Margot Elisabeth Wallström (Swedish pronunciation: [ˈmǎrːɡɔt ˈvâlːstrœm]; born 28 September 1954) is a Swedish politician, member of the Swedish Social Democratic Party. She served as Deputy Prime Minister of Sweden and Minister for Nordic Cooperation from October 2014 to 2019. She previously served as the Minister for Foreign Affairs for Sweden from October 2014 until she resigned on 5 September 2019. She previously served as the first United Nations Special Representative on Sexual Violence in Conflict from 2010 to 2012, as Vice-President of the European Commission and European Commissioner for Institutional Relations and Communication Strategy from 2004 to 2010, European Commissioner for the Environment from 1999 to 2004, Minister for Consumer Affairs from 1988 to 1991 and Member of the Riksdag (MP) for Värmland from 1982 to 1999.
|Deputy Prime Minister of Sweden|
3 October 2014 – 10 September 2019
|Prime Minister||Stefan Löfven|
|Preceded by||Jan Björklund|
|Succeeded by||Morgan Johansson|
|Minister for Foreign Affairs|
3 October 2014 – 10 September 2019
|Prime Minister||Stefan Löfven|
|Preceded by||Carl Bildt|
|Succeeded by||Ann Linde|
|Minister for Nordic Cooperation|
25 May 2016 – 21 January 2019
|Prime Minister||Stefan Löfven|
|Preceded by||Kristina Persson|
|Succeeded by||Ann Linde|
|United Nations Special Representative on Sexual Violence in Conflict|
April 2010 – 22 June 2012
|Secretary General||Ban Ki-moon|
|Preceded by||Office established|
|Succeeded by||Zainab Bangura|
|First Vice-President of the European Commission|
22 November 2004 – 9 February 2010
|President||José Manuel Barroso|
|Preceded by||Position established|
|Succeeded by||Catherine Ashton|
|European Commissioner for Institutional Relations and Communication Strategy|
22 November 2004 – 9 February 2010
|President||José Manuel Barroso|
|Preceded by||Position established|
|Succeeded by||Maroš Šefčovič (Inter-Institutional Relations and Administration)|
|European Commissioner for the Environment|
13 September 1999 – 11 November 2004
|Preceded by||Ritt Bjerregaard|
|Succeeded by||Stavros Dimas|
|Minister for Consumer Affairs|
4 October 1988 – 4 October 1991
|Prime Minister||Ingvar Carlsson|
|Preceded by||Bengt K.Å. Johansson|
|Succeeded by||Inger Davidson|
|Member of the Riksdag|
19 September 1982 – 11 September 1999
Margot Elisabeth Wallström
28 September 1954
|Political party||Social Democrats|
Early life and careerEdit
Born in Skellefteå, Wallström is a high school graduate without academic degrees. In 1973, she started her career as a banking clerk at the Alfa Savings bank in Karlstad. She worked there from 1977 to 1979, and briefly as an accountant from 1986 to 1987. Wallström was the CEO of a regional TV network in Värmland, Sweden from 1993 to 1994. Before taking up her appointment as EU Commissioner she was executive vice-president of Worldview Global Media in Colombo, Sri Lanka.
Wallström has had a long career in politics in the Swedish parliament, the Swedish government, and the European Commission. At 25, she was elected to parliament. She was Environment Commissioner from 1999 to 2004, and in the Swedish government she was Minister for Consumer Affairs, Women and Youth from 1988 to 1991, Minister for Culture from 1994 to 1996, and Minister for Social Affairs from 1996 to 1998.
European Commissioner for the Environment, 1999–2004Edit
During her time in office, Wallström pushed the European Commission's initial proposal for REACH, a regulation requiring manufacturers of industrial chemicals to test and register their products with the European Chemicals Agency before they can be used. In 2004, she approved the importation of a genetically modified corn from the United States for animal feed after a six-year moratorium, arguing in a statement that the corn produced by biotechnology company Monsanto, known as NK603 maize, had been rigorously tested and was considered "as safe as any conventional maize".
First Vice-President of the European Commission, 2004–2010Edit
In 2004, Wallström became the first member of the European Commission to operate a blog. The comments section of her site quickly became a hotspot for arguments concerning the policies of the European Union. After the rejection of the Treaty establishing a Constitution for Europe by French and Dutch voters, Wallström pushed forward her "plan D" (for democracy, dialogue and debate) to reconnect Citizens with the Union. Her work on such platforms, including the backing of the oneseat.eu petition, has given her a good reputation in some quarters, even being dubbed "the Citizens Commissioner" – but has earned her names like "the Propaganda Commissioner" as well from political opponents. The Economist listed her among the least effective commissioners in 2009.
In 2006, Wallström presented her a plan to transform the EU's Europe by Satellite (EbS) video-broadcast service into an EU news agency; the plan was scrapped after press organizations complained that it would undermine the work of reporters covering the EU.
Following Sweden's 2006 election, in which the Social Democratic Party lost power, former Prime Minister Göran Persson announced his withdrawal from politics in March 2007. Wallström was regarded as the favourite candidate to succeed Persson as Social Democratic party leader, but made clear that she did not wish to be considered for the position. The post instead went to Mona Sahlin.
Between 2006 and 2007, Wallström served as member of the Amato Group, a group of high-level European politicians unofficially working on rewriting the Treaty establishing a Constitution for Europe into what became known as the Treaty of Lisbon following its rejection by French and Dutch voters.
Immediately after the election of Mona Sahlin as party leader, Wallström accepted a membership in a group working to develop political strategies for the upcoming election to the European Parliament in 2009. The membership in this group was considered by Swedish liberal Carl B Hamilton (and later also Fredrik Reinfeldt) to constitute a breach of the oath every member of the European Commission gives, which states that any member of the commission should work for the community's best interest with no influence from politicians. European Commission spokespeople Mikolaj Dowgielewicz and Pia Ahrenkilde-Hansen stated that her new assignment was not in conflict with her commissioner position.
In December 2006, Wallström was voted the most popular woman in Sweden, beating royals and athletes in a survey carried out by ICA-kuriren and Sifo. In the previous year she had attained second place. Wallström was modest in response stating that "it might be because I'm so far away".
On 16 November 2007, Margot Wallström, became Chair of the Council of Women World Leaders Ministerial Initiative. This position was previously held by former U.S. Secretary of State Madeleine K. Albright.
United Nations Special Representative on Sexual Violence in Conflict, 2010–2012Edit
On 31 January 2010, the Secretary-General of the United Nations, Ban Ki-moon, announced at the African Union summit in Ethiopia his intention to nominate Wallström as his first ever United Nations Special Representative on Sexual Violence in Conflict. As a reaction, Wallström said that she felt "honoured" and "humble" to have been chosen for the job, which she started in April 2010.
In August 2010, Ban sent Wallström to the Democratic Republic of the Congo to help investigate claims that rebel fighters raped more than 150 women and baby boys over four days within miles of a UN base in the country. Wallström later addressed the United Nations Security Council in a September 2010 session on the use of sexual violence as a weapon by both rebel militias and government troops in the eastern provinces of the DRC. In her speech, she demonstrated that the rapes in the North Kivu and South Kivu provinces "were not an isolated incident but part of a broader pattern of widespread systematic rape and pillage".
Minister of Foreign Affairs of Sweden, 2014–2019Edit
On 30 October 2014, Wallström became the first EU foreign minister to recognise the State of Palestine, with a view to "facilitate a peace agreement by making the parties less unequal"; as a result, Israel the same day recalled its ambassador for consultations. Although a visit by Wallström to Israel had been planned for January 2015, Israel's foreign minister Avigdor Lieberman and prime minister Benjamin Netanyahu declined to receive her. Wallström's diplomatic immunity status in Israel was also revoked which meant that if she visited Israel she would do as an individual rather than an official of a foreign state, which would normally mean enjoying protection by security services. In a March 2018 interview, she stated that the intent behind the recognition was to speed up the process towards a Two-state solution but also admitted that no progress on that issue had been made.
In December 2014, Wallström called in the Russian ambassador to Sweden, Victor Ivanovitj Tatarintsev, over the behaviour of a Russian military jet which Swedish authorities said had caused an SAS flight from Copenhagen to Poznan, Poland, to change course off southern Sweden; the incident inflamed sensitivities over Russian flights in the Nordic region, driven in part by tensions over separatism in eastern Ukraine. On 11 September 2015, she again summoned Russia's ambassador to explain comments from the Russian foreign ministry warning of "consequences" if Sweden joins NATO.
In May 2015, United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon appointed Wallström as member of the High-Level Panel on Humanitarian Financing, an initiative aimed at preparing recommendations for the 2016 World Humanitarian Summit.
In February 2018, Wallström cancelled her visit to Turkey that was due in two weeks to protest the Turkish invasion of northern Syria aimed at ousting U.S.-backed Syrian Kurds from the enclave of Afrin.
Wallström "promised a 'feminist' foreign policy when her Social Democrats formed the coalition government" in October 2014. She has criticized the lack of women's rights in Saudi Arabia. The Spectator, the oldest continuously published magazine in the English language, wrote:
The Swedish foreign minister denounced the subjugation of women in Saudi Arabia. As the theocratic kingdom prevents women from travelling, conducting official business or marrying without the permission of male guardians, and as girls can be forced into child marriages where they are effectively raped by old men, she was telling no more than the truth.
On 10 March 2015 Sweden announced it would revoke a weapons export agreement with Saudi Arabia that had been in place since 2005. Saudi Arabia retaliated by stopping visa issues for Swedish businesspeople, boycotting Wallström's speech from the Arab League, temporarily withdrawing their ambassador from Sweden, and refusing to accept four Amazonian monkeys from a Swedish zoo.
King Carl XVI Gustaf then offered to mediate with the Saudi king, and a fellow Social Democrat member of the government, Björn von Sydow, travelled to meet King Salman bin Abdul Aziz and Prince Mohammad bin Salman Al Saud, taking him private letters from the Swedish King and from Prime Minister Stefan Löfven. These have remained classified, but in a press conference on 28 March, Wallström said: "I am very pleased to announce that we can normalize our relations immediately, and that we are able to welcome the Saudi ambassador back to Sweden. It is deeply satisfying that we have been able to clear the misunderstanding that we insulted the world religion Islam."
She has called for more articles on Wikipedia about women related topics.
In 2005, Wallström, in her capacity as EU Commissioner responsible for communications, came under pressure to justify her handling of a controversial speech that linked opposition to European integration with Nazi genocide, after it emerged she had changed the version published on the internet to remove the controversial passage. The original version of the speech, given to journalists ahead of Wallström's visit to Terezin in the Czech Republic to mark the 60th anniversary of the liberation of the Nazi concentration camp, suggested that scrapping the idea of a supranational Europe could put the continent back on the road to a holocaust.
In the aftermath of the November 2015 Paris attacks in which 137 were murdered, Wallström told Swedish television network SVT2: "To counteract the radicalization we must go back to the situation such as the one in the Middle East of which not the least the Palestinians see that, for us, there is no future: we must either accept a desperate situation or resort to violence". The Israeli government reacted angrily to Wallström's linking the murders to the Israeli–Palestinian conflict, summoning the Swedish ambassador and saying Wallström's statement bordered on anti-semitism and blood libel.
In December 2015 Wallström denounced the ongoing wave of Palestinian knife and car-ramming attacks in Israel. However, on 12 January 2016, Wallström called for an investigation into whether Israel was guilty of the extrajudicial killings of Palestinians during the violence, causing further anger in the Israeli political establishment. The Foreign Ministry of Israel issued an official statement saying that Wallström's "irresponsible and delirious statements are giving support to terrorism and encouraging violence". This also caused further deterioration in Israel-Sweden relations, and Deputy Foreign Minister of Israel Tzipi Hotovely declared that Swedish politicians of the rank of deputy minister and above are not welcome in Israel. Though she later clarified that it was only the Foreign Minister and her aids what are not welcome. International law expert Noah Feldman stated Wallström misunderstands international law, which does not apply in these cases.
Although she has criticized Israel, Wallström opposes the Boycott, Divestment, and Sanctions (BDS) movement, supports Israel's right to defend itself, and is in favor of the two-state solution to the Israeli–Palestinian conflict. She expressed her condemnation of BDS during an "Israel day" conference held by the Jewish community in Sweden.
During Wallström's December 2016 visit to Israel and the Palestinian Authority, many Israeli officials, including Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu, refused to meet her, citing scheduling conflicts. Some sources suggest that the refusal stemmed from Wallström's policy on Israeli–Palestinian conflict.
On 15 January 2016, Aftonbladet published information that Wallström was one of several labour officials who rented apartment in Stockholm, owned by the Swedish Municipal Workers' Union, bypassing an average eight-year waiting list. Wallström replied that she acted in good faith and received a confirmation from highest-ranking officials, that all norms and rules were followed. Wallström accused the union's general secretary Annelie Nordström of not being truthful. The affair caused a controversy and prompted an investigation by a special prosecutor. The prosecutor closed the investigation in May 2016 and cleared Wallström, stating that there was no evidence any crime had been committed.
Turkish child sex tweetEdit
On 24 August 2016 Wallström tweeted that "Turkish decision to allow sex with children under 15 must be reversed. Children need more protection, not less, against violence, sex abuse." This was after the Constitutional Court of Turkey cancelled a constitutional provision that made all sexual activities with children under the age of 15 criminal as sexual abuse. Turkish foreign minister Mevlut Cavusoglu summoned Swedish ambassador for reprimand meeting and deputy prime minister Mehmet Simsek accused Wallström of being misinformed and acting without checking all facts. The original case was brought to the Constitutional Court by a lower court that was afraid there is no legal discrimination between teenagers that may understand the meaning of sex and toddlers that do not understand it.
- Edberg Dialog, Member of the Board
- European Council on Foreign Relations (ECFR), Member
- International Crisis Group, Member of the Board of Trustees
- International Gender Champions (IGC), Member
- Mary Robinson Foundation – Climate Justice (MRFCJ), Member of the International Advisory Council
- Svenska PostkodStiftelsen, Member of the Board of Directors
- Enough Project, Fellow
- Global Challenge Foundation, Member of the Board (2013–2014)
- Ica Gruppen, Member of the Board of Directors (2013–2014)
- Institute for Human Rights and Business, Adviser (2012–2014)
- International Institute for Democracy and Electoral Assistance (IDEA), Member of the Advisory Board (2011–2014)
- Lund University, Chairwoman of the University Board (2012–2014)
- 2001 – Honorary doctor at Chalmers University, Sweden
- 2002 – European Commissioner of the Year (by European Voice)
- 2004 – Honorary doctor at Mälardalen University, Sweden
- 2004 – IAIA Global Environmental Award
- 2005 – Honorary Doctor of Humane Letters Degree, University of Massachusetts Lowell, Lowell
- 2008 – Göteborg Award for Sustainable Development (jointly with Theo Colborn, Jan Ahlbom and Ulf Duus
- 2009 – Monismanien Prize for Freedom of Speech
- 2016 - Grand Star of the Order of Jerusalem. State of Palestine
- Address of Margot Wallström to the European Parliament conference on the Northern dimension europa.eu
- About the Office
- "Stop Rape Now – Features". Retrieved 10 March 2015.
- "The Commissioners" (PDF). Retrieved 10 March 2015.
- Annie Maccoby Berglof (24 September 2015), Swedish minister Margot Wallstrom: shaking up the world with words Financial Times.
- Elizabeth Becker and Jennifer Lee (8 May 2003), Europe Plan on Chemicals Seen as Threat to U.S. Exports New York Times.
- Elizabeth Becker (20 July 2004), Europe Approves Genetically Modified Corn as Animal Feed New York Times.
- Will Wallström's 'plan D' revive the European dream? EurActiv.com
- The European Parliament should work in Brussels Campaign for Parliament Reform 2006-09-18, Folkpartiet. Accessed 18 July 2007. Archived 29 September 2006 at the Wayback Machine
- "A commission report-card". The Economist. 24 September 2009. Retrieved 14 February 2014.
- Constant Brand (28 July 2010), Rethinking the EU’s media relations European Voice.
- "Nyheter". DN.SE. Archived from the original on 20 February 2012. Retrieved 10 March 2015.
- No to leadership, DN (Swedish) Archived 1 October 2007 at the Wayback Machine
- Wallström: I don't want the job (The Local) (English) Archived 28 November 2009 at the Wayback Machine
- Wallström not breaking rules (English) Archived 23 March 2007 at the Wayback Machine
- Klartecken för Wallströms s-uppdrag (Swedish)
- Sweden loves Reinfeldt and Wallström (The Local) (English) Archived 3 January 2007 at the Wayback Machine
- "Secretary-General Pledges United Nations Full Support 'to Build Peace and Prosperity for All Africans', in Remarks to African Union Summit". Retrieved 10 March 2015.
- Delegation of the European Union to the United States (31 January 2010). "Statement by Margot Wallstrom, Vice-President of the European Commission" (Press release). Retrieved 10 March 2015.
- UN investigates claims of mass rape by DR Congo rebels, BBC News, 24 August 2010.
- Neil MacFarquhar (7 September 2010), U.N. Officials Say 500 Were Victims of Congo Rapes New York Times.
- "Wallström leder Lunds universitet". DN.SE. Archived from the original on 23 September 2010. Retrieved 10 March 2015.
- "24 ministrar i den nya regeringen". SvD.se. Retrieved 10 March 2015.
- Margot Wallström. "Sweden today decides to recognise the State of Palestine". Dagens Nyheter. Retrieved 30 October 2014.
- Israel recalls ambassador to Stockholm after Swedens decision to recognize Palestinian state, Jerusalem Post 30 October 2014
- "Kraftig markering från Israels sida". Svenska Dagbladet. 15 January 2015. Retrieved 19 November 2015.
- ""Att kallas antisemit känns fruktansvärt och är direkt felaktigt"". ”Att kallas antisemit känns fruktansvärt och är direkt felaktigt" | JUDISK KRÖNIKA (in Swedish). Archived from the original on 21 March 2018. Retrieved 1 April 2018.
Interviewer: "När ni erkände Palestina som stat sa du de var för att påskynda utvecklingen mot en tvåstatslösning. Har den kommit närmare?" MW: – Nej, det kan man inte säga att den har gjort, men det beror inte så mycket på oss utan mer att USA aktivt tagit på sig en annan roll, och utvecklingen generellt i världen har ju inte hjälpt till."
- Daniel Dickson (15 December 2014), Nordic countries summon Russian ambassadors over military jet incident Reuters.
- Sweden summons Russia ambassador after Nato threat BBC News, 11 September 2015.
- Ahmed Tolba and Johan Ahlander (27 March 2015), Saudi Arabia decides to restore ambassador to Sweden: Al Arabiya TV Reuters.
- Secretary-General Appoints High-Level Panel on Humanitarian Financing United Nations Secretary-General, press release of 21 May 2015.
- Richard Milne (30 March 2015), Sweden’s ethical foreign policy runs into Saudi sands Financial Times.
- Sweden, Kazakhstan Win Contested Security Council Elections Edith M. Lederer, Associated Press
- "Swedish FM warmly received, decorated in Ramallah". YNet. 17 December 2016. Retrieved 26 December 2016.
- "Swedish FM Wallström Cancels Turkey Visit Over Its Military Campaign in Afrin". Stockholm Center for Freedom. 7 February 2018.
- "Margot Wallström i hemligt möte med minister från Iran". www.expressen.se (in Swedish). Retrieved 23 December 2018.
- Alistair Scrutton (16 March 2015). "Margot Wallström: Can Sweden's feminist foreign minister be both radical and influential - and make the country a 'moral great power'?". The Independent. Retrieved 23 January 2016.
- "Saudi Arabia Recalls Ambassador From Sweden as Rift Widens". Associated Press. 11 March 2015. Retrieved 23 January 2016 – via The New York Times.
- "Clean hands, fewer friends". The Economist. 28 March 2015. Retrieved 23 January 2016.
- David Crouch. "Swedish frustration with Saudis over speech may jeopardise arms agreement". the Guardian. Retrieved 10 March 2015.
- Reuters Editorial (27 March 2015). "Saudi Arabia decides to restore ambassador to Sweden: Al Arabiya TV". Reuters. Retrieved 23 January 2016.
- "Saudis refuse Swedish zoo's monkeys in diplomatic spat". BBC News. 8 April 2015.
- "Regeringens satsning: Vill se fler artiklar om kvinnor på Wikipedia". Aftonbladet (in Swedish). Retrieved 15 February 2018.
- Raphael Minder (13 May 2005), Commissioner under fire over 'Nazi' speech Financial Times.
- "Israel slams Sweden for invoking Palestinian plight while discussing Paris attacks". The Times of Israel. 16 November 2015. Retrieved 16 November 2015.
- "Sweden hits back at anti-Semitism accusations".
- "Israel blasts Swedish FM for 'supporting terrorism, encouraging violence'". The Jerusalem Post. Retrieved 13 January 2016.
- Raphael Ahren and Tamar Pileggi. "Swedish officials unwelcome, deputy FM says". The Times of Israel. Retrieved 13 January 2016.
- Noah Feldman. "Sweden's Foreign Minister Misunderstands International Law". Retrieved 17 January 2016.
- "As Livni visits, Swedish FM says she is against BDS." Ynetnews. 13 March 2016.
- Tal Shalev. "Wallstrom publicly declared support for Israel's right to defend itself and opposition to BDS movement". i24news. Retrieved 16 March 2016.
- Barak Ravid. "Israel Turns Cold Shoulder to Visiting Swedish Foreign Minister". Haaretz. Retrieved 13 December 2016.
- "Sweden welcomes UN vote denouncing Israeli settlements - The Local". Thelocal.se. 24 December 2016.
- "Did top bosses get help jumping housing queue?". Tidningarnas Telegrambyrå/Agence France-Presse/The Local. 15 January 2016.
- "Wallström har fjärmat sig från verkligheten". Svenska Dagbladet. 16 January 2016.
- "Wallström: Jag har inget skämmas för". 15 January 2016.
- Laurence Peter. "Sweden's Foreign Minister Margot Wallstrom under fire - again". BBC News. Retrieved 24 January 2016.
- Henriette Jacobsen (19 January 2016). "Swedish Foreign Minister Margot Wallström investigated over corruption claims". EURACTIV.
- "Sweden's foreign minister cleared in corruption inquiry". Agence France-Presse. 24 May 2016.
- "Turkey summons Swedish envoy over child sex tweet". Retrieved 6 September 2016.
- "Turkey's Constitutional Court stirs outrage by annulling child sex abuse clause". Retrieved 6 September 2016.
- Members International Gender Champions (IGC).
- Al Gore and the hot issues Archived 9 June 2007 at the Wayback Machine Wallström's blog
- Swedish: "Folkens Europa eller Varför är det så svårt att älska EU?” – ISBN 91-89660-54-4
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Margot Wallström.|
- Archived website, The members of the Barroso Commission (2004–2009)
- Archived website as Commissioner for the Environment