Enoch Lincoln

Enoch Lincoln (December 28, 1788 – October 8, 1829) was an American politician, serving as U.S. Representative from, successively, Massachusetts and from Maine. He was the son of Levi Lincoln Sr. and his wife, and the younger brother of Levi Lincoln Jr. Born in Worcester, Massachusetts, Lincoln graduated from Harvard College in 1807. He was elected and served as Governor of Maine from 1827 until his death in October 1829.

Enoch Lincoln
6th Governor of Maine
In office
January 3, 1827 – October 8, 1829
Preceded byAlbion Parris
Succeeded byNathan Cutler
Member of the
U.S. House of Representatives
In office
November 4, 1818 – 1826
Preceded byAlbion Parris
Succeeded byJames W. Ripley
ConstituencyMassachusetts 20th
Maine 7th (1821–23)
Maine 5th (1823–26)
Personal details
Born(1788-12-28)December 28, 1788
Worcester, Massachusetts
DiedOctober 8, 1829(1829-10-08) (aged 40)
Augusta, Maine
Political partyDemocratic-Republican
National Republican
Alma materHarvard College

He studied law, was admitted to the bar, and started his practice in Salem in 1811. He served as United States district attorney 1815–1818, and in 1819 moved to Paris, Maine (then a district of Massachusetts), and continued the practice of law.

In November 1818, Lincoln was elected as a Democratic-Republican-MA, representing the Maine district, to the Fifteenth Congress to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of Albion K. Parris. He was reelected to the Sixteenth Congress and served in total from November 4, 1818, to March 3, 1821.

Lincoln was elected a member of the American Antiquarian Society in 1819.[2] A portion of his business and personal papers resides in the manuscript collections of the AAS within the Lincoln Family Papers.

Upon the admission of Maine as a state, Lincoln was elected as a Democratic-Republican from Maine to the Seventeenth Congress. He was reelected to the Eighteenth Congress, but as an Adams-Clay Republican. Finally he was elected as a Pro-Adams candidate to the Nineteenth Congress and served from March 4, 1821, until his resignation some time in 1826. He served as Governor of Maine from 1827 until his death. He won three terms, all with more than 90% of the vote.[3] He did not run for a fourth term.

Lincoln died in Augusta, Maine, on October 8, 1829, before his term expired, and after the election of his successor Jonathan G. Hunton. Two Presidents of the Maine Senate, Nathan Cutler and Joshua Hall, had to serve as lame-duck successors between the two men. Lincoln was interred in a mausoleum in Capitol Park, directly opposite the Maine State House.

The town of Lincoln, Maine, is named for him.

Lincoln was distantly related to President Abraham Lincoln, sharing common ancestor Samuel Lincoln, who had settled in Hingham, Massachusetts, in the 17th century.[4]

External linksEdit


  • United States Congress. "Enoch Lincoln (id: L000314)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress.
  1. ^ This district was moved to Maine as a result of the Missouri Compromise in 1820.
  2. ^ "MemberListL". americanantiquarian.org. Retrieved 9 April 2018.
  3. ^ "Our Campaigns - Candidate - Enoch Lincoln". www.ourcampaigns.com. Retrieved 9 April 2018.
  4. ^ Lea et al, p. 136.

  This article incorporates public domain material from the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress website http://bioguide.congress.gov.

U.S. House of Representatives
Preceded by Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Massachusetts's 20th congressional district

November 4, 1818 – March 3, 1821
Succeeded by
District moved to Maine
Preceded by
District moved from Massachusetts
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Maine's 7th congressional district

March 4, 1821 – March 3, 1823
Succeeded by
Preceded by Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Maine's 5th congressional district

March 4, 1823 – 1826
Succeeded by
Political offices
Preceded by 6th Governor of Maine
January 3, 1827 – October 8, 1829
Succeeded by