Fuchsia (color)

Fuchsia (/ˈfjuːʃə/, FEW-shə) is a vivid purplish red color,[1] named after the color of the flower of the fuchsia plant, which was named by a French botanist, Charles Plumier, after the 16th-century German botanist Leonhart Fuchs.

Flowers of the fuchsia plant

The color fuchsia was first introduced as the color of a new aniline dye called fuchsine, patented in 1859 by the French chemist François-Emmanuel Verguin. The dye was renamed magenta later in the same year, to celebrate a victory of the French army at the Battle of Magenta on June 4, 1859, near the Italian city of that name.[2]

The first recorded use of fuchsia as a color name in English was in 1892.[3]

In RGBEdit

In the RGB color model, used to create colors on computers and television screens, and in web colors, fuchsia and magenta are exactly the same color, made by mixing blue and red light at full and equal intensity.

In print and designEdit

In color printing and design, there are more variations between magenta and fuchsia. Fuchsia is usually a more purplish color, whereas magenta is more reddish.[4] Fuchsia flowers themselves contain a wide variety of purples.


The first synthetic dye of the color fuchsia, called fuchsine, was patented in 1859 by François-Emmanuel Verguin. It was later renamed magenta, and became highly popular under that name.

Fuchsia (web color)Edit

On computer screens, red and blue light combined at full intensity produce fuchsia or magenta. The two web colors are identical, and have the same hex code, FF00FF.
Fuchsia (web color)
      Color coordinates
Hex triplet#FF00FF
sRGBB (r, g, b)(255, 0, 255)
HSV (h, s, v)(300°, 100%, 100%)
CIELChuv (L, C, h)(60, 137, 308°)
ISCC–NBS descriptorVivid purple
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

In the system of additive colors, the RGB color model used to create all the colors on a computer or television display, the colors magenta and fuchsia are exactly the same, and have the same hex number, #FF00FF. The name fuchsia is used on the HTML web color list for this color, while the name magenta is used on the X11 web color list. They are both composed the same way, by combining an equal amount of blue and red light at full brightness, as shown in the image on the left.

Variations of fuchsiaEdit

French fuchsiaEdit

French fuchsia color shoes
French Fuchsia
      Color coordinates
Hex triplet#FD3F92
sRGBB (r, g, b)(253, 63, 146)
HSV (h, s, v)(334°, 75%, 99%)
CIELChuv (L, C, h)(59, 121, 352°)
ISCC–NBS descriptorVivid purplish red
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

At right is displayed the color French fuchsia, which is the tone of fuchsia called fuchsia in a color list popular in France.

Fuchsia roseEdit

Fuchsia Rose
      Color coordinates
Hex triplet#C74375
sRGBB (r, g, b)(199, 67, 117)
HSV (h, s, v)(337°, 66%, 78%)
CIELChuv (L, C, h)(49, 86, 354°)
SourcePantone TPX
ISCC–NBS descriptorStrong purplish red
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

Fuchsia rose is the color that was chosen as the 2001 Pantone color of the year by Pantone.


      Color coordinates
Hex triplet#E40078
sRGBB (r, g, b)(228, 0, 120)
HSV (h, s, v)(328°, 100%, 89%)
CIELChuv (L, C, h)(49, 125, 353°)
SourceGallego and Sanz[6]
ISCC–NBS descriptorVivid purplish red
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

Red-purple is the color that is called Rojo-Púrpura (the Spanish word for "red-purple") in the Guía de coloraciones (Guide to colorations) by Rosa Gallego and Juan Carlos Sanz, a color dictionary published in 2005 that is widely popular in the Hispanophone realm.

Although red-purple is a seldom-used color name in English, in Spanish it is regarded one of the major tones of purple.

Fuchsia purpleEdit

Fuchsia Purple
      Color coordinates
Hex triplet#CC397B
sRGBB (r, g, b)(204, 57, 123)
HSV (h, s, v)(333°, 72%, 80%)
CIELChuv (L, C, h)(49, 93, 350°)
ISCC–NBS descriptorVivid purplish red
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

The color fuchsia purple is displayed at right.

The source of this color is the "Pantone Textile Paper eXtended (TPX)" color list, color #18-2436 TPX—Fuchsia Purple.

Deep fuchsiaEdit

Fuchsia (Crayola)
      Color coordinates
Hex triplet#C154C1
sRGBB (r, g, b)(193, 84, 193)
HSV (h, s, v)(300°, 56%, 76%)
CIELChuv (L, C, h)(54, 82, 308°)
ISCC–NBS descriptorVivid purple
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

Deep fuchsia is the color that is called fuchsia in the List of Crayola crayon colors.


      Color coordinates
Hex triplet#B53389
sRGBB (r, g, b)(181, 51, 137)
HSV (h, s, v)(320°, 72%, 71%)
CIELChuv (L, C, h)(44, 78, 333°)
SourceMaerz and Paul
ISCC–NBS descriptorVivid purplish red
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

Displayed at right is the color fandango.

The first recorded use of fandango as a color name in English was in 1925.[7]

Antique fuchsiaEdit

Antique Fuchsia
      Color coordinates
Hex triplet#915C83
sRGBB (r, g, b)(145, 92, 131)
HSV (h, s, v)(316°, 37%, 57%)
CIELChuv (L, C, h)(46, 36, 322°)
ISCC–NBS descriptorModerate reddish purple
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

Displayed at right is the color antique fuchsia.

The first recorded use of antique fuchsia as a color name in English was in 1928.[8]

The source of this color is the Plochere Color System, a color system formulated in 1948 that is widely used by interior designers.[9]

Crayola color fuchsiaEdit

In 1949, the color names of Crayola crayons were reformed and became more scientific, more of the names of the colors of the crayons being based on the names of colors in the original 1930 edition of the Dictionary of Color and the color names of the Munsell color system. Crayola crayons set up a color naming system similar to that used in the Munsell Color Wheel, except that violet instead of purple was used as the secondary color on the color wheel between red and blue. The web color fuchsia is equivalent to the pure chroma on Munsell Color Wheel of the Munsell color system that is designated as "5RP" (reddish purple) i.e., a purple that is shaded toward red (the color we can achieve today with computers is a much more saturated pure color wheel chroma hue than the original color chip shown on the Munsell color wheel diagram in the Munsell color system article[citation needed]). In 1972, a new Crayola crayon color was introduced called hot magenta which is the closest equivalent to the web color fuchsia in Crayola crayons. (See List of Crayola crayon colors.)

The color shown in the color box above is the color called "Fuchsia" in A Dictionary of Color. That is why the name fuchsia was chosen as the equivalent to one of the three secondary additive primary colors, electric magenta, because A Dictionary of Color was the primary reference on color names (besides the Munsell Book of Color) before the introduction of personal computers. The color shown above is somewhat brighter than most actual flowers of the fuchsia plant. The color shown as magenta in A Dictionary of Color is a somewhat different color than the color shown in that book as fuchsia—it is the original color magenta now called rich magenta or magenta (dye) (see the article on magenta for a color box displaying a sample of this original magenta).

See alsoEdit


  • Philip Ball (2001), Bright Earth, Art and the Invention of Colour, Penguin Group, ISBN 978-2-7541-0503-3. (ISBN and page numbers are from the French translation).

Notes and citationsEdit

  1. ^ Oxford English dictionaries online: "a vivid pinkish-red colour like that of the sepals of a typical fuchsia flower". See also Shorter Oxford English Dictionary (2002), Oxford University Press, 5th Edition: "A shade of red like that of the fuchsia flower." See also Random House College Dictionary (1980), Revised Edition: "A Bright purplish-red color". See also Webster's New World Dictionary of the American Language: "a purplish-red."
  2. ^ Philip Ball, Bright Earth, Art and the Invention of Colour, p. 214.
  3. ^ Maerz and Paul, A Dictionary of Color New York:1930 McGraw-Hill, p. 195; Color Sample of Fuchsia Page 123 Plate 50 Color Sample I 12
  4. ^ Compare the colors Fuchsia and Magenta in the 1930 book A Dictionary of Color by Maerz and Paul
  5. ^ "CSS Color Module Level 3". W3.org. Retrieved 14 November 2017.
  6. ^ Gallego, Rosa; Sanz, Juan Carlos (2005). Guía de coloraciones (Gallego, Rosa; Sanz, Juan Carlos (2005). Guide to Colorations) Madrid: H. Blume. ISBN 84-89840-31-8
  7. ^ Maerz and Paul A Dictionary of Color New York:1930 McGraw-Hill, p. 195; Color Sample of Fandango Page 127 Plate 52 Color Sample L 10
  8. ^ Maerz and Paul, A Dictionary of Color New York:1930 McGraw-Hill, p. 189; Color Sample of Antique Fuchsia Page 109 Plate 43 Color Sample K7
  9. ^ Plochere Color System: Archived August 21, 2010, at the Wayback Machine