The traditional Chinese lunisolar calendar divides a year into 24 solar terms.[1] Xiǎomǎn is the 8th solar term. It begins when the Sun reaches the celestial longitude of 60° and ends when it reaches the longitude of 75°. It more often refers in particular to the day when the Sun is exactly at the celestial longitude of 60°. In the Gregorian calendar, it usually begins around 21 May and ends around 5 June.

Xiaoman
Chinese name
Traditional Chinese小滿
Simplified Chinese小满
Literal meaningsmall full
Korean name
Hangul소만
Hanja小滿
Japanese name
Kanji小満
Hiraganaしょうまん
Solar term
Term Longitude Dates
Lichun 315° 4–5 February
Yushui 330° 18–19 February
Jingzhe 345° 5–6 March
Chunfen 20–21 March
Qingming 15° 4–5 April
Guyu 30° 20–21 April
Lixia 45° 5–6 May
Xiaoman 60° 21–22 May
Mangzhong 75° 5–6 June
Xiazhi 90° 21–22 June
Xiaoshu 105° 7–8 July
Dashu 120° 22–23 July
Liqiu 135° 7–8 August
Chushu 150° 23–24 August
Bailu 165° 7–8 September
Qiufen 180° 23–24 September
Hanlu 195° 8–9 October
Shuangjiang 210° 23–24 October
Lidong 225° 7–8 November
Xiaoxue 240° 22–23 November
Daxue 255° 7–8 December
Dongzhi 270° 21–22 December
Xiaohan 285° 5–6 January
Dahan 300° 20–21 January

Date and timeEdit

Date and Time (UTC)
year begin end
辛巳 2001-05-20 23:44 2001-06-05 14:53
壬午 2002-05-21 05:29 2002-06-05 20:44
癸未 2003-05-21 11:12 2003-06-06 02:19
甲申 2004-05-20 16:59 2004-06-05 08:13
乙酉 2005-05-20 22:47 2005-06-05 14:01
丙戌 2006-05-21 04:31 2006-06-05 19:36
丁亥 2007-05-21 10:11 2007-06-06 01:27
戊子 2008-05-20 16:00 2008-06-05 07:11
己丑 2009-05-20 21:51 2009-06-05 12:59
庚寅 2010-05-21 03:33 2010-06-05 18:49
辛卯 2011-05-21 09:21 2011-06-06 00:27
壬辰 2012-05-20 15:15 2012-06-05 06:25
癸巳 2013-05-20 21:09 2013-06-05 12:23
甲午 2014-05-21 02:59 2014-06-05 18:03
乙未 2015-05-21 08:43 2015-06-05 23:58
丙申 2016-05-20 14:38 2016-06-05 05:46
丁酉 2017-05-20 20:33 2017-06-05 11:36
戊戌 2018-05-21 02:14 2018-06-05 17:31
己亥 2019-05-21 07:57 2019-06-05 23:07
庚子 2020-05-20 13:50 2020-06-05 04:56
Source: JPL Horizons On-Line Ephemeris System

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Zhang, Peiyu; Hunag, Hongfeng (1994). "The Twenty-four Solar Terms of the Chinese Calendar and the Calculation for Them". Purple Mountain Observatory.
Preceded by
Lixia (立夏)
Solar term (節氣) Succeeded by
Mangzhong (芒種)