2020 coronavirus pandemic in the Czech Republic

The 2019–20 coronavirus pandemic saw its first three confirmed cases in the Czech Republic on 1 March 2020. On 12 March, the government declared a state of emergency, for the first time in the country's modern history for the area of the entire country. On 16 March, the country closed its borders, forbade the entry of foreigners and issued a nationwide curfew. While originally planned until 24 March, the measures were later extended until 1 April[2][3] and then again until the end of State of Emergency[4] which was extended by the Chamber of Deputies until 30 April 2020.[5]

2020 coronavirus pandemic in the Czech Republic
COVID-19 outbreak Czechia per capita cases map.svg
Confirmed cases per million residents by region
DiseaseCOVID-19
Virus strainSARS-CoV-2
LocationCzech Republic
First outbreakWuhan, Hubei, China via Italy
Index caseUnknown
Arrival date1 March 2020
(1 month and 1 week ago)
Confirmed cases5,221[1]
Recovered233[1]
Deaths
99[1]
Official website
onemocneni-aktualne.mzcr.cz/covid-19

Czech Republic started gradual easing of measures from 7 April 2020 onwards.[4][6]

BackgroundEdit

On 12 January 2020, the World Health Organization (WHO) confirmed that a novel coronavirus was the cause of a respiratory illness in a cluster of people in Wuhan City, Hubei Province, China, which was reported to the WHO on 31 December 2019.[7][8]

The case fatality ratio for COVID-19 has been much lower than SARS of 2003,[9][10] but the transmission has been significantly greater, with a significant total death toll.[11][9]

TimelineEdit

COVID-19 cases in the Czech Republic  ()
     Deaths        Recoveries        Active cases
Date
# of cases
# of deaths
2020-03-01
3(n.a.)
2020-03-02
3
2020-03-03
5(+67%)
2020-03-04
5
2020-03-05
8(+60%)
2020-03-06
19(+138%)
2020-03-07
26(+37%)
2020-03-08
32(+23%)
2020-03-09
38(+19%)
2020-03-10
63(+66%)
2020-03-11
94(+49%)
2020-03-12
116(+23%)
2020-03-13
141(+22%)
2020-03-14
189(+34%)
2020-03-15
298(+58%)
2020-03-16
383(+29%)
2020-03-17
450(+17%)
2020-03-18
560(+24%)
2020-03-19
765(+37%)
2020-03-20
889(+16%)
2020-03-21
1,047(+18%)
2020-03-22
1,161(+11%) 1(n.a.)
2020-03-23
1,287(+11%) 1
2020-03-24
1,472(+14%) 3(+200%)
2020-03-25
1,763(+20%) 9(+200%)
2020-03-26
2,022(+15%) 10(+11%)
2020-03-27
2,395(+18%) 12(+20%)
2020-03-28
2,657(+11%) 17(+42%)
2020-03-29
2,817(+6%) 23(+35%)
2020-03-30
3,001(+7%) 29(+26%)
2020-03-31
3,308(+10%) 36(+24%)
2020-04-01
3,589(+8%) 44(+22%)
2020-04-02
3,858(+7%) 49(+11%)
2020-04-03
4,190(+9%) 57(+16%)
2020-04-04
4,472(+7%) 65(+14%)
2020-04-05
4,587(+2.6%) 77(+18%)
2020-04-06
4,822(+5.1%) 84(+9%)
2020-04-07
5,017(+4%) 90(+7%)
2020-04-08
5,221(+4.1%) 99(+10%)
Sources:
COVID-19 cases in the Czech Republic[1]
Date Confirmed Recovered Deaths Active
cases
Tested
(Total)
Detected
ratio
New Total New Total New Total
28 February 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 193
29 February 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 200
1 March 3 3 0 0 0 0 3 211 27.27%
2 March 0 3 0 0 0 0 3 262 0%
3 March 2 5 0 0 0 0 5 340 2.56%
4 March 0 5 0 0 0 0 5 407 0%
5 March 3 8 0 0 0 0 8 483 3.95%
6 March 11 19 0 0 0 0 19 594 9.91%
7 March 7 26 0 0 0 0 26 787 3.63%
8 March 6 32 0 0 0 0 32 928 4.26%
9 March 6 38 0 0 0 0 38 1,193 2.26%
10 March 25 63 0 0 0 0 63 1,358 15.15%
11 March 31 94 0 0 0 0 94 1,816 6.77%
12 March 22 116 0 0 0 0 116 2,353 4.1%
13 March 25 141 0 0 0 0 161 3,094 3.37%
14 March 48 189 0 0 0 0 189 4,065 4.94%
15 March 109 298 0 0 0 0 298 5,068 10.87%
16 March 85 383 3 3 0 0 380 6,302 6.89%
17 March 67 450 0 3 0 0 447 7,664 4.92%
18 March 110 560 0 3 0 0 557 9,402 6.33%
19 March 205 765 0 3 0 0 762 11,619 9.25%
20 March 124 889 1 4 0 0 885 13,704 5.95%
21 March 158 1,047 2 6 0 0 1,041 15,584 8.4%
22 March 114 1,161 0 6 1 1 1,154 17,377 6.36%
23 March 126 1,287 1 7 0 1 1,279 19,624 5.61%
24 March 185 1,472 3 10 2 3 1,459 22,600 6.22%
25 March 291 1,763 0 10 6 9 1,743 26,698 7.1%
26 March 259 2,022 0 10 1 10 2,002 31,127 5.85%
27 March 373 2,395 1 11 2 12 2,372 36,374 7.11%
28 March 262 2,657 0 11 5 17 2,629 40,700 6.06%
29 March 160 2,817 0 11 6 23 2,783 43,498 5.72%
30 March 184 3,001 14 25 6 29 2,947 48,811 3.46%
31 March 307 3,308 20 45 7 36 3,227 55,017 4.95%
Date Confirmed Recovered Deaths Active
cases
Tested
(Total)
Detected
ratio
New Total New Total New Total
1 April 281 3,589 16 61 8 44 3,484 60,990 4.7%
2 April 269 3,858 10 71 5 49 3,737 67,281 4.28%
3 April 332 4,190 3 74 8 57 4,062 74,170 4.82%
4 April 282 4,472 4 78 8 65 4,331 80,304 4.6%
5 April 115 4,587 18 96 12 77 4,420 85,014 2.44%
6 April 235 4,822 31 127 7 84 4,615 91,247 3.77%
7 April 195 5,017 35 172 6 90 4,757 98,681 2.62%

28 JanuaryEdit

As of 28 January, 20 suspected cases were tested with negative results.[1]

Week 9 (24 February – 1 March)Edit

28 February – As of 28 February, 170 suspected cases were tested with negative results. 307 people were in home quarantine imposed by a regional health authority, 77 of them were in South Bohemian Region.[1]

1 March – The Minister of Health, Adam Vojtěch, reported that three cases of COVID-19 had been confirmed by the National Reference Laboratory.[12] The three cases are treated at the Bulovka Hospital in Prague; one of the cases had been found in Ústí nad Labem, but was transported to the Bulovka Hospital.[12] All cases were connected with northern Italy. One case was a man who returned from a conference in Udine, the second case was a woman (tourist, U.S. citizen) studying in Milan and the third case was a man who returned from a skiing holiday in Auronzo di Cadore.[13][14]

Week 10 (2 March – 8 March)Edit

2 March – Another case was confirmed, a woman who was on skiing holiday in Auronzo di Cadore and was staying in the same hotel as the man from a previous case.[15]

3 March – Another case was reported, a woman from Ecuador studying in Milano, a friend of the U.S. tourist who tested positive several days prior.[16]

Government started taking active measures (see policies section below).

5 March – Four new cases were identified a Czech and an Italian who returned from Italy by end of February, third was related to case #3 and fourth was related to case #6.[17]

6 March – Obligatory 14 days quarantine for people returning from selected parts of Italy announced (see policies section below).[18][19] As of 6 March 1,011 people were already in home quarantine imposed by regional health authority, 341 of them in Prague, 160 in South Bohemian Region and 63 in Central Bohemian Region.[1]

Week 11 (9 March – 15 March)Edit

9 March – Bulovka Hospital in Prague has announced that all but two tourists (from U.S. – case #2 and from Ecuador – case #5) have been released to home quarantine.[20]

10 March – Positive cases were being identified in ever increasing number of regions.[21] The Czech Republic became one of the first[failed verification] countries in EU to close its schools.[22]

11 March – A first patient with COVID-19 reached state that required an intensive care unit.[citation needed]

12 MarchThe Czech government has declared a state of emergency for 30 days and adopted a number of measures (see policies section below).[23][24]

13 March – Brno University Hospital (a COVID-19 testing center) was hacked, disrupting services.[25][26]

15 March – Shortly before midnight, Prime Minister Andrej Babiš announced approval of the nationwide quarantine (see policies section below).

Week 12 (16 March – 22 March)Edit

16 March – Starting at midnight, an hour after the nationwide quarantine declaration was approved the previous day, nearly 11 million Czech residents were placed under quarantine (see policies section below).[2] The Czech Republic became one of the first[27] countries in the EU to completely close its borders (with exemptions including international freight transport, see policies section below).[2] First three people were reported recovered.[28]

18 March – The Czech Republic became the first[29] country in the EU to introduce mandatory face cover (see policies section below).[30]

21 March – Deliveries of protective gear purchased by Czech Government in China started: a heavy cargo plane Antonov An-124 provided through NATO Support and Procurement Agency brought 100 tons of masks, respirators and coronavirus tests from China, while a China Eastern plane brought seven million facemasks.[31] This helped to alleviate the shortage of personal protective equipment (PPE) in the Czech Republic. According to Security Information Service, the shortage happened after Chinese embassy conducted massive purchases of respirators available on Czech market during January and February and transferred them to China.[32]

22 MarchFirst death reported: a 95-year-old man.[33] While COVID-19 positive, at the time of death, the man was not at ICU and did not suffer from pneumonia that is a COVID-19 specific type of death. The man suffered from chronical heart issues and had also a pacemaker. The cause of death was formally established as a "complete exhaustion of organism".[34]

Week 13 (23 March – 29 March)Edit

23 March – The local health authority in the Moravian-Silesian Region announced that 80% of COVID-19 examinations that were conducted in the region in the previous days with use of fast-test kits that government procured and airlifted from China (altogether 300,000 kits bought by the Czech Government for total price of CZK 54 m – approx. US$2.1 m) came out wrong when double-checked through standard testing.[35][36]

Use of remdesivir

Remdesivir, originally developed by Gilead Sciences for ebola treatment, was approved for experimental use for COVID19 patients in serious condition on 17 March 2020 (see below).

On 23 March, an Uber driver hospitalised in Prague was the first patient in the Czech Republic that received remdesivir. The patient had been on extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) for over a week before his remdesivir treatment started.[37] Patient condition was slightly improving before being given remdesivir treatment and his condition still remains very bad.[38]

The patient's state got significantly better within a couple of days. After four doses, doctors could take him off ECMO and back to ventilator on 27 March. There were six more doses planned for the patient.[39]

By 3 April, the patient was conscious and recovering.[40]

24 March – A second death was reported: a 45-year-old man died after six days in a hospital in Havířov. The patient was suffering from advanced cancer with metastases to multiple organs. The cause of death was established as multiple organ failure due to cancer but COVID-19 infection accelerated the patient's death.[41]

A third death was reported: a 71-year-old woman died in Všeobecná fakultní nemocnice in Prague. The woman suffered from the chronic obstructive pulmonary disease as well as other illnesses, so it wasn't immediately clear that she may be COVID-19 positive. Only after being hospitalised the woman informed doctors that her relative recently returned from Italy and was then tested for COVID-19. The woman was connected to a ventilator but died three days after start of hospitalization.[42]

Apart from the Uber driver on ECMO, there were 19 other patients in hospitals in serious condition, all of them connected to ventilators.[42]

25 March – A fourth and fifth death was reported: The fourth victim of the disease is a 82-year-old from Prague with long-term chronic health problems. The fifth patient is a 88-year-old man from the Central Bohemian Region who was at home getting treatment and was suffering from a chronic disease.[43]

A sixth patient died at Thomayer Hospital. The 75-year-old patient suffered from diabetes and Parkinson's disease and also had advanced heart problems. The patient had been in the hospital since January and got infected while in post-operative care. After this patient tested positive for COVID-19, the hospital tested all 29 other patients in the same ward on 22 March, all negative. The test was repeated again on 25 March, this time with positive outcomes for 13 patients. Several of the hospital's staff had become infected earlier, probably while taking care of the Uber driver who would later become the first remdesivir receiver in the country. This patient was originally admitted with simple pneumonia without initial indication of COVID-19. Two of the infected nurses were hospitalised at the local pulmonary ward at the time of the sixth patient's death.[43][44]

The government was planning to evacuate Czechs from Australia and New Zealand by the end of the week. Hundreds of Czechs still remained abroad, mainly in Oceania and Southeast Asia.[43]

An Antonov An-124 provided through the NATO Support and Procurement Agency arrived again with 24 tons of medical products purchased by the Czech government in China. The shipment included 52,600 protective suits, 70,900 protective glasses, 250,000 gloves, 1,160,000 respirators and eight million masks. Further government purchased personal protection equipment shipments were planned for delivery with use of planes by the companies Smartwings and China Eastern, which were contracted for nine flights per week for six weeks in advance.[45]

Pendlers

Cross-border workers were originally exempted from the complete travel ban. As Germany and Austria gradually became major centers of COVID-19 outbreak, the Government started tightening up rules for pendlers. By 26 March, Czechs commuting to work in Austria and Germany were required to remain in those countries for at least 21 days. Upon return, they would be quarantined for 14 days. Czechs working in health, social services, and emergency services abroad were not subject to the new rules.[46][47] The rules were eased from 14 April onwards (see policies section below).

26 March – A Taiwanese student in her twenties, who recently returned to Taiwan from the Czech Republic tested positive for coronavirus. She left the Czech Republic after 8 months in the country on 19 March 2020, announced symptoms (fever, diarrhea) to Taiwanese authorities on 24 March and was diagnosed COVID-19 positive on 26 March 2020.[48] 34 patients were in severe condition.[49]

27 March – Despite having been quarantined already for two weeks, at least six retirement homes were hit by the spread of the COVID-19 virus.[50] Authorities noted also the rising number of COVID-19 positive healthcare workers.[51] As the capacity for COVID-19 testing increased, authorities eased requirements for free testing. Anyone with a fever, dry cough or shortness of breath may be eligible for a free COVID-19 test.[52]

29 March – Five people died. Among the victims was a 45-year-old nurse from Thomayer Hospital, an elderly woman from a senior home in Michle and an elderly woman from a senior home in Břevnice. There were 227 patients in hospitals, 45 of them in severe condition.[53]

Week 14 (30 March – 5 April)Edit

Czech aid to other countries
  • China: On 17 February, a plane with 4,5 tons of personal protection equipment donated by Czech Government left from Vienna to China.[54] The plane was also loaded with Hungarian, Slovak and Austrian PPE donations to China.
  • China: On 1 March, a plane with 5 tons of PPE (including 780.000 pairs of gloves, 48.000 facemasks and 6.800 protection suits) left from Prague to China. This time the load was donated by a multitude of parties, including President's Office, Olomouc Region, Karlovy Vary Region, South Moravian Region, Vysočina Region, the town of Třebíč and Škoda Auto.[55] The donation was too large to fit into a single plane and thus there were further flights planned. Those however did not take place, as China declined to accept the aid.[56]
  • Italy: Czech Government donated 110,000 FFP2 respirators to Italy on 23 March. This donation took place after Czech authorities confiscated 680,000 respirators from a fraudster, who was stockpiling them in a warehouse in Lovosice. According to media, 110,000 of the confiscated respirators were originally sent from China as a donation to the 300,000 strong Chinese minority that lives in Northern Italy.[57][58]
  • Italy, Spain: 10,000 protective suits were donated to Italy and Spain each on 26 March (delivered on 30 March).[59]
  • Slovenia: One million face masks and 200.000 FFP2 respirators were donated to to Slovenia on 1 April 2020.[60]
  • France: Czech Republic offered treatment of French COVID-19 patients in serious condition. First six patients were to be airlifted from France on 6 April and placed at University Hospital in Brno.[61] On the day of the planned airlift, however, France declined the help, stating that it is now able to better deal with the pandemic on its own.[62]

Foreign aid to the Czech Republic

  • Taiwan: Taiwan donated 25 lung ventilators to hospitals in the Czech Republic at the beginning of April 2020.[63]

30 March – In South Moravia, testing of the so-called "smart quarantine" was started: local travel history of infected persons were to be tracked using data from mobile phones and bank cards. 300 military personnel were deployed to reinforce local health authority for the purpose of tracing patients' contacts and collecting samples. If this approach is deemed successful by the authorities for diminishing the pandemic, the "smart quarantine" method is planned to replace the existing nationwide curfew policy.[64] The city of Uherský Brod started thorough disinfection of all common areas of apartment buildings and public areas after a significant increase in COVID-19 infections. Health authority registered thirty new cases in the town.[65]

31 March – In a community of 72 people living in a retirement home in Litoměřice, 52 positive tests were confirmed.[66] Employees of the retirement home in Česká Kamenice decided to stay with their clients 24 hours a day until 15 April, to avoid the seniors getting COVID-19.[67]

1 April – One month ago the Czech Republic reported the first coronavirus case. A second senior from the Litoměřice retirement home died, as well as seniors from Prague and Moravia-Silesia.[68] The Department of Infectious Diseases of the Central Military Hospital in Prague has treated COVID-19 patients with hydroxychloroquine. Eight of them have already been released for home quarantine. The evaluation of preliminary results of this therapy will be carried out in April. Chloroquine and hydroxychloroquine were originally used to treat malaria, but at present they also help patients with autoimmune diseasesrheumatoid arthritis or systemic lupus. The World Health Organization (WHO) considers these substances as one of the options to treat COVID-19.[69]

2 April – One victim died at the General University Hospital in Prague (VFN); another victim was a 79-year-old patient hospitalised at the Hradec Králové University Hospital.[70] The government decided to extend the border control by 20 days. Border checks with Germany and Austria will last until midnight Friday, April 24.[71]

3 April – A public controversy has arisen around shipments of personal protective equipment that the Czech Government purchased and airlifted from China. On 31 March, Mayor of Prague publicly praised Government of Taiwan for donating ICU ventilators to the Czech Republic, while pointing out that all of the equipment from China was purchased, none was donated. Representatives of China's business interest in the Czech Republic countered by claiming that China donated personal protective equipment that was to be handed over to Czech hospitals on 1 April. According the media, Czech authorities received a promise of donation of PPE, however none have reached the country by 3 April 2020.[72]

4 April – There were 29 infected police officers in the Czech Republic, 343 more were in preventative quarantine.[73]

Week 15 (6 April - 12 April )Edit

6 April – Government eased a number of restrictive measures, e.g. by opening outside sporting grounds (including skiing, shooting ranges, etc.), movement in parks and nature without facemasks and opening of more shops and services (see policies section below).

7 April – Government sought extension of the State of Emergency for 30 days, i.e. until 12 May 2020. Chamber of Deputies of Parliament granted extension until 30 April 2020.[74]

StatisticsEdit

Current active cases and hospitalization
 

*UPV: Artificial lung ventilation *ECMO: Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (advanced method of life support) *source: [75]

New confirmed cases per day
 

* Laboratory-proven COVID-19 disease as reported by regional hygiene stations and laboratories

New confirmed recovered and deaths per day
 

Epidemic curveEdit

Flattening the curveEdit

 
Inhibiting new infections to reduce the number of cases at any given time—known as flattening the curve—allows healthcare services to better manage the same volume of patients.[76] Dashed line indicates healthcare capacity.

The main priority of affected nations currently is to move to a slower doubling time of new cases, to ensure less crowded hospitals and therefore a lower case fatality rate.[77][78]

Governments of different countries take different approaches to flatten the epidemic curve. Beside travel bans and isolation of complete communities, citizens are also often requested to stay at home and keep social distance.[77]

Research indicates that measures must be applied rigorously and immediately in order to be effective. Also, the national community's commitment to supporting/tolerating the restrictions and following the advice of health authorities plays an important role in the success of flattening the epidemic curve and limiting the spread of the virus.[79][80]

For example, in South Korea mass testing efforts were successful. The South Korean national testing capacity reached 15,000 tests per day. Compared to population size, the Czech Republic reached the same rate of testing on 23 March 2020. The Ministry of Interior in South Korea also rolled out a smartphone app that can track the quarantined and collect data on symptoms, so scientists are able to see more epidemiological data.[81]

Curve comparisonEdit

Comparing cumulative numbers of confirmed cases in selected countries, including the Czech Republic, shows the different curves of the epidemic in different countries.[82][83] The chart shows the number of known cases and the pace at which the number increases on a logarithmic scale. The actual number of people infected may be and likely is, significantly higher, as only cases where the virus was confirmed by laboratory testing are shown. Many cases may only have an asymptomatic or mildly symptomatic course of the disease and never seek treatment. In yet others, the infection may still be in the incubation period, when it is asymptomatic and may not yet be detectable even by testing.[84]

COVID19 Epidemic curve selected countries (Logarithmic scale / from the 100th case)
 

*Datasource: Wikipedia

Czech restriction actions:/ Day0: Schools closed / Day2: State of Emergency: close of sport facilities&close restaurants&bars at 8pm,border control,travel restrictions,ban 30+events /Day3: Criminalize spreading virus on purpose/Day4: Complete closure all shops restaurants&bars ex:food shops,petrol,pharmacies/Day5: Nationwide quarantine ex: shopping, employment need/ Day6: Borders closed&closure municipalities in Olomouc region/ Day8: Mandatory nose&mouth cover / Day9: Special 7-9 shop-opening hours for seniors.

Basic reproduction numberEdit

In epidemiology, the basic reproduction number (sometimes called basic reproductive ratio, or incorrectly basic reproductive rate, and denoted R0, pronounced R nought or R zero[85]) of infection can be thought of as the expected number of cases directly generated by one case in a population where all individuals are susceptible to infection.[86] The definition describes the state where no other individuals are infected or immunised (naturally or through vaccination).

The higher the R ratio number, the faster the disease spreads. If R is less than one, the reproduction within the population decreases.[87][88]

Development of R ratio in the Czech Republic
 


During the second half of March 2020 the progress of the pandemic in the Czech Republic showed a decrease in the R0 ratio from the value above 2.0 down to the value 1.5 or below. The day-to-day ratio of the total number of cases decreased in a similar way, falling below 10 percent at the end of March.

On 1 April, the Director of the Institute of Health Information and Statistics announced that the R0 number ranged from 0.87 to 1.33 with the most likely value of 1.1.[89][90]

Case detailsEdit

Detailed information was reported regarding most of the first 99 cases, up to 12 March 2020:

Case details
Case no. Date announced Status Origin type Origin Location Treatment facility Sex Age Nationality
City Region
1[12] 1 March 2020 Confirmed Travel-related   Italy, Udine Prague Prague Home isolation Male 67   CZE
A Czech man born in 1952 had attended a conference in Udine, Italy. He has contacted Czech authorities already on 26 February. After returning from Italy he had stayed in home quarantine and it was found one of his Italian colleagues was confirmed COVID-19 positive. After his condition worsened he went to the Infection Clinic at Bulovka Hospital. The test proved to be positive on 1 March. He is a teacher at the Czech University of Life Sciences Prague.[91] The patient has moved from Bulovka Hospital to home quarantine on 9 March 2020.[20]
2[12] 1 March 2020 Confirmed Travel-related   Italy, Milan Prague Prague Bulovka Hospital, Prague Female ~20   USA
A young woman from the US, born 1999, studying in Milan travelled to Prague through Vienna, Budapest and Brno. Feeling sick she visited the Emergency room at Motol University Hospital where she was handled as potentially infectious and moved to Bulovka Hospital.
3[12] 1 March 2020 Confirmed Travel-related   Italy, Auronzo di Cadore Děčín Ústí nad Labem Region Home isolation Male ~43   CZE
A man born in 1976 from Děčín had been skiing with his family in Italy and after returning to the Czech Republic, his wife took him to a hospital in Usti nad Labem on Saturday 29 February9, he was positively tested and afterwards transferred from Masaryk Hospital, Ústí nad Labem to Bulovka Hospital in Prague. The rest of his family had no symptoms and remained in home quarantine pending further COVID-19 tests. The patient moved from Bulovka Hospital to home quarantine on 9 March 2020.[20]
4[15] 2 March 2020 Confirmed Travel-related   Italy, Auronzo di Cadore Děčín Ústí nad Labem Region Masaryk Hospital, Ústí nad Labem Female 53   CZE
A Czech woman was holidaying in the Alps, staying in the same hotel as a positively tested Czech man (case #3). She arrived to Masaryk Hospital at Ústí nad Labem with symptoms on Sunday March 1 and she is staying in isolation there. Her husband and daughter were later also tested positively (case #7 and #8).
5[16] 3 March 2020 Confirmed Travel-related   Italy, Milan Prague Prague Bulovka Hospital, Prague Female 21   ECU
A young woman from Ecuador has travelled together with the American woman that proved to be infected on 1 March (case #2). Both study at Milan. Even though the initial test from March 1 was negative, the subsequent retest on 3 March has been clearly positive. She is isolated at Bulovka Hospital together with another woman that travelled in the group with the American and Ecuadorian. The tests of the third woman have been negative so far.
6[92] 4 March 2020 Confirmed Travel-related   Italy, Passo del Tonale[93] Prague Prague Home isolation Female N/A   CZE
A mother of two from Prague 6 developed symptoms after visiting Passo del Tonale in Trentino region in Italy. The woman has been tested for coronavirus at an undisclosed private clinic. The positive result was unofficial, but in the afternoon it was confirmed by the Czech National Reference Laboratory. The woman is in quarantine at Bulovka Hospital and her family is self-quarantined at home.[94] The patient has moved from Bulovka Hospital to home quarantine on 9 March 2020.[20]
7[95] 4 March 2020 Confirmed Travel-related   Italy, Auronzo di Cadore Děčín Ústí nad Labem Region Masaryk Hospital, Ústí nad Labem Male N/A   CZE
A husband of the infected woman from Děčín (case #4).
8[95] 4 March 2020 Confirmed Travel-related   Italy, Auronzo di Cadore Děčín Ústí nad Labem Region Masaryk Hospital, Ústí nad Labem Female N/A   CZE
A daughter of the infected woman from Děčín (case #4).
9[17] 5 March 2020 Confirmed Travel-related   Italy, Passo del Tonale Prague Prague Home isolation Male 45   CZE
A doctor from Prague who returned from Italy by the end of February. With mild symptoms he continued to examine his patients for two more days. The patient moved from Bulovka Hospital to home quarantine on 9 March 2020.[20]
10[17] 5 March 2020 Confirmed Travel-related   Italy Prague Prague Home isolation Male 45   ITA
An Italian citizen who arrived to Prague by end of February. The patient has moved from Bulovka Hospital to home quarantine on 9 March 2020.[20]
11[17] 5 March 2020 Confirmed Person-to-person spread   household Děčín Ústí nad Labem Region Masaryk Hospital, Ústí nad Labem Female ~66   CZE
A woman, born 1953, has caught the coronavirus from her son (case #3). This is the first recorded person-to-person COVID-19 transmission in the Czech Republic.[96]
12[17] 5 March 2020 Confirmed Travel-related   Italy, Passo del Tonale Prague Prague Home isolation Male N/A   CZE
A husband of the infected woman from Prague 6 (case #6). The patient has moved from Bulovka Hospital to home quarantine on 9 March 2020.[20]
13 6 March 2020 Confirmed Travel-related N/A N/A N/A Home isolation N/A ~1   CZE
An infant staying at home quarantine.[97]
14 6 March 2020 Confirmed Travel-related N/A N/A N/A N/A Male N/A   CZE
A person who either came from Italy or was in contact with of one of the cases who returned from Italy, no details provided.[98]
15 6 March 2020 Confirmed Travel-related   United States, Boston N/A N/A N/A Female N/A   CZE
A woman who attended a Biogen employee conference at Boston, where COVID-19 was confirmed.[99]
16 6 March 2020 Confirmed Travel-related N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A   CZE
A person who either came from Italy or was in contact with of one of the cases who returned from Italy, no details provided.[98]
17 6 March 2020 Confirmed Travel-related   Italy, Auronzo di Cadore Děčín Ústí nad Labem Region Masaryk Hospital, Ústí nad Labem Female 12   CZE
The eldest daughter of the infected man from Děčín (case #3).[100]
18 6 March 2020 Confirmed Travel-related   Italy, Auronzo di Cadore Děčín Ústí nad Labem Region Masaryk Hospital, Ústí nad Labem Female 50   CZE
A woman who was travelling in the same car as the infected man from Děčín (case #3).[100]
19 6 March 2020 Confirmed Travel-related   Italy, Lombardy N/A Ústí nad Labem Region Home isolation Female N/A   CZE
A woman from Ústí nad Labem Region was skiing in Lombardy, Italy. She has no ties to any of the previous cases and is staying home at self-quarantine.[97]
20 7 March 2020 Confirmed Person-to-person spread   known connection N/A Ústí nad Labem Region Home isolation Female N/A   CZE
Sub-letting at the place of the case #19.[101]
21 7 March 2020 Confirmed Travel-related   Italy, Passo del Tonale N/A N/A Home isolation Male N/A   CZE
Has been skiing in Passo del Tonale.[101]
22 7 March 2020 Confirmed Travel-related   United States, Boston N/A N/A Home isolation Male N/A   CZE
A man who stayed in Boston.[101]
23 7 March 2020 Confirmed Travel-related   Italy N/A N/A Home isolation Male N/A   CZE
A married couple (#23, #24) who returned from Italy.[101]
24 7 March 2020 Confirmed Travel-related   Italy N/A N/A Home isolation Female N/A   CZE
A married couple (#23, #24) who returned from Italy.[101]
25 7 March 2020 Confirmed Travel-related   Austria N/A N/A Home isolation Male N/A   CZE
A married couple (#25, #26) who were in contact with an infected woman in Austria (this woman arrived from Boston).[101]
26 7 March 2020 Confirmed Travel-related   Austria N/A N/A Home isolation Female N/A   CZE
A married couple (#25, #26) who were in contact with an infected woman in Austria (this woman arrived from Boston).[101]
27 8 March 2020 Confirmed Travel-related   Italy, Val Gardena Prague Prague Home isolation Male N/A   CZE
A married couple (#27, #28) who had been skiing in Val Gardena resort in Italy with a group of people who were tested posively in previous days.[102]
28 8 March 2020 Confirmed Travel-related   Italy, Val Gardena Prague Prague Home isolation Female N/A   CZE
A married couple (#27, #28) who had been skiing in Val Gardena resort in Italy with a group of people who were tested posively in previous days.[102]
29 8 March 2020 Confirmed Travel-related   Italy, Auronzo di Cadore Litoměřice Ústí nad Labem Region Home isolation Female N/A   CZE
Women (case #29, #30) from a group that visited Auronzo di Cadore ski resort in Italy.[103]
30 8 March 2020 Confirmed Travel-related   Italy, Auronzo di Cadore Litoměřice Ústí nad Labem Region Home isolation Female N/A   CZE
Women (case #29, #30) from a group that visited Auronzo di Cadore ski resort in Italy.[103]
31 8 March 2020 Confirmed Person-to-person spread   family N/A Ústí nad Labem Region Home isolation Male N/A   CZE
An elderly man, a relative of cases #29 and #30, who had not visited Italy.[104]
32 8 March 2020 Confirmed Person-to-person spread   known connection Hradec Králové Hradec Králové Region Home isolation Male N/A   CZE
A man tested at University Hospital Hradec Králové was in contact with a Prague coronavirus case—a person who had been infected in Boston (case #15 or #22).[102]
33 9 March 2020 Confirmed Travel-related   Italy, Trentino Rožnov pod Radhoštěm Zlín Region N/A Female ~42   CZE
A woman (*1978) who had been on a family holiday in Trentino, Italy. She had mild respiratory issues.[105]
34 9 March 2020 Confirmed Person-to-person spread   known connection Prague Prague Home isolation Male ~12   CZE
A young man (*2008) has family ties on a case infected in Italy. He was diagnosed at Bulovka Hospital in Prague.[105]
35 9 March 2020 Confirmed Travel-related   Italy, Trentino Prague Prague Home isolation Male ~45   CZE
A man (*1975) who returned from Lombardy, Italy. He was diagnosed at Bulovka Hospital in Prague.[105]
36 9 March 2020 Confirmed Person-to-person spread   known connection N/A N/A Home isolation Female ~62   CZE
A woman (*1958) with a connection to a group that was skiing in Val Gardena, Italy.[106]
37 9 March 2020 Confirmed Travel-related   Italy, Trentino N/A Central Bohemian Region N/A Male N/A   CZE
A man from Central Bohemia who visited Trentino, Italy.[107]
38 9 March 2020 Confirmed Community spread   Prague Prague Prague Bulovka Hospital, Prague Male 40–45   CZE
A Prague Uber driver with no travel history and no known connection to other cases; however, German nationals he was in contact with are investigated. It is the first community spread case in the Czech Republic.[108][109]
39 10 March 2020 Confirmed Person-to-person spread   workplace N/A Central Bohemian Region N/A Female ~61   CZE
A woman (*1959) from Central Bohemia contracted the virus at work where she had been in contact with a woman infected at Val Gardena ski resort in Italy.[110]
40 10 March 2020 Confirmed Travel-related   Italy, Sexten N/A Ústí nad Labem Region N/A Male ~54   CZE
A man (*1966) has returned from skiing in Sexten, Italy.[111]
41 10 March 2020 Confirmed Travel-related   Germany Prostějov Olomouc Region Hospital in Prostějov, Olomouc Region Male ~55   JPN
An employee of Japanese origin of company Toray Textiles Central Europe in Prostějov. The patient returned from Germany with high fever. After spending initial week in home isolation, the patient's state worsened significantly which led to his relocation to infectious ward of the Prostějov Hospital. Patient suffered through serious pneumonia. Doctors put him into complete isolation and on antibiotics treatment. His state became better after about a week before being finally cleared after two consecutive negative tests on 23 March 2020.[112][113]
42 10 March 2020 Confirmed Travel-related   Austria N/A Pardubice Region Home isolation Male N/A   CZE
Elderly man was skiing in Bad Gastein.[114]
43 10 March 2020 Confirmed N/A N/A Prague Prague N/A Female N/A N/A
Student of VŠE in Prague.[115]
44 10 March 2020 Confirmed N/A N/A Prague Prague N/A Male Child   CZE
Student of Norbertov elementary school in Prague 6.[115]
45 10 March 2020 Confirmed Travel-related   Italy Litovel Olomouc Region Hospital in Prostějov, Olomouc Region Male N/A   CZE
Husband of an infected woman (Case # 46). Both were skiing in Italy.[116]
46 10 March 2020 Confirmed Travel-related   Italy Litovel Olomouc Region Hospital in Prostějov, Olomouc Region Female N/A   CZE
Wife of an infected man (Case # 45). Both were skiing in Italy.[116]
47-63 10 March 2020 Confirmed N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
No details yet.[115]
64 11 March 2020 Confirmed Travel-related   Italy, Livigno N/A Pilsen Region N/A Female N/A   CZE
A woman returning from Livigno.[117]
65 11 March 2020 Confirmed Travel-related   Italy, Trentino N/A Zlin Region N/A Male N/A N/A
A man was skiing in Trentino.[118]
66 11 March 2020 Confirmed Travel-related   Italy, Dolomites Brno South Moravian Region Home isolation Male N/A   CZE
A Man(#66) and a woman(#67) from Brno returned from a skiing holiday in the Dolomites.[118]
67 11 March 2020 Confirmed Travel-related   Italy, Dolomites Brno South Moravian Region Home isolation Female N/A   CZE
A Man(#66) and a woman(#67) from Brno returned from a skiing holiday in the Dolomites.[118]
68 11 March 2020 Confirmed Person-to-person spread   Brno, household Brno South Moravian Region University Hospital Brno Female 84   CZE
A Czech woman who was in touch with her daughter who returned from Italy.[119]
69-94 11 March 2020 Confirmed N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
Information not provided.[120]
95 12 March 2020 Confirmed Travel-related   Germany N/A South Bohemian Region Home isolation Male 45-50 N/A
A middle-aged man who works in Germany has noticed symptoms after return from Germany. Mild condition.[121]
96 12 March 2020 Confirmed Travel-related   Italy N/A Liberec Region Regional Hospital Liberec Female 59   CZE
The first case in Liberec Region is a 59-year-old woman who was skiing in Italy. She had symptoms and stayed home after she told her employer, she moved to hospital on 10 March. Reportedly in mild condition.[121]
97 12 March 2020 Confirmed Travel-related   Italy N/A Karlovy Vary Region Home isolation Male 65+   CZE
The first case in Karlovy Vary Region is a man over 65 years old who was skiing in Italy. Mild condition.[121]
98 12 March 2020 Confirmed Person-to-person spread   Prague Litomyšl Pardubice Region Pardubice Hospital Female 30   CZE
The second case in Pardubice Region is a woman from Litomyšl that was infected in Prague. She works in administrative and was in contact with another case, which is why she was tested. Even though she has no symptoms, regional epidemiologist said she will be transferred to Pardubice Hospital.[121]
99 12 March 2020 Confirmed Community spread   Frýdek-Místek Frýdek-Místek Moravian-Silesian Region N/A Female N/A   CZE
A nurse from hospital in Frýdek-Místek with no travel history and no known relation to other cases.[122]

Policies to fight the contagionEdit

Policy details
Type of Measure Specific Details Date enacted In force Note Authority
Soft measures Suspension of issuing of new visas in China. Visas issued prior remained valid. 30 January 2020 Indefinitely. Ministry of Foreign Affairs[123]
Suspension of direct flights to/from China. Ten direct flights a week, all of them canceled. 8 February 2020 From 9 February onwards (indefinitely). Ministry of Health[124]
Restrictions on sale of medical means FFP3 respirators may only be sold to:
  • healthcare providers
  • welfare providers
  • Czech Republic government and its component agencies
  • resellers of FFP3 based in the Czech Republic, provided resellers will sell only to the other groups mentioned
3 March 2020 From 4 March onwards (indefinitely) / replaced on 6 March (see below) The FFP3 respirators sale ban was preceded by a memo from Security Information Service to the Government, according to which Chinese embassy in Prague was conducting massive purchases of respirators available on Czech market during January and February and transferring them to China.[32]

This led to shortage of FFP3 respirators for use by healthcare providers which lasted for weeks after the ban was passed.

Ministry of Health Protection Measure No. MZDR 5503/2020-8/PRO[125]
Hand sanitizers export ban.

Ban on export of hand sanitizers listed in Annex 1, Category 1 of EU Regulation No. 528/2012 (with exemption of small amounts for personal use).

5 March 2020 From 5 March onwards (indefinitely). Ministry of Health Protection Measure No. MZDR 5503/2020-9/PRO[126]
FFP3 respirators may only be sold to:
  • Czech Republic government and its agencies
  • resellers of FFP3 based in the Czech Republic, provided resellers will sell only to the other groups mentioned
6 March 2020 From 6 March onwards (indefinitely).

Revoked on 6 April 2020

Adopted in order to cut price gouging. Respirators now to be distributed by the government. Ministry of Health Protection Measure No. MZDR 5503/2020-12/PRO[127]

Ministry of Health Protection Measure No. MZDR 15190/2020-1/MIN/KAN[128] (revocation)

Ban on export of medication 17 March 2020 From 17 March onwards (indefinitely). 17 March – 1 April 2020 – general ban on export of medication.

From 1 April onwards – ban on export of selected medication.

Ban only on export of medication destined for the Czech market. Medication manufactured directly to foreign order may still be exported.

Government Regulation No. 104/2020 Coll. (until 1 April)[129]

Government Regulation No. 146/2020. Coll (after 1 April)[130]

Duty to report gatherings over 5,000 people. Organizers must inform health authorities about all planned gatherings where they expect 5,000 or more visitors during a single day 4 March 2020 From 4 March onwards (indefinitely). Ministry of Health Protection Measure No. MZDR 9826/2020-1/HES[131]
Suspension of direct flights to/from selected regions of Italy. All direct flights to/from Italian regions Emillia-Romagna, Piemont, Lombardia, Venetia suspended. 2 March 2020 From 5 March 2020 to March 19, 2020. Around 100,000-110,000 Czechs visited Northern Italy over the previous month (mostly for skiing holidays). Ministry of Health Protection Measure No. MZDR 5503/2020-6/PRO[132]
Suspension of direct flights to/from South Korea. All direct flights to/from South Korea suspended. 2 March 2020 From 5 March 2020 onwards (indefinitely).

Revoked on 24 March 2020.

Ministry of Health Protection Measure No. MZDR 5503/2020-5/PRO[133]

Ministry of Health Protection Measure No. MZDR 5503/2020-15/PRO (revocation)[134]

Suspension of issuing of new visas in Iran. Applies to all applicants requesting visas in Iran. 7 March 2020 From 7 March onwards (indefinitely). Ministry of Foreign Affairs[135]
Random medical checks at major border crossings Major border crossings (Rozvadov, Folmava, Železná ruda, Dolní Dvořiště, Strážný, Mikulov, Hatě, Břeclav, Cínovec, and Pomezí) manned by a combination of police, customs, and fire service personnel.

Drivers provided with informational leaflets in Czech, English, German and Italian.

Random temperature checks of vehicle occupants.

Similar measures put in place at all international airports as well as in cross-border trains.

7 March 2020 From 9 March 7 AM onwards (indefinitely). People with symptoms can either turn back at the border or be transported by a HAZMAT ambulance for medical examination at the nearest hospital.

Army deployed on 10 March (see below).

Government[136][137]
Quarantine Spectators banned from attending the World Biathlon Cup Championship race in Nové Město na Moravě. Championship can take place, but no spectators allowed. 2 March 2020 From 5 March 2020 to 8 March 2020. Ministry of Health Protection Measure No. MZDR 5503/2020-7/PRO[133]
Residents returning from abroad ordered to self-quarantine for 14 days. All residents of the Czech Republic (citizens and non-citizens), as well as other persons working in the Czech Republic who return to the country from Italy, are ordered to contact their general practitioner by phone or email and self-quarantine for 14 days. Exemptions: (1) truck drivers that use FFP2 or FFP3 respirators while out of the vehicle in Italy, (2) ambulance crews under specific conditions and (3) pilots that did not leave their airplane while in Italy. 7 March 2020 From 7 March onwards (indefinitely). Measure replaced a similar one that was issued a day earlier, which did not include any exemptions.

Up to CZK 3 million fine for breach of self-quarantine.

Ministry of Health Protection Measure No. MZDR 10381/2020-1/MIN/KAN[136]
Anyone who visited one of the selected countries over the past 14 days subject to mandatory self-quarantine of 14 days. List of countries may be updated daily.

Anyone crossing borders into the Czech Republic must allow authorities to perform a medical check.

10 March 2020 From 10 March onwards (indefinitely). Up to CZK 3 million (about EUR 120,000) fine for breach of self-quarantine. Ministry of Health Protection Measure No. MZDR 10653/201-1/MIN/KAN[138]
All residents of the Czech Republic (citizens and non-citizens) who return from selected countries.

List of selected countries subject to daily updates, as of the day of measure adoption they are: China, South Korea, Iran, Italy, Spain, Austria, Germany, Switzerland, Sweden, Norway, the Netherlands, Belgium, Great Britain, Denmark, and France.

Freight drivers exempted and recommended to "limit contact with locals as far as feasible".

13 March 2020 From 13 March onwards (indefinitely).

Replaced from 14 April onwards.

Exemptions:
  • International freight transport: drivers, flight crews, train crews, ship crews. Also exempt are freight transport workers employed abroad.
  • Diplomatic staff.
  • Emergency services while on duty (police, EMT, fire, mountain rescue, etc.).
  • Persons who verifiably periodically cross borders, especially workers with a place of employment no further than 100 kilometres from the border.
  • Citizens of Germany, Austria, Poland and Slovakia who verifiably periodically cross borders, especially workers with a place of employment no further than 100 kilometres from the border.
  • Epidemiology, humanitarian and health experts.
  • Members of the European Parliament.
  • Minors that are citizens of an EU Member state and whose parent is a Czech citizen.
  • Persons transporting blood, bone marrow and/or organs for purpose of transplantation.
  • Persons with a serious medical condition for purpose of undertaking medical procedures abroad.
  • Persons who merely used Airport Transit Zones within selected countries.

Up to CZK 3 million (about EUR 120,000) fine for breach of self-quarantine.

Government Resolution No. 209/2020 Coll.[139]

Ministry of Interior Notice on Exemptions from travel restrictions during the State of Emergency[140]

Anyone entering the Czech Republic has duty to contact health authority and may be subject to mandatory 14 days quarantine (with exemptions). 6 April 2020 From 14 April until end of State of Emergency. Exemptions - see referenced Government Resolution. Government Resolution No. 387 published as No. 150/2020 Coll.[4]
Confirmed COVID-19 patients' contacts quarantined for 14 days. Authorities actively seek all people who were in contact with confirmed COVID-19 patients. Those are then ordered to mandatory 14 days' self-quarantine. 7 March 2020 From 8 March onwards (indefinitely). Up to CZK 3 million (about EUR 120,000) fine for breach of self-quarantine. Ministry of Health Protection Measure No. MZDR 10386/2020-1/MIN/KAN[141]
Hospital visits ban. Ban on visits in hospitals and similar facilities. Exemptions for visits to patients who are (1) minors, (2) legally incapacitated, (3) pregnant or (4) terminally ill. 9 March 2020 From 10 March onwards (indefinitely). Ministry of Health Protection Measure No. MZDR 10519/2020-1/MIN/KAN[142]
Public gatherings banned. Gatherings of 100 or more people banned. 10 March 2020 From 10 March 6 PM onwards (indefinitely). Ban on private and public gatherings of 100 or more people, including theaters, music events, cinemas, sports, etc. Exemptions for (1) legislature, (2) executive government, (3) courts and (4) public or private assemblies mandated by law (e.g. shareholder meetings) Ministry of Health Protection Measure No. MZDR 10666/2020-1/MIN/KAN[143]
Gatherings of 30 or more people banned. 12 March 2020 From 13 March 6 PM onwards (indefinitely). Ban on any private and public gatherings of 30 or more people. Exemptions for (1) legislature, (2) executive government, (3) courts, (4) public assemblies mandated by law and (5) funerals. Government Resolution No. 199/2020 Coll.[144]
Gatherings of more than 2 people banned. 23 March 2020 From 23 March until 1 April.

Extended until 11 April.

Ban on any gathering at the publicly accessible place of more than 2 people. Exemptions for (1) members of same household, (2) exercise of profession and (3) funerals as long as a distance of 2 metres between people is kept. Ministry of Health Protection Measure No. MZDR 12745/2020-1/MIN/KAN[145]

Ministry of Health Protection Measure No. MZDR 12745/2020-4/MIN/KAN[146]

Schools suspended. All pupils and students banned from personally attending classes (including university lectures). Staff may continue to work and assign homework for students.

Kindergartens and creches remain open.

10 March 2020 From 11 March onwards (indefinitely). From 13 March onwards ban extended to include also extracurricular/after school activities. Ministry of Health Protection Measure No. MZDR 10676/2020-1/MIN/KAN (11-13 March 2020)[143]

Government Resolution No. 201/2020 Coll. (from 13 March onwards)[147]

Closure of services Restaurants closed. 12 March 2020 From 13 March 8 PM onwards (indefinitely) / replaced on 14 March. Restaurants may operate from 6 AM to 8 PM. Home delivery possible 24/7. Government Resolution No. 199/2020 Coll.[144]
12 March 2020 From 13 March 8 PM until 24 March 6 AM.

Extended to 1 April.

Extended to 11 April.

Restaurants in shopping centres over 5,000 m2 in size closed. Government Resolution No. 199/2020 Coll. (until 14 March)[144]

Government Resolution No. 211/2020 Coll. (after 14 March)[148]

Ministry of Health Protection Measure No. MZDR 13361/2020-2/MIN/KAN[149]

14 March 2020 From 14 March 6 AM until 24 March 6 AM.

Extended to 1 April.

Extended to 11 April.

All publicly accessible restaurants closed.

Restaurants may sell food through shopfront windows with any opening hours (incl. 24/7), so long as customers do not enter the premises.

Home delivery possible 24/7.

Government Resolution No. 211/2020 Coll.[148]

Ministry of Health Protection Measure No. MZDR 12746/2020-1/MIN/KAN[150]

Ministry of Health Protection Measure No. MZDR 13361/2020-2/MIN/KAN[149]

Public banned from entering premises of selected services.

Closure of all fitness centers, baths, tanning salons, saunas, wellness providers, dance and social clubs, entertainment providers, public libraries, galleries.

12 March 2020 From 13 March 6AM onwards (indefinitely). Government Resolution No. 199/2020 Coll.[144]
Tourist information centers closed.

Public banned from entering tourist information centres and swimming pools.

13 March 2020 From 14 March 6 AM onwards (indefinitely). Government Resolution No. 208/2020 Coll.[151]
Marketplaces closed

Ban on retail trade at marketplaces.

13 March 2020 From 14 March 6 AM onwards (indefinitely). While having a general effect, the resolution also specifically names Little Hanoi. Government Resolution No. 208/2020 Coll.[151]
General closure of services and retail sale 14 March 2020 From 14 March 6 AM until 24 March 6 AM.

Extended to 1 April.

Extended to 11 April.

Replaced on 6 April (valid indefinitely)

Ban on the provision of services and retail sale with following exemptions:
  • food retail (from 24 onwards: only if customers are provided with single-use gloves upon entry for free)
  • IT and other electronics and home appliances
  • petrol stations and other fuels
  • chemists
  • pharmacies
  • sale of small domestic animals and fodder
  • glasses and other optics
  • newspapers and magazines
  • tobacco products
  • laundry services
  • sale over the Internet or by telephone of goods that are otherwise generally available in the given physical shop

Scope of exemptions widened from 24 March onwards:

  • car repair and car towing
  • sale of spare parts for cars and machinery
  • services allowing collection of parcels
  • sale of gardening tools and seeds
  • sale of travel tickets
  • spa that offer services at least partially covered by public health insurance
  • funeral homes
  • sale of flowers
  • building construction
  • sale of textiles
  • servicing of electronics
  • realting, tax advising, accounting
  • hotels lodging for foreigners

Scope of exemptions widened from 1 April onwards:

  • locksmithing, servicing of home appliances and home repair
  • embalming, funeral services and cremation
  • car washes

Scope of exemptions widened from 7 April onwards:

  • housewares, if sortiment includes facemasks, respirators and hand sanitizers
  • hobbymarkets, sale of building materials, hardware stores (from 9 April)
  • sale and service of bicycles (from 9 April)
  • scrapyards and collection points
  • hotels may lodge persons traveling due to work reasons

+ All opened shops and services must take active steps to

  • ensure that people stay 2 metres away from each other (including if waiting outside for entry)
  • ensure active management of queues
  • place hand sanitisers for employees and customers close to frequently touched items (door handlers, shopping carts,
  • employees must wear gloves when touching goods or when accepting money from customers
  • customers must be informed about measures by leaflets and speakers
Government Resolution No. 211/2020 Coll.[148]

Ministry of Health Protection Measure No. MZDR 12746/2020-1/MIN/KAN[150]

Ministry of Health Protection Measure No. MZDR 13361/2020-2/MIN/KAN[149]

Ministry of Health Protection Measure No. MZDR 15190/2020-3/MIN/KAN[152]

Casinos closed 14 March 2020 From 14 March onwards (indefinitely). Government Resolution No. 211/2020 Coll.[148]
Crossborder public transport ban. Any road vehicles with a capacity of more than 9 people (incl. driver) banned from crossing borders with an exemption of (1) larger vehicles bringing Czech citizens or long-term/permanent residents to the Czech Republic, (2) larger vehicles taking foreigners out of the Czech Republic (exemption: empty buses, passenger trains, and ships may return to the Czech Republic).

Crossborder passenger rail and passenger ship transport banned.

Only Václav Havel Prague International Airport may be used for international flights.

An individual exemption may be granted by the Minister of Transportation.

12 March 2020 From 14 March onwards (indefinitely). Government Resolution No. 200/2020 Coll.[153]
Prison visits ban. Family members banned from visiting relatives in prisons and jails. Defense attorneys exempted from the ban. Individual exceptions may be granted by the Minister of Justice. 13 March 2020 From 14 March onwards (indefinitely). Government Resolution No. 204/2020 Coll.[154]
Sporting venues closed Public banned from entering sporting venues for 30 or more people, both indoor and outdoor. 13 March 2020 From 14 March 6 a.m. onwards (indefinitely). Government Resolution No. 208/2020 Coll.[151]
NATIONWIDE CURFEW Restrictions on free movement with wide exemptions.

Order for persons to

  • a) limit their movement through public places as much as possible (with exemptions)
  • b) limit contact with others as much as possible
15 March 2020 From 16 March to 24 March 6 AM (Government Resolution)

From 24 March 6 AM to 1 April 6 AM (Ministry of Health Protection Measure)

Extended until 11 April.

Exemptions:
  • a) reaching the workplace or profession
  • b) necessary visits to family or close persons
  • c) necessary travel for purchase of essentials (e.g. groceries, medicine, medical and hygiene supplies, pet food, etc.) including essentials for relatives and children, essential use of financial and post services, and personal vehicle refueling.
  • d) necessary travel as mentioned in c) on behalf of another (e.g. neighbour, volunteer help)
  • e) travel to medical and social care facilities, including accompanying of another person for this purpose
  • f) travel to attend to urgent official matters, including accompanying of another person for this purpose
  • g) job performance (or attendant matters) in security, public health, individual spiritual service, public transport, and other infrastructure, citizen services (includes home deliveries)
  • h) movement in open countryside or parks
  • i) return travel to the place of residence
  • j) funerals

Scope of exemptions widened from 7 April onwards:

  • Conducting of sport activities at outside sporting grounds, in parks or in nature (e.g. tennis, skiing, sport shooting, etc.)
    • Facecover obligatory unless individuals conducting the given sport are at least 2 metres apart and
    • No more than 2 people are conducting sport together, with exception of members of the same household and with exception of staying 2 metres apart from others
    • Associated facilities (showers, changing rooms) remain closed.
Government Resolution No. 215/2020 Coll.[155]

Ministry of Health Protection Measure No. MZDR 12745/2020-1/MIN/KAN[145]

Ministry of Health Protection Measure No. MZDR 12745/2020-4/MIN/KAN[146]

Ministry of Health Protection Measure No. MZDR 15190/2020-4/MIN/KAN[6]

Regional quarantine Quarantine of town of Litovel and 18 nearby municipalities including Uničov and Červenka.

The quarantine zone covers about 24,000 people. A cluster of 25 patients identified on 16 March 2020. By 21 March 2020 there were 54 confirmed patients within the quarantine zone out of 62 total confirmed cases in Olomouc region.

16 March 2020 From 16 March onwards (indefinitely).

Lifted on 30 March 2020

People living and working within the quarantined area can go to work.

People living within the area and working outside, and vice versa, must stay at home.

Workers returning from night shifts in the area to homes outside of the area ordered into 14 days' self-quarantine.

Police checkpoints on roads to the area. Only supply trucks, police, emergency, and fire rescue service can enter/leave town.

Military field mini-hospital build in Litovel on 19 March.[156]

Local health authority.[157]
Quarantine of municipality of Kynice, where a number of people were infected during the local volunteer fire department's ball.

The municipality has a population of 95.

16 March 2020 From 16 March onwards (indefinitely).

Lifted on 1 April 2020[158]

Same conditions as in other quaranteened areas. Local health authority.[159]
Social distancing measures Public authorities' activity reduction 12 March 2020 14 March to 1 April.

Extended until 11 April.

Public authorities restricted to perform only to necessary duties. Restrictions on duties requiring personal contact with the public. Restriction of office hours to 3 hours on Monday and Wednesday. Only the lowest possible number of employees to be present when necessary. Duty to implement rotations of employees in a way that prevents contact between selected groups.

Partially revoked on 6 April 2020: Czechpoint [cs] resumes service.

Government Resolution No. 194/2000 (until 24 March)

Ministry of Health Protection Measure No. MZDR 12745/2020-3/MIN/KAN (from 24 March onwards)[160]

Ministry of Health Protection Measure No. MZDR 12745/2020-5/MIN/KAN (from 1 April onwards)[161]

Ministry of Health Protection Measure No. MZDR 15190/2020-2/MIN/KAN (Czechpoint reopening)[162]

Obligatory face cover (respirator or similar) 18 March 2020 From 19 March until 30 March

From 30 March onwards (indefinitely)

Ban on movement outside of the home without having mouth and nose covered by a respirator, face mask or similar.

Exemptions:

  • car drivers, if they are alone within a closed vehicle,
  • children younger than 2 years.

Exemption from 7 April onwards:

  • conducting sports in accordance with curfew exemptions (incl. walking/running in parks and nature)
Government resolution No. 247 (published as No. 106/2020 Coll.) (until 30 March)[163]

Ministry of Health Protection Measure No. MZDR 13894/2020-1/MIN/KAN (after 30 March)[164]

Ministry of Health Protection Measure No. MZDR 15190/2020-4/MIN/KAN[6]

Elderly only shopping time (65+) 18 March 2020 From 19 March onwards (indefinitely). Only elderly (65+) can enter establishments (grocery shops, post offices and others that are still open) at the selected time. The timeframe for elderly changes periodically:
  • 19–20 March – 10 AM to 12 AM
  • 21–24 March – 7 AM to 9 AM
  • from 25 March onwards – 8 AM to 10 AM (only establishments with over 500 m2 public area)
Ministry of Health Resolution No. MZDR 12390/2020-1/MIN/KAN, replaced by MZDR 12501/2020-3/MIN/KAN,[165] replaced by Ministry of Health Protection Measure No. MZDR 12744/2020-2/MIN/KAN[166]
Local Assemblies limited 23 March 2020 From 24 March onwards (replaced from 7 April onwards). Local assemblies only online

Municipal and regional assemblies shall convene only for necessary purposes (measures regarding COVID-19 or necessary to prevent other damages) and shall take place only online. Recommendation to broadcast online assemblies publicly on the internet.

Government Resolution No. 274 published as No. 122/2020 Coll.[167]
6 April 2020 From 7 April until the end of state of emergency Local assemblies subject to social distancing

Municipal and regional assemblies shall convene in a way that ensures distance of 2 metres between each individual. Everyone present must wear face cover.

Recommendation to allow participation through means of distance communication.

Government Resolution No. 388 published as 151/2020 Coll.[4]
Electronic data boxes use for free 23 March 2020 From 24 March onwards (until the end of State of Emergency). "Electronic data boxes" is a secure means of online communication run by the Government that may be used for formal delivery of documents. Normally only communication with authorities is free while communication between private entities is subject to a fee. This fee was waived until the end of the State of Emergency. Government Resolution No. 275/2000 Coll.[167]
Hard measures STATE OF EMERGENCY Declaration of State of Emergency. For the first time in modern history for the area of entire country (previously only regionally, mainly due to floods).

A number of other particular measures announced at the same time under Government emergency powers (see elsewhere in the table).

12 March 2020 From 12 March 2020 2PM for a period of 30 days.

Extended by Chamber of Deputies until 30 April.

Government (cabinet headed by Prime Minister) has considerably extended powers under the State of Emergency. State of Emergency may be declared by Government for at most 30 days; any extension must be ratified by Chamber of Deputies.

Most other measures adopted "indefinitely" remain in force only as long as the State of Emergency lasts, as without it the Government lacks the constitutional authority to limit the associated rights.

Government Resolution No. 194/2020 Coll.[168]

Vote number 8 of 43rd meeting of Chamber of Deputies held on 7 April 2020[5][169]

Border enforcement Provisional enforcement of borders with Germany and Austria and limitations on international flights. Only selected border crossings remain open:
  • Germany (unlimited): Strážný, Pomezí nad Ohří, Rozvadov, Folmava, Železná Ruda, Krásný Les, Hora Svatého Šebestiána
  • Germany (limited to regulars only, e.g. cross-border workers, etc.; 5 AM to 11 PM): Všeruby, Jiříkov, Vojtanov, Cínovec
  • Austria (unlimited): Dolní Dvořiště, České Velenice, Hatě, Mikulov
  • Austria (limited to regulars only, e.g. cross-border workers, etc.; 5 AM to 11 PM):Vratěnín, Valtice, Nová Bystřice
  • International flights only to/from Václav Havel International Airport and Kbely Airport (both near Prague), other airports limited to domestic flights.
12 March 2020 From 14 March 2020 onwards. Czech Republic is a party to Schengen Treaty and does not normally enforce its border with other EU countries. Government Resolution No. 197/2020 Coll.[170]
Travel ban – selected countries Foreigners coming in from selected countries banned from entering the Czech Republic (foreigners with long-term or permanent residency permits exempted). Czech citizens and foreigners with long-term or permanent residency banned from entering selected countries. Suspension of processing of all visa applications (individual exceptions possible).

List of selected countries subject to daily updates, as of the day of ban entry into force they are China, South Korea, Iran, Italy, Spain, Austria, Germany, Switzerland, Sweden, Norway, the Netherlands, Belgium, Great Britain, Denmark, and France.

Measure replaced by a complete travel ban effective from 16 March 2020, see below.

People passing border crossings subject to random medical checks. Police and customs officers with FFP3 respirators and goggles stopping cars, fire service personnel conducting medical checks in HAZMAT suits, HAZMAT ambulance ready to take potential patients to the nearest hospital for detailed screening.

12 March 2020 From 14 March 2020 onwards. Czech Republic is a party to Schengen Treaty and does not normally enforce its border with other EU countries. Government Resolution No. 198/2020 Coll.[171]
BORDERS CLOSURE COMPLETE BORDERS CLOSURE
  • Czech citizens:
    • Not allowed to leave the country unless they have long-term or permanent residency abroad.
    • May return to the country; subject to mandatory 14 days' self-quarantine (see above).
  • Foreigners with long-term or permanent residency:
    • Allowed to leave the country.
    • May return to the country if they were outside when measure adopted; subject to mandatory 14 days' self-quarantine (see above).
    • May not return to the country if left while the measure was in force.
  • Foreigners without long-term or permanent residency:
    • Allowed to leave the country.
    • Not allowed to enter the country.
13 March 2020 From 16 March onwards (ban of 13 March).

From 31 March until 12 April 2020 (ban of 30 March).

Extended until 13 April 2020 (ban of 6 April).

Exemptions:
  • International freight transport: drivers, flight crews, train crews, ship crews. Exempt also freight transport workers employed abroad.
  • Diplomatic staff.
  • Emergency services while on duty (police, EMT, fire, mountain rescue, etc.).
  • People who verifiably periodically cross borders, especially workers with a place of employment no further than 100 kilometres from the border.
  • Citizens of Germany, Austria, Poland and Slovakia who verifiably periodically cross borders, especially workers with a place of employment no further than 100 kilometres from the border.
  • Epidemiology, humanitarian and health experts.
  • Members of the European Parliament.
  • Minors who are citizens of an EU member state with at least one parent who is a Czech citizen.
  • Persons transporting blood, bone marrow and/or organs for purpose of transplantation.
  • Persons with a serious medical condition for purpose of undertaking medical procedures abroad.
Government Resolution No. 203[172] & Ministry of Interior Notice on Exemptions from travel restrictions during the State of Emergency[140] (until 30 March)

Government Resolution No. 334 published as 142/2020 Coll.[173] (from 31 March)

BAN ON ENTRY OF FOREIGNERS
  • Foreigners without long-term or permanent residency:
    • Allowed to leave the country.
    • Not allowed to enter the country.
  • Leaving country allowed only if the travel is in accordance with conditions of curfew (see above) and purpose of travel cannot be fulfilled within the Czech Republic
6 April 2020 From 14 April until the end of State of Emergency Exemptions:
  • International freight transport: drivers, flight crews, train crews, ship crews. Exempt also freight transport workers employed abroad.
  • Diplomatic staff.
  • Persons who periodically cross borders for work reasons
  • Epidemiology, humanitarian and health experts.
  • Other in case of urgent reasons

Anyone coming into Czech Republic has duty to contact health authority and will be subject to mandatory 14 days quarantine (with exemptions).

Government Resolution No. 387 published as No. 150/2020 Coll.[4]
Other measures Army deployed Army units deployed to support border enforcement (see above). 10 March 2020 From 10 March 2020 onwards (indefinitely). 2,100 Czech Army personnel ordered to full readiness.

Army also used for distribution of medical equipment around country (respirators etc.).

Government decision[174][175]
Soldiers deputised

Soldiers and Customs Service agents being deployed at the border deputised for police duty.

15 March 2020 From 15 March 2020 onwards (indefinitely). Grants police powers to Army soldiers and Customs officers, who previously could only serve in support roles. This allows a significantly lower number of police officers to be deployed at the borders and their redeployment back to standard policing duty. Government decision[176]
Soldiers deployed to reinforce health authority. 30 March 2020 From 30 March 2020 onwards (indefinitely). 300 soldiers deployed to reinforce health authority for the purpose of tracing contacts of COVID-19 positive patients and for collecting their samples. Government Resolution No. 333 published as No. 141/2020 Coll.[173]
Trucks allowed to drive on Sundays Generally, freight trucks are banned from driving on Sundays in order to ease weekend return traffic. This long-standing ban was lifted in order to mitigate possible freight disruptions stemming from other measures or general COVID-19 impact. 13 March 2020 From 13 March 2020 onwards (indefinitely). Government Resolution No. 205/2020 Coll.[177]
Release of emergency funding CZK 500 million released from Government Emergency Fund for emergency purchases of medical tools needed to fight COVID-19. 13 March 2020 Government Resolution No. 206/2020 Coll.[178]
Provision of welfare Students of secondary and tertiary schools welfare programmes compelled to work duty, actual work subject to later call-up.

Welfare providers are ordered to provide welfare to recipients whose life or health may be in jeopardy (providers cannot refuse provision of welfare).

13 March 2020 From 16 March onwards (indefinitely). Welfare provision aimed at persons that are not self-sufficient (elderly, crippled, etc.). Government Resolution No. 207/2020 Coll.[179]
Social and economical support measures Income tax deadline extended

Deadline for Income Tax submission moved by 3 months for natural persons (new date is 1 July)

12 March 2020 [citation needed]
Loans repayment delayed

Banks will provide an option of delaying loan payments for people and small businesses affected by the coronavirus

12 March 2020 [citation needed]
Gun sales registration period waived. 16 March 2020 From 16 March until end of the curfew In general, purchased firearms must be physically presented to the police for registration within 10 days from the sale (see Gun laws in the Czech Republic). Firearm sales still possible when delivered directly to customers' homes.

Firearm registrations deemed non-essential by the Ministry of Interior Explanatory Note, as part of the general suspension of non-essential visits to government offices. Gun license holders instructed to merely inform police about a purchase by post or electronic communication and visit station for registration after the end of curfew.

Also, exams required for new firearm licenses suspended. New permits to purchase B-category firearms issued only remotely (by post or electronic communication).

Ministry of Interior Explanatory Note No. MV- 49249-2/OBP-2020[180]
Forestry short-term hiring March 2020 Public company Lesy České republiky [cs] which manages public forests started massive short-term hiring of people from professions affected by quarantine measures. Temporary workers take part in restoration of spruce forests that suffered large scale damage by bark beetle and drought in previous years. Wage of CZK 120 per hour (ca € 5 per hour), contracts for maximum of 300 hours per person. [181]
Criminal sanctions COVID-19 added to list of diseases the willful spreading of which constitutes a felony. 13 March 2020 Up to 10 years imprisonment in case of criminal negligence. Government Resolution No. 210/2020 Coll.[182]
Healthcare provision support measures Drive-through testing 14 March 2020 "Drive-through" tents set up in front of designated hospitals around the country. Patients don't need to leave their cars in order to be tested.

Testing is free for people with prescriptions by the health authorities. Prescriptions are granted remotely (phone and email) based on symptoms and travel history. People lacking prescriptions may pay for their own tests. Prices vary depending on the hospital from CZK 1,300–3,000 (€50–120). Some drive-through locations do not offer paid testing due to capacity limitations (i.e. they test only those with a prescription).

[183]
COVID-19-only hospitals 15 March 2020 Two hospitals, Na Homolce Hospital [cs] in the capital and largest city of Prague, St. Anna University Hospital [cs] in the second largest city of Brno, were designated to deal with COVID-19 only. Both cities have several other hospitals to take up the caseload of other conditions.

Military BSL-4 reserve hospital at Biological Defense Center in Těchonín put into a state of readiness.

[citation needed]
28 March 2020 After COVID-19 infection spread in at least seven retirement homes, several hundred beds were set aside for quarantine and treatment of elderly with mild symptoms at:
  • Na Bulovce hospital in Prague
  • Na Františku hospital in Prague
  • Health resort at Lázně Toušeň
  • Non-emergency section of Military BSL-4 reserve hospital at Biological Defense Center in Těchonín
Ministry of Health decision[184]
Medicine students' work duty 15 March 2020 From 16 March until the end of State of Emergency 5th- and 6th-year students of General Medicine compelled to work duty, actual work subject to later call-up.

Last-year students of nursing, paramedics, and several other related fields compelled to work duty, actual work subject to later call-up.

Government Resolution No. 220/2020 Coll.[185]
Healthcare workers' holiday ban 23 March 2020 From 24 March until the end of State of Emergency Healthcare workers banned from taking a holiday (time off). Government Resolution No. 278/2000 Coll.[167]
Remdesivir provisional approval 17 March 2020 From 17 March for a period of 9 months Remdesivir, originally developed by Gilead Sciences for ebola treatment, was approved for experimental use for COVID19 patients in serious condition. Ministry of Health Decision No. MZDR 12059/2020-3/OLZP[186]
Plaquenil prescription restrictions 23 March 2020 From 23 March 8 PM onwards (indefinitely) Hydroxychloroquine, sold under the brand name Plaquenil among others, is a medication used for the prevention and treatment of certain types of malaria. Plaquenil showed promise in some COVID-19 trials. Only doctors with selected specializations can prescribe it under the measure. Ministry of Health Protection Measure No. MZDR 12756/2020-2/MIN/KAN[187] (until 3 April)

Ministry of Health Protection Measure No. MZDR 12756/2020-3/MIN/KAN[188] (after 3 April)

Hydroxychloroquine-sulfaat teva provisional approval 7 April 2020 From 7 April for period of 8 months Provisional approval for COVID-19 treatment due to plaquenil shortage. Ministry of Health Protection Measure No. MZDR 13360/2020-3/OLZP[189]

Ministry of Health Protection Measure No. MZDR 12756/2020-3/MIN/KAN[188] (after 3 April)

Hospitalised patients' information database 24 March 2020 From 24 March onwards (indefinitely) Central database about COVID-19 hospitalised patients. Hospital providers ordered to:
  • insert data about the state of hospitalised COVID-19 patients daily
  • insert data about every new patient that gets either to serious condition, requires ventilator or ECMO within one hour
  • insert data about every patient whose state changes as regards serious condition, use of ventilator or ECMO within one hour
Ministry of Health Protection Measure No. MZDR 12996/2020-1/MIN/KAN[190]

Interpersonal solidarityEdit

Demonstration of making facemasks without sewing

The COVID-19 pandemic in the Czech Republic has created a wave of solidarity in a variety of areas, including:

  • Due to the lack of protective face-masks, volunteers sewed masks for other people and also shared instruction videos online.[191]
  • Programmes were launched to help the most vulnerable groups and seniors, on a non-commercial basis, by buying food and medicines.[192]
  • On Monday, March 23, Czech National Television launched a temporary new television channel ČT3, which is to bring practical advice, news and a selection of ČT's classic programmes from the archive for older people.[193]
  • The Vietnamese community in the Ústí nad Labem region raised CZK 140,000 for a donation of a ventilator to a hospital in Ústí nad Labem[194]
  • Due to the closure of Czech schools, Czech National Television launched an educational programme for home education. The "UčíTelka" programme is focusing on teaching first-grade pupils. The programmes "Odpoledka" on teaching second-grade pupils and programme "Škola doma" for ninth grade pupils preparing them for entrance exams to secondary schools.[195]
  • Czech manufacturer of 3D printers Prusa Research contributed to the "free use project" of shared bicycles company Rekola to enable access to transport with a lower risk of virus transmission than public transport.[196] Prusa Research also designed, produced and distributed protective face shields for medical professionals.[197]
  • The Žufánek family distillery from Boršice will produce and distribute for free disinfectant gels without the necessary permit from the health and agriculture department.[198]

GalleryEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

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External linksEdit

Information from the Ministry of Health of the Czech Republic – COVID-19
Hospitals with COVID-19 testfacility - Blue is with self-pay testfacility
List of laboratories testing on COVID-19 in Czech Republic
Important-phone-numbers and links// Emergency contact numbers
Most services are available 24h and seven days a week