Revúca

Revúca (Slovak pronunciation: [ˈɾɛʋuːtsa]; formerly Veľká Revúca [ˈʋɛʎkaː -] in Slovak; German: Groß-Rauschenbach; Hungarian: Nagyrőce) is a town in Banská Bystrica Region, Slovakia. Revúca is the seat of Revúca District.

Revúca
Town
Main road in Revúca
Main road in Revúca
Coat of arms of Revúca
Coat of arms
Revúca is located in Banská Bystrica Region
Revúca
Revúca
Location of Revúca in the Banská Bystrica Region
Revúca is located in Slovakia
Revúca
Revúca
Revúca (Slovakia)
Coordinates: 48°40′59″N 20°06′48″E / 48.68306°N 20.11333°E / 48.68306; 20.11333Coordinates: 48°40′59″N 20°06′48″E / 48.68306°N 20.11333°E / 48.68306; 20.11333
CountrySlovakia
RegionBanská Bystrica
DistrictRevúca
First mentioned1357
Government
 • MayorEva Cireňová
Area
 • Total38.867 km2 (15.007 sq mi)
Elevation
318 m (1,043 ft)
Population
 (2018-12-31[1])
 • Total12,087
 • Density310/km2 (810/sq mi)
Postal code
05001
Area code(s)+421-47
Car plateRA
Websitewww.revuca.sk

EtymologyEdit

The name is of Slovak origin and was initially a name of stream Revúca ("Roaring").[2] The same names can be found also in Liptov (Liptovské Revúce formerly Revúca and the river Revúca).

HistoryEdit

The earliest written record of the existence of the town is from 1357. The iron industry was developing for more than 500 years. During the second half of the 19th century, Revúca became a centre of Slovak national revival. The first high school teaching in the Slovak language was founded in Revúca in 1862, but it was closed down by the Hungarian authorities in 1874 (see Magyarization). Both the original building of the high school (with the historical exposition) and the new building are the National Cultural Monuments. During the short period of its existence, the high school attracted many activists, writers, and politicians (Štefan Marko Daxner, Ján Francisci, Július Botto, Samuel Ormis, August Horislav Škultéty, Ivan Branislav Zoch) to the town.

LandmarksEdit

The late Gothic Roman Catholic church of Saint Lawrence (Slovak: Kostol svätého Vavrinca) has a deacon built in the second half of the 15th century and a pre-built tower. Originally, the church had two towers, but the lower one was dismantled after the fire in 1892. The main, pseudo-Gothic altar is decorated by table pictures depicting scenes from the life of Saint Quirin dated to about 1500.

Evangelic Classical Lutheran Church, a cultural monument. It was built in 1784–1785, the tower was built later in 1788. A commemorative board on the church is dedicated to the Slovak Lutheran grammar school- The first Slovak grammar school that was opened on September 16, 1862.

SurroundingsEdit

Revúca is a trailhead of several hiking trails leading to the Muránska planina National Park. Muráň Castle and Ochtiná Aragonite Cave are just a short drive from the town.

DemographicsEdit

Revúca has a population of 13,098 (as of December 31, 2005). According to the 2001 census, 92.1% of inhabitants were Slovaks, 4.1 Romani, and 2.2% Hungarians.[3] The religious makeup was 39.4% Roman Catholics, 34.5% people with no religious affiliation, and 19.8% Lutherans.[3]

Famous peopleEdit

Twin towns — Sister citiesEdit

Revúca is twinned with:[4]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Population and migration". Statistical Office of the Slovak Republic. Retrieved 2019-04-16.
  2. ^ Krško, Jaromír (1994). "Názov a vznik obce Revúca" [The name and the foundation of Revúca]. Jazyková a mimojazyková stránka vlastných mien (in Slovak). Bratislava - Nitra: Jazykovedný ústav Ľ. Štúra SAV - Vysoká škola pedagogická. p. 244.
  3. ^ a b "Municipal Statistics". Statistical Office of the Slovak republic. Archived from the original on 2007-11-16. Retrieved 2007-12-05.
  4. ^ "Partnerské mestá". tic.revuca.sk (in Slovak). Turistické informačné centrum Revúca. Retrieved 2019-09-08.

External linksEdit