Xiaoman

The traditional Chinese calendar divides a year into 24 solar terms.[1] Xiǎomǎn, Shōman, Soman, or Tiểu mãn is the 8th solar term. It begins when the Sun reaches the celestial longitude of 60° and ends when it reaches the longitude of 75°. It more often refers in particular to the day when the Sun is exactly at the celestial longitude of 60°. In the Gregorian calendar, it usually begins around 21 May and ends around 5 June (6 June East Asia time).

Xiaoman
Chinese name
Traditional Chinese小滿
Simplified Chinese小满
Literal meaningsmall full
Vietnamese name
Vietnamese alphabettiểu mãn
Chữ Hán小滿
Korean name
Hangul소만
Hanja小滿
Japanese name
Kanji小満
Hiraganaしょうまん
Solar term
  Longitude     Term     Calendar
  Spring
  315°   Lichun    4 – 5 February
  330°   Yushui   18–19 February
  345°   Jingzhe    5 – 6 March
  0°   Chunfen   20–21 March
  15°   Qingming    4 – 5 April
  30°   Guyu   20–21 April
  Summer
  45°   Lixia    5 – 6 May
  60°   Xiaoman   21–22 May
  75°   Mangzhong    5 – 6 June
  90°   Xiazhi   21–22 June
  105°   Xiaoshu    7 – 8 July
  120°   Dashu   22–23 July
  Autumn
  135°   Liqiu    7 – 8 August
  150°   Chushu   23–24 August
  165°   Bailu    7 – 8 September
  180°   Qiufen   23–24 September
  195°   Hanlu    8 – 9 October
  210°   Shuangjiang     23–24 October
  Winter
  225°   Lidong    7 – 8 November
  240°   Xiaoxue   22–23 November
  255°   Daxue    7 – 8 December
  270°   Dongzhi   21–22 December
  285°   Xiaohan    5 – 6 January
  300°   Dahan   20–21 January

Date and timeEdit

Date and Time (UTC)
year begin end
辛巳 2001-05-20 23:44 2001-06-05 14:53
壬午 2002-05-21 05:29 2002-06-05 20:44
癸未 2003-05-21 11:12 2003-06-06 02:19
甲申 2004-05-20 16:59 2004-06-05 08:13
乙酉 2005-05-20 22:47 2005-06-05 14:01
丙戌 2006-05-21 04:31 2006-06-05 19:36
丁亥 2007-05-21 10:11 2007-06-06 01:27
戊子 2008-05-20 16:00 2008-06-05 07:11
己丑 2009-05-20 21:51 2009-06-05 12:59
庚寅 2010-05-21 03:33 2010-06-05 18:49
辛卯 2011-05-21 09:21 2011-06-06 00:27
壬辰 2012-05-20 15:15 2012-06-05 06:25
癸巳 2013-05-20 21:09 2013-06-05 12:23
甲午 2014-05-21 02:59 2014-06-05 18:03
Source: JPL Horizons On-Line Ephemeris System

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Zhang, Peiyu; Hunag, Hongfeng (1994). "The Twenty-four Solar Terms of the Chinese Calendar and the Calculation for Them". Purple Mountain observatory.
Preceded by
Lixia (立夏)
Solar term (節氣) Succeeded by
Mangzhong (芒種)