The traditional Chinese calendar divides a year into 24 solar terms.[1] Xiǎohán, Shōkan, Sohan, or Tiểu hàn (Chinese and Japanese: 小寒; pinyin: xiǎohán; rōmaji: shōkan; Korean: 소한; romaja: sohan; Vietnamese: tiểu hàn; "minor cold") is the 23rd solar term. It begins when the Sun reaches the celestial longitude of 285° and ends when it reaches the longitude of 300°. It more often refers in particular to the day when the Sun is exactly at the celestial longitude of 285°. In the Gregorian calendar, it usually begins around 5 January and ends around 20 January.

Xiaohan
Chinese name
Chinese小寒
Literal meaningminor cold
Vietnamese name
Vietnamese alphabettiểu hàn
Chữ Hán小寒
Korean name
Hangul소한
Hanja小寒
Japanese name
Kanji小寒
Hiraganaしょうかん
Solar term
Term Longitude Dates
Lichun 315° 4–5 February
Yushui 330° 18–19 February
Jingzhe 345° 5–6 March
Chunfen 20–21 March
Qingming 15° 4–5 April
Guyu 30° 20–21 April
Lixia 45° 5–6 May
Xiaoman 60° 21–22 May
Mangzhong 75° 5–6 June
Xiazhi 90° 21–22 June
Xiaoshu 105° 7–8 July
Dashu 120° 22–23 July
Liqiu 135° 7–8 August
Chushu 150° 23–24 August
Bailu 165° 7–8 September
Qiufen 180° 23–24 September
Hanlu 195° 8–9 October
Shuangjiang 210° 23–24 October
Lidong 225° 7–8 November
Xiaoxue 240° 22–23 November
Daxue 255° 7–8 December
Dongzhi 270° 21–22 December
Xiaohan 285° 5–6 January
Dahan 300° 20–21 January

Date and timeEdit

Date and Time (UTC)
year begin end
辛巳 2002-01-05 12:43 2002-01-20 06:02
壬午 2003-01-05 18:27 2003-01-20 11:52
癸未 2004-01-06 00:18 2004-01-20 17:42
甲申 2005-01-05 06:03 2005-01-19 23:21
乙酉 2006-01-05 11:46 2006-01-20 05:15
丙戌 2007-01-05 17:40 2007-01-20 11:00
丁亥 2008-01-05 23:24 2008-01-20 16:43
戊子 2009-01-05 05:14 2009-01-19 22:40
己丑 2010-01-05 11:08 2010-01-20 04:27
庚寅 2011-01-05 16:54 2011-01-20 10:18
辛卯 2012-01-05 22:43 2012-01-20 16:09
壬辰 2013-01-05 04:33 2013-01-19 21:51
癸巳 2014-01-05 10:24 2014-01-20 03:51
甲午 2015-01-05 16:20 2015-01-20 09:43
乙未 2016-01-05 22:09 2016-01-20 15:29
丙申 2017-01-05 03:54 2017-01-19 21:25
丁酉 2018-01-05 09:47 2018-01-20 03:08
戊戌 2019-01-05 15:41 2019-01-20 08:58
己亥 2020-01-05 21:31 2020-01-20 14:56
庚子 2021-01-05 03:24 2021-01-19 20:40
辛丑 2022-01-05 09:15 2022-01-20 02:40
壬寅 2023-01-05 15:05 2023-01-20 08:30
Source: JPL Horizons On-Line Ephemeris System

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Zhang, Peiyu; Hunag, Hongfeng (1994). "The Twenty-four Solar Terms of the Chinese Calendar and the Calculation for Them". Purple Mountain Observatory.
Preceded by
Dongzhi (冬至)
Solar term (節氣) Succeeded by
Dahan (大寒)