Uri, Jammu and Kashmir
Uri is a town and a tehsil in the Baramulla district, in the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir. Uri is located on the left bank of the Jhelum River, about 10 kilometres (6.2 mi) east of the Line of Control with Pakistan.
|State||Jammu and Kashmir|
|Sex ratio 6,674/2,692 ♂/♀|
|Time zone||UTC+5:30 (IST)|
|Vehicle registration||JK 05|
Uri is located at the entrance to the Kashmir Valley from the west, lying on the Jhelum Valley Road. Prior to the partition of Kashmir, the road linked Uri to Rawalpindi and Srinagar. Another important road linked Uri to Poonch via the Haji Pir pass.
Uri is at a distance of 76 miles from Srinagar, 42 miles from Muzaffarabad and 49 miles from Poonch.
Following the First Anglo-Sikh War (1845–1846) and the Treaty of Amritsar (1846), Raja Gulab Singh was proclaimed the Maharaja of Jammu and Kashmir, acquiring all the lands between the Ravi River and the Indus.:51-52 Uri became a tehsil in the Muzaffarabad district of the Kashmir province.
On 22 October 1947, the tribal invasion led to the fall of Muzaffarabad and Uri to the Pashtun tribes from Pakistan. The raiders then halted at Baramulla. Following the accession of the Maharaja to India on 26 October, India air lifted troops to the Kashmir Valley, who retook Baramulla and Uri by mid-November. The Indian government attached utmost importance to the defence of Uri. Muzaffarabad, on the other hand, came under Pakistani control and became the capital of Azad Kashmir. The tehsil of Uri was subsequently merged into the Baramulla district.
2016 Uri Terrorist AttacksEdit
At around 5:30 a.m. on 18 September, four terrorists attacked an Indian Army Brigade headquarters at Uri near the Line of Control. They are said to have lobbed 17 grenades in 3 minutes. A rear administrative base camp with tents caught fire and 13-14 army personnel were killed. A six-hour gun battle ensued, during which all four terrorists were killed. An additional 19-30 soldiers were reported to have been injured in the attack.
As of 2011, the town of Uri has a population of 9,366 of which 6,674 (71%) are males and 2,692 (29%) are females according to the report published by Census India in 2011. Uri has an average literacy rate of 88.46%, higher than the national average of 76%. Male literacy is 95.27%, and female literacy is 70.02%. Child sex ratio is approximately 851 as compared to state average of 862 and the population of children under 6 years of age is 879 which is 9.39% of the total population.
- Urdu: اوڑی
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- Raghavan, War and Peace in Modern India 2010, p. 58.
- Raghavan, War and Peace in Modern India 2010, p. 114.
- Raghavan, War and Peace in Modern India 2010, p. 123.
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- A town called Uri — How the September 18 attack may now change it, The Indian Express, 25 September 2016.