1829 in the United States
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Events from the year 1829 in the United States.
- President: John Quincy Adams (DR/NR-Massachusetts) (until March 4), Andrew Jackson (D-Tennessee) (starting March 4)
- Vice President: John C. Calhoun (D-South Carolina)
- Chief Justice: John Marshall (Virginia)
- Speaker of the House of Representatives: Andrew Stevenson (D-Virginia)
- Congress: 20th (until March 4), 21st (starting March 4)
- March 4 – First inauguration of Andrew Jackson: Andrew Jackson is inaugurated as the seventh President of the United States.
- June 1 – The Philadelphia Inquirer is founded as The Pennsylvania Inquirer.
- July 23 – William Austin Burt obtains the first patent for a typographer (typewriter).
- June 27 – James Smithson, a British mineralogist and chemist, leaves a bequest of £100,000 to fund the Smithsonian Institution in Washington, D.C.
- Undated – The Georgia Gold Rush begins as the country's first significant gold rush following the discovery of gold on October 27, 1828, by Benjamin Parks in the old Hall County, Georgia (later reorganized into Lumpkin County).
- March 2 – William B. Allison, U.S. Senator from Iowa from 1873 to 1908 (died 1908)
- April 12 – Daniel Sheldon Norton, U.S. Senator from Minnesota from 1865 to 1870 (died 1870)
- May 8 – Louis Moreau Gottschalk, composer and pianist (died 1869 in Brazil)
- May 28 – A. B. Rogers, surveyor (died 1889)
- August 6 – James T. Farley, U.S. Senator from California from 1879 to 1885 (died 1886)
- September 12 – Charles Dudley Warner, essayist and novelist (died 1900)
- October 5 – Chester A. Arthur, 21st President of the United States from 1881 to 1885, 20th Vice President of the United States from March to September 1881 (died 1886)
- October 30 – Roscoe Conkling, leader of the Stalwart faction of the Republican Party (died 1888)
- November 22 – Shelby Moore Cullom, U.S. Senator from Illinois from 1883 to 1913 (died 1914)
- December 8 – Henry Timrod, "poet laureate of the Confederacy" (died 1867)
- January 28 – Ephraim Bateman, U.S. Senator from New Jersey from 1826 to 1829 (born 1780)
- January 29 – Timothy Pickering, 2nd United States Secretary of War, 3rd United States Secretary of State (born 1745)
- February 18 – Hannah Tompkins, Second Lady of the United States (born 1781)
- April 11 – Archibald Gracie, merchant and shipowner (born 1755 in Scotland)
- May 17 – John Jay, represented New York at the Continental Congress in 1774, 2nd Governor of New York from 1795 to 1801 and 1st Chief Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court from 1789 to 1795 (born 1745)
- June 27 – James Smithson, British chemist and mineralogist whose inheritance will eventually create the Smithsonian Institution (born c. 1765 in France; died in Genoa)
- November 26 – Thomas Buck Reed, U.S. Senator from Mississippi from 1826 to 1827 and in 1829 (born 1787)
- December 12 – John Lansing, Jr., statesman (born 1754; disappeared)
- Media related to 1829 in the United States at Wikimedia Commons