. 465 – c. 550) was a 6th-century British ecclesiastic venerated as a saint. He was the evangelist of Ergyng (Welsh: Erging) (later Archenfield) and much of southeast Wales.
Madley, near Hereford, Herefordshire, England
Bardsey Island, Wales
|Venerated in||Eastern Orthodox Church|
Roman Catholic Church
|Attributes||holding two crosiers and an archiepiscopal cross|
The earliest documentation of Dubricius is from around 1133, recording the translation of his relics, and is to be found (in the form of "Lectiones") in the Book of Llandaff (Liber Landavensis). It may contain some genuine traditions, but as it appeared at least five hundred years after his death, it cannot claim to be historical.
Dubricius was the illegitimate son of Efrddyl, the daughter of King Peibio Clafrog of Ergyng. His grandfather threw his mother into the River Wye when he discovered she was pregnant, but was unsuccessful in drowning her. Dubricius was born in Madley in Herefordshire, England. He and his mother were reconciled with Peibio when the child Dubricius touched him and cured him of his leprosy.
Noted for his precocious intellect, by the time he attained manhood he was already known as a scholar throughout Britain. Dubricius founded a monastery at Hentland and then one at Moccas. He became the teacher of many well-known Welsh saints, including Teilo and Samson and also healed the sick of various disorders through the laying on of hands. Dedications at Porlock and near Luscombe on the Exmoor coast of Somerset may indicate that he also travelled in that area. He later became Bishop of Ergyng, possibly with his seat at Weston under Penyard, and probably held sway over all of Glamorgan and Gwent, an area that was later known as the diocese of Llandaff. However, he may have merely been a bishop for the purpose of ordaining priests, not as administrative head of the church over a geographical area. Dubricius was good friends with Saints Illtud and Samson, and attended the Synod of Llanddewi Brefi in 545, where he is said to have resigned his see in favour of Saint David. He retired to Bardsey Island where he was eventually buried before his body was transferred to Llandaff Cathedral in 1120.
According to legend, Dubricius was made Archbishop of Llandaff by Saint Germanus of Auxerre, and later crowned King Arthur. He appears as a character in Geoffrey of Monmouth's Historia Regum Britanniae and Wace's Roman de Brut, which was based on it. Much later Alfred, Lord Tennyson featured the saint in his Idylls of the King.
Churches dedicated to Saint Dubricius include the Church of England churches at Ballingham, Whitchurch, Hentland and Hamnish, all in Herefordshire, Porlock in Somerset, and the Church in Wales churches at Gwenddwr in Breconshire (probably not an old dedication) and at Llanvaches in Newport. The Catholic Church at Treforest is also dedicated to Dyfrig.
In the 2004 edition of the Roman Martyrology, Dyfrig is listed under 14 November with the Latin name Dubricius. He is stated to have died on Bardsey Island, 'on the north coast of Wales, as a bishop and abbot'. In the current Roman Catholic liturgical calendar for Wales he is commemorated on the traditional date of 14 November.
He is usually represented holding two crosiers to signify his jurisdiction over the sees of Caerleon and Llandaff.
- Rabenstein, Katherine (March 1999). "Dubricius". Saint of the Day, November 14. Retrieved 2 March 2012.
- Toke, Leslie. "St. Dubric." The Catholic Encyclopedia. Vol. 5. New York: Robert Appleton Company, 1909. 14 April 2015
- Baring-Gould, Sabine and Fisher, John, The Lives of the British Saints: The Saints of Wales and Cornwall and such Irish Saints as have dedications in Britain, Vol.2, p.363, Charles J. Clark, London, 1908
- Butler, Rev. Alban, The Lives of the Saints, Volume XI, 1866
- Rees, W. J. ed., The Liber Landavensis, The Welsh MSS. Society. Llandovery, W. Rees, 1840
- Martyrologium Romanum, 2004, Vatican Press (Typis Vaticanis), p. 622.
- National Calendar for Wales Accessed 2012-02-06.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Dubricius.|
- Herbermann, Charles, ed. (1913). . Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton Company.
- Page about St Dyfrig at St Dyfrig's RC Parish, Pontypridd