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The Juncker Commission is the European Commission in office since 1 November 2014 and is due to serve until 2019. Its president is Jean-Claude Juncker, who presides over 27 other commissioners (one from each of the states composing the European Union, except Luxembourg, which is Juncker's state). In July 2014, Juncker was officially elected to succeed José Manuel Barroso, who completed his second five-year term in that year.[1]

Juncker Commission
Flag of Europe.svg
6th Commission of European Union
Signum Juncker anno 2014.jpg
The logo used in the 2014 campaign
Date formed15 July 2014 (2014-07-15)
People and organisations
Head of CommissionPresident
Jean-Claude Juncker
No. of commissioners26
Commissioners removed
(Death/resignation/dismissal)
4
Total no. of commissioners30
Member parties
  •   EPP (14)
  •   PES (7)
  •   ALDE (4)
  •   None (1)
History
Election(s)2014 European Parliament election
PredecessorBarroso Commission
SuccessorVon der Leyen Commission
Jean-Claude Juncker delivering a speech at the election congress of the EPP in March 2014

ElectionEdit

 
Juncker's campaign bus used for the 2014 European Parliament election

In the 2014 parliamentary election, Juncker campaigned as the candidate of the European People's Party (EPP) for the presidency of the European Commission.[2] The EPP won a plurality in parliament, and on 27 June, the European Council nominated him for the post. Later on 15 July 2014, the European Parliament elected Juncker as the new Commission president.[3][4][5] On 22 October, the European Parliament approved the Juncker Commission in its entirety and during the 23–24 October 2014 meeting of the European Council the Council formally appointed the new Commission.[6][7] On 1 November 2014, the new Commission officially assumed office.[8][9] Juncker has outlined a ten-point agenda for his Presidency focusing on jobs and growth.[10]

CommissionersEdit

The following college of commissioners serves under Juncker's presidency:[11][12][13]

Parties

  European People's Party (14)   Party of European Socialists (7)   Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe (4)   None (1)

 
Juncker Commission
Confirmation by the European Parliament on October 22, 2014Appointment by the European Council on October 23, 2014
Portfolio Designee Portfolio Designee Portfolio Designee
 

President

Nomination June 27, 2014
Elected July 15, 2014
Took office November 1, 2014
 
Former Prime Minister
Jean-Claude Juncker
of   Luxembourg

(EPPCSV)

 

First Vice-President
Better Regulation, Inter-Institutional Relations, Rule of Law and Charter of Fundamental Rights

Confirmation October 22, 2014
Took office November 1, 2014
 
Former Minister of Foreign Affairs
Frans Timmermans
of the   Netherlands

(PESPvdA)

 

Vice-President
and

High Representative of the EU for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy

Confirmation October 22, 2014
Took office November 1, 2014

 
Former Minister of Foreign Affairs
Federica Mogherini
of   Italy

(PESPD)

 

Vice-President
Energy Union

Confirmation October 22, 2014
Took office November 1, 2014
 
Former European Commissioner
Maroš Šefčovič
of   Slovakia

(PESSmer-SD)

 

Vice-President
Jobs, Growth, Investment and Competitiveness

Confirmation October 22, 2014
Took office November 1, 2014
 
Former Prime Minister
Jyrki Katainen
of   Finland

(EPPKOK)

 

Vice-President
Euro and Social Dialogue and Financial Stability, Financial Services and Capital Markets Union

Confirmation October 22, 2014
Took office November 1, 2014
 
Former Prime Minister
Valdis Dombrovskis
of   Latvia

(EPPUnity)

 

European Commissioner
Justice and Consumers

Confirmation October 22, 2014
Took office November 1, 2014
 
Former Minister of Development
Věra Jourová
of   Czech Republic

(ALDEANO)

 

European Commissioner
Digital Economy and Society

Announced May 10, 2017
Took office July 7, 2017
 
Former MEP
Mariya Gabriel
of   Bulgaria

(EPPGERB)

 

European Commissioner
Budget and Human Resources

Confirmation October 22, 2014
Took office November 1, 2014
 
Former Minister President
Günther Oettinger
of   Germany

(EPPCDU)

 

European Commissioner
Economic and Financial Affairs, Taxation and Customs

Confirmation October 22, 2014
Took office November 1, 2014
 
Former Minister of Finance
Pierre Moscovici
of   France

(PESPS)

 

European Commissioner
Employment, Social Affairs, Skills and Labour Mobility

Confirmation October 22, 2014
Took office November 1, 2014
 
Former MEP
Marianne Thyssen
of   Belgium

(EPPCD&V)

 

European Commissioner
European Neighbourhood Policy and Enlargement Negotiations

Confirmation October 22, 2014
Took office November 1, 2014
 
Former European Commissioner
Johannes Hahn
of   Austria

(EPPÖVP)

 

European Commissioner
Migration, Home Affairs and Citizenship

Confirmation October 22, 2014
Took office November 1, 2014
 
Former Minister of Foreign Affairs
Dimitris Avramopoulos
of   Greece

(EPPND)

 

European Commissioner
Health and Food Safety

Confirmation October 22, 2014
Took office November 1, 2014
 

Former Minister of Health
Vytenis Andriukaitis
of   Lithuania (PESSDP)

 

European Commissioner
Security Union

Confirmation September 15, 2016
Took office September 19, 2016
 
Former Ambassador
Julian King
of   United Kingdom

(None)

 

European Commissioner
Internal Market, Industry, Entrepreneurship and SMEs

Confirmation October 22, 2014
Took office November 1, 2014
 
Former Deputy Prime Minister
Elżbieta Bieńkowska
of   Poland

(EPPPO)

 

European Commissioner
Climate Action and Energy

Confirmation October 22, 2014
Took office November 1, 2014
 
Former Minister of Agriculture
Miguel Arias Cañete
of   Spain

(EPPPP)

 

European Commissioner
International Cooperation and Development

Confirmation October 22, 2014
Took office November 1, 2014
 
Former Deputy Prime Minister
Neven Mimica
of   Croatia

(PESSDP)

 

European Commissioner
Competition

Confirmation October 22, 2014
Took office November 1, 2014
 
Former Deputy Prime Minister
Margrethe Vestager
of   Denmark

(ALDERV)

 

European Commissioner
Transport

Confirmation October 22, 2014
Took office November 1, 2014
 
Former Deputy Prime Minister
Violeta Bulc
of   Slovenia

(ALDESMC)

 

European Commissioner
Trade

Confirmation October 22, 2014
Took office November 1, 2014
 
Former Minister of EU Affairs
Cecilia Malmström
of   Sweden

(ALDEL)

 

European Commissioner
Environment, Maritime Affairs and Fisheries

Confirmation October 22, 2014
Took office November 1, 2014
 
Former Minister of Tourism
Karmenu Vella
of   Malta

(PESPL)

 

European Commissioner
Education, Culture, Youth and Sport

Confirmation October 22, 2014
Took office November 1, 2014
 
Former Deputy Prime Minister
Tibor Navracsics
of   Hungary

(EPPFidesz)

 

European Commissioner
Research, Science and Innovation

Confirmation October 22, 2014
Took office November 1, 2014
 
Former Under-Secretary of State
Carlos Moedas
of   Portugal

(EPPPSD)

 

European Commissioner
Agriculture and Rural Development

Confirmation October 22, 2014
Took office November 1, 2014
 
Former Minister of Environment
Phil Hogan
of   Ireland

(EPPFG)

 

European Commissioner
Humanitarian Aid and Crisis Management

Confirmation October 22, 2014
Took office November 1, 2014
 
Former MEP
Christos Stylianides
of   Cyprus

(EPPDISY)

Former membersEdit

Nominee Portrait Portfolio State Party
Andrus Ansip[14]   Digital Single Market (Vice President)   Estonia ALDE
National: ERP
Corina Crețu[15]   Regional Policy   Romania PES (Before 2019)
National: PSD (Before 2019)
EDP (2019)
National: PRO (2019)
Jonathan Hill[16]   Financial Stability, Financial Services and Capital Markets Union   United Kingdom AECR
National: Conservative
Kristalina Georgieva[17]   Budget and Human Resources (Vice President)   Bulgaria EPP
National: GERB

President's cabinetEdit

The President's cabinet supports the President of the commission, and thus has a very central role in coordinating the work of the European Commission as a whole. The president's cabinet is led by Clara Martinez Alberola. Formerly, it was led by Martin Selmayr, who has been described as "the most powerful EU chief of staff ever."[18]

Project teamsEdit

Juncker has for the first time proposed a commission that clusters certain members together under designated policy areas. These clusters are known as "Project Teams" and will each be headed by one of the vice presidents.[19] Each team is composed of a core membership in addition to members who may fall under its respective umbrella as needed.[20] Timmermans and Georgieva both oversee all commissioners while the remaining five project teams are as follows:

A Connected Digital Single MarketEdit

Vice President: Andrus Ansip (Digital Single Market)
Elżbieta Bieńkowska (Internal Market, Industry, Entrepreneurship and SMEs)
Corina Crețu (Regional Policy)
Phil Hogan (Agriculture and Rural Development)
Věra Jourová (Justice, Consumers and Gender Equality)
Pierre Moscovici (Economic and Financial Affairs, Taxation and Customs)
Günther Oettinger (Digital Economy and Society)
Marianne Thyssen (Employment, Social Affairs, Skills and Labour Mobility)
Vytenis Andriukaitis (Health and Food Safety)
Jonathan Hill/Valdis Dombrovskis (Financial Stability, Financial Services and Capital Markets Union)
Carlos Moedas (Research, Science and Innovation)
Tibor Navracsics (Education, Culture, Youth and Sport)
Margrethe Vestager (Competition)

A Deeper and Fairer Economic and Monetary UnionEdit

Vice President: Valdis Dombrovskis (Euro and Social Dialogue)
Elżbieta Bieńkowska (Internal Market, Industry, Entrepreneurship and SMEs)
Corina Crețu (Regional Policy)
Věra Jourová (Justice, Consumers and Gender Equality)
Jonathan Hill/Valdis Dombrovskis (Financial Stability, Financial Services and Capital Markets Union)
Pierre Moscovici (Economic and Financial Affairs, Taxation and Customs)
Tibor Navracsics (Education, Culture, Youth and Sport)
Marianne Thyssen (Employment, Social Affairs, Skills and Labour Mobility)

A New Boost for Jobs, Growth and InvestmentEdit

Vice President: Jyrki Katainen (Jobs, Growth, Investment and Competitiveness)
Elżbieta Bieńkowska (Internal Market, Industry, Entrepreneurship and SMEs)
Miguel Arias Cañete (Climate Action and Energy)
Corina Crețu (Regional Policy)
Jonathan Hill/Valdis Dombrovskis (Financial Stability, Financial Services and Capital Markets Union)
Pierre Moscovici (Economic and Financial Affairs, Taxation and Customs)
Günther Oettinger (Digital Economy and Society)
Violeta Bulc (Transport)
Marianne Thyssen (Employment, Social Affairs, Skills and Labour Mobility)
Vytenis Andriukaitis (Health and Food Safety)
Dimitris Avramopoulos (Migration, Home Affairs and Citizenship)
Johannes Hahn (European Neighbourhood Policy and Enlargement Negotiations)
Phil Hogan (Agriculture and Rural Development)
Věra Jourová (Justice, Consumers and Gender Equality)
Cecilia Malmström (Trade)
Carlos Moedas (Research, Science and Innovation)
Tibor Navracsics (Education, Culture, Youth and Sport)
Karmenu Vella (Environment, Maritime Affairs and Fisheries)
Margrethe Vestager (Competition)

A Resilient Energy Union with a Forward-Looking Climate Change PolicyEdit

Vice President: Maroš Šefčovič (Energy Union)
Elżbieta Bieńkowska (Internal Market, Industry, Entrepreneurship and SMEs)
Miguel Arias Cañete (Climate Action and Energy)
Corina Crețu (Regional Policy)
Phil Hogan (Agriculture and Rural Development)
Karmenu Vella (Environment, Maritime Affairs and Fisheries)
Carlos Moedas (Research, Science and Innovation)
Violeta Bulc (Transport)
Věra Jourová (Justice, Consumers and Gender Equality)
Cecilia Malmström (Trade)
Günther Oettinger (Digital Economy and Society)
Pierre Moscovici (Economic and Financial Affairs, Taxation and Customs)
Marianne Thyssen (Employment, Social Affairs, Skills and Labour Mobility)
Margrethe Vestager (Competition)

A Stronger Global ActorEdit

Vice President: Federica Mogherini (Foreign Affairs and Security Policy)
Johannes Hahn (European Neighbourhood Policy and Enlargement Negotiations)
Cecilia Malmström (Trade)
Neven Mimica (International Cooperation and Development)
Christos Stylianides (Humanitarian Aid and Crisis Management)
Dimitris Avramopoulos (Migration, Home Affairs and Citizenship)
Miguel Arias Cañete (Climate Action and Energy)
Violeta Bulc (Transport)

A European Agenda on MigrationEdit

In 2015, when European migrant crisis unfolded, new project team was formed.[21]

First Vice President: Frans Timmermans (Better Regulation, Interinstitutional Relations, the Rule of Law and the Charter of Fundamental Rights)
Federica Mogherini (Foreign Affairs and Security Policy)
Dimitris Avramopoulos (Migration, Home Affairs and Citizenship)
Johannes Hahn (European Neighbourhood Policy and Enlargement Negotiations)
Neven Mimica (International Cooperation and Development)
Christos Stylianides (Humanitarian Aid and Crisis Management)
Věra Jourová (Justice, Consumers and Gender Equality)
Julian King (Security Union)[22]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Barroso names new EU commission team. Euronews. Retrieved 27 November 2009.
  2. ^ "Jean-Claude Juncker: Experience. Solidarity. Future". European People's Party.
  3. ^ Parliament elects ‘politically ecumenical’ Juncker as Commission President EurActiv
  4. ^ Blow to Cameron as centrist MEPs back Juncker for European commission job The Guardian
  5. ^ Baker, Luke (2014-06-23). "Battle over Juncker underlines EU parliament's 'adulthood' | Reuters". Uk.reuters.com. Retrieved 2016-05-04.
  6. ^ "EUROPEAN COUNCIL DECISION appointing the European Commission" (PDF). European Council. 22 October 2014. Retrieved 2 November 2014.
  7. ^ "European Council (23 and 24 October 2014) ‒ Conclusions" (PDF). European Council. 24 October 2014. Retrieved 2 November 2014.
  8. ^ "The new European Commission – Parliament elects new European Commission". European Parliament. 23 October 2014. Retrieved 1 November 2014.
  9. ^ "Juncker Commission takes office". European Commission. 1 November 2014. Retrieved 1 November 2014.
  10. ^ Jean-Claude Juncker: My Agenda for Jobs, Growth, Fairness and Democratic Change The Parliament Magazine
  11. ^ Cerulus, Laurens (July 10, 2014). "Juncker wants more women in new Commission team".
  12. ^ "Poland, Italy nominations leave Juncker needing four more commissioners". Euractiv.com. Retrieved 2016-05-04.
  13. ^ EU Commission College Archived 2014-09-13 at the Wayback Machine
  14. ^ Ansip served until 1 July 2019.
  15. ^ Crețu served until 1 July 2019.
  16. ^ Hill served until 15 July 2016.
  17. ^ Georgieva served until 31 December 2016.
  18. ^ HERSZENHORN, DAVID M. (17 Nov 2016). "'Monster' at the Berlaymont". Politico. Retrieved 3 May 2017.
  19. ^ Vice-presidents to lead teams of commissioners
  20. ^ The new structure of the Juncker Commission
  21. ^ Juncker Commission. One year on
  22. ^ President Juncker consults the European Parliament on Sir Julian King as Commissioner for the Security Union

External linksEdit