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Vice-President of the European Commission

A Vice-President of the European Commission is a member of the European Commission who leads the Commission's work in particular focus areas in which multiple European Commissioners participate. The European Commission has a total of six Vice-Presidents. Since the 2009 Lisbon Treaty entered into force, one of these is ex officio the High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy, with the others being appointed at the discretion of the Commission President.

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Role and benefitsEdit

 
The current First Vice-President Frans Timmermans from the Netherlands

Any Vice-President occupies this role in addition to their usual portfolio as Commissioner. Although the post of Vice-President gives little extra power, it is seen as important in appointments.

Commission salaries are set as a percentage of the top civil service grade. Vice-Presidents are paid at 125% (€22,122.10 monthly), in comparison to 112.5% (€19,909.89) for normal Commissioners and 138% (€24,422.80) for the President.[1][2] However, the Vice-President who is also the High Representative, is paid at 130% (€23,006.98).[3] There are further allowances on top of these figures.[1]

First Vice-PresidentEdit

The First Vice-President usually takes on the main role of a vice president: taking over from the President in their absence. The current First Vice-President is Frans Timmermans. The previous First Vice-President was Catherine Ashton who was also the High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy.

Historical Vice-PresidentsEdit

Legend:     Socialist (PES) –   Liberal (ALDE) –   People's (EPP-ED)
Commission Entered office Left office Name State Party
Hallstein I
7 January 1958 9 January 1962 Sicco Mansholt   Netherlands PvdA
7 January 1958 9 January 1962 Robert Marjolin   France SFIO
7 January 1958 15 September 1959 Piero Malvestiti   Italy DC
Hallstein II
10 January 1962 30 June 1967 Sicco Mansholt   Netherlands PvdA
10 January 1962 30 June 1967 Robert Marjolin   France SFIO
10 January 1962 15 May 1963 Giuseppe Caron   Italy DC
30 July 1965 30 June 1967 Lionello Sandri   Italy PSI
Rey
2 July 1967 30 June 1970 Sicco Mansholt   Netherlands PvdA
2 July 1967 30 June 1970 Lionello Sandri   Italy PSI
2 July 1967 30 June 1970 Fritz Hellwig   West Germany CDU
2 July 1967 30 June 1970 Raymond Barre   France UDF
2 July 1967 30 June 1970 Wilhelm Haferkamp   West Germany SPD
Malfatti
1 July 1970 21 March 1972 Sicco Mansholt   Netherlands PvdA
1 July 1970 21 March 1972 Wilhelm Haferkamp   West Germany SPD
Mansholt
22 March 1972 5 January 1973 Wilhelm Haferkamp   West Germany SPD
Ortoli
6 January 1973 5 January 1977 Patrick Hillery   Ireland FF
6 January 1973 5 January 1977 Wilhelm Haferkamp   West Germany SPD
6 January 1973 5 January 1977 Henri Simonet   Belgium PS
6 January 1973 5 January 1977 Christopher Soames   United Kingdom Con.
6 January 1973 5 January 1977 Carlo Scarascia-Mugnozza   Italy DC
Jenkins
6 January 1977 5 January 1981 Wilhelm Haferkamp   West Germany SPD
6 January 1977 5 January 1981 Henk Vredeling   Netherlands PvdA
6 January 1977 5 January 1981 Finn Olav Gundelach   Denmark SD
6 January 1977 5 January 1981 François-Xavier Ortoli   France RPR
6 January 1977 5 January 1981 Lorenzo Natali   Italy DC
Thorn
6 January 1981 5 January 1985 Christopher Tugendhat   United Kingdom Con.
6 January 1981 5 January 1985 François-Xavier Ortoli   France RPR
Delors I
6 January 1985 5 January 1989 Frans Andriessen   Netherlands CDA
6 January 1985 5 January 1989 Arthur Cockfield   United Kingdom Con.
6 January 1985 5 January 1989 Karl-Heinz Narjes   West Germany CDU
6 January 1985 5 January 1989 Lorenzo Natali   Italy DC
5 January 1986 5 January 1989 Manuel Marín   Spain PSOE
Delors II
6 January 1989 5 January 1993 Frans Andriessen   Netherlands CDA
6 January 1989 5 January 1993 Leon Brittan   United Kingdom Con.
6 January 1989 5 January 1993 Henning Christophersen   Denmark Venstre
6 January 1989 5 January 1993 Manuel Marín   Spain PSOE
6 January 1989 5 January 1993 Filippo Maria Pandolfi   Italy DC
Delors III
6 January 1993 22 January 1995 Martin Bangemann   Germany FDP
6 January 1993 22 January 1995 Leon Brittan   United Kingdom Con.
6 January 1993 22 January 1995 Henning Christophersen   Denmark Venstre
6 January 1993 22 January 1995 Manuel Marín   Spain PSOE
6 January 1993 22 January 1995 Karel Van Miert   Belgium Sp.a
6 January 1993 22 January 1995 Antonio Ruberti   Italy PSI
Santer
23 January 1995 13 September 1999 Leon Brittan   United Kingdom Con.
23 January 1995 19 July 1999 Manuel Marín   Spain PSOE
Prodi
16 September 1999 21 November 2004 Neil Kinnock   United Kingdom Labour
16 September 1999 21 November 2004 Loyola de Palacio   Spain PP
Barroso I
22 November 2004 9 February 2010 Margot Wallström   Sweden SAP
22 November 2004 9 February 2010 Günter Verheugen   Germany PSD
22 November 2004 9 February 2010 Jacques Barrot   France UMP
22 November 2004 9 February 2010 Siim Kallas   Estonia ERP
22 November 2004 8 May 2008 Franco Frattini   Italy FI
9 May 2008 9 February 2010 Antonio Tajani   Italy FI
Barroso II
9 February 2010 1 November 2014 Catherine Ashton   United Kingdom Labour
9 February 2010 1 July 2014 Viviane Reding   Luxembourg CSV
9 February 2010 1 November 2014 Joaquín Almunia   Spain PSOE
9 February 2010 1 November 2014 Siim Kallas   Estonia ERP
9 February 2010 1 November 2014 Neelie Kroes   Netherlands VVD
9 February 2010 1 July 2014 Antonio Tajani   Italy PDL
9 February 2010 1 November 2014 Maroš Šefčovič   Slovakia Smer
27 October 2011 1 July 2014 Olli Rehn   Finland SK
1 July 2014 1 November 2014 Michel Barnier   France UMP
1 July 2014 1 November 2014 Günther Oettinger   Germany CDU
16 July 2014 1 November 2014 Jyrki Katainen   Finland KOK
Juncker
1 November 2014 present Frans Timmermans   Netherlands PvdA
1 November 2014 present Federica Mogherini   Italy PD
1 November 2014 31 December 2016 Kristalina Georgieva   Bulgaria GERB
1 November 2014 present Jyrki Katainen   Finland KOK
1 November 2014 present Valdis Dombrovskis   Latvia Unity
1 November 2014 present Andrus Ansip   Estonia ERP
1 November 2014 present Maroš Šefčovič   Slovakia Smer-SD
  • First Vice-Presidents are in italics.

ReferencesEdit

External linksEdit