|Ab urbe condita||1769|
|Balinese saka calendar||937–938|
|English Regnal year||N/A|
|Chinese calendar||乙卯年 (Wood Rabbit)|
3712 or 3652
— to —
丙辰年 (Fire Dragon)
3713 or 3653
|- Vikram Samvat||1072–1073|
|- Shaka Samvat||937–938|
|- Kali Yuga||4116–4117|
|Japanese calendar||Chōwa 5|
|Minguo calendar||896 before ROC|
|Seleucid era||1327/1328 AG|
|Thai solar calendar||1558–1559|
1142 or 761 or −11
— to —
1143 or 762 or −10
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1016.|
- March 25 – Battle of Nesjar (off the coast of Norway): Olaf Haraldsson is victorious over former co-regent Sweyn Haakonsson, confirming his status as king of Norway.
- April 23 – Æthelred II (the Unready), king of England, dies after a 38-year reign. He is succeeded by his son Edmund II (Ironside).
- Summer – Battle of Brentford (near London): Edmund II defeats the Danes under King Cnut the Great.
- July 6 – Battle of Pontlevoy: French forces of Fulk III and Herbert I defeat Odo II which determines the balance of power in the Loire Valley.
- October 18 – Battle of Assandun: Cnut the Great defeats Edmund II, leaving the latter as king of Wessex.
- November 30 – Edmund II dies and Cnut the Great takes control of the whole of the Kingdom of England.
- The Pisan and the Genoese republics launch a naval offensive against the Muslim strongholds of Sardinia, in particular Porto Torres, and defeat the fleet of the taifa king of Dénia, Mujāhid al-ʿĀmirī.
- Melus of Bari makes a second attempt against Byzantine-held Southern Italy. To support his cause, he hires Norman mercenaries, unwittingly triggering the rise of Norman rule over southern Italy.
- Georgius Tzul, ruler of Khazaria, is captured by a combined Byzantine Empire–Kievan Rus' force, which effectively ends Khazaria's existence.
- January 7 – Fath al-Qal'i, governor of the Citadel of Aleppo, revolts against Emir Mansur ibn Lu'lu', forcing him to flee. Fath accepts an agreement with Salih ibn Mirdas and takes control of Aleppo.
- March 10 – Emperor Sanjō abdicates the throne after a 5-year reign. He is succeeded by his 7-year-old cousin Go-Ichijō as the 68th emperor of Japan.
- April 3 – Xing Zong, emperor of the Liao Dynasty (d. 1055)
- June 9 – Deokjong, ruler of Goryeo (Korea) (d. 1034)
- July 25 – Casimir I (the Restorer), duke of Poland (d. 1058)
- August 24 – Fujiwara no Genshi, Japanese empress (d. 1039)
- October 28 – Henry III, Holy Roman Emperor (d. 1056)
- Cao, empress and regent of the Song Dynasty (d. 1079)
- Edward the Exile, son of Edmund II (Ironside) (d. 1057)
- Không Lộ, Vietnamese Zen master (approximate date)
- Minamoto no Tsunenobu, Japanese nobleman (d. 1097)
- Svein Knutsson, king of Norway (d. 1035)
- Yan Vyshatich, Kievan nobleman (d. 1106)
- April 23 – Æthelred II (the Unready), king of England
- May 22 – Jovan Vladimir, Serbian prince (b. 990)
- October 18
- November 30 – Edmund II (Ironside), king of England
- Badis ibn Mansur, Muslim emir of the Zirid Dynasty
- Henry II (the Good), count of Stade (b. 946)
- Liu Chenggui, official of the Song Dynasty (b. 951)
- Simeon of Mantua, Armenian Benedictine monk
- Sulayman ibn al-Hakam, caliph of Córdoba
- Uhtred the Bold, English nobleman
- Wulfgar of Abingdon, English abbot
- Ambraseys, N. (2009). Earthquakes in the Mediterranean and Middle East: A Multidisciplinary Study of Seismicity up to 1900 (First ed.). Cambridge University Press. pp. 259, 260. ISBN 978-0521872928. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- Benvenuti, Gino (1985). Le Repubbliche Marinare. Amalfi, Pisa, Genova e Venezia (in Italian). Rome: Newton & Compton Editori. p. 33. ISBN 978-8882895297.
- Kleinhenz, Christopher, ed. (2010). Medieval Italy: an encyclopedia. 1. Routledge. p. 95. ISBN 978-0415939294.
- Palmer, Alan; Palmer, Veronica (1992). Chronology of British History. London: Century Ltd / Barrie & Jenkins. pp. 48–49. ISBN 978-0712656160.
- Williams, Hywel (2005). Cassell's Chronology of World History. Weidenfeld & Nicolson. pp. 105–106. ISBN 978-0304357307.