Litovel

Litovel (Czech pronunciation: [ˈlɪtovɛl]; German: Littau) is a town in Olomouc District in the Olomouc Region of the Czech Republic. It has around 9,700 inhabitants. Litovel lies in Upper-Morava Vale, 233 metres above the sea level. The centre of the town is historically significant and is protected by law as Urban monument zone.

Litovel
Town
Přemysl Otakar Square
Flag of Litovel
Flag
Coat of arms of Litovel
Coat of arms
Nickname(s): 
Venice of Hanakia
Litovel is located in Czech Republic
Litovel
Litovel
Location in the Czech Republic
Coordinates: 49°42′5″N 17°4′32″E / 49.70139°N 17.07556°E / 49.70139; 17.07556Coordinates: 49°42′5″N 17°4′32″E / 49.70139°N 17.07556°E / 49.70139; 17.07556
Country Czech Republic
RegionOlomouc
DistrictOlomouc
First mentioned1270
Government
 • MayorViktor Kohout
Area
 • Total46.39 km2 (17.91 sq mi)
Elevation
233 m (764 ft)
Population
 (2020-01-01[1])
 • Total9,738
 • Density210/km2 (540/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
784 01
Websitewww.litovel.eu

Administrative partsEdit

Villages Březové, Chudobín, Myslechovice, Nasobůrky, Nová Ves, Rozvadovice, Savín, Tři Dvory, Unčovice and Víska are administrative parts of Litovel.

HistoryEdit

In the Austrian Empire and Austria-Hungary, Litovel was part of the Margraviate of Moravia. In 1918, it became part of independent Czechoslovakia. The period of German occupation lasted from March 1939 until May 1945. During this time, Litovel was administered as a part of the Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia.

DemographicsEdit

Year 1971 1980 1990 2000 2004 2012 2020
Population (December 31) 5,884 12,611 11,644 9,926 10,068 9,835 9,738

Source: Czech Statistical Office

SightsEdit

Town hallEdit

The town hall lies on Přemysl Otakar Square. The town bought the building in 1557 and the town council moved in. It was reconstructed in 1572 and the town hall tower, 72 metres tall, was built over Nečíz, one of the many branches of river Morava that runs underneath the square.

Plague columnEdit

A plague column stands near the town hall. It was constructed by Václav Render in 1724 in memory of the plague epidemic in 1714. The pillar is decorated with seven statues of plaque patrons and The Holy Virgin on the top.

Bridge of Saint JohnEdit

The Bridge of Saint John (Czech: Svatojánský most) is a stone bridge over the river Morava. It was constructed in 1592, and it is the third oldest bridge in the Czech Republic (and the oldest stone bridge in Moravia).

EconomyEdit

There is a brewery in Litovel.[2]

Pro-Ject brand turntables and audio equipment are manufactured in Litovel.

Bellmer (formerly Papcel), a company manufacturing machines for papers processing resides in the northern part of the town. Kimberly-Clark, a paper processing company is located in the town as well.

The town has been nicknamed "La Littovella", because in Tři Dvory, a village which is a part of the town, pasta and cheese is made. Brazzale, the company making cheese, is one of the biggest producers in Central Europe.

Former transmitterEdit

West of Litovel at 49°42'38" N and 17°3'23" E there was a transmitting facility with three guyed masts each 220 metres tall, which were arranged in a row [1]. The facility might have used for jamming programmes of Radio Free Europe on 720 kHz. The masts of the station were demolished, but the buildings are still in place.

Notable peopleEdit

Twin towns – sister citiesEdit

Litovel is twinned with:[3]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Population of Municipalities – 1 January 2020". Czech Statistical Office. 2020-04-30.
  2. ^ Original Litovel Premium | Pivovar Litovel | BeerAdvocate
  3. ^ "Partnerská města" (in Czech). Město Litovel. Retrieved 2020-09-13.

External linksEdit