Västerbotten (Swedish: [ˈvɛ̂sːtɛrˌbɔtːɛn] ), known in English as West Bothnia or Westrobothnia, is a province (landskap) in the north of Sweden, bordering Angermannia, Lapland, North Bothnia, and the Gulf of Bothnia. It is known for the Westrobothnian cheese, (Västerbottensost) named after the province.[citation needed]

Coat of arms of Westrobothnia
CountrySweden Sweden
CountyVästerbotten County
 • Total15,093 km2 (5,827 sq mi)
 • Total220,175
 • Density15/km2 (38/sq mi)
 • FlowerMoor-king lousewort
 • AnimalCurlew
 • BirdHen harrier
 • FishLamprey
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)

Administration edit

The traditional provinces of Sweden serve no administrative or political purposes, but are historical and cultural entities. The administrative county, Västerbottens län ("County of Westrobothnia"), consists of the province and the southern part of Swedish Lappland.[citation needed]

Heraldry edit

On 18 January 1884, all provinces gained the rights to the rank of duchy, and the arms can be represented with a ducal coronet. Blazon: "Azure Seme of Mullets Or a Reindeer in full course and hoofed Gules."[citation needed]

Geography edit

Westrobothnia was historically divided into chartered cities and districts.[citation needed]

Cities edit

Communes/Municipality Västerbottens län edit


Towns and villages edit

Facts edit

  • Highest mountain: Åmliden (550 meters)
  • Largest lake: Bygdeträsket[citation needed]

History edit

Westrobothnia's old borders which extended into present-day Finland

Up until the Finnish War 1808–1809, and the Treaty of Fredrikshamn, the province of Westrobothnia also included a small portion of the extreme north of current Finland. This part has later been integrated in Lapland, Finland. The Österbotten, Eastern Botten or Ostrobothnia, lay on the Finnish side of the sea, and this province name still survives.

Following the Fredrikshamn treaty, which re-defined the outlines and orientation of Sweden, in 1810, Västerbotten County was split in two parts. The northern portion became Norrbottens län ("County of North Bothnia"), and the Swedish-speaking locals of North Bothnia (which in itself is a multi-lingual area) soon began referring to themselves as Northbothnians. The county borders thus gradually led to a local provincial identity. Nowadays North Bothnia is considered a separate province, even though provinces had ceased to have any administrative or legal significance hundreds of years before 1810.

Westrobothnia's Regiment was the provincial regiment.[citation needed]

Dukes of Westrobothnia edit

Since the 13th century, Swedish princes in some dynasties have been created dukes of various provinces. Since 1772, these are only nominal titles.

Geography edit

Lakes and watercourses edit




[citation needed]

Sports edit

Regional football in the province is administered by Västerbottens Fotbollförbund. Ice hockey is also popular, with IF Björklöven and Skellefteå AIK.[citation needed]

References edit

  1. ^ "Folkmängd i landskapen den 31 december 2016" (in Swedish). Statistics Sweden. 21 March 2017. Retrieved 2017-11-27.
  2. ^ "Kommuner i Västerbottens län".

External links edit

65°00′N 17°30′E / 65.000°N 17.500°E / 65.000; 17.500