Zhangjiagang

Zhangjiagang (simplified Chinese: 张家港; traditional Chinese: 張家港; pinyin: Zhāngjiāgǎng; lit. 'Zhang family port'), formerly Shazhou County (Chinese: 沙洲县), is a county-level city under the administration of Suzhou, Jiangsu province, China and one of the many ports along the Yangtze river.[2]

Zhangjiagang
张家港市
Zhangjiagang in Suzhou
Zhangjiagang in Suzhou
Zhangjiagang is located in Jiangsu
Zhangjiagang
Zhangjiagang
Location of the city center in Jiangsu
Coordinates: 31°52′36″N 120°33′22″E / 31.8767°N 120.5560°E / 31.8767; 120.5560Coordinates: 31°52′36″N 120°33′22″E / 31.8767°N 120.5560°E / 31.8767; 120.5560
CountryPeople's Republic of China
ProvinceJiangsu
Prefecture-level citySuzhou
Divisions9 towns: Yangshe, Tangqiao, Jingang, Jinfeng, Leyu, Fenghuang, Nanfeng, Daxin, Changyinsha
Area
 • County-level city772.4 km2 (298.2 sq mi)
 • Metro
2,415.5 km2 (932.6 sq mi)
Population
 (2010 census)
 • County-level city1,246,762[1]
 • Metro
3,526,260
 • Metro density1,500/km2 (3,800/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+8 (China Standard)
Postal code
215600—215637
Area code(s)0512
Vehicle registration plates苏EF, 苏EG, 苏EH
Websitezjg.gov.cn

With 1,246,762 inhabitants as of the 2010 census,[1] the city is now part of Jiangyin-Zhangjiagang-Jingjiang built-up or metropolitan area with 3,526,260 inhabitants. Continued growth will encompass the Yangtze River Delta metropolitan region. It borders the prefecture-level cities of Taizhou and Nantong across the Yangtze River, as well as Wuxi to the west. Its total area is 986.53 square kilometers, including a land area of 791.05 kilometers.[3]

In the top 100 country-level city list in China, Zhangjiagang ranks the third in 2019,[4] and 2020.[5]

Zhangjiagang is named a national civilized city in China in 2020, and this is the sixth time that the city achieves this honor.[6]

HistoryEdit

ToponymEdit

Zhangjiagang is derived from a port in the city, while the port is named after a tributary, Zhangjia. All of them are written as "张家港" in Chinese.

OverviewEdit

The area of the city was under jurisdiction of Jiyang township, Piling county during the Han dynasty. It was transferred to Jiyang (then Liangfeng) county which established in 281, while the eastern part of Jiyang was separated as Nansha county in 335. Nansha was merged into Changshu and likewise Liangfeng was merged into Jiangyin. The two counties were demarcated formally by three rivers whose names were Chuan Gang, Jiejing He and South Gudu Gang since 1667. In 1874, a canal called Chang-Tong gang demarcating then Changshu and Nantong was built.

The shoals formed by alluvial deposits in varying of shape and size border the Yangtze River were called shazhou in Chinese. Thus, when the CPC established a new county which located in then Northern Changshu, it was designated as Shazhou. The county was disestablished after the Double Tenth Agreement was signed. In 1962, Changshu and Jiangyin separated their owned parts to establish a county bearing Shazhou. When the county was turn into a county-level city in 1986, it was renamed Zhangjiagang.

GeographyEdit

Located 140 kilometers from Shanghai, Zhangjiagang is located along the southern banks of the Yangtze River. The land surrounding Zhangjiagang is extremely fertile, with large spans of rice paddies. In addition, many fish farms are located around the city. Many tributaries of the Yangtze have been contaminated from the construction and operation of chemical factories in the suburb areas.

Climate data for Zhangjiagang (1986−2005)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Daily mean °C (°F) 3.5
(38.3)
5.1
(41.2)
8.9
(48.0)
14.8
(58.6)
20.1
(68.2)
24.3
(75.7)
27.9
(82.2)
27.3
(81.1)
23.5
(74.3)
18.0
(64.4)
12.1
(53.8)
6.0
(42.8)
16.0
(60.7)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 57.6
(2.27)
51.9
(2.04)
94.9
(3.74)
73.7
(2.90)
93.4
(3.68)
196.1
(7.72)
167.1
(6.58)
139.3
(5.48)
66.8
(2.63)
54.2
(2.13)
52.6
(2.07)
49.5
(1.95)
1,097.1
(43.19)
Source: Zhangjiagang Municipal Chorography (1986−2005)

Administration divisionsEdit

Zhangjiagang is a special industrial zone. The conceptualization of the port originated with urban city planner Wang Weifeng, PhD (王维锋], in 1986.[7] Till 1993, it was a small village with no more than fields, fish farms and a small fishing port. In 1993, the area was declared an experimental industrial zone and opened up to international trade.[8]

It is divided into 8 towns:[9][10]

Besides, Changyinsha Modern Agriculture Demonstration Zone (常沙阴现代农业示范园区), Shuangshandao Island Tourist Resort (双山岛旅游度假区), (张家港经济技术开发区), (张家港保税区), (张家港市市稻麦良种场), (张家港市畜禽良种场), and (张家港市冶金工业园) are regarded as township level administrations with actual jurisdictions.

EconomyEdit

In 2019, Zhangjiagang’s regional GDP reached CN¥254.726 billion, with an increase of 6.1% at comparable prices. Calculated by the registered population, the per capita GDP is CN¥273,900, which is equivalent to US$39,700 at the average exchange rate. Based on the permanent population, the per capita GDP is CN¥201,800, which is equivalent to US$29,300 at the average exchange rate.[11]

Sector compositionEdit

Among the total GDP of Zhangjiagang in 2019, the added value of the primary industry is CN¥2.882 billion, with a decrease of 2.0%; the added value of the secondary industry is CN¥130.848 billion, with an increase of 5.3%; the added value of the tertiary industry is CN¥120.996 billion, with an increase of 7.2%. The proportion of the three industries is 1.1:51.4:47.5.[11]

TransportationEdit

In 2019, there are 783 buses operating in Zhangjiagang, with 47.93 million bus passengers and 65 bus routes. At the end of the year, the city has 443,300 motor vehicles. By the end of the year, the number of privately-licensed cars in the city reaches 358,100.[11]

The city is involved in the Shanghai-Nantong Railway, the Nantong-Suzhou-Jiaxing Intercity Railway and the Southern Jiangsu Riverside Intercity Railway.[3]

TourismEdit

In 2019, the total tourism revenue of Zhangjiagang is CN¥19.7 billion. Among them, foreign exchange income from tourism is US$76,017,500. The number of domestic tourists received throughout the year is 9,355,900; the number of foreign tourists received is 46,100. The city has 4 national AAAA-level tourist attractions, 3 national AAA-level tourist attractions, and 1 provincial-level tourist resort.[11]

The city is claimed to be one of 100 Chinese countries or country-level cities with the biggest potential to develop tourism in 2020 by organizations including the China Economic Herald newspaper and the China Information Industry Association.[12]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "China: Jiāngsū (Prefectures, Cities, Districts and Counties) - Population Statistics, Charts and Map". www.citypopulation.de.
  2. ^ Guide to port entry. London: World ports guide / IHS. 1 January 2018.
  3. ^ a b "Overview of Zhangjiagang, China". jiangsu.chinadaily.com.cn. Retrieved 2020-12-04.
  4. ^ "2019中国综合实力百强县、百强区、百强镇榜单出炉!_发展". www.sohu.com. Retrieved 2020-12-04.
  5. ^ "2020全国百强县出炉!(附完整榜单)_县域". www.sohu.com. Retrieved 2020-12-04.
  6. ^ "Zhangjiagang named national civilized city for 6th time". jiangsu.chinadaily.com.cn. Retrieved 2020-12-04.
  7. ^ Wang, Weifeng (1986). "Zhangjiagang and Regional Economic Development". Journal of Nanjing University. 1: 185, 186, 187.
  8. ^ "Zhangjiagang - a brief history". www.jiangsu.net. Jiangsu government. Retrieved 4 September 2018.
  9. ^ Zhangjiagang Yearbook (2016). 2016. pp. 29–54. ISBN 978-7514420494.
  10. ^ [1][dead link]
  11. ^ a b c d "2019年张家港市国民经济和社会发展统计公报".
  12. ^ "Air of grace lands Zhangjiagang honor". jiangsu.chinadaily.com.cn. Retrieved 2020-12-04.

External linksEdit