Open main menu

Vice-President of the European Commission

A Vice-President of the European Commission is a member of the European Commission who leads the Commission's work in particular focus areas in which multiple European Commissioners participate. Currently, the European Commission has a total of eight Vice-Presidents.

Role and benefitsEdit

 
The current First Vice-President Frans Timmermans from the Netherlands

The role of Vice-President of the European Commission may be bestowed on any European Commissioner in addition to their existing portfolio.

Since the 2009 Lisbon Treaty entered into force, the High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy is ex officio one of the Vice-Presidents. The other Vice-Presidents are appointed at the discretion of the Commission President.

Commission salaries are set as a percentage of the top civil service grade. Vice-Presidents are paid at 125% (€22,122.10 monthly), in comparison to 112.5% (€19,909.89) for normal Commissioners and 138% (€24,422.80) for the President.[1][2] However, the Vice-President who also serves as the High Representative is paid at 130% (€23,006.98).[3] There are further allowances on top of these figures.[1]

First Vice-PresidentEdit

The First Vice-President usually takes on the main role of a vice president: taking over from the President in their absence. Frans Timmermans is the incumbent First Vice-President having served in the position since 2014 in both the Juncker and von der Leyen Commissions.[4]

The position was established under the Barroso I Commission in 2004, with its first occupant being Margot Wallström. She was succeeded in the second Barroso Commission by Catherine Ashton who was also the High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy.

Executive Vice-PresidentEdit

The von der Leyen Commission established a new position of Executive Vice-President. There are three Executive Vice-Presidents, one of whom is the First Vice-President, who in addition to their other roles also manage a policy area, with a specific Directorate-General under their authority for this part of their job.[4]

Historical Vice-PresidentsEdit

Legend:     Socialist (PES) –   Liberal (ALDE) –   People's (EPP-ED)
Commission Entered office Left office Name State Party
Hallstein I
7 January 1958 9 January 1962 Sicco Mansholt   Netherlands PvdA
7 January 1958 9 January 1962 Robert Marjolin   France SFIO
7 January 1958 15 September 1959 Piero Malvestiti   Italy DC
Hallstein II
10 January 1962 30 June 1967 Sicco Mansholt   Netherlands PvdA
10 January 1962 30 June 1967 Robert Marjolin   France SFIO
10 January 1962 15 May 1963 Giuseppe Caron   Italy DC
30 July 1965 30 June 1967 Lionello Sandri   Italy PSI
Rey
2 July 1967 30 June 1970 Sicco Mansholt   Netherlands PvdA
2 July 1967 30 June 1970 Lionello Sandri   Italy PSI
2 July 1967 30 June 1970 Fritz Hellwig   West Germany CDU
2 July 1967 30 June 1970 Raymond Barre   France UDF
2 July 1967 30 June 1970 Wilhelm Haferkamp   West Germany SPD
Malfatti
1 July 1970 21 March 1972 Sicco Mansholt   Netherlands PvdA
1 July 1970 21 March 1972 Wilhelm Haferkamp   West Germany SPD
Mansholt
22 March 1972 5 January 1973 Wilhelm Haferkamp   West Germany SPD
Ortoli
6 January 1973 5 January 1977 Patrick Hillery   Ireland FF
6 January 1973 5 January 1977 Wilhelm Haferkamp   West Germany SPD
6 January 1973 5 January 1977 Henri Simonet   Belgium PS
6 January 1973 5 January 1977 Christopher Soames   United Kingdom Con.
6 January 1973 5 January 1977 Carlo Scarascia-Mugnozza   Italy DC
Jenkins
6 January 1977 5 January 1981 Wilhelm Haferkamp   West Germany SPD
6 January 1977 5 January 1981 Henk Vredeling   Netherlands PvdA
6 January 1977 5 January 1981 Finn Olav Gundelach   Denmark SD
6 January 1977 5 January 1981 François-Xavier Ortoli   France RPR
6 January 1977 5 January 1981 Lorenzo Natali   Italy DC
Thorn
6 January 1981 5 January 1985 Christopher Tugendhat   United Kingdom Con.
6 January 1981 5 January 1985 François-Xavier Ortoli   France RPR
Delors I
6 January 1985 5 January 1989 Frans Andriessen   Netherlands CDA
6 January 1985 5 January 1989 Arthur Cockfield   United Kingdom Con.
6 January 1985 5 January 1989 Karl-Heinz Narjes   West Germany CDU
6 January 1985 5 January 1989 Lorenzo Natali   Italy DC
5 January 1986 5 January 1989 Manuel Marín   Spain PSOE
Delors II
6 January 1989 5 January 1993 Frans Andriessen   Netherlands CDA
6 January 1989 5 January 1993 Leon Brittan   United Kingdom Con.
6 January 1989 5 January 1993 Henning Christophersen   Denmark Venstre
6 January 1989 5 January 1993 Manuel Marín   Spain PSOE
6 January 1989 5 January 1993 Filippo Maria Pandolfi   Italy DC
Delors III
6 January 1993 22 January 1995 Martin Bangemann   Germany FDP
6 January 1993 22 January 1995 Leon Brittan   United Kingdom Con.
6 January 1993 22 January 1995 Henning Christophersen   Denmark Venstre
6 January 1993 22 January 1995 Manuel Marín   Spain PSOE
6 January 1993 22 January 1995 Karel Van Miert   Belgium Sp.a
6 January 1993 22 January 1995 Antonio Ruberti   Italy PSI
Santer
23 January 1995 13 September 1999 Leon Brittan   United Kingdom Con.
23 January 1995 19 July 1999 Manuel Marín   Spain PSOE
Prodi
16 September 1999 21 November 2004 Neil Kinnock   United Kingdom Labour
16 September 1999 21 November 2004 Loyola de Palacio   Spain PP
Barroso I
22 November 2004 9 February 2010 Margot Wallström   Sweden SAP
22 November 2004 9 February 2010 Günter Verheugen   Germany PSD
22 November 2004 9 February 2010 Jacques Barrot   France UMP
22 November 2004 9 February 2010 Siim Kallas   Estonia ERP
22 November 2004 8 May 2008 Franco Frattini   Italy FI
9 May 2008 9 February 2010 Antonio Tajani   Italy FI
Barroso II
9 February 2010 31 October 2014 Catherine Ashton   United Kingdom Labour
9 February 2010 1 July 2014 Viviane Reding   Luxembourg CSV
9 February 2010 31 October 2014 Joaquín Almunia   Spain PSOE
9 February 2010 31 October 2014 Siim Kallas   Estonia ERP
9 February 2010 31 October 2014 Neelie Kroes   Netherlands VVD
9 February 2010 1 July 2014 Antonio Tajani   Italy PDL
9 February 2010 31 October 2014 Maroš Šefčovič   Slovakia Smer
27 October 2011 1 July 2014 Olli Rehn   Finland SK
1 July 2014 31 October 2014 Michel Barnier   France UMP
1 July 2014 31 October 2014 Günther Oettinger   Germany CDU
16 July 2014 31 October 2014 Jyrki Katainen   Finland KOK
Juncker
1 November 2014 30 November 2019 Frans Timmermans   Netherlands PvdA
1 November 2014 30 November 2019 Federica Mogherini   Italy PD
1 November 2014 31 December 2016 Kristalina Georgieva   Bulgaria GERB
1 November 2014 30 November 2019 Jyrki Katainen   Finland KOK
1 November 2014 30 November 2019 Valdis Dombrovskis   Latvia Unity
1 November 2014 1 July 2019 Andrus Ansip   Estonia ERP
1 November 2014 30 November 2019 Maroš Šefčovič   Slovakia Smer-SD
von der Leyen
1 December 2019 present Frans Timmermans   Netherlands PvdA
1 December 2019 present Margrethe Vestager   Denmark RV
1 December 2019 present Valdis Dombrovskis   Latvia Unity
1 December 2019 present Josep Borrell   Spain PSOE
1 December 2019 present Maroš Šefčovič   Slovakia Smer-SD
1 December 2019 present Věra Jourová   Czech Republic ANO
1 December 2019 present Dubravka Šuica   Croatia HDZ
1 December 2019 present Margaritis Schinas   Greece ND
  • First Vice-Presidents are in italics.
  • Executive Vice-Presidents are in bold.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b REGULATION No 422/67/EEC, 5/67/EURATOM OF THE COUNCIL, EurLex
  2. ^ Base salary of grade 16, third step is €17,697.68: European Commission: Officials' salaries – accessed 19 March 2010
  3. ^ Council Decision of 1 December 2009 laying down the conditions of employment of the High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy[permanent dead link], EurLex
  4. ^ a b "Mission letter of Frans Timmermans" (PDF). 10 September 2019 – via ec.europa.eu.

External linksEdit