Dongzhi (solar term)
This article does not cite any sources. (December 2009) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
The traditional East Asian calendars divide a year into 24 solar terms. Dōngzhì, Tōji, Dongji, or Đông chí (in Vietnamese) is the 22nd solar term, and marks the winter solstice. It begins when the Sun reaches the celestial longitude of 270° and ends when it reaches the longitude of 285°. It more often refers in particular to the day when the Sun is exactly at the celestial longitude of 270°. In the Gregorian calendar, it usually begins around 21 December (22 December East Asia time) and ends around 5 January.
|Literal meaning||winter's extreme|
(i.e. winter solstice)
|Vietnamese alphabet||đông chí|
|315°||Lichun||4 – 5 February|
|345°||Jingzhe||5 – 6 March|
|15°||Qingming||4 – 5 April|
|45°||Lixia||5 – 6 May|
|75°||Mangzhong||5 – 6 June|
|105°||Xiaoshu||7 – 8 July|
|135°||Liqiu||7 – 8 August|
|165°||Bailu||7 – 8 September|
|195°||Hanlu||8 – 9 October|
|225°||Lidong||7 – 8 November|
|255°||Daxue||7 – 8 December|
|285°||Xiaohan||5 – 6 January|
Along with equinoxes, solstices (traditional Chinese: 至點; simplified Chinese: 至日; "extreme day") mark the middle of East Asian calendar seasons. Thus, in "冬至", the Chinese character "至" means "extreme", which implies "solstices", and therefore the term for the winter solstice directly signifies the summit of winter, as "midwinter" is used in English.
In China, Dongzhi was originally celebrated as an end-of-harvest festival. Today, it is observed with a family reunion over the long night, when pink and white tangyuan are eaten in sweet broth to symbolise family unity and prosperity.
- 蚯蚓結, 'Earthworms form knots', referring to the hibernation of earthworms.
- 麋角解, 'Deer shed their antlers'
- 水泉動, 'Spring water moves'
Date and timeEdit
|辛巳||2001-12-21 19:21||2002-01-05 12:43|
|壬午||2002-12-22 01:14||2003-01-05 18:27|
|癸未||2003-12-22 07:03||2004-01-06 00:18|
|甲申||2004-12-21 12:41||2005-01-05 06:03|
|乙酉||2005-12-21 18:34||2006-01-05 11:46|
|丙戌||2006-12-22 00:22||2007-01-05 17:40|
|丁亥||2007-12-22 06:07||2008-01-05 23:24|
|戊子||2008-12-21 12:03||2009-01-05 05:14|
|己丑||2009-12-21 17:46||2010-01-05 11:08|
|庚寅||2010-12-21 23:38||2011-01-05 16:54|
|辛卯||2011-12-22 05:30||2012-01-05 22:43|
|壬辰||2012-12-21 11:11||2013-01-05 04:33|
|癸巳||2013-12-21 17:11||2014-01-05 10:24|
|甲午||2014-12-21 23:03||2015-01-05 16:20|
|Source: JPL Horizons On-Line Ephemeris System|