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2016 Summer Olympics closing ceremony

The closing ceremony of the 2016 Summer Olympics was held on 21 August 2016 from 20:00 to 22:50 BRT at the Maracanã Stadium, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.[1]

2016 Summer Olympics
closing ceremony
Terminam os Jogos Olímpicos Rio 2016 (29040726262).jpg
Date 21 August 2016 (2016-08-21)
Time 20:00-22:50 BRT (UTC-3)
(2 hours and 50 minutes)
Location Maracanã Stadium, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
Coordinates 22°54′43.80″S 43°13′48.59″W / 22.9121667°S 43.2301639°W / -22.9121667; -43.2301639Coordinates: 22°54′43.80″S 43°13′48.59″W / 22.9121667°S 43.2301639°W / -22.9121667; -43.2301639
Filmed by Rede Globo and OBS
Footage The ceremony on the IOC YouTube channel on YouTube

As per traditional Olympic protocol, the ceremony featured cultural presentations from both the current (Brazil) and following (Japan) host countries, as well as closing remarks by International Olympic Committee (IOC) president Thomas Bach and the leader of the Games' organizing committee Carlos Arthur Nuzman, the official handover of the Olympic flag from Rio de Janeiro mayor Eduardo Paes to Tokyo governor Yuriko Koike, whose city will host the 2020 Summer Olympics, and the extinguishing of the Olympic flame.[2]

Contents

VenueEdit

For the 2014 FIFA World Cup and the 2016 Olympics and Paralympics, a major reconstruction project was initiated for the Maracanã Stadium. The original seating bowl, with a two-tier configuration, was demolished, giving way to a new one-tier seating bowl.[3] The original stadium's concrete roof was removed and replaced with a fiberglass tensioned membrane coated with polytetrafluoroethylene. The new roof covers 95% of the seats inside the stadium, unlike the former design, where protection was only afforded to some seats in the upper ring and those above the gate access of each sector.

CeremonyEdit

Parade of AthletesEdit

 
Greece and Brazil leading out the flag parade

The creative director for the ceremony was Rosa Magalhães.[4] Amid heavy rainfall, the ceremony began with interpretive dancers representing various landmarks in the host city, with music from the Brazilian group Barbatuques, singing "Beautiful Creatures", a song from the 2014 American animated film Rio 2.[5] Martinho da Vila then performed a rendition of the classic song "Carinhoso (pt)" by Pixinguinha. In another segment, introducing the athletes, pop singer Roberta Sá channeled Carmen Miranda, the fruit-headdress-wearing, midcentury Hollywood diva who endures as a beloved camp figure. The Parade of Flags followed shortly after a choir of 27 children, representing the states of Brazil, sang the Brazilian national anthem.[6]

The ceremony featured a performance of "Carry Me" by Norwegian electronic tropical music producer Kygo and singer-songwriter Julia Michaels, as part of a segment that launched the new Olympic Channel service launching after the Games.[7] The games' final medal awards for the men's marathon were also presented, along with the Kenyan national anthem.[8]

Four newly elected members of the IOC Athletes' Commission were introduced: fencer Britta Heidemann (Germany), table tennis player Ryu Seung-min (South Korea), swimmer Dániel Gyurta (Hungary) and pole vaulter Yelena Isinbayeva (Russia). Lenine then performed his song "Jack Soul Brasileiro" with slowly modificated lyrics in celebration to those who volunteered during the games. The flag handover ceremony began as standard with the Greek national anthem and the Olympic anthem sung in English. Rio de Janeiro mayor Eduardo Paes handed the flag to IOC president Thomas Bach, who then handed it over to Tokyo governor Yuriko Koike. The flag will be raised in PyeongChang for the 2018 Winter Olympics that will take place on 9 February 2018.[9]

Warming up! Tokyo 2020Edit

 
Japanese Prime Minister Shinzō Abe standing atop a Warp Pipe while holding Mario's trademark red cap and the red circle from the flag of Japan.

The directors for the show were Hiroshi Sasaki (creative supervisor), Ringo Sheena (creative supervisor and music director), Mikiko Mizuno (choreographer and stage director) and Kaoru Sugano (creative director).[10] Tokyo 2020's presentation for the next Olympics featured swimmer Kosuke Kitajima, long-distance runner Naoko Takahashi, boxer Ryōta Murata and Prime Minister Shinzō Abe. The Japanese national anthem arranged by Jun Miyake was sung while the flag of Japan was projected onto the stadium grounds while another flag was raised on the flagpole in the stadium. The flag then faded out to thank those who aided the country after the 2011 Tōhoku earthquake and tsunami.[6]

A video presentation featuring characters from famous Japanese anime and prominent video games such as Captain Tsubasa, Doraemon, Pac-Man and Hello Kitty led up to Abe's appearance, which consisted of him transforming into Mario from Nintendo's Mario franchise and jumping out of a Warp Pipe given by Doraemon to help him get from Tokyo's Shibuya Crossing to Rio de Janeiro's Maracanã Stadium on time. Abe appeared at the Maracanã dressed up as Mario.[11][12]

Male rhythmic gymnasts from Aomori University and dancers from Elevenplay then performed a dance routine highlighting Japan's electronic culture (choreographed by Mikiko, dance director of Elevenplay), music by Yasutaka Nakata, the songwriter and producer for the Japanese main electropop girl group Perfume, electro house act Capsule and Kyary Pamyu Pamyu, before the presentation ended with the logo of the forthcoming Tokyo games.[13][14] The last sequence of presentation used the music from Tokyo Metropolitan Theatre's 2012 play "Egg" (written by Hideki Noda, with music by Ringo Sheena) – contains the message: "sports, music or Olympics" and "War or Nationalism" shall not be linked again.

Carnaval Finale!Edit

 
The Carnival-inspired parade

Speeches by organising committee chairman Carlos Arthur Nuzman and IOC president Bach marked the end of the games with Bach calling them 'Marvelous Olympic Games in THE Marvelous City'. Mariene de Castro sang in front of the Olympic cauldron as the flame was extinguished via piped rain.[6] The ceremony ended with a fireworks display and a tribute to Rio's signature event, the Carnival, which takes place during the four days before Ash Wednesday. The segment showcased Brazil's musical dance culture. The 250-person strong parade was led by Brazilian model Izabel Goulart and street cleaner Renato Sorriso, with the carnival anthem Cidade Maravilhosa playing in the background. The performers in the closing ceremony consisted of currently six main singers of samba schools: Ciganerey (Mangueira), Emerson Dias (Grande Rio), Ito Melodia (União da Ilha), Leozinho Nunes (São Clemente), Tinga (Unidos da Tijuca) and Wantuir (Paraíso do Tuiuti),[15] and actual dancers who will be in the 2017 Rio Carnival.[2]

MusicEdit

AnthemsEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Rio 2016 Ingressos – Compre seu ingresso para as Olímpiadas". ingressos.rio2016.com (in Portuguese). Archived from the original on 24 August 2016. Retrieved 2016-08-21. 
  2. ^ a b "Rio Olympics 2016: Spectacular closing ceremony as Olympic flag goes to Tokyo". BBC Sport. Retrieved 22 August 2016. 
  3. ^ "Maracanã". The Stadium Guide. 
  4. ^ "Rio 2016: Rosa Magalhães deve comandar encerramento". Rio 2016 (in Portuguese). 19 September 2015. Retrieved 2016-08-21. 
  5. ^ Moller, Kenza (21 August 2016). "What Is The “We Are Beautiful Creatures” Song From The Closing Ceremony? It Was Cheerful". Romper. Retrieved 28 May 2017. 
  6. ^ a b c "Rio Olympics Closing Ceremony live: carnival, costumes, performance art, the Japanese PM dressed as Super Mario. Standard.". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 22 August 2016. 
  7. ^ Staff (August 16, 2016). "Kygo to Perform at Rio Olympics Closing Ceremony". Billboard. Retrieved 2016-08-21. 
  8. ^ "The Latest: Rio Games close with samba-fueled Carnival party". USA Today. 21 August 2016. Retrieved 21 August 2016. 
  9. ^ "Rio bids the world a fond farewell". IOC. August 18, 2016. Retrieved 2016-08-22. 
  10. ^ "Hiroshi Sasaki, Kaoru Sugano, Ringo Shiina and MIKIKO work together for Tokyo's performance at Rio Closing Ceremony". Sendenkaigi (in Japanese). August 22, 2016. Retrieved August 24, 2016. 
  11. ^ Palazzo, Chiara (August 22, 2016). "Shinzo Abe emerges from a green pipe disguised as Super Mario during Rio Closing Ceremony". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved August 22, 2016. 
  12. ^ Samuelson, Kate (August 22, 2016). "Shinzo Abe Dresses as Super Mario for Rio Closing Ceremony". TIME.com. Retrieved August 22, 2016. 
  13. ^ McKirdy, Andrew (22 August 2016). "Rio passes Olympic flag to Tokyo, ‘Super Abe’ during closing ceremony". The Japan Times. Retrieved 22 August 2016. 
  14. ^ "Rio 2016: cheers, boos and a carnival atmosphere as Olympic flame goes out". The Guardian. 22 August 2016. Retrieved 22 August 2016. 
  15. ^ "Rio 2016! Seis intérpretes e mestre de bateria são escalados pro encerramento". Sambarazzo. Retrieved 6 September 2016. 

External linksEdit

  Media related to 2016 Summer Olympics closing ceremony at Wikimedia Commons