Help:Using colours

  (Redirected from Wikipedia:Colours)

To use a colour in a template or table you can use the hex triplet (e.g. bronze is #CD7F32) or HTML colour names (e.g. red).

Overriding font colourEdit

To make a word have colour, use: <span style="color:hex triplet or colour name">text</span>

Note that you can't use the British spelling, "colour", in this context.

Examples:

  • <span style="color:red">red writing</span> shows as red writing
  • <span style="color:#0f0">green writing</span> shows as green writing
  • <span style="color:#0000FF">blue writing</span> shows as blue writing

Template font colour Edit

Template:Font color, or its redirect Template:Font colour, can also be used.

{{Font colour|fontcolour|backgroundcolour|Your text here}}

Example Result
  {{font color|red|This text is different}} This text is different
to change text-color only (Note: do not style text as a link)
  {{font color|red|yellow|This text is different}} This text is different
to change text and background color
  {{font color||yellow|This text is different}} This text is different
to change background color only
note the two pipe-characters ||

Colour generation guideEdit

Hue Saturation 4%
Brightness 100%

main background
Saturation 10%
Brightness 100%

2nd header, accent colour
Saturation 15%
Brightness 95%
main border
header background
Saturation 15%
Brightness 75%

header border only
    Note: for layouts with no spacing between borders, use the darker border colour.
Hue: 0 #FFF5F5 #FFE6E6 #F2CECE #BFA3A3
Hue: 10 #FFF7F5 #FFEAE6 #F2D4CE #BFA7A3
Hue: 20 #FFF8F5 #FFEEE6 #F2DACE #BFACA3
Hue: 30 #FFFAF5 #FFF2E6 #F2E0CE #BFB1A3
Hue: 40 #FFFCF5 #FFF7E6 #F2E6CE #BFB6A3
Hue: 50 #FFFDF5 #FFFBE6 #F2ECCE #BFBAA3
Hue: 60 #FFFFF5 #FFFFE6 #F2F2CE #BFBFA3
Hue: 70 #FDFFF5 #FBFFE6 #ECF2CE #BABFA3
Hue: 80 #FCFFF5 #F7FFE6 #E6F2CE #B6BFA3
Hue: 90 #FAFFF5 #F2FFE6 #E0F2CE #B1BFA3
Hue: 100 #F8FFF5 #EEFFE6 #DAF2CE #ACBFA3
Hue: 110 #F7FFF5 #EAFFE6 #D4F2CE #A7BFA3
Hue: 120 #F5FFF5 #E6FFE6 #CEF2CE #A3BFA3
Hue: 130 #F5FFF7 #E6FFEA #CEF2D4 #A3BFA7
Hue: 140 #F5FFF8 #E6FFEE #CEF2DA #A3BFAC
Hue: 150 #F5FFFA #E6FFF2 #CEF2E0 #A3BFB1
Hue: 160 #F5FFFC #E6FFF7 #CEF2E6 #A3BFB6
Hue: 170 #F5FFFD #E6FFFB #CEF2EC #A3BFBA
Hue: 180 #F5FFFF #E6FFFF #CEF2F2 #A3BFBF
Hue: 190 #F5FDFF #E6FBFF #CEECF2 #A3BABF
Hue: 200 #F5FCFF #E6F7FF #CEE6F2 #A3B6BF
Hue: 210 #F5FAFF #E6F2FF #CEE0F2 #A3B1BF
Hue: 220 #F5F8FF #E6EEFF #CEDAF2 #A3ACBF
Hue: 230 #F5F7FF #E6EAFF #CED4F2 #A3A7BF
Hue: 240 #F5F5FF #E6E6FF #CECEF2 #A3A3BF
Hue: 250 #F7F5FF #EAE6FF #D4CEF2 #A7A3BF
Hue: 260 #F8F5FF #EEE6FF #DACEF2 #ACA3BF
Hue: 270 #FAF5FF #F2E6FF #E0CEF2 #B1A3BF
Hue: 280 #FCF5FF #F7E6FF #E6CEF2 #B6A3BF
Hue: 290 #FDF5FF #FBE6FF #ECCEF2 #BAA3BF
Hue: 300 #FFF5FF #FFE6FF #F2CEF2 #BFA3BF
Hue: 310 #FFF5FD #FFE6FB #F2CEEC #BFA3BA
Hue: 320 #FFF5FC #FFE6F7 #F2CEE6 #BFA3B6
Hue: 330 #FFF5FA #FFE6F2 #F2CEE0 #BFA3B1
Hue: 340 #FFF5F8 #FFE6EE #F2CEDA #BFA3AC
Hue: 350 #FFF5F7 #FFE6EA #F2CED4 #BFA3A7
H: 0 S: 0 #FFFFFF #F9F9F9 #F2F2F2 #BFBFBF

Wikimedia colour schemesEdit

WikipediaEdit

Wikipedia uses this colour scheme on its Main Page.

Note: the colour for the border on the lighter boxes is also the colour of the backgrounds of the darker (title) boxes.
Hue: 150 background:#F5FFFA border:#CEF2E0   background:#CEF2E0 border:#A3BFB1  
Hue: 210 background:#F5FAFF border:#CEE0F2   background:#CEE0F2 border:#A3B1BF  
Hue: 270 background:#FAF5FF border:#E0CEF2   background:#E0CEF2 border:#B1A3BF  
Hue: 330 background:#FFF5FA border:#F2CEE0   background:#F2CEE0 border:#BFA3B1  

And additionally on the Community Portal:

Hue: 030 background:#FFFAF5 border:#F2E0CE   background:#F2E0CE border:#BFB1A3  

Additional 3-colour palettes using this same generation scheme are at the top of the talk page. In the Monobook skin, the background colour of Wikipedia pages is #F8FCFF. In the Vector skin, the background colour on all pages is #FFFFFF.

CommonsEdit

The Wikimedia Commons uses this colour scheme on commons:Main Page and commons:Help:Contents. Differing from the English Wikipedia, Commons does not use an extra, darker colour for bordering the header. Also, the colour sets are not derived from a hue the way the above table does.

background colour: #d0e5f5

background colour: #f1f5fc

border colour: #abd5f5
background colour: #faecc8

background colour: #faf6ed

border colour: #fad67d

Schemes for colour-blind readersEdit

Approximately 1 in 12 men and 1 in 200 women with Northern European ancestry have red-green colour blindness; this and other types affect people worldwide.[1] This table shows "safe" groups of colours which are distinguishable to most colour-blind people, although colour should never be used as the sole method to convey information.

White Yellow Blue

Purple

Red

Green

Brown

Grey

Black
  • Pick a maximum of one colour from each box. Do not use more than one colour from any one box.
  • Use large expanses of the colour. If you're colouring text, use bold and a large font.
  • For small expanses of colour, such as thin lines, clearly label them with text, or use non-colour techniques such as font styles (bold or italic), line styles (dots and dashes) or cross-hatching (stripes, checkers or polka-dots).
  • Use bright mid-range colours, like children's crayons. Do not use light or dark variants of the colours.
  • If you need more colours... hard luck. Instead use non-colour techniques such as labelling, font styles (bold or italic), line styles (dots and dashes) or cross-hatching (stripes, checkers or polka-dots).
  • If you are colour-blind yourself, check your revised image with a colour-sighted person to confirm the meaning is intact.

The following utilities may be of use in determining whether a revised image is distinguishable to colour-blind users. Typically they take a web page or image file as an input, and render a colour-blind simulated image as output:

Colour rampsEdit

The standard rainbow should not be used to represent continuous data, because it creates artificial thresholds; humans do not see the spectrum as a smooth ramp. Greyscales, or a perceptually-even colour ramps, or a colourmap chosen to deliberately highlight certain features, are preferable. Diverging colourramps (two colour extremes around a white or black neutral value) tend to hide some high-frequency features.

Colours have cultural connotations; pick ones that match your data. That is, a diverging colourramp with extremes "hot, cold" will be easier to understand than the reverse (hot, cold).

  • McNeall, Doug (23 June 2015). "Picking a colour scale for scientific graphics". Better Figures.
  • "Elegant Figures - Subtleties of Color (Part 1 of 6)". earthobservatory.nasa.gov. 1 February 2020.
  • Rougier, Nicolas P.; Droettboom, Michael; Bourne, Philip E. (11 September 2014). "Ten Simple Rules for Better Figures". PLoS Computational Biology. 10 (9): e1003833. doi:10.1371/journal.pcbi.1003833.

See alsoEdit

Templates

  • Template with color names
HTML name Hex code
R  G  B
Decimal code
R   G   B
Pink colors
Pink FF C0 CB 255 192 203
LightPink FF B6 C1 255 182 193
HotPink FF 69 B4 255 105 180
DeepPink FF 14 93 255  20 147
PaleVioletRed DB 70 93 219 112 147
MediumVioletRed C7 15 85 199  21 133
Red colors
LightSalmon FF A0 7A 255 160 122
Salmon FA 80 72 250 128 114
DarkSalmon E9 96 7A 233 150 122
LightCoral F0 80 80 240 128 128
IndianRed CD 5C 5C 205  92  92
Crimson DC 14 3C 220  20  60
FireBrick B2 22 22 178  34  34
DarkRed 8B 00 00 139   0   0
Red FF 00 00 255   0   0
Orange colors
OrangeRed FF 45 00 255  69   0
Tomato FF 63 47 255  99  71
Coral FF 7F 50 255 127  80
DarkOrange FF 8C 00 255 140   0
Orange FF A5 00 255 165   0
Gold FF D7 00 255 215   0
Yellow colors
Yellow FF FF 00 255 255   0
LightYellow FF FF E0 255 255 224
LemonChiffon FF FA CD 255 250 205
LightGoldenrodYellow FA FA D2 250 250 210
PapayaWhip FF EF D5 255 239 213
Moccasin FF E4 B5 255 228 181
PeachPuff FF DA B9 255 218 185
PaleGoldenrod EE E8 AA 238 232 170
Khaki F0 E6 8C 240 230 140
DarkKhaki BD B7 6B 189 183 107
Brown colors
Cornsilk FF F8 DC 255 248 220
BlanchedAlmond FF EB CD 255 235 205
Bisque FF E4 C4 255 228 196
NavajoWhite FF DE AD 255 222 173
Wheat F5 DE B3 245 222 179
BurlyWood DE B8 87 222 184 135
Tan D2 B4 8C 210 180 140
RosyBrown BC 8F 8F 188 143 143
SandyBrown F4 A4 60 244 164  96
Goldenrod DA A5 20 218 165  32
DarkGoldenrod B8 86 0B 184 134  11
Peru CD 85 3F 205 133  63
Chocolate D2 69 1E 210 105  30
SaddleBrown 8B 45 13 139  69  19
Sienna A0 52 2D 160  82  45
Brown A5 2A 2A 165  42  42
Maroon 80 00 00 128   0   0
Green colors
DarkOliveGreen 55 6B 2F  85 107  47
Olive 80 80 00 128 128   0
OliveDrab 6B 8E 23 107 142  35
YellowGreen 9A CD 32 154 205  50
LimeGreen 32 CD 32  50 205  50
Lime 00 FF 00   0 255   0
LawnGreen 7C FC 00 124 252   0
Chartreuse 7F FF 00 127 255   0
GreenYellow AD FF 2F 173 255  47
SpringGreen 00 FF 7F   0 255 127
MediumSpringGreen 00 FA 9A   0 250 154
LightGreen 90 EE 90 144 238 144
PaleGreen 98 FB 98 152 251 152
DarkSeaGreen 8F BC 8F 143 188 143
MediumSeaGreen 3C B3 71  60 179 113
SeaGreen 2E 8B 57  46 139  87
ForestGreen 22 8B 22  34 139  34
Green 00 80 00   0 128   0
DarkGreen 00 64 00   0 100   0
Cyan colors
MediumAquamarine 66 CD AA 102 205 170
Cyan 00 FF FF   0 255 255
LightCyan E0 FF FF 224 255 255
PaleTurquoise AF EE EE 175 238 238
Aquamarine 7F FF D4 127 255 212
Turquoise 40 E0 D0  64 224 208
MediumTurquoise 48 D1 CC  72 209 204
DarkTurquoise 00 CE D1   0 206 209
LightSeaGreen 20 B2 AA  32 178 170
CadetBlue 5F 9E A0  95 158 160
DarkCyan 00 8B 8B   0 139 139
Teal 00 80 80   0 128 128
Blue colors
LightSteelBlue B0 C4 DE 176 196 222
PowderBlue B0 E0 E6 176 224 230
LightBlue AD D8 E6 173 216 230
SkyBlue 87 CE EB 135 206 235
LightSkyBlue 87 CE FA 135 206 250
DeepSkyBlue 00 BF FF   0 191 255
DodgerBlue 1E 90 FF  30 144 255
CornflowerBlue 64 95 ED 100 149 237
SteelBlue 46 82 B4  70 130 180
RoyalBlue 41 69 E1  65 105 225
Blue 00 00 FF   0   0 255
MediumBlue 00 00 CD   0   0 205
DarkBlue 00 00 8B   0   0 139
Navy 00 00 80   0   0 128
MidnightBlue 19 19 70  25  25 112
Purple colors
Lavender E6 E6 FA 230 230 250
Thistle D8 BF D8 216 191 216
Plum DD A0 DD 221 160 221
Violet EE 82 EE 238 130 238
Orchid DA 70 D6 218 112 214
Magenta FF 00 FF 255   0 255
MediumOrchid BA 55 D3 186  85 211
MediumPurple 93 70 DB 147 112 219
BlueViolet 8A 2B E2 138  43 226
DarkViolet 94 00 D3 148   0 211
DarkOrchid 99 32 CC 153  50 204
DarkMagenta 8B 00 8B 139   0 139
Purple 80 00 80 128   0 128
Indigo 4B 00 82  75   0 130
DarkSlateBlue 48 3D 8B  72  61 139
SlateBlue 6A 5A CD 106  90 205
MediumSlateBlue 7B 68 EE 123 104 238
White/Gray/Black colors
White FF FF FF 255 255 255
Snow FF FA FA 255 250 250
Honeydew F0 FF F0 240 255 240
MintCream F5 FF FA 245 255 250
Azure F0 FF FF 240 255 255
AliceBlue F0 F8 FF 240 248 255
GhostWhite F8 F8 FF 248 248 255
WhiteSmoke F5 F5 F5 245 245 245
Seashell FF F5 EE 255 245 238
Beige F5 F5 DC 245 245 220
OldLace FD F5 E6 253 245 230
FloralWhite FF FA F0 255 250 240
Ivory FF FF F0 255 255 240
AntiqueWhite FA EB D7 250 235 215
Linen FA F0 E6 250 240 230
LavenderBlush FF F0 F5 255 240 245
MistyRose FF E4 E1 255 228 225
Gainsboro DC DC DC 220 220 220
LightGray D3 D3 D3 211 211 211
Silver C0 C0 C0 192 192 192
DarkGray A9 A9 A9 169 169 169
Gray 80 80 80 128 128 128
DimGray 69 69 69 105 105 105
LightSlateGray 77 88 99 119 136 153
SlateGray 70 80 90 112 128 144
DarkSlateGray 2F 4F 4F  47  79  79
Black 00 00 00   0   0   0

Related help pages

Somewhat related pages

Encyclopedia articles

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Color Vision Deficiency". MedlinePlus. U.S. National Library of Medicine. 1 January 2015. Retrieved 29 January 2021.