Year 134 BC was a year of the pre-Julian Roman calendar. At the time it was known as the Year of the Consulship of Aemilianus and Flaccus (or, less frequently, year 620 Ab urbe condita) and the First Year of Yuanguang. The denomination 134 BC for this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the Anno Domini calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years.
|Millennium:||1st millennium BC|
|Gregorian calendar||134 BC|
|Ab urbe condita||620|
|Ancient Egypt era||XXXIII dynasty, 190|
|- Pharaoh||Ptolemy VIII Physcon, 12|
|Ancient Greek era||161st Olympiad, year 3|
|Balinese saka calendar||N/A|
|Chinese calendar||丙午年 (Fire Horse)|
2563 or 2503
— to —
丁未年 (Fire Goat)
2564 or 2504
|Coptic calendar||−417 – −416|
|Ethiopian calendar||−141 – −140|
|- Vikram Samvat||−77 – −76|
|- Shaka Samvat||N/A|
|- Kali Yuga||2967–2968|
|Iranian calendar||755 BP – 754 BP|
|Islamic calendar||778 BH – 777 BH|
|Minguo calendar||2045 before ROC|
|Seleucid era||178/179 AG|
|Thai solar calendar||409–410|
−7 or −388 or −1160
— to —
−6 or −387 or −1159
- Scipio Aemilianus, victor of Carthage, takes command in Spain against the Numantians. He recruits 20,000 men and 40,000 allies, including Numidian cavalry under Jugurtha. Scipio, an expert in sieges, builds a ring of seven forts and a ditch palisade before beginning the Siege of Numantia. The perimeter of the circumvallations is twice as long as that of the city. The river Durius (Douro), enables the defenders to be supplied by small boats.
- Caius Fulvius Flaccus, as consul, is sent against the slaves. Uprising of 4,000 slaves crushed at Sinuessa, in Campania. Slave uprisings repressed in Attic silver mines and on the island of Delos.
- John Hyrcanus becomes high priest and prince (ruler) of Judea, until 104 BC, following the murder of his father Simon Maccabaeus by Ptolemy the son of Abubus in 135 BC.
- Simon Thassi, High Priest of Judaea (r. 142-134 BC)