World Series of Poker

The World Series of Poker (WSOP) is a series of poker tournaments[1] held annually in Las Vegas and, since 2004, sponsored by Caesars Entertainment. It dates its origins to 1970, when Benny Binion invited seven of the best-known poker players to the Horseshoe Casino for a single tournament, with a set start and stop time, and a winner determined by a secret ballot of the seven players.[2]

World Series of Poker
Current season, competition or edition:
Current sports event 2020 World Series of Poker
Wsop logo.png
FoundedLas Vegas, Nevada, U.S. (1970)
FounderBenny Binion
Owner(s)Binion's Horseshoe (1970–2004)
Harrah's Entertainment (2004–2020)
Caesars Entertainment (2020–present)
Most recent
Argentina Damian Salas
(Main Event winner)
Most titlesUnited States Phil Hellmuth
(most bracelets, 15);
United States Johnny Moss,
United States Stu Ungar
(most Main Event wins, 3)
Official websiteOfficial website

As of 2020, the WSOP consists of 101 events, with most major poker variants featured. However, in recent years, over half of the events have been variants of Texas hold 'em. Events traditionally take place during one day or over several consecutive days during the series in June and July. However, starting in 2008, the Main Event final table was delayed until November. The 2012 and 2016 Main Event final tables commenced in October because of the United States presidential election.[3][4] As of May 2017, the World Series of Poker has done away with the November Nine concept and instead gone back to the old format of crowning the Main Event winner in July.[5] After adopting a hybrid online format in 2020, due to the COVID-19 pandemic, the World Series of Poker announced a return to in-person play scheduled to start on September 30, 2021 in Las Vegas, Nevada.[6]


The idea of a World Series of Poker began in 1969 with an event called the Texas Gambling Reunion.[7] It was an invitational event sponsored by Tom Moore of San Antonio, Texas, and held at the Holiday Hotel and Casino in Reno.[7] This inaugural event was won by Crandell Addington. The set of tournaments that the World Series of Poker (WSOP) would evolve into was the brainchild of Las Vegas casino owner and poker player Benny Binion. In 1970, the first WSOP at Binion's Horseshoe took place as a series of cash games that included five-card stud, deuce to seven low-ball draw, razz, seven-card stud, and Texas hold 'em.[8] The format for the Main Event as a freeze-out Texas hold 'em game came the next year. The winner in 1970, Johnny Moss, was elected by his peers as the first "World Champion of Poker" and received a silver cup as a prize.[7]

Acquisition by Harrah'sEdit

In 2004, Harrah's Entertainment (now Caesars Entertainment) purchased Binion's Horseshoe, retained the rights to the Horseshoe and World Series of Poker brands, sold the hotel and casino to MTR Gaming Group, and announced that the 2005 Series events would be held at the Harrah's-owned Rio Hotel and Casino, located just off the Las Vegas Strip.[7] Since 2004 the official sponsor of the World Series of Poker has been the Caesars Entertainment Corporation.[9] The final two days of the main event in 2005 were held downtown at what is now the MTR-operated "Binion's" in celebration of the centennial of the founding of Las Vegas. The WSOP also added a made-for-television $2 million "freeroll" invitational Tournament of Champions (TOC) event first won by Annie Duke as a "winner-take-all" event.

2005 expansion – WSOP CircuitEdit

Starting in 2005, the WSOP began the World Series of Poker Circuit, a satellite series held at Harrah's-owned properties in the United States. In addition to the $10,000 buy-in tournament at each site, qualifying players became eligible for a revamped Tournament of Champions. The 2005 TOC, made up of the top twenty qualifying players at each circuit event, along with the final table from the 2005 Main Event and the winners of nine or more bracelets (Johnny Chan, Doyle Brunson, and Phil Hellmuth) would participate in the revamped TOC at Caesars Palace. Mike Matusow won the first prize of $1 million (US), and all the players at the final table were guaranteed a minimum of $25,000 for the eighth and ninth-place finishers.

During a break in the final table of the 2005 Main Event on July 16, Harrah's announced that eleven properties — including the recently added Bally's and Caesar's properties — would host 2005–06 WSOP Circuit events that started on August 11 in Tunica, Mississippi. One event that was scheduled for Biloxi, Mississippi, was canceled after the Grand Casino Biloxi, which was scheduled to host the event, suffered major damage from Hurricane Katrina. The Rio also hosted the 2006 World Series of Poker, which began on June 25 with satellite events and formally began the day after with the annual Casino Employee event, won in 2006 by Chris Gros. 2006 featured the Tournament of Champions on June 25 and 26, won by Mike Sexton. Various events led up to the Main Event, which was held from July 28 until August 10. The first prize of $12 million was awarded to Jamie Gold.

2007 expansion – WSOP EuropeEdit

The World Series of Poker Europe (WSOPE) is the first expansion of the World Series of Poker in series history. In September 2007, the first WSOP championship events outside of Las Vegas, complete with bracelets, were held.[10] The inaugural WSOPE consisted of three events held in London from September 6–17, 2007. The main event, a GBP 10,000 buy-in no-limit hold 'em tournament, was won by Norwegian online prodigy Annette Obrestad on the day before her 19th birthday. This made her the youngest person ever to win a WSOP bracelet, a record that cannot be broken in the Las Vegas WSOP under current laws because the minimum legal age for casino gaming in Nevada is 21. Obrestad could play in the WSOPE because the minimum age for casino gaming in the United Kingdom is 18. While no definitive plans have been announced, WSOP Commissioner Jeffrey Pollack has indicated that in the next one to three years that other venues may start holding WSOP events.[citation needed] Two locations that have been mentioned as possible expansion sites are Egypt and South Africa,[11] and the World Series of Poker Africa was ultimately launched in South Africa in 2010. However, it is currently treated as a WSOP Circuit event, with no bracelets awarded. The next expansion of the WSOP that included bracelet events was ultimately to Australia.[12]

The WSOPE moved from London to Cannes, France in 2011. At that time, the buy-ins and payouts changed from being fixed in pounds to euros.[13] The event moved again in 2013, this time to the Paris suburb of Enghien-les-Bains.[14]

From 2013 to 2017 the WSOPE was held only in odd-numbered years, with the newly launched World Series of Poker Asia Pacific (WSOP APAC) conducted in even-numbered years.[15] WSOPE has been held annually since 2017.

2010 expansion – WSOP AfricaEdit

In 2010, the WSOP expanded overseas once again, only this time to Gauteng, South Africa. Although the 2010 event was part of the WSOP Circuit, winners did not earn a gold ring or standing for the WSOP Circuit National Championship, both of which were common for other circuit events.[16] This policy changed in 2012.[17] The WSOPA did not occur in 2011 but would come back in 2012.

2013 expansion – WSOP Asia PacificEdit

On April 30, 2012, the WSOP and Australian casino Crown Melbourne jointly announced the creation of the World Series of Poker Asia-Pacific (WSOP APAC). The first edition of the event was held at Crown's Melbourne Casino from April 4–15, 2013 and featured five bracelet events in the series.[12]

2015 expansion – WSOP International CircuitEdit

In 2015, the WSOP International Circuit was launched, with rounds in Canada, Latin America, the Caribbean, Europe, Asia-Pacific and Africa. The winners of each tournament join the WSOP Circuit winners to play the WSOP Global Casino Championship.[18] The International Circuit has expanded to 13 tournaments for the 2017/18 season.[19]

Number of bracelet events per yearEdit

Year 1970 1971 1972 1973 1974 1975 1976 1977 1978 1979
Events 1
5 2 8 6 5 8 13 11 12
Year 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989
Events 12 13 14 14 14 14 12 12 12 14
Year 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999
Events 15 18 20 21 22 24 24 21 21 16
Year 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009
Events 25 26 35 36 33 43 45 55
(+3 Europe)
(+4 Europe)
(+4 Europe)
Year 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Events 57
(+5 Europe)
(+7 Europe)
(+7 Europe)
(+8 Europe)
(+5 Asia Pac)
(+10 Asia Pac)
(+10 Europe)
69 74
(+11 Europe)
(+10 Europe)
(+15 Europe)
Year 2020 2021
Events 1
(+85 Online)
(+66 Online)


A Binion's poker table signed by WSOP Champions and other professional players after the casino hosted its final WSOP.

The winner of each event receives a World Series of Poker bracelet and a monetary prize based on the number of entrants and buy-in amounts. Over the years, the tournament has grown in both the number of events and in the number of participants. Each year, the WSOP culminates with the $10,000 no-limit hold'em "Main Event," which, since 2004, has attracted entrants numbering in the thousands. The victor receives a multi-million dollar cash prize and a bracelet, which has become the most coveted award a poker player can win.[20] The winner of the World Series of Poker Main Event is considered to be the World Champion of Poker.[21]

Since 1971, all WSOP events have been tournaments with cash prizes. In 1973, a five-card stud event was added. Since then, new events have been added and removed. Since 1976, a bracelet has been awarded to the winner of every event at the annual WSOP; later on, the winners of events before 1976 were retroactively given bracelets.[22]

The tournament grew slowly for over a decade, reaching 52 participants in 1982. In the early 1980s, satellite tournaments were introduced, allowing people to win their way into the various events. By 1987, there were over 2,100 entrants in the entire series.[1] At the 2006 World Series of Poker, there were 45 events, covering the majority of poker variants. Participation in the Main Event peaked that year, with 8,773 players.[23]

The number of participants in the WSOP grew every year from 2000 until 2006. Following 2006, new online gambling legislation restricted the number of online qualifiers to the event. 2007 was the first dip in numbers in the 21st century while in 2008 more people participated than the previous year. In 2000, there were 4,780 entrants in the various events, but in 2005, the number rose to over 23,000 players. In the main event alone, the number of participants grew from 839 in 2003 to 8,773 in 2006, and has hovered between 6,300 and 7,200 entrants in the eleven years since.[24] Phil Hellmuth has won the most bracelets with 15 followed by Doyle Brunson, Johnny Chan, and Phil Ivey with ten bracelets each. Crandell Addington is the only player to place in the top ten of the World Series of Poker Main Event eight times, albeit in earlier years with small fields compared to modern times. Four players have won the Main Event multiple times: Johnny Moss (1970, 1971, and 1974), Doyle Brunson (1976 and 1977), Stu Ungar (1980, 1981, and 1997) and Johnny Chan (1987 and 1988). Bracelet winners who first achieved fame in other fields include French actor/singer Patrick Bruel (in 1998), Danish soccer player Jan Vang Sørensen (in 2002), American actress Jennifer Tilly (in 2005), and American musician/record producer Steve Albini (in 2018). In recent years, there have been non-bracelet events at the WSOP; two of the most notable are the "World Series of Rock Paper Scissors" and "Ante Up for Africa."

Currently, Texas hold 'em, Omaha hold 'em and Seven-card stud and their lowball variants are played. H.O.R.S.E. has been played in the past and returned in 2006. Also, S.H.O.E. has been played in the past, and returned in 2007. Other events played in the past include Chinese poker, Five card stud, and many others. Like most tournaments, the sponsoring casino takes an entry fee (a percentage between 6% and 10%, depending on the buy-in) and distributes the rest, hence the prize money increasing with more players. In the 2005 Main Event, US$52,818,610 in prize money was distributed among 560 players, with US$7.5 million as the first prize. The 2006 Main Event, won by Jamie Gold, is the largest single poker tournament by prize pool or by entrant numbers in history; Gold pocketed US$12 million for his victory. In July 2010, it was announced that the winner of the 2010 Main Event would receive just under US$9 million.

On June 2, 2011, the World Series of Poker and Cirque du Soleil founder Guy Laliberté announced plans for an officially sanctioned special fundraising event, known as The Big One for One Drop, starting on July 1, 2012 with a record US$1 million entry fee.[25] 11% of the money (more precisely, $111,111 from each buy-in) went to Laliberté's charity, the One Drop Foundation, and the WSOP waived its normal 10% rake of the entry fees. At the time of the original announcement, 15 of the maximum 48 seats had been taken. By early December 2011, the field size had increased to 22, the minimum required for an official bracelet tournament.[26] Among those who committed early to the event were Johnny Chan, Daniel Negreanu, Jonathan Duhamel, Tom Dwan, Laliberté, billionaire businessman Phil Ruffin and Erik Seidel. On April 12, 2012, the WSOP announced that 30 players had committed to the tournament, which brought the first prize to $12.3 million, exceeding the record amount won by Jamie Gold. In the end, all 48 seats were filled, resulting in a first prize of $18.3 million.[27] Poker professional Antonio Esfandiari won the event, also receiving a special platinum WSOP bracelet.[28]

Main EventEdit

The Gallery of Champions in 1979.

Since 1972, the Main Event of the WSOP has been the $10,000 buy-in no-limit Texas Hold 'em (NLHE) tournament (in 1971 the buy-in was $5,000 and the inaugural 1970 event was an invitational with winner determined by a vote from the players). Winners of the event not only get the largest prize of the tournament and a gold bracelet, but additionally their picture is placed in the Gallery of Champions at Binion's.

The winner of the Main Event has traditionally been given the unofficial title of World Champion. However, some believe that no-limit hold 'em is not the optimal structure for determining a champion poker player. In 2002, Daniel Negreanu argued that the Main Event should switch to pot-limit hold 'em, believing that pot-limit required a more complete set of poker skills than no-limit, although he admitted that such a change would likely never be made.[29] However, after the $50,000 H.O.R.S.E./Poker Players Championship event was added, many of the game's top professionals, including Negreanu, have since stated that this tournament ultimately decides the world's best player. The $50,000 buy-in, being five times larger than the buy-in for the Main Event, has thus far tended to deter amateurs from playing in this event, and the variety of games played require a broader knowledge of poker. The first $50,000 event, conducted as a H.O.R.S.E. tournament, was won by Chip Reese in 2006. In 2010, the $50,000 event changed from H.O.R.S.E. to an "8-game" format, adding no-limit hold 'em, pot-limit Omaha, and 2–7 triple draw to the mix, and was rechristened The Poker Players Championship,[30][31] with Michael Mizrachi winning the first edition of the revamped event.[32] Since Reese's death in December 2007, the winner of this event receives the David 'Chip' Reese Memorial Trophy in addition to the bracelet and the prize money.

There have been many memorable moments during the main events, including Jack Straus's 1982 comeback win after discovering he had one $500 chip left when he thought he was out of the tournament. The end of the 1988 main event was featured in the movie Rounders. Chris Moneymaker and Greg Raymer, the winners in 2003 and 2004, both qualified for the main event through satellite tournaments at the PokerStars online card room. Jerry Yang, the winner in 2007, had only been playing poker for two years prior to his victory. He won his seat at a $225 satellite tournament at Pechanga Resort & Casino, in California. With the passage of the Unlawful Internet Gambling Enforcement Act (UIGEA) of 2006 online poker sites have been barred from purchasing entrance directly for their users.

WSOP Main Event winnersEdit

Year Winner Winning
First place
prize (US$)
Entrants Runner-up Losing
1970   Johnny Moss N/A N/A 7 N/A N/A
1971   Johnny Moss (2) N/A 30,000 6   Walter "Puggy" Pearson N/A
1972   Thomas "Amarillo Slim" Preston, Jr. K J 80,000 8   Walter "Puggy" Pearson 6  6 
1973   Walter "Puggy" Pearson A 7 130,000 13   Johnny Moss K J
1974   Johnny Moss (3) 3 3 160,000 16   Crandell Addington A 2
1975   Brian "Sailor" Roberts J J 210,000 21   Bob Hooks J 9
1976   Doyle Brunson 10 2 220,000 22   Jesse Alto A J
1977   Doyle Brunson (2) 10 2 340,000 34   Gary Berland 8 5
1978   Bobby Baldwin Q Q 210,000 42   Crandell Addington 9 9
1979   Hal Fowler 7 6 270,000 54   Bobby Hoff A A
1980   Stu Ungar 5 4 385,000 73   Doyle Brunson A 7
1981   Stu Ungar (2) A Q 375,000 75   Perry Green 10 9
1982   Jack Straus A 10 520,000 104   Dewey Tomko A 4
1983   Tom McEvoy Q Q 540,000 108   Rod Peate K J
1984   Jack Keller 10 10 660,000 132   Byron Wolford 6 4
1985   Bill Smith 3 3 700,000 140   T. J. Cloutier A 3
1986   Berry Johnston A 10 570,000 141   Mike Harthcock A 8
1987   Johnny Chan A 9 625,000 152   Frank Henderson 4 4
1988   Johnny Chan (2) J 9 700,000 167   Erik Seidel Q 7
1989   Phil Hellmuth 9 9 755,000 178   Johnny Chan A 7
1990   Mansour Matloubi 6 6 895,000 194   Hans Lund 4 4
1991   Brad Daugherty K J 1,000,000 215   Don Holt 7 3
1992   Hamid Dastmalchi 8 4 1,000,000 201   Tom Jacobs J 7
1993   Jim Bechtel J 6 1,000,000 231   Glenn Cozen 7 4
1994   Russ Hamilton K 8 1,000,000 268   Hugh Vincent 8 5
1995   Dan Harrington 9 8 1,000,000 273   Howard Goldfarb A 7
1996   Huck Seed 9 8 1,000,000 295   Bruce Van Horn K 8
1997   Stu Ungar (3) A 4 1,000,000 312   John Strzemp A 8
1998   Scotty Nguyen J 9 1,000,000 350   Kevin McBride Q 10
1999   Noel Furlong 5 5 1,000,000 393   Alan Goehring 6 6
2000   Chris Ferguson A 9 1,500,000 512   T. J. Cloutier A Q
2001   Juan Carlos Mortensen K Q 1,500,000 613   Dewey Tomko A A
2002   Robert Varkonyi Q 10 2,000,000 631   Julian Gardner J 8
2003   Chris Moneymaker 5 4 2,500,000 839   Sam Farha J 10
2004   Greg Raymer 8 8 5,000,000 2,576   David Williams A 4
2005   Joe Hachem 7 3 7,500,000 5,619   Steve Dannenmann A 3
2006   Jamie Gold Q 9 12,000,000 8,773   Paul Wasicka 10 10
2007   Jerry Yang 8 8 8,250,000 6,358   Tuan Lam A Q
2008   Peter Eastgate A 5 9,152,416 6,844   Ivan Demidov 4 2
2009   Joe Cada 9 9 8,547,042 6,494   Darvin Moon Q J
2010   Jonathan Duhamel A J 8,944,310 7,319   John Racener K 8
2011   Pius Heinz A K 8,715,638 6,865   Martin Staszko 10 7
2012   Greg Merson K 5 8,531,853 6,598   Jesse Sylvia Q J
2013   Ryan Riess A K 8,361,570 6,352   Jay Farber Q 5
2014   Martin Jacobson 10 10 10,000,000 6,683   Felix Stephensen A 9
2015   Joe McKeehen A 10 7,683,346 6,420   Joshua Beckley 4 4
2016   Qui Nguyen K 10 8,005,310 6,737   Gordon Vayo J 10
2017   Scott Blumstein A 2 8,150,000 7,221   Dan Ott A 8
2018   John Cynn K J 8,800,000 7,874   Tony Miles Q 8
2019   Hossein Ensan K K 10,000,000 8,569   Dario Sammartino 8 4
2020   Damian Salas K J 2,550,969 1,379   Joseph Hebert A Q

WSOP Main Event recordsEdit

These records do not include WSOP Europe or Asia Pacific Main Events.[33]

WSOP Europe Main Event winnersEdit

Year Winner Winning hand Prize Entrants Runner-up Losing hand
2007   Annette Obrestad 7 7 £1,000,000 362   John Tabatabai 5 6
2008   John Juanda K 6 £868,800 362   Stanislav Alekhin A 9
2009   Barry Shulman 10 10 £801,603 334   Daniel Negreanu 4 4
2010   James Bord 10 10 £830,401 346   Fabrizio Baldassari 5 5
2011   Elio Fox A 10 €1,400,000 593   Chris Moorman A 7
2012   Phil Hellmuth A 10 €1,058,403 420   Sergii Baranov A 4
2013   Adrián Mateos A K €1,000,000 375   Fabrice Soulier 9 8
2015   Kevin MacPhee A 4 €883,000 313   David Lopez K K
2017   Marti Roca de Torres Q 5 €1,115,207 529   Gianluca Speranza 10 8
2018   Jack Sinclair Q 9 €1,122,239 534   Laszlo Bujtas J 7
2019   Alexandros Kolonias A K €1,133,678 541   Claas Segebrecht 3 3

WSOP Asia Pacific Main Event winnersEdit

Year Winner Winning hand Prize Entrants Runner-up Losing hand
2013   Daniel Negreanu 2 2 A$1,038,825 405   Daniel Marton A 7
2014   Scott Davies 6 6 A$850,136 329   Jack Salter Q 10

WSOP Online Main Event winnersEdit

Year Winner Winning hand Prize Entrants Runner-up Losing hand
2020   Stoyan Madanzhiev 7 6 $3,904,686 5,802   Wenling Gao A A


Poker Hall of FameEdit

Since its inception in 1979, the WSOP Poker Hall of Fame has honored 42 individuals.[36] Selection criteria for players include having competed against acknowledged top competition, played for high stakes, and played consistently well to gain the respect of their peers. For non-players, selection is based on positive and lasting contributions to the overall growth and success of poker.[37]

Player of the YearEdit

Since 2004, a Player of the Year (POY) award has been given to the player with the most points accumulated throughout the WSOP. As of 2019, fifteen different players have won the sixteen awards, with Daniel Negreanu as the only player to win the award more than once.

Only "open" events in which all players can participate count in the standings; this eliminates the Seniors, Ladies, and Casino Employee events.[38] Beginning with the 2006 World Series of Poker, the Main Event and the $50,000 H.O.R.S.E. competition had no effect on the outcome of the winner of the Player of the Year award. In the 2008 World Series of Poker, the $50,000 H.O.R.S.E. event counted toward the Player of the Year award, but the Main Event did not. Since 2009, all open events, including the Main Event, count towards Player of the Year. The Player of the Year standings were based upon performance solely at the WSOP in Las Vegas up until 2010, but beginning in 2011 have also taken the World Series of Poker Europe into account, and starting in 2013 also include events in the World Series of Poker Asia Pacific. The 2011 WSOP Player of the Year organized by Bluff Magazine used a different scoring system which took into account field sizes and buy-in amounts when calculating points earned.[39] This scoring system has been used ever since.

Year Winner Bracelets Final tables Money finishes WSOP earnings (US$) Runner-up
2004   Daniel Negreanu 1 5 6 346,280   Ted Forrest
2005   Allen Cunningham 1 4 5 1,007,115   Mark Seif
2006   Jeff Madsen 2 4 4 1,467,852   Phil Hellmuth
2007   Tom Schneider 2 3 3 416,829   Michael Binger
2008   Erick Lindgren 1 3 5 1,348,528   Barry Greenstein
2009   Jeff Lisandro 3 4 6 807,521   Ville Wahlbeck
2010   Frank Kassela 2 3 6 1,255,314   Michael Mizrachi
2011   Ben Lamb 1 4 5 5,352,970   Phil Hellmuth
2012   Greg Merson 2 2 5 9,785,354   Phil Hellmuth
2013   Daniel Negreanu 2 4 10 1,954,054   Matthew Ashton
2014   George Danzer 3 5 10 878,933   Brandon Shack-Harris
2015   Mike Gorodinsky 1 3 8 1,766,487   Jonathan Duhamel
2016   Jason Mercier[40] 2 4 11 960,424   Paul Volpe
2017   Chris Ferguson 1 3 23 428,423   John Racener
2018   Shaun Deeb 2 4 20 2,545,623   Ben Yu
2019   Robert Campbell 2 5 13 750,844   Shaun Deeb
2020 not awarded

Since 2016, the WSOP payout a bigger percentage of the field (15% instead of 10% until then).[41]


Bracelets Player Main Event wins
15   Phil Hellmuth 2[Note 1]
10   Doyle Brunson 2
  Johnny Chan 2
  Phil Ivey 0
9   Johnny Moss 3
8   Erik Seidel 0
7   Billy Baxter 0
  Men Nguyen 0
  1. ^ Hellmuth's second Main Event victory came at the 2012 World Series of Poker Europe.

Money finishesEdit

Information correct as of 3 January 2021.

Money finishes Player Bracelets
166   Daniel Negreanu 6
164   Phil Hellmuth 15
161   Chris Ferguson 6
129   Erik Seidel 8
126   Roland Israelashvili 0
110   Barry Greenstein 3
102   Yueqi Zhu 1
100   Men Nguyen 7
  Ben Yu 3
95   Max Pescatori 4

Career earningsEdit

Information correct as of 3 January 2021.

Career earnings Player Bracelets
$21,917,460   Antonio Esfandiari 3
$18,705,140   Daniel Negreanu 6
$17,413,780   Dan Colman 1
$15,034,240   Phil Hellmuth 15
$14,644,200   Jonathan Duhamel 3
$14,124,130   Justin Bonomo 3
$13,610,090   Joe Cada 4
$13,002,460   Fedor Holz 2
$12,388,310   Elton Tsang 0
$12,198,920   Jamie Gold 1


Since its inception, Stu Ungar and Johnny Moss are the only players to have won the Main Event three times. However, Moss's first victory came in a different format, as he was elected winner by vote of his fellow players at the conclusion of what was then a timed event. Moss, Ungar, Doyle Brunson, and Johnny Chan are the only people who have won the Main Event in consecutive years. Chan's second victory in 1988 was featured in the 1998 film Rounders.

Phil Hellmuth holds multiple WSOP records including most bracelets, most WSOP cashes, and most WSOP final tables. He is also the only player to have won the Main Events of both the WSOP and WSOP Europe.[42][43]

In recent years, the prize pool for the WSOP Main Event has become so large that the winner instantly becomes one of the top money winners of WSOP and even in tournament poker history. Before July 2012, the top seven players on the all-time WSOP Earnings list were Main Event champions from 2005 to 2011, among whom Jamie Gold topped those seven, he won the 2006 Main Event, which had then the biggest first prize for a single tournament, and still is the largest poker tournament by prize pool in history. However, the all-time leader is currently poker professional Daniel Negreanu, who has not won a Main Event, although he won the inaugural WSOP Asia Pacific Main Event in 2013. He is followed by professionals Antonio Esfandiari and Daniel Colman, both also yet to win a Main Event in Las Vegas.

The list below includes the WSOP Europe and WSOP Asia-Pacific, but excludes WSOP Circuit events and other non-bracelet events. The results are updated through the 2014 WSOP APAC.

Most bracelets   Phil Hellmuth 15
Most final tables   Phil Hellmuth 59
Most money finishes   Daniel Negreanu 166
Highest career earnings   Antonio Esfandiari $21,917,460
Highest earnings from a single event   Antonio Esfandiari $18,346,673
(2012 Big One for One Drop)
Youngest bracelet winner   Annette Obrestad 18 years, 364 days
(2007 WSOPE Main Event)
Oldest bracelet winner   Johnny Moss 81 years, 0 days
(1988 $1,500 Limit Ace to Five Draw)
Most bracelets in one year   Puggy Pearson (1973)
  Phil Hellmuth (1993)
  Ted Forrest (1993)
  Phil Ivey (2002)
  Jeff Lisandro (2009)
  George Danzer (2014)
Most years between bracelets   Jim Bechtel (1993, 2019) 26
Most final tables in one year   An Tran (1992) 6
Most money finishes in one year   Chris Ferguson (2017) 23
Most consecutive years with at least one bracelet   Bill Boyd (1971–1974)
  Doyle Brunson (1976–1979)
  Loren Klein (2016–2019)
Most consecutive years with at least one money finish   Mike Sexton (1988–2019) 32
Most Player of the Year awards (since 2004)   Daniel Negreanu (2004, 2013) 2
Oldest WSOP event participant   Jack Ury (2010) 97 years

Women at the WSOPEdit

At present, women make up around 5% of the field in all the events at the annual WSOP tournament.[44] Vanessa Selbst, Barbara Enright, Nani Dollison and Kristen Bicknell all have won 3 WSOP Bracelets.[45]

Last Woman StandingEdit

In 2015, Kelly Minkin finished in 29th place in the Main Event earning the "Last Woman Standing".[46]

In the 2007 World Series of Poker, Maria Ho was the last woman remaining in the Championship Event, placing 38th out of 6,358 players and earning a $237,865 payday. She repeated this accomplishment in 2014, when she came in 77th place out of 6,683 players. Her 27th place "Last Woman Standing" finish at the 2011 World Series of Poker Europe Main Event along with a 2017 6th place final table finish makes Maria the only player to ever hold the title Last Woman Standing four times over and at both the WSOP and WSOPE Main Events.[47][circular reference]

In 1995, Barbara Enright became the only woman to make the Final Table of the World Series of Poker, finishing in 5th place. She also finished in the money of the Main Event in 2005. An Ambassador of Poker League of Nations, Barbara is the first woman to win two WSOP bracelets, the first woman to win three bracelets, and the first woman to win an open event at the World Series of Poker. Barbara is also the first woman to be inducted into the Poker Hall of Fame, the Women in Poker Hall of Fame, and the Senior Poker Hall of Fame, making her the only poker player to be in all three poker halls of fame.

WSOP Ladies Championship EventsEdit

In 1977, the first Ladies only event was introduced in the form of $100 buy-in Stud Poker Tournament. Jackie McDaniels won that event to become the first Ladies Champion. She won one of the smallest prizes ($5,580) in WSOP history. By 2007, the popularity of the Ladies Event had grown to the point that it became the first Ladies-only event to have a prize pool greater than $1,000,000. The Ladies played Seven Card Stud for the event's first two decades, but have been playing Texas hold 'em since 2001.

WSOP television coverageEdit


The earliest filming of the World Series was a special produced by Binion's Horseshoe in 1973 and narrated by Jimmy "The Greek" Snyder. CBS began covering the World Series in the late 1970s.


In the early 1980s, the event was again broadcast as specials. In the late 1980s, the World Series returned to television as ESPN took over broadcasting. Initially, coverage only consisted of just a single one-hour taped-delay broadcast of the Main Event.


ESPN Classic currently airs many of the old broadcasts from the mid-1990s and beyond. Since no "pocket cam" existed, very few hole cards were actually shown to television viewers. Generally, ESPN used poker-playing actors such as Dick Van Patten, Vince Van Patten, and Gabe Kaplan, with either the tournament director (usually Jim Albrecht) or a poker professional, of which one was Phil Hellmuth, joining the team. Unlike today's coverage, ESPN featured no pre-taped interviews or profiles on the players. In addition, the commentators were generally on the casino floor itself.

In the 1994 coverage of the final hand of the Main Event shows Hugh Vincent holding 8 5 . The flop was 8 2 6, indicating that there were two 8 in the deck. The tournament director announces that Hugh Vincent needed two running spades to win. The likely hand for Hugh Vincent was 8 5, but there is no known video of the actual hand turned over by Hugh Vincent.[48]


Early 2000sEdit

From 1999 to 2001, the World Series of Poker was broadcast by The Discovery Channel. These hour-long programs presented more of an overview or recap of the WSOP as opposed to broadcasting an actual live event with play-by-play analysis and color commentary. The Discovery Channel's broadcast also featured final table players interviews interlaced throughout the show. ESPN would resume coverage the following year.

ESPN's coverage in 2002 was typical of their coverage in the 1990s (recorded in video, little or no post-production commentary or player profiles, no card cams). However, the final table broadcast was expanded over two one-hour episodes. The 2002 WSOP was the first with the "sneak peek" (later called the pocket cam, or hole cam).

2003 expansionEdit

In 2003, Fred Christenson secured the long-term rights acquisition for ESPN,[49] and the channel expanded their coverage to new heights with their coverage of the WSOP. They included coverage of the entire tournament, with a "Featured Table". At this table, the viewers could see the player's hole cards and subsequent strategy. The action was also broadcast as if live, though on tape-delay. 2003 was the first year that the broadcast covered action preceding the final table. Since then, ESPN has greatly expanded its coverage to include many of the preliminary events of the WSOP, especially Texas Hold 'Em. Also, their coverage of the main event now typically includes at least one hour program on each day. For the first two years of its existence, ESPN was broadcasting one hour programs of the "circuit" events that the WSOP has at various Harrah's-owned casinos, but ESPN did not renew these events. ESPN's coverage now includes many of the trappings of sports coverage, such as lighter segments (called "The Nuts") and interviews. ESPN's coverage has been largely driven by Matt Maranz, Executive Producer for the WSOP telecasts. Maranz previously worked on ESPN's football pre-game show, and has also produced taped segments for NBC's Olympic coverage.


Coverage would increase in 2004 and 2005 to include preliminary events from the WSOP, in addition to the "Main Event". ESPN has expanded poker to all-new levels, especially with their coverage of the 2006 WSOP, including providing the entire final table of the 2006 Main Event via pay-per-view airing. In 2008, ESPN experimented with the idea of a delayed final table. This idea presented greater sponsorship opportunities and notoriety, culminating in a recap of the Main Event and the conclusion of the 2008 Main Event final table. In 2009, ESPN announced they would again move the final table to November 2009. The WSOP also decided there would be no rebuy events in 2009. The decision was reached because of complaints that rebuy events provided an unfair advantage to professionals with no limitation on how much money they can spend for an event. There were 57 bracelet events that year. The 2010 WSOP had the same number of bracelet events as in 2009, again with no rebuy events.

With 58 bracelet events and no rebuy events, the 2011 WSOP featured unprecedented "nearly live" coverage, with broadcasts being delayed by much smaller amounts of time while still satisfying Nevada Gaming Commission regulators. Caesars Entertainment, via, streamed final-table coverage of all bracelet events on a 5-minute delay, although without pocket cams. The ESPN family of networks aired 36 hours of Main Event coverage leading up to the November Nine on a 30-minute delay, showing the hole cards of all players who voluntarily entered the pot once the hand ended. The Main Event final table was broadcast on a 15-minute delay with the same policy regarding hole cards. The first day of the final table was aired on ESPN2 and the final day on ESPN, with both days also streamed on ESPN3 and

POKER PROductions has produced the World Series of Poker Europe since 2008 and World Series of Poker since 2011. Former pro turned executive producer Mori Eskandani's team pioneered the live broadcast format seen at the WSOP since 2011. POKER PROductions has filmed WSOP bracelet final tables and the WSOP Main Event for PokerGO, a subscription video on demand service. PokerGO has had exclusive WSOP broadcast rights since 2017, with shared coverage of select events appearing on Twitch and CBS All Access.

WSOP broadcastersEdit

  • 1973 (special) – Jimmy Snyder
  • 1978 (CBS) – Brent Musburger and Jimmy Snyder
  • 1979 (CBS) – Frank Glieber and Jimmy Snyder
  • 1981 (special) – Curt Gowdy
  • 1983 (special) – Curt Gowdy and Bobby Baldwin
  • 1987 (special) – Ted Robinson
  • 1988 (ESPN) – Chris Marlowe
  • 1989 (ESPN) – Chris Marlowe
  • 1990 (ESPN) – Chris Marlowe
  • 1991 (ESPN) – Chris Marlowe
  • 1992 (ESPN) – Chris Marlowe
  • 1993 (ESPN) – Dick Van Patten and Jim Albrecht
  • 1994 (ESPN) – Dick Van Patten and Jim Albrecht
  • 1995 (ESPN) – Dick Van Patten and Jim Albrecht
  • 1996 – Was not televised
  • 1997 (ESPN) – Gabe Kaplan and Jim Albrecht
  • 1998 (ESPN) – Vince Van Patten and Jim Albrecht
  • 1999 (The Discovery Channel)
  • 2000 (The Discovery Channel)
  • 2001 (The Discovery Channel)
  • 2002 (ESPN) – Lon McEachern and Gabe Kaplan; (ESPN Latin America – Spanish) – Gabriela Hill
  • 2003 (ESPN) – Lon McEachern and Norman Chad; (ESPN Latin America – Spanish) – Gabriela Hill
  • 2004 (ESPN) – Lon McEachern and Norman Chad; (ESPN Deportes and ESPN Latin America – Spanish) – Gabriela Hill
  • 2005 (ESPN) – Lon McEachern and Norman Chad; (ESPN Deportes and ESPN Latin America – Spanish) – Gabriela Hill and Andrés Agulla
  • 2006 (ESPN) – Lon McEachern and Norman Chad; Phil Gordon and Ali Nejad in Main Event Pay-per-view; (ESPN Deportes and ESPN Latin America – Spanish) – Gabriela Hill and Andrés Agulla
  • 2007 (ESPN) – Lon McEachern and Norman Chad; Phil Gordon and Ali Nejad in Main Event Pay-per-view; (ESPN Deportes and ESPN Latin America – Spanish) – Fernando Álvarez and Gabriela Hill
  • 2008 (ESPN) – Lon McEachern and Norman Chad; (ESPN Deportes and ESPN Latin America – Spanish) – Fernando Álvarez and Gabriela Hill
  • 2009 (ESPN) – Lon McEachern and Norman Chad; (ESPN Deportes and ESPN Latin America – Spanish) – Georgina Ruiz Sandoval and Fernando Álvarez
  • 2010 (ESPN) – Lon McEachern and Norman Chad; (ESPN3) – James Hartigan and Adam Schoenfeld, Phil Hellmuth, Gavin Griffin, Bernard Lee, Jonathan Aguiar, Joseph Cheong; (ESPN Deportes and ESPN Latin America – Spanish) – Georgina Ruiz Sandoval and Fernando Álvarez
  • 2011 (ESPN) – Lon McEachern, Norman Chad and Kara Scott; (ESPN2 & 3 LIVE) Lon McEachern, David Tuchman, Antonio Esfandiari, Norman Chad, Phil Hellmuth, Olivier Busquet, Johnny Chan, Vanessa Rousso
  • 2012 (ESPN) – Lon McEachern, Norman Chad, Antonio Esfandiari, Kara Scott, and Olivier Busquet
  • 2013 (ESPN) – Lon McEachern, Norman Chad, Antonio Esfandiari, Kara Scott, Marianela Pereyra, and Phil Hellmuth
  • 2013 (ESPN Australia) – Lon McEachern, Norman Chad, Antonio Esfandiari and Lynn Gilmartin
  • 2014 (ESPN) – Lon McEachern, Norman Chad, Antonio Esfandiari, Kara Scott, Daniel Negreanu, and Phil Hellmuth
  • 2015 (ESPN) – Lon McEachern, Norman Chad, Antonio Esfandiari, Kara Scott, Daniel Negreanu, and Phil Hellmuth
  • 2016 (ESPN) – Lon McEachern, Norman Chad, Antonio Esfandiari, Kara Scott
  • 2017 (ESPN) – Lon McEachern, Norman Chad, Antonio Esfandiari, and Kara Scott
  • 2018 (ESPN) – Lon McEachern, Norman Chad, Antonio Esfandiari, and Joe Stapleton
  • 2019 (ESPN) – Lon McEachern, Norman Chad, Jamie Kerstetter, and Kara Scott


The WSOP has corporate sponsors and licensed products which pay fees to market themselves as an official sponsors and/or licensees and exclusively use the WSOP insignia and cross-promote with their events. Besides the Harrah's properties and ESPN, major sponsors have included Jack Links Beef Jerky, Miller Brewing's "Milwaukee's Best" brand of beers, Pepsi's SoBe Adrenaline Rush energy drink (sponsors of the 2005 TOC), Helene Curtis's Degree brand of anti-perspirant/deodorant, United States Playing Card's Bicycle Pro Cards, Bluff Magazine, GlaxoSmithKline/Bayer's Levitra erectile dysfunction medicine, and The Hershey Company. Licensees include Glu Mobile, Activision (video games for different platforms such as Nintendo's GameCube, Microsoft's Xbox, Sony's PlayStation 2, and PC, featuring computer-generated versions of stars like Chris Ferguson), and products made by different companies ranging from chip sets, playing cards, hand-held games, and clothing like caps and shirts. The official playing cards and chips are manufactured by Excalibur Electronics, Inc. which is based out of Miami, Florida and has been the main chip licensee since 2005. The fees and licenses bring in more than a million dollars to Harrah's.

DVD releasesEdit

In 2003[50] and 2004,[51] DVD sets were released by ESPN of the Main Event.

Video gamesEdit

In 2005, a video game based on the tournament series, titled World Series of Poker, was released for several consoles and PC. A sequel called World Series of Poker: Tournament of Champions came out in 2006. In 2007, World Series of Poker 2008: Battle for the Bracelets was released. WSOP video poker machines now appear at some Harrah's casinos; the machines are standard video poker machines, but have a bonus feature which allows a player to play a modified game of Texas Hold 'em against the machine.[52]

WSOP Poker AcademyEdit

Beginning in 2007, Harrah's announced the creation of the World Series of Poker Academy, a poker school aimed at providing poker players with the skills needed to win a WSOP bracelet. The instructors for the Academy include Annie Duke, Phil Hellmuth, Greg Raymer, Scott Fischman, Mark Kroon, Mark Seif, Alex Outhred, and former FBI interrogator Joe Navarro. Initial academies were launched in Tunica, Mississippi, Indiana, and Las Vegas.[citation needed]

WSOP onlineEdit

In September 2009, Harrah's signed an agreement with Dragonfish, the B2B arm of 888 Holdings, to provide its online gaming services. The offering went live in the UK later that year, allowing UK users to play for real money. Real money online poker is available in the United States, but only in Delaware, Nevada, and New Jersey.

WSOP Arizona LotteryEdit

In December 2010, the Arizona Lottery issued Game Number 739: World Series of Poker $5 Scratchers(sm) with a $50,000 top prize. Played on two tables, the game included a second chance drawing for non-winning tickets to win one of two Grand Prize Trip Packages that included a seat at the 2011 World Series of Poker Main Event or one of eight WSOP Poker Party Prize Packs.[citation needed]

See alsoEdit


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External linksEdit