X-Men: The Animated Series

(Redirected from X-Men Adventures)

X-Men, also known as X-Men: The Animated Series (often shortened as X-Men TAS or XTAS), is an animated superhero television series that debuted in the United States on October 31, 1992, on Fox's Fox Kids programming block.[5] It was Marvel Comics' second attempt at an animated X-Men television series after the pilot X-Men: Pryde of the X-Men was not picked up.[6]

X-Men: The Animated Series
Genre
Based on
Developed by
  • Eric Lewald
  • Sidney Iwanter
  • Mark Edens
Voices of
Theme music composerRon Wasserman
Composers
Country of origin
  • United States
  • Canada[a]
Original languageEnglish
No. of seasons5
No. of episodes76 (list of episodes)
Production
Executive producers
Producers
Running time22 minutes
Production companies
Original release
NetworkFox
ReleaseOctober 31, 1992 (1992-10-31) –
September 20, 1997 (1997-09-20)
Related

Production edit

In March 1990, Margaret Loesch became head of Fox Children's Network.[7] Having championed the Pryde of the X-Men pilot in 1989, she soon ordered 13 episodes of X-Men.[4] Saban Entertainment was contracted to produce the show and hired a small studio, Graz Entertainment, to produce episodes because, at the time, they lacked sufficient staff to handle in-house production. Graz employed the creative staff, wrote and designed each episode, and drew the storyboards. The voice work was done through Canadian studios and South Korean studio AKOM was hired to animate episodes. X-Men was originally set to premiere over Labor Day weekend in September; however, due to production delays, it was delayed to the end of October. When AKOM turned in the first episode, it contained several animation errors, which they refused to fix. Because of time constraints, the episode was aired in an unfinished form;[4] when Fox re-aired the pilot in early 1993, the errors were corrected.[8] The second episode was submitted just before the deadline, with 50 scenes missing and a single day reserved for editing.[4] The two-part episode "Night of the Sentinels" originally aired as a "sneak preview" on October 31.[9]

Because of the production delays and animation errors, Fox threatened to sever AKOM's contracts.[4] The series earned top ratings throughout its first season,[4] and was renewed for a second season of 13 episodes. Throughout its run, producers had to deal with quality control issues, including attempts to cut costs and requests to change the tone of the series to more child-friendly and integrate toys.[3]

The show was originally planned to run for 65 episodes, but as a result of its success, Saban funded eleven more episodes, albeit with a reduced budget due to Marvel's bankruptcy.[10]

The series was added to Disney+ following its launch on November 12, 2019, with a revival subsequently announced to be in development.[11][12]

Synopsis edit

The show features a team similar to that of the early 1990s X-Men comics by Jim Lee, specifically the Blue Team established early on in X-Men (vol. 2). It consists of Cyclops, Wolverine, Rogue, Storm, Beast, Gambit, Jubilee, Jean Grey, and Professor X, as well as original character Morph, who is based on Changeling.[citation needed]

The series deals with social issues, including divorce ("Proteus"), Christianity ("Nightcrawler" and "Bloodlines"), the Holocaust ("Enter Magneto", "Deadly Reunions", "Days of Future Past" and "The Phalanx Covenant") AIDS hysteria ("Time Fugitives"), and loneliness ("No Mutant Is an Island"). It also satirizes television in the episodes "Mojovision" and "Longshot".

It crossed over with Spider-Man when Spider-Man seeks the X-Men's help to stop his progressing mutation. In the abbreviated form of the Secret Wars storyline, the Beyonder and Madame Web select Spider-Man to lead a team of heroes against a group of villains. An earlier draft of "Secret Wars" involved all the X-Men, but transporting the voice cast from Canada to Los Angeles, where production for the Spider-Man animated series was based, had been too costly in previous crossovers, so the episode was rewritten to feature only Storm, whose actress, Iona Morris, lived in Los Angeles. Hulk and She-Hulk were excluded because[citation needed] the Incredible Hulk animated series, which featured them, was airing on rival network UPN.[13]

In the first season, the X-Men come into conflict with human conspirators building Sentinel robots to kill mutants, Magneto's plan to instigate a human-mutant war, and the powerful mutant Apocalypse's plan to eradicate the weak. Other storylines include X-Men member Morph's death at the hands of the Sentinels, Beast's incarceration, and Apocalypse's minions attempting to assassinate U.S. Senator Kelly to turn humans against mutants.

In the second season, Cyclops and Jean are married and soon targeted by Mister Sinister, who seeks to use the genetically perfect combination of their DNA to create an army of obedient mutants. Morph returns, having been rescued by Sinister and brainwashed into forcing the X-Men apart. Over time, a rift grows between humans and mutants, with the Friends of Humanity, an anti-mutant group, leading their persecution. Apocalypse also returns, developing a deadly plague that he plans to blame on mutants to fuel hatred against them. It also features a parallel narrative of Professor X and Magneto being lost in the Savage Land.

The third season focuses on the cosmic force, the Phoenix, which merges with Jean Grey and turns her into the Dark Phoenix. It also introduces the Shi'ar Empire, which includes Lilandra and Gladiator and seeks to stop the Dark Phoenix. Other storylines include the introduction of Wolverine's former lover turned mercenary, Lady Deathstrike, former X-Men member Iceman, and the villainous Shadow King.

Volume 5 of the Official Handbook of the Marvel Universe A-Z Hardcovers lists the cartoon as part of the Marvel multiverse, inhabiting Earth-92131. As well, the plague-infested future that Bishop tries to prevent in Season 2 is listed as Earth-13393, while Cable's release of the cure is listed as Earth-121893.

Adaptations edit

Although most of the series' stories are original, several storylines and events from the comics are loosely adapted, including:

Season 1 edit

  • The two-part Pilot episode "Night of the Sentinels" features "The Mutant Registration Act" which was first used in "Days of Future Past" from Uncanny X-Men #141 (January, 1981) by writer Chris Claremont and writer/artist John Byrne. Also the battle at the shopping mall is adapted from Jubilee's first appearance in the story "Ladies' Night" from Uncanny X-Men #244 (May, 1989) by writer Chris Claremont and artist Marc Silvestri. In that story, Jubilee is attacked by the M-Squad and is rescued by female X-Men and the final sequence wherein Jubilee arrives at the X-Mansion is based on a similar sequence when Kitty Pryde first arrived at the X-Mansion following the funeral for Phoenix in "Elegy" from X-Men #138 (October, 1980) by writer Chris Claremont and writer/artist John Byrne. Elements from Claremont's New Mutants #2 "Sentinels" where the students are attacked by Sentinels at the mall are also used.
  • The episode, "Enter Magneto", features a confrontation at a missile base: this is largely based on the X-Men's first battle with Magneto, as told in their 1963 debut story "X-Men" from X-Men #1 (September, 1963) by writer Stan Lee and artist Jack Kirby.
  • "Captive Hearts" is loosely based on events depicted in "Catacombs" and "Dancin' in the Dark" from Uncanny X-Men #169-170 (May–June, 1983) by writer Chris Claremont and artist Paul Smith, except that the X-Man kidnapped by The Morlocks in those stories was Angel, rather than Cyclops.
  • In the episode "Slave Island", Genosha's treatment of mutants as slave labour is adapted from "Welcome to Genosha"/"Busting Loose"/"Who's Human?"/"Gonna be a Revolution" from Uncanny X-Men #235-#238 (October–November, 1988) by writer Chris Claremont and artists Rick Leonardi and Marc Silvestri. However, the premise of how the Genoshan's enslaved mutants is greatly retooled, likely to be more appropriate for children's television.
  • In the episode "The Unstoppable Juggernaut", The Juggernaut's origins is adapted from the story "The Origin of Professor X!" from X-Men #12 (July, 1965) by Writer Stan Lee and artists Jack Kirby and Alex Toth. Also, the X-Men clashing with Juggernaut at the bank is adapted loosely from the story "Juggernaut's Back in Town" from Uncanny X-Men #194 by writer Chris Claremont and artist John Romita Jr., particularly the portions where the X-Men are staking out the bank before the Juggernaut attacks and the origin of Colossus is adapted from Deadly Genesis! in Giant-Size X-Men #1 (May, 1975) by Writer Len Wein and artist Dave Cockrum.
  • "The Cure" features a flashback to Rogue's origins detailing her kiss with Cody Robbins, which is adapted from "Public Enemy" from Uncanny X-Men #185 (September, 1984) by writer Chris Claremont and artist John Romita Jr.
  • Apocalypse's creation of his Four Horsemen in "Come the Apocalypse" is very loosely adapted from Issues #10 "Falling Angel!", #12 "Boom Boom Boom!", #15 "Whose Death is it, Anyway?", #19 "All Together Now!" and #24 "Masks" from X-Factor by writer Louise Simonson artists Walter Simonson and Marc Silvestri.
  • The first part of the 2-part episode story "Days of Future Past" is loosely based on X-Men #141 (January, 1981) by writer Chris Claremont and writer/artist John Byrne, the first part of the "Days of Future Past" story arc. The entire story was retooled to fit the continuity established in the animated series, however some original elements remained such as Wolverine leading a resistance against the Sentinels. However Bishop's role as a tracker of Mutant rebels is reminiscent of Rachel Summer's role as a Hound, likely adapted from Uncanny X-Men #189 (January, 1985). Similarly, Bishop's betrayal of the Sentinels and travel back in time is adapted from Kate Pryde's similar stunt in X-Men' #141 (January, 1981) by Chris Claremont and writer/artist John Byrne. Nimrod's appearance and battle with the X-Men is likely adapted from "Raiders of the Lost Temple!" in Uncanny X-Men #191 (March, 1985) and 194 (June, 1985) by writer Chris Claremont and artist John Romita Jr. Also, Bishops' assertion that Gambit betrayed the X-Men is adapted from "Bishop to King's Five!" from Uncanny X-Men #287 (April, 1992) by writers Jim Lee, Scott Lobdell and artist John Romita Jr., wherein Bishop's future the X-Men were apparently killed by one of their own, and as Gambit was the only survivor Bishop long suspected him of betraying the X-Men.
  • The second part of "Days of Future Past" is adapted from "Mind Out of Time" from Uncanny X-Men #142 (February, 1981) by Chris Claremont and writer/artist John Byrne, wherein the X-Men prevent the Brotherhood of Evil Mutants from assassinating Senator Robert Edward Kelly. The story was altered to fit the continuity of the animated series, wherein Bishop takes the place of Kate Pryde, however it deviates from the original story when Magneto abducts Kelly.
  • The entire Sentinel plot from the episode "The Final Decision", including Master Mold forcing Trask to do his bidding is adapted from "Among Us Stalk... the Sentinels"/"Prisoners of the Mysterious Master Mold!"/"The Supreme Sacrifice!" from X-Men #14–16 (November 1965 – January 1966) by writer Stan Lee and artists Jack Kirby & Jay Gavin. Meanwhile, Scott's marriage proposal to Jean and Mister Sinister's interest, which is explored fully in Season 2, is very loosely adapted in "Inferno, Part the Fourth: Ashes!" from Uncanny X-Men #243 (April 1989) by writer Chris Claremont and artist Marc Silvestri, among other issues where Sinister manipulates Scott's marriage to Madelyne Pryor for his own twisted ends.

Season 2 edit

  • The episode "Whatever It Takes" features a flashback depicting Mjnari's birth is based on the story "Life-Death II: From the Heart of Darkness" from Uncanny X-Men #198 (October, 1985) by writer Chris Claremont and artist Barry Windsor-Smith. In that story, Storm discovered Shani's tribe after losing her mutant powers, and resuscitated Shani's (unnamed) son as in this episode. The story also featured a tribal elder named MjNari, who chose to die when Shani's son was born, so that the tribe would not become too numerous for its resources.
  • The episode "Repo Man" is based on "Shoot-Out at the Stampede!" from Uncanny X-Men #121 (May, 1979) by writer Chris Claremont, Writer/artist John Byrne and artist Terry Austin. The episode is also based on the "Weapon X" story from Marvel Comics Presents #72-84 (March–September 1991) by writer/artist Barry Windsor-Smith.
  • The episode "X-Ternally Yours" is based upon the "Gambit" 4 issue mini-series featuring "Tithing"/"Honor Amongst Thieves"/"The Benefactress"/"Thief of Time" (which was published literally around the same time that episode first aired) (December, 1993–March, 1994) by Writer Howard Mackie, artists Lee Weeks and Klaus Janson. Though in the comics Gambit's brother is named Henri instead of Bobby.
  • In "Time Fugitives (parts 1 & 2)" features a variation of the "Legacy Virus" story line where it was the creation of Apocalypse, who had created the virus with the aid of Graydon Creed and the Friends of Humanity, infecting innocent people and claiming that mutants were the ones who had caused the plague. In an attempt to stop the plague, Bishop came back from the future to destroy Apocalypse's work before the virus could move on to mutants, but as a result vital antibodies that would allow the mutant race to survive future plagues were never created. Traveling back from even further in the future, Cable was able to come up with a compromise that allowed both Bishop's and his own missions to succeed; although the plague never made the jump to mutants on a large-scale basis, Cable nevertheless ensured that Wolverine would be infected, thus creating the necessary antibodies while not killing any mutants thanks to Wolverine's healing factor.
  • Parts of the episode "A Rogue's Tale" are based on "Rogue Redux" in Uncanny X-Men #269 (October, 1990) by writer Chris Claremont and artists Jim Lee and Art Thibert. Whilst other parts of the episode are based on "By Friends – Betrayed!" in Avengers Annual #10 (August, 1981) by writer Chris Claremont and artists Michael Golden and Armando Gil.

Season 3 edit

  • "The Phoenix Saga (Part 1): Sacrifice" is loosely based on "My Brother, My Enemy!" from Uncanny X-Men #97 (February, 1976) by writer Chris Claremont and artists Dave Cockrum & Sam Grainger. The story is also based on "Deathstar, Rising!"/"Greater Love Hath No X-Man..." from Uncanny X-Men #99-100 (June/August 1976) and "Phoenix Unleashed!" from Uncanny X-Men #105 (June, 1977) all by writer Chris Claremont and artist Dave Cockrum.
  • "The Phoenix Saga (Part 2): The Dark Shroud" is loosely based on "Like a Phoenix, from the Ashes" from Uncanny X-Men #101 (October, 1976) by writer Chris Claremont and artist Dave Cockrum. As well as "Dark Shroud of the Past!" from Uncanny X-Men #106 (August, 1977) by writers Chris Claremont & Bill Mantlo and artist Dave Cockrum & William Robert Brown.
  • "The Phoenix Saga (Part 3): The Cry of the Banshee" is loosely based on "Who Will Stop the Juggernaut?"/"The Fall of the Tower"/"The Gentleman's Name is Magneto" from Uncanny X-Men #102-104 (December, 1976-April, 1977) by writer Chris Claremont and artists Dave Cockrum & Sam Grainger.
  • "The Phoenix Saga (Part 4): The Starjammers" is loosely based on "Where No X-Man Has Gone Before!" from Uncanny X-Men #107 (October, 1977) by writer Chris Claremont and artists Dave Cockrum and Dan Green.
  • "The Phoenix Saga (Part 5): Child of Light" is loosely based on "Armageddon Now" from Uncanny X-Men #108 (December, 1977) by Writer Chris Claremont and artists John Byrne & Terry Austin.
  • "The Dark Phoenix Saga (Part 1): Dazzled" is both based heavily and loosely on different areas, of the storylines "Dazzler"/"Run for Your Life!"/ "And Hellfire is Their Name!" from Uncanny X-Men #130-132 (February–April, 1980) written by Chris Claremont & John Byrne, with art by John Byrne & Terry Austin.
  • "The Dark Phoenix Saga (Part 2): The Inner Circle" is based on "Wolverine: Alone!" in Uncanny X-Men #133 (May, 1980) & "Too Late, the Heroes!" in #134 Uncanny X-Men (June, 1980). The battle with the Inner Circle follows the original comics very closely, with Beast taking the role of Nightcrawler (when juggling Shaw), and Rogue taking the role of Colossus (tearing the arm off Pierce). The comic was created by writers Chris Claremont & John Byrne, with art by John Byrne & Terry Austin.
  • "The Dark Phoenix Saga (Part 3): The Dark Phoenix" is based on "Dark Phoenix" from Uncanny X-Men #135 (July, 1980) and "Child of Light and Darkness!" in Uncanny X-Men #136 (August, 1980) by writers Chris Claremont & John Byrne, with art by John Byrne & Terry Austin.
  • "The Dark Phoenix Saga (Part 4): The Fate of the Phoenix" is based on the comic of the same name ("The Fate of the Phoenix!") from Uncanny X-Men #137 (September, 1980) by writers Chris Claremont & John Byrne, with art by John Byrne & Terry Austin.
  • The episode "Orphan's End" is based on "Reunion" in Uncanny X-Men #154 and "First Blood" in Uncanny X-Men #155 by writer Chris Claremont and artist Dave Cockrum.

Season 4 edit

  • The "One Man's Worth" two-parter is an original story, greenlit and designed for the TV series in January, 1994. In a reversal of the usual book-to-TV origin, this story became the basis and inspiration for the crossover series of books Age of Apocalypse, which was published in 1995–96. Many character designs in the Age of Apocalypse, most prominently that of the alternate Forge, were first created for the TV series. Because of the length of time it takes to animate an ambitious episode (sometimes a full year), these two creations are often placed in the wrong order. Bob Harras, supervisor of the X-books in the mid-90s and advisor to the TV series, had access to the full "One Man's Worth" story and designs by early May, 1994. The Age of Apocalypse books followed eight months later.
  • "Sanctuary (Part 1)" is loosely based on "Rubicon" from X-Men (Vol 2) #1 (October, 1991) and "Firestorm" from X-Men (Vol 2) #2 (November, 1991) from the X-Men: Legacy series and the "Fatal Attractions" crossover storyline. The comic book story was written by writer Chris Claremont and writer/artist Jim Lee with artist Scott Williams.
  • "Sanctuary (Part 2)" is loosely based on "Fallout!" from X-Men (Vol 2) #3 (December, 1991) from the X-Men: Legacy series and the "Fatal Attractions" crossover storyline. The comic book story was written by Chris Claremont and writer/artist Jim Lee with art by Scott Williams.
  • The episode "Weapon X, Lies, & Videotape" is loosely based on the story-lines "The Shiva Scenario Part 1: Dreams of Gore, Phase 1"/"Shiva Scenario Part 2: Dreams of Gore: Phase Two"/"The Shiva Scenario Part 3: Dreams of Gore: Phase 3" from Wolverine #48–50 (November, 1992-January 1993), which were all written by Larry Hama with art by Marc Silvestri. There was also a bit of the story-lines "Nightmare Quest!"/"Reunion!"/"Bastions of Glory!"/"What Goes Around..." from issues #61-64 (September–December 1992) thrown in, (though the robot Talos is called "Shiva" there, and the Weapon X project has more members) these issues were written by Larry Hama with art by Mark Texeira.

Season 5 edit

  • The two-part final season opener "Phalanx Covenant" was adapted from the comic of the same name (September–October 1994) with Beast as the central character. The Phalanx were conceived to be fully alien and not mutant hating humans who were infected with the technology, becoming more like the Technarchy, with Cameron Hodge working along with them serving much the same role as in the comics. During the two-parter, Beast teams up with Warlock, Forge (part of X-Factor), Mr Sinister, Amelia Voght (who was working on Muir Island at the time) and Magneto.
  • The episode "Jubilee's Fairytale Theater" is based on "Kitty's Fairy Tale" from Uncanny X-Men #153 (January, 1982) by writer Chris Claremont and artist Dave Cockrum. The comic featured Kitty Pryde telling a fairytale to Illyana Rasputina, whilst the series replaced Kitty Pryde with Jubilee and Illyana Rasputina with random school children.
  • The episode "Old Soldiers" (written by Len Wein) is loosely based on the plot of "Madripoor Knights" from Uncanny X-Men #268 (September, 1990) by writer Chris Claremont and artists Jim Lee & Scott Williams. It tells the tale of Logan, while acting as a special operative for Canada, teaming up with Captain America and the Howling Commandos during World War II to rescue someone who had been captured by Red Skull. Logan would use detachable metal claws to scale the side of a mountain and then comment how he liked them.

Voice cast edit

The series' voice acting was recorded in Toronto studios, with Dan Hennessey serving as voice director. Toronto voice actors had also been used in the 1960s Marvel Comics cartoons.

Principal cast edit

  • Professor Charles Francis Xavier / Professor X (Cedric Smith) is the founder and leader of the X-Men and a powerful telepath. Throughout the series, he fights for the rights of mutants while teaching his students the importance of never giving into temptation or losing sight of what really matters.
  • Scott Summers / Cyclops (Norm Spencer) is the field commander of the X-Men, whose eyes can emit powerful beams of energy. He is generally aloof, and has occasionally expressed doubts about his leadership. He often fights with Logan over his girlfriend, Jean Grey, whom he eventually marries towards the end of the series.
  • Jean Elaine Grey / Phoenix (Catherine Disher) is a telekinetic and telepath who is in a relationship with Cyclops. They marry in season four, when Apocalypse captures her in the time space continuum. Disher had originally auditioned for the part of Storm.[3]
  • Ororo Munroe / Storm (Iona Morris (1992–1994), Alison Sealy-Smith (1993–1997)) is a mutant who can control the weather and is third in command of the X-Men. She must remain in constant control of her emotions, as they are linked to her powers and could cause great destruction if unleashed.
  • James "Logan" Howlett / Wolverine (Cal Dodd) is a hotheaded mutant with a regenerative healing factor, heightened senses, and an adamantium-laced skeleton that gives him indestructible bones and retractable claws. He is initially attracted to Jean, but eventually allows her to be with Scott, and is a father figure for Jubilee.
  • Remy Etienne LeBeau / Gambit (Chris Potter (1992–1996), Tony Daniels (1997) is a mutant who can charge most objects with explosive energy, causing them to explode when he lets go, and also wields a staff for close combat. He is in a romantic relationship with Rogue. Potter was cast while filming Kung Fu: The Legend Continues in Toronto; while he was unfamiliar with the X-Men, co-star David Carradine was a big fan of the comics. Potter later auditioned for the role of Cyclops in the 2000 film.[3]
  • Anna Marie / Rogue (Lenore Zann) is a mutant who possesses the uncontrollable ability to absorb the memories, powers and energy of those she touches; however, if she holds onto someone too long, their consciousness will be trapped in her subconscious. She has permanently absorbed the superhuman strength, durability and flight of Carol Danvers / Ms. Marvel, who was left comatose as a result. She is in a romantic relationship with Gambit.
  • Jubilation Lee / Jubilee (Alyson Court) is the newest and youngest member of the X-Men, who is close to Wolverine and sees him as a father figure. She is still getting used to her power, which is the ability to generate firework-like explosions. Court and Dodd were neighbors when Court was a child and Dodd was a well-known actor in Canada. Court attributes their characters' chemistry to being previously acquainted with one another. Originally, another voice actor had been cast as Jubilee, but Court was cast when the original voice was deemed too sweet and innocent for the role.[3]
  • Dr. Henry Phillip "Hank" McCoy / Beast (George Buza) is a mutant with superhuman strength and agility and whose body is covered in fur. He spends most of season one imprisoned for destroying the government's records of registered mutants, which Henry Gyrich and Bolivar Trask were abusing. Buza would later appear in a small role in the 2000 live action film as a truck driver.[3]
  • Eric Magnus Lensherr / Magneto (David Hemblen) is a mutant with the power to control metal. He is initially introduced as an antagonist, but becomes more of an anti-hero in later seasons as he helps to defeat other villains, including Master Mold, Mister Sinister, Apocalypse, and Phalanx.

Additional cast edit

Other versions edit

The original opening sequence, used throughout the first four seasons, features the X-Men demonstrating their mutant abilities to an instrumental theme written by Ron Wasserman. A modified version is introduced in season five, episode one ("Phalanx Covenant, Part One"), which slightly changes the beginning of the theme. When UPN began airing reruns on Sunday mornings, an alternate credits sequence was used: a high-quality Japanese-animated version of the original opening. This modified version occasionally appears in the digital streaming release of the show, which was used for re-runs on Toon Disney.[citation needed]

In Italy, where the series began airing in 1994 on Canale 5, the intro and outro sequences were replaced by a new sequence and theme song: Insuperabili X-Men, sung by Marco Destro and Pietro Ubaldi.[14]

X-Men originally aired on TV Tokyo from 1994 to 1995. For the TV Tokyo dub of the series, the intro was replaced with a new, Japanese-animated sequence and a new theme: Rising (ライジング, Raijingu) by Ambience. Starting with episode 42, a second intro was used, featuring the song Dakishimetai Dare Yori Mo (抱きしめたい誰よりも). The end credits sequence was also changed: it featured shots of American X-Men comic books set to the song Back to You (バック・トウ・ユー, Bakku Tou Yū), also by Ambience.

The TV Tokyo dub was directed by Yoshikazu Iwanami and featured scripts rewritten to include a more humorous, self-satirical tone and with an emphasis on comical adlibbing, a hallmark of his dubbing style. Episodes were edited for time so that new segments could be added to the end to promote X-Men: Children of the Atom, which featured the dub actors pretending to play the game as their characters. A second dub was made in the early 2000s for broadcast on Toon Disney (Japan), which was more faithful to the original English scripts and did not cut episodes for time. This version used the original American intro and end credits rather than the unique ones created for the TV Tokyo version.

Two versions of the episode "No Mutant is an Island" exist, each with different animation. The first version was aired for Toon Disney reruns, can be seen on digital streaming services such as Amazon Video, aired on Fox Kids in the United States, and uses the remixed intro theme from Season 5. The second version is available on region 1 DVD, aired on Fox Kids overseas, and uses the default intro theme from Seasons 1–4.[15][citation needed]

Viewership edit

In its prime, X-Men garnered very high ratings for a Saturday morning cartoon, and received praise for adapting many different storylines from the comics. Haim Saban credits the success of the series in assisting him to sell his next project to Fox: Mighty Morphin Power Rangers.[3]

X-Men reached a viewership of over 23 million households.[16]

Legacy edit

X-Men '97 edit

By 2019, there were ongoing talks with Disney+ to revive the series.[17] In November 2021, a revival titled X-Men '97 was revealed to premiere on the service in 2023, which will continue the plot of the series.[18] Beau DeMayo will serve as head writer, with most of the surviving cast members of the original series reprising their roles, including Dodd, Zann, Buza, Disher, Potter, Sealy-Smith, Hough, and Britton. They will be joined by Jennifer Hale, Anniwaa Buachie, Ray Chase, Matthew Waterson, JP Karliak, Holly Chou, Jeff Bennett, and A. J. Locascio; Court will not be reprising her role as Jubilee, and will instead voice another character as she asked for Jubilee to be voiced by an Asian actress.[19][20] The series will be produced by Marvel Studios Animation, but will not take place within the Marvel Cinematic Universe.[21][22]

Comics edit

X-Men Adventures edit

X-Men Adventures
 
X-Men Adventures vol. 1 #1 (Nov. 1992)
Art by Steve Lightle
Publication information
PublisherMarvel Comics
ScheduleMonthly
FormatOngoing
Publication dateNovember 1992 – March 1997
No. of issues53
Main character(s)X-Men

X-Men Adventures was a comic book spin-off of the animated series. Beginning in November 1992, it adapted the first three seasons of the show; in April 1996, it became Adventures of the X-Men, which contained original stories set within the same continuity.[23] The comic book lasted until March 1997, shortly after the show's cancellation by the Fox Network.

Bibliography

  • X-Men Adventures vol. 1 (1992–94) (15 issues)[24]
  • X-Men Adventures vol. 2 (1994–95) (13 issues)[25]
  • X-Men Adventures vol. 3 (1995–96) (13 issues)[26]
  • Adventures of the X-Men (1996–97) (12 issues)[27]

Additionally, stories featuring the same characters were print through the 19 issues run of Spider-Man Magazine, published between March 1994 and March 1997, alongside stories inspired by the animated series Spider-Man.

X-Men '92 edit

The comic book series X-Men '92 was first released as one of the many tie-in titles for Marvel's 2015 Secret Wars event, and continued in its second volume as a regular series in early 2016, starring characters of the TV show's reality.[28]

In January 2022 Marvel announced a new series inspired by the cartoon, X-Men '92: House of XCII. Scheduled for publication in April of that same year, the series will explore an alternate universe where the events of Jonathan Hickman's House of X and Powers of X happened decades earlier, in the '90s of the original show.[29]

Books edit

Previously on X-Men edit

In 2017, series developer and showrunner Eric Lewald released the book Previously on X-Men: The Making of an Animated Series, which features his interviews with 36 of the staff and voice cast behind the TV series, as well as Lewald's personal experiences on the series' development and production.[30]

X-Men: The Art and Making of The Animated Series edit

In 2020, Eric Lewald and Julia Lewald released the book X-Men: The Art and Making of The Animated Series, which features previously unseen concept art, storyboards, character models, background layouts, animation cels, and other production/promotional materials, along with new interviews with the series principal artists and production staff.[31]

Video games edit

  • X-Men Cartoon Maker: a recreational software package that allowed the user to create limited animations from a library of backdrops, animations and sound effects from the show. Wolverine and Storm appear as tutors.
  • Capcom's VS. Series: the characters in the series were licensed by Capcom and were the inspiration for the video game X-Men: Children of the Atom, which in turn would be the basis for the Marvel vs. Capcom sub-series of video games.[citation needed] Most of the voice actors who did the voices in the series reprised their roles for the video game.[32] Capcom would continue to use these characters long after the show was cancelled, before eventually losing the rights to create Marvel-based games to Electronic Arts in 2001. Capcom, however, would reacquire the rights in 2008 and released Marvel vs. Capcom 3: Fate of Two Worlds / Ultimate Marvel vs. Capcom 3 in 2011.

In film edit

The series was credited for being responsible for the beginning development of the 2000 X-Men film. Fox Kids owner 20th Century Fox was impressed by the success of the TV show, and producer Lauren Shuler Donner purchased the film rights for them in 1994.[33][34] The film's success led to a film franchise, which includes a series of sequels, prequels, and spin-offs, for two decades up to 2020, when the series came to an end due to Disney's acquisition of Fox, with the character rights reverting to Marvel Studios.

In the 2022 Marvel Cinematic Universe film Doctor Strange in the Multiverse of Madness, produced by Marvel Studios, the theme song from the TV series (orchestrated by Danny Elfman and credited as X-Men '97 Theme) is played when Charles Xavier (portrayed by Patrick Stewart) first appears; in the film, unlike his previous performances as the character in Fox's X-Men franchise, Stewart's Xavier is visually redesigned to match his animated counterpart, complete with his iconic green suit, blue and black tie, and yellow hoverchair.[35]

In television edit

In the Ms. Marvel episode "No Normal", set in the MCU, the theme song from the X-Men animated series is played when Kamala Khan discovers that she is a "mutant".[36]

Lawsuit edit

On October 9, 2019, Hungarian immigrant Zoltan Krisko filed a lawsuit against Marvel Entertainment Group, Haim Saban, Shuki Levy, UMG Recordings, the current distributor of Disney Music Group, and Fox Corporation. He claims the theme music was plagiarized from the theme song to the 1984–91 Hungarian action-adventure television series Linda, which was composed by Gyorgy Vukan.[37]

Notes edit

  1. ^ Sources differ regarding the country or countries of origin. Some indicate that the United States is the sole country of origin, while others (e.g, FilmAffinity, Allmovie) list it as a co-production of the United States and Canada.[1][2]

References edit

  1. ^ "X-Men (TV Series) (1992)". FilmAffinity.
  2. ^ "X-Men (1992)". Allmovie.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h Couch, Aaron; Burton, Byron (October 30, 2017). "'X-Men' at 25: The Unlikely Story of the Animated Hit No Network Wanted". Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved March 29, 2022.
  4. ^ a b c d e f Mangels, Andy (August 1993). "Scorching the Screen". Wizard: X-Men Turn Thirty. pp. 70–73.
  5. ^ "Top 10 Comic to TV Adaptations". IGN. June 21, 2007. Archived from the original on March 8, 2021. Retrieved 2010-08-15.
  6. ^ Erickson, Hal (2005). Television Cartoon Shows: An Illustrated Encyclopedia, 1949 Through 2003 (2nd ed.). McFarland & Co. pp. 923–926. ISBN 978-1476665993.
  7. ^ "Kids vet Margaret Loesch to run Hasbro-Discovery cable network". Los Angeles Times. July 16, 2009. Retrieved 11 May 2011.
  8. ^ "DRG4's Exclusive X-Men Cartoon Pilot Differences". drp4.wariocompany.com. Archived from the original on 2008-01-19. Retrieved 2008-01-17.
  9. ^ Mangels, Andy (January 1993). "Hollywood Heroes". Wizard. Wizard Entertainment (17): 32.
  10. ^ Moore, Rose (March 23, 2016). "10 Things You Didn't Know About X-Men The Animated Series". Screen Rant. Retrieved September 3, 2018.
  11. ^ White, Brett (27 November 2019). "Every Single X-Men Animated Appearance on Disney+, in Order". Decider. Retrieved 29 November 2019.
  12. ^ "X-Men, Spider-Man & More Animated Series Confirmed for Disney+ Launch Day". Comic Book Resources. 14 October 2019. Retrieved 29 November 2019.
  13. ^ Goldman, Michael. "Stan Lee: Comic Guru". Animation World Magazine. Animation World Network. Retrieved March 29, 2022.
  14. ^ Genna, Antonio. "AntonioGenna.net presenta: IL MONDO DEI DOPPIATORI - ZONA ANIMAZIONE: "X-Men"". Il Mondo dei doppiatori (in Italian). Retrieved 2022-08-19.
  15. ^ "Animation Changes in No Mutant Is An Island". DRG4's Marvel Cartoon Pages. Retrieved October 13, 2020.
  16. ^ "X-Men: Children of the Atom". RePlay. Vol. 20, no. 3. December 1994. p. 8.
  17. ^ Marshall, Andrew (June 10, 2019). "X-Men: The Animated Series Creators Want to Revive Show With Disney". Screen Rant. Archived from the original on June 11, 2019. Retrieved November 14, 2021.
  18. ^ Couch, Aaron (November 12, 2021). "Disney+ Orders '90s 'X-Men' Revival, 'Marvel Zombies' and 'Spider-Man: Freshman Year'". The Hollywood Reporter. Archived from the original on November 12, 2021. Retrieved November 12, 2021.
  19. ^ "X-Men '97: Original Jubilee Alyson Court Confirms She Will Not Reprise Role, Wants Asian Voice Actress to Replace Her". 16 November 2021.
  20. ^ Patches, Matt (November 12, 2021). "New X-Men cartoon set in the '90s Animated Series continuity coming to Disney Plus". Polygon. Archived from the original on November 12, 2021. Retrieved November 13, 2021.
  21. ^ Gartenberg, Chaim (November 12, 2021). "Marvel embraces the Sad Wolverine meme to announce X-Men '97, a new animated Disney Plus show". The Verge. Archived from the original on November 12, 2021. Retrieved November 13, 2021.
  22. ^ Bacon, Thomas (March 5, 2022). "Is X-Men 97 In The MCU? Disney+ Mutant Debut Explained". Screen Rant. Retrieved May 2, 2022.
  23. ^ "The 1990s: Claremont's exit, mega-crossovers". Archived from the original on 2007-10-08. Retrieved 2007-01-26.
  24. ^ "X-Men Adventures Comics checklist Volume 1". comics-db.com. Archived from the original on 2013-01-19. Retrieved 2007-02-13.
  25. ^ "X-Men Adventures Comics checklist Volume 2". comics-db.com. Archived from the original on 2013-01-19. Retrieved 2007-02-13.
  26. ^ "X-Men Adventures Comics checklist Volume 3". comics-db.com. Archived from the original on 2013-01-19. Retrieved 2007-02-13.
  27. ^ "Adventures of the X-Men Comics checklist". comics-db.com. Archived from the original on 2013-01-20. Retrieved 2007-02-13.
  28. ^ Schedeen, Jesse (13 March 2015). "X-Men: The Animated Series Lives On in X-Men '92". IGN.
  29. ^ Blum, Jeremy (14 January 2022). "X-Men: The Animated Series Meets House of X in New Marvel Series". Retrieved 21 January 2022.
  30. ^ "Previously on X-Men: The Making of an Animated Series". Jacobs Brown Media Group. Retrieved December 14, 2019.
  31. ^ Lewald 2020
  32. ^ "Hot at the Arcades". GamePro. No. 67. IDG. February 1995. p. 20.
  33. ^ Lee, Stan; Claremont, Chris; Singer, Bryan; Lauren Shuler Donner; Tom DeSanto; Avi Arad (2000). The Secret Origin of The X-Men (DVD). 20th Century Fox.
  34. ^ Jensen, Jeff (July 21, 2000). "Generating X". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved May 9, 2022.
  35. ^ "The Marvel Movie Music Secretly Hidden In Doctor Strange 2". Screen Rant. May 5, 2022. Archived from the original on May 7, 2022. Retrieved May 7, 2022.
  36. ^ "Ms. Marvel Finale MCU Easter Eggs & References". Screen Rant. July 13, 2022. Retrieved July 13, 2022.
  37. ^ Pedersen, Erik (2019-10-09). "'X-Men' Cartoon Theme Song Sparks Lawsuit Against Marvel, Disney, Amazon, Apple". Deadline Hollywood. Retrieved 2019-10-18.

Sources edit

External links edit