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List of European Commissioners by nationality

A European Commissioner is a member of the European Commission. Each Commissioner within the college holds a specific portfolio and are led by the President of the European Commission. In simple terms they are the equivalent of national ministers. Each European Union member state has the right to a single commissioner (before 2004, the four largest states—France, Germany, Italy and the United Kingdom—were granted two) and appoints them in consultation with the President.

The accession of Romania and Bulgaria in 2007 raised the number of commissioners from 25 to 27, and after the accession of Croatia in 2013 the number of commissioners raised to 28. Below is a list of all past and present European Commissioners according to the member-state they were nominated by, including the Presidents of the European Coal and Steel Community and European Atomic Energy Community. The colours indicate their political background (blue for conservative or centre-right, mainly European People's Party, red for left-wing or social democrats, mainly the Party of European Socialists, yellow for centrist or liberals, mainly European Liberal Democrat and Reform Party, and green for green politicians, mainly the European Green Party).

Contents

AustriaEdit

BelgiumEdit

European Coal and Steel Community
Member Portfolio Authority Party
Albert Coppé[2] Long Term Policy (Vice President) Monnet CVP
General Objectives, Long Term Policy, Markets, Agreements and Transport (Vice President) Mayer
General Objectives and Long Term Policy (Vice President) Finet
Member (Vice President) Malvestiti
Transport and Information (Vice President) Del Bo / Coppé
President
Paul Finet[3] Social Problems and Administrative Questions Monnet BSP
Social Problems Mayer
President Finet
Member Malvestiti
Social Problems Del Bo
Commissioner Portfolio Commission Party
Jean Rey External Relations Hallstein I PLP
External Relations Hallstein II
President Rey
Albert Coppé Budget, Credit, Investment, Press and Information Rey CVP
Social Affairs, Transport, Personnel, Administration, Credit, Investment, Budget and Financial Control Malfatti
Social Affairs, Transport, Personnel, Administration, Credit, Investment, Budget and Financial Control Mansholt
Henri Simonet Taxation, Financial Institutions and Energy (Vice President) Ortoli PS
Étienne Davignon Internal Market, Industrial Affairs and Customs Union Jenkins CDH
Industrial Affairs, Energy, Research and Science (Vice President) Thorn
Willy De Clercq External Relations and Trade Delors I PVV
Karel Van Miert Transport, Credit, Investment, and Consumer Protection Delors II Sp.a
Competition, Personnel and Administration (Vice President) Delors III
Competition Santer
Philippe Busquin[4] Research Prodi PS
Louis Michel[4][5] Research Prodi MR
Development and Humanitarian Aid Barroso I
Karel De Gucht[5] Development and Humanitarian Aid Barroso I VLD
Trade Barroso II
Marianne Thyssen Employment, Social Affairs, Skills and Labour Mobility Juncker CD&V

BulgariaEdit

CroatiaEdit

CyprusEdit

Czech RepublicEdit

DenmarkEdit

EstoniaEdit

FinlandEdit

FranceEdit

European Atomic Energy Community
Member Portfolio Commission Party
Louis Armand President Armand Unknown
Étienne Hirsch President Hirsch Unknown
Pierre Chatenet President Chatenet UDR
European Coal and Steel Community
Member Portfolio Authority Party
Jean Monnet President Monnet Unknown
Léon Daum Finance, Investment, Production and Instructions Monnet Unknown
Finance, Investment, Production and Instructions Mayer
Investment and Production Finet
René Mayer President Mayer PR
Roger Reynaud[17] Member Finet Unknown
Member Malvestiti
Economic Policy and Industrial Development Del Bo / Coppé
Pierre-Olivier Lapie Member Malvestiti SFIO
Energy Del Bo / Coppé
Commissioner Portfolio Commission Party
Robert Lemaignen Overseas Development Hallstein I Unknown
Robert Marjolin Economic and Financial Affairs (Vice President) Hallstein I SFIO
Economic and Financial Affairs (Vice President) Hallstein II
Henri Rochereau Overseas Development Hallstein II Unknown
Overseas Development Rey
Raymond Barre Economic and Financial Affairs (Vice President) Rey UDF
Economic and Financial Affairs (Vice President) Malfatti
Economic and Financial Affairs (Vice President) Mansholt
Jean-François Deniau Enlargement and Development Aid Malfatti UDF
Enlargement and Development Aid Mansholt
Development, Budget and Financial Control Ortoli
François-Xavier Ortoli President Ortoli UDR / RPR
Economics, Finance, Credit and Investment (Vice President) Jenkins
Economics, Finance, Credit and Investment (Vice President) Thorn
Claude Cheysson[18] Development, Budget and Financial Control Ortoli PS
Development Jenkins
Development Thorn
Mediterranean Policy and North-South Relations Delors I
Edgard Pisani[18][19] Development Thorn PS
Jacques Delors President Delors I PS
President Delors II
President Delors III
Christiane Scrivener Taxation and Customs Union Delors II PR
Taxation, Customs Union and Consumer Protection Delors III
Yves-Thibault de Silguy Economic and Financial Affairs, Credit and Investment Santer RPR
Édith Cresson Research, Science, Technological Development, Education, Culture, Multilingualism and Youth Santer PS
Pascal Lamy Trade Prodi PS
Michel Barnier[20] Regional Policy Prodi UMP
Jacques Barrot[20][21] Regional Policy Prodi UMP
Transport (Vice President) Barroso I
Justice, Freedom and Security (Vice President)
Michel Barnier[22] Internal Market and Services (Vice President) Barroso II UMP
Pierre Moscovici Economic and Financial Affairs, Taxation and Customs Juncker PS

GermanyEdit

European Coal and Steel Community
Member Portfolio Authority Party
Heinz Potthof Member Monnet SPD
Franz Etzel[23] Markets, Agreements and Transport (First Vice President) Monnet CDU
Member (First Vice President) Mayer
Franz Blücher[24] Member Finet FDP
Heinz Potthoff[25] Finance, Budget and Administration Finet SPD
Finance and Investment Malvestiti
Karl-Maria Hettlage[25] Finance and Investment Malvestiti CDU
Finance and Investment Del Bo / Coppé
Fritz Hellwig[26] Coal and Steel Markets Del Bo / Coppé CDU
Commissioner Portfolio Commission Party
Walter Hallstein President Hallstein I CDU
President Hallstein II
Hans von der Groeben Competition Hallstein I CDU
Competition Hallstein II
Internal Market and Regional Policy Rey
Fritz Hellwig Research, Technology and Information Distribution (Vice President) Rey CDU
Wilhelm Haferkamp Energy (Vice President) Rey SPD
Internal Market and Energy (Vice President) Malfatti
Internal Market and Energy (Vice President) Mansholt
Economics, Finance, Credit and Investment (Vice President) Ortoli
External Relations (Vice President) Jenkins
External Relations and Nuclear Affairs (Vice President) Thorn
Ralf Dahrendorf External Relations and Trade Malfatti FDP
External Relations and Trade Mansholt
Research, Science and Education Ortoli
Guido Brunner Energy, Research, Science and Education Jenkins FDP
Karl-Heinz Narjes Internal Market, Industrial Innovation, Customs Union, Environment, Consumer Protection, and Nuclear Safety Thorn CDU
Industrial Affairs, Information Technology, Research and Science (Vice President) Delors I
Alois Pfeiffer[27][28] Economic Affairs, Employment, Credit and Investment Delors I SPD
Economic Affairs and Regional Policy
Peter Schmidhuber[27] Economic Affairs and Regional Policy Delors I CSU
Budget and Financial Control Delors II
Budget and Financial Control Delors III
Martin Bangemann Internal Market, Industrial Affairs and Parliamentary Relations (Vice President) Delors II FDP
Industrial Affairs, Information Technology and Telecommunications (Vice President) Delors III
Industrial Affairs, Information and Telecommunications Technologies Santer
Monika Wulf-Mathies Regional Policy Santer SPD
Michaele Schreyer Budget Prodi Greens
Günter Verheugen Enlargement Prodi SPD
Enterprise and Industry (Vice President) Barroso I
Günther Oettinger[29][30] Energy (Vice President) Barroso II CDU
Digital Economy and Society Juncker
Budget and Human Resources

GreeceEdit

HungaryEdit

IrelandEdit

ItalyEdit

European Coal and Steel Community
Member Portfolio Authority Party
Enzo Giacchero Press and Information Monnet DC
Press and Information Mayer
Social Problems Finet
Piero Malvestiti President Malvestiti DC
Rinaldo Del Bo[37] President Del Bo DC
Commissioner Portfolio Commission Party
Piero Malvestiti[38] Internal Market (Vice-President) Hallstein I DC
Giuseppe Petrilli[39] Social Affairs Hallstein I DC
Giuseppe Caron[38][40] Internal Market Hallstein I DC
Internal Market (Vice President) Hallstein II
Lionello Levi Sandri[41] Social Affairs Hallstein I PSI
Social Affairs (Vice President) Hallstein II
Social Affairs, Personnel and Administration (Vice President) Rey
Guido Colonna di Paliano[40][42] Internal Market Hallstein II DC
Industrial Affairs Rey
Edoardo Martino External Relations Rey DC
Franco Maria Malfatti President Malfatti DC
Altiero Spinelli[43] Industry, Technology, Training, Education and Customs Union Malfatti PCI
Industry, Technology, Training, Education and Customs Union Mansholt
Industry and Technology Ortoli
Carlo Scarascia-Mugnozza Agriculture (Vice President) Mansholt DC
Parliamentary Affairs, Environment, Consumer Interests, Transport and Information (Vice President) Ortoli
Cesidio Guazzaroni[43] Industry and Technology Ortoli PRI
Antonio Giolitti Regional Policy Jenkins PSI
Regional Policy Thorn
Lorenzo Natali Enlargement, Environment and Nuclear Safety Jenkins DC
Mediterranean Policy, Enlargement and Information (Vice President) Thorn
Cooperation, Development and Enlargement (Vice President) Delors I
Carlo Ripa di Meana Institutional Reform, Information, Culture and Tourism Delors I PSI
Environment and Nuclear Safety Delors II
Filippo Maria Pandolfi Science, Research, Development, Telecommunications, Information Technology and Innovation (Vice President) Delors II DC
Antonio Ruberti Science, Research, Technological Development, Education, Training and Youth (Vice President) Delors III PSI
Raniero Vanni d'Archirafi Institutional Reform, Internal Market, Financial Services, Enterprise and SMEs Delors III DC
Emma Bonino Fisheries and Consumers Policy Santer LB
Mario Monti Internal Market, Financial Services, Customs and Taxation Santer Independent
Competition Prodi
Romano Prodi President Prodi ID / DL
Franco Frattini[44] Justice, Freedom and Security (Vice President) Barroso I FI
Antonio Tajani[44][45] Transport (Vice President) Barroso I PdL
Industry and Entrepreneurship (Vice President) Barroso II
Ferdinando Nelli Feroci[45] Industry and Entrepreneurship Barroso II PD
Federica Mogherini Foreign Affairs and Security Policy (Vice President) Juncker PD

LatviaEdit

LithuaniaEdit

LuxembourgEdit

MaltaEdit

NetherlandsEdit

PolandEdit

PortugalEdit

RomaniaEdit

SlovakiaEdit

SloveniaEdit

SpainEdit

SwedenEdit

United KingdomEdit

Nominated CommissionersEdit

A number of commissioners were formally nominated and assigned portfolios before being withdrawn after their hearing with the European Parliament, with the exception of Thorvald Stoltenberg, who withdrew after the rejection of Norway's ascension referendum.

Commissioner Portfolio Commission Party
Thorvald Stoltenberg (Norway) Fisheries Santer AP
Rocco Buttiglione (Italy) Justice, Freedom and Security (Vice President) Barroso I UDC
Ingrīda Ūdre (Latvia) Taxation and Customs Union Barroso I LZS
Rumiana Jeleva (Bulgaria) International Cooperation, Humanitarian Aid and Crisis Response Barroso II GERB
Alenka Bratušek (Slovenia) Energy Union (Vice President) Juncker ZaAB

Notes and referencesEdit

  1. ^ Ferrero-Waldner held the External Relations brief in the Barroso I Commission until 1 December 2009, when Catherine Ashton became High Representative. She was then moved to Trade for the rest of her term.
  2. ^ Coppé was elevated to President of the High Authority from 1 March 1967 to 5 July 1967 following Rinaldo Del Bo's resignation.
  3. ^ Finet served in the Del Bo Authority from 10 January 1964 to 18 May 1965, his death.
  4. ^ a b Busquin served in the Prodi Commission until 18 July 2004, when Michel assumed office.
  5. ^ a b Michel served in the Barroso I Commission until 17 July 2009, when De Gucht assumed office.
  6. ^ Kuneva served in the Barroso I Commission from 1 January 2007, Bulgaria's accession.
  7. ^ a b Georgieva served in the Juncker Commission until 1 January 2017. Gabriel has been nominated to replace her and is pending confirmation.
  8. ^ Mimica served in the Barroso II Commission from 1 July 2013, Croatia's accession.
  9. ^ Kyprianou served in the Prodi Commission from 1 January 2004, Cyprus's accession.
  10. ^ a b Kyprianou served in the Barroso I Commission until 3 March 2008, when Vassiliou assumed office.
  11. ^ Telička served in the Prodi Commission from 1 January 2004, the Czech Republic's accession.
  12. ^ a b Gundelach served in the Thorn Commission until 13 January 1981, his death. Dalsager assumed office on 20 January 1981.
  13. ^ Kallas served in the Prodi Commission from 1 May 2004, Estonia's ascension.
  14. ^ a b Liikanen served in the Prodi Commission until 12 July 2004, when Rehn assumed office.
  15. ^ Rehn was elevated to Vice President and given the Euro brief in the Barroso II Commission from 27 October 2011.
  16. ^ a b Rehn served in the Barroso II Commission until 1 July 2014, when Katainen assumed office.
  17. ^ Reynaud served in the Del Bo Authority until September 1963; he served again from 10 January 1964.
  18. ^ a b Cheysson served in the Thorn Commission until 23 April 1981. Pisani assumed office on 26 May 1981.
  19. ^ Pisani served in the Thorn Commission from 26 May 1981 – 3 December 1984 and was not replaced.
  20. ^ a b Barnier served in the Prodi Commission until 31 March 2004, when Barrot assumed office.
  21. ^ Barrot held the Transport brief in the Barroso I Commission until 9 May 2008, when Franco Frattini resigned. He was then moved to Justice, Freedom and Security for the rest of his term.
  22. ^ Barnier was elevated to Vice President in the Barroso II Commission from 1 July 2014.
  23. ^ Etzel served in the Mayer Authority until 28 October 1957.
  24. ^ Blücher served in the Finet Authority until 26 March 1959, his death.
  25. ^ a b Potthof served in the Malvestiti Authority until 10 August 1962. He was replaced by Hettlage on 14 December 1962.
  26. ^ Hellwig served in the Del Bo Authority from 10 January 1964.
  27. ^ a b Pfeiffer served in the Delors I Commission until 1 August 1987, his death. He was replaced by Schmidhuber on 2 September 1987.
  28. ^ Pfeiffer held the Employment, Credit and Investment briefs in the Delors I Commission until 5 January 1986, with Portugal and Spain's accession.
  29. ^ Oettinger was elevated to Vice President in the Barroso II Commission from 1 July 2014.
  30. ^ After Kristalina Georgieva's resignation on 1 January 2017, Oettinger held both the Digital Economy and Society portfolio and the Budget and Human Resources portfolio from that date.
  31. ^ Varfis held the Regional Policy and Parliamentary Relations briefs in the Delors I Commission until 5 January 1986, with Portugal and Spain's accession.
  32. ^ a b Diamantopoulou served in the Prodi Commission until 10 March 2004, when Dimas assumed office.
  33. ^ Balázs served in the Prodi Commission from 1 January 2004, Hungary's accession.
  34. ^ Hillery served in the Ortoli Commission until 2 December 1976 and was not replaced.
  35. ^ a b O'Kennedy served in the Thorn Commission until 3 March 1982. Burke assumed office on 1 April 1982.
  36. ^ held the Social Affairs, Education and Training briefs in the Delors I Commission until 5 January 1986, with Portugal and Spain's accession.
  37. ^ Del Bo served as President of the High Authority until 1 March 1967, when Albert Coppé assumed office. There was no replacement in the interim Coppé Authority.
  38. ^ a b Malvestiti served in the Hallstein I Commission until 15 September 1959. Caron assumed office on 24 November 1959.
  39. ^ Petrilli served in the Hallstein I Commission until 8 February 1961, when Sandri assumed office.
  40. ^ a b Caron served in the Hallstein II Commission until 15 May 1963. Paliano assumed office on 30 July 1964.
  41. ^ Sandri was elevated to Vice President in the Hallstein II Commission from 30 July 1965.
  42. ^ Paliano served in the Rey Commission until 8 May 1970 and was not replaced.
  43. ^ a b Spinelli served in the Ortoli Commission until 13 July 1976, when Guazzaroni assumed office.
  44. ^ a b Frattini served in the Barroso I Commission until 23 April 2008. Tajani assumed office on 18 June 2008.
  45. ^ a b Tajani served in the Barroso II Commission until 1 July 2014. Feroci assumed office on 16 July 2014.
  46. ^ Kalniete served in the Prodi Commission from 1 May 2004, Latvia's ascension.
  47. ^ After Jonathan Hill's resignation on 16 July 2016, Dombrovskis held both the Euro and Social Dialogue portfolio and the Financial Stability, Financial Services and Capital Markets Union portfolio from that date.
  48. ^ Grybauskaitė served in the Prodi Commission from 1 May 2004, Lithuania's ascension.
  49. ^ a b Grybauskaitė served in the Barroso I Commission until 1 July 2009, when Šemeta assumed office.
  50. ^ Fohrmann served in the Del Bo / Coppé Authority from 30 June 1965.
  51. ^ a b Rasquin served in the Hallstein I Commission until 27 April 1958, his death. Schaus assumed office on 18 June 1958.
  52. ^ Santer served as President of the Commission until 15 March 1999, when Manuel Marín assumed office.
  53. ^ a b Reding served in the Barroso II Commission until 1 July 2014. Reicherts assumed office on 16 July 2014.
  54. ^ Borg served in the Prodi Commission from 1 May 2004, Malta's ascension.
  55. ^ a b Dalli served in the Barroso II Commission until 16 October 2012. Borg assumed office on 28 November 2012.
  56. ^ Borg held the Consumer Policy brief in the Barroso II Commission until 1 July 2013, with Croatia's accession.
  57. ^ a b Spierenburg served in the Malvestiti Authority until 25 September 1962. Homan assumed office on 15 December 1962.
  58. ^ Spierenburg served in the Del Bo Authority until 7 June 1965 and was not replaced.
  59. ^ Andriessen held the Fisheries brief in the Delors I Commission until 5 January 1986, Portugal's ascension.
  60. ^ Hübner served in the Prodi Commission from 1 May 2004, Poland's ascension.
  61. ^ a b Hübner served in the Barroso I Commission until 4 July 2009, when Samecki assumed office.
  62. ^ a b Lewandowski served in the Barroso II Commission until 1 July 2014. Dominik assumed office from 16 July 2014.
  63. ^ Cunha served in the Delors I Commission from 5 January 1986, Portugal's ascension.
  64. ^ Orban served in the Barroso I Commission from 1 January 2007, Romania's accession.
  65. ^ Figeľ served in the Prodi Commission from 1 May 2004, Slovakia's ascension.
  66. ^ Figeľ held the Multilingualism brief in the Barroso I Commission until 1 January 2007, Romania's ascension.
  67. ^ Potočnik served in the Prodi Commission from 1 May 2004, Slovenia's ascension.
  68. ^ Matutes served in the Delors I Commission from 5 January 1986, Spain's ascension.
  69. ^ a b Matutes served in the Delors III Commission until 27 April 1994, when Oreja assumed office.
  70. ^ Marín served in the Delors I Commission from 5 January 1986, Spain's ascension.
  71. ^ Marín was elevated to President of the Commission from 16 March 1999 to 12 September 1999 following Jacques Santer's resignation.
  72. ^ a b Solbes served in the Prodi Commission until 10 April 2004. Almunia assumed office on 24 April 2004.
  73. ^ Clinton-Davis held the Consumer Protection brief in the Delors I Commission until 5 January 1986, with Portugal and Spain's accession.
  74. ^ a b Mandelson served in the Barroso I Commission until 3 October 2008. Ashton assumed office on 24 October 2008.
  75. ^ Ashton held the Trade brief in the Barroso I Commission until 1 December 2009. She was then moved to Foreign Affairs and Security Policy for the rest of her term.
  76. ^ a b Hill served in the Juncker Commission until 16 July 2016. King replaced him on 19 September 2016.