This article concerns the period 149 BC – 140 BC.
|Millennium:||1st millennium BC|
- The Third Punic War begins. The Romans land an army in Africa to begin the Battle of Carthage.
- Servius Sulpicius Galba is prosecuted for corruption while serving in Spain, but is acquitted after he parades his weeping family members before the tribunal.
- Lucius Calpurnius Piso passes the lex Calpurnia de repetundis which establishes the first permanent criminal court in Rome.
- The turmoil in Spain escalates again with the renewal of the Lusitanian War, under the leadership of Viriathus, and the Celtiberian War.
- With the defeat of Andriscus in the Battle of Pydna by Quintus Caecilius Metellus Macedonicus, Macedon is reorganized as a Roman province by 146 BC.
- Construction of the Via Postumia, linking Aquileia and Genua.
- Publius Cornelius Scipio Aemilianus divides Numidia among the three sons of the recently deceased Masinissa.
- Corlea Trackway completed.
- Scipio Aemilianus takes command in the Battle of Carthage.
- In Lusitania, Hispania, the Celtic king Viriathus, rallies Lusitanian resistance to Rome.
- With Carthage and Greece conquered, Rome becomes the sole superpower in the Mediterranean world, a distinction it will continue to hold for approximately the next 600 years.
- Spring – Carthage falls to Roman forces under Scipio Aemilianus and the city is completely destroyed. End of the Third Punic War.
- In the Battle of Antioch, Ptolemy VI Philometor defeats the Seleucid usurper Alexander Balas, but dies in the battle.
- Ptolemy VII becomes king of Egypt briefly, then is assassinated by Ptolemy VIII the following year.
- The first stone bridge over the Tiber river is completed.
Syria and JudeaEdit
- The Seleucid garrison negotiates the surrender of Jerusalem. Simon Maccabaeus assumes control of the city. He becomes prince (ruler) of Judea until 135 BC.
- Demetrius II of Syria made prisoner of Mithridates, king of the Parthians. Antiochus VII Sidetes becomes king of the Seleucid Empire in his absence.
- Scipio Aemilianus leads a group of Roman ambassadors to Alexandria, where they meet with King Ptolemy VIII.
- Liu Rong, Chinese crown prince of the Han Dynasty
- Masinissa, king of Numidia (b. c. 238 BC)
- Yuan Ang, Chinese statesman of the Han Dynasty
- Hooker, Richard (6 June 1999). "Rome: The Punic Wars". Archived from the original on May 28, 2010. Retrieved 29 June 2010.
- "Fourth Macedonian War". Retrieved 29 June 2010.
- "Ptolemy VII Neos Philopator | king of Egypt". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 15 January 2021.
- "Sima Qian - China culture". Archived from the original on September 6, 2010. Retrieved June 28, 2010.
- Cranston, Edwin (1998). A Waka Anthology: The Gem-Glistening Cup. Stanford University Press. p. 243.
- "Cato the Elder". Archived from the original on June 12, 2010. Retrieved June 29, 2010.
- GOLDIN, PAUL R. (2012). "Han Law and the Regulation of Interpersonal Relations: "The Confucianization of the Law" Revisited". Asia Major. 25 (1): 1–31. ISSN 0004-4482.