University of Edinburgh School of Informatics
The School of Informatics is an academic unit of the University of Edinburgh, in Scotland, responsible for research, teaching, outreach and commercialisation in informatics. It was created in 1998 from the former Department of Artificial Intelligence, the Centre for Cognitive Science and the Department of Computer Science, along with the Artificial Intelligence Applications Institute (AIAI) and the Human Communication Research Centre.
|University of Edinburgh|
|Head of School||Jane Hillston|
Research in the School of Informatics draws on multiple disciplines. The school is particularly known for research in the areas of artificial intelligence, computational linguistics, systems biology, mathematical logic and theoretical computer science; but also contributes to many other areas of informatics.
The school was ranked 15th in the World in the latest 2014 Research Excellence Framework (REF), successor to Research Assessment Exercise (RAE), ranking. The School of Informatics was ranked 12th in the world by the QS World University Rankings 2014.
- 1 Research
- 1.1 Institute for Adaptive and Neural Computation: ANC
- 1.2 Centre for Intelligent Systems and their Applications: CISA
- 1.3 Artificial Intelligence Applications Institute: AIAI
- 1.4 Institute for Language, Cognition, and Computation: ILCC
- 1.5 Institute for Computing Systems Architecture: ICSA
- 1.6 Institute of Perception, Action and Behaviour: IPAB
- 1.7 Laboratory for Foundations of Computer Science: LFCS
- 2 Senior academic staff and alumni
- 3 Accommodation
- 4 References
The School of Informatics was awarded a 5*A in the UK HEFCE's 2001 RAE, the only computer science department in the country to achieve this highest possible rating. In the 2008 RAE, the School's "Quality Profile" was 35/50/15/0/0, which means that of the over 100 Full-time equivalent (FTE) staff research outputs evaluated, 35% were found "world-leading (4*)" and 50% "internationally excellent (3*)". These figures can be interpreted in a number of ways, but place the School first by volume and tied for second (following Cambridge with 45/45/10/0/0) by percentage of research rated 3* or 4*. The School is generally considered world-leading, standing with the foremost U.S. institutes, particularly in areas such as artificial intelligence, natural language processing and machine translation, and theoretical computer science.
The School has seven research Institutes:
Institute for Adaptive and Neural Computation: ANCEdit
ANC investigates theoretical and empirical study of brain processes and artificial learning systems, drawing on neuroscience, cognitive science, computer science, computational science, mathematics and statistics.
Centre for Intelligent Systems and their Applications: CISAEdit
The Centre for Intelligent Systems and their Applications (CISA) does basic and applied research and development in knowledge representation and reasoning.
Artificial Intelligence Applications Institute: AIAIEdit
The Artificial Intelligence Applications Institute (AIAI) is a technology transfer organisation that promotes the benefits of the application of Artificial intelligence research to commercial, industrial, and government organisations worldwide.
Institute for Language, Cognition, and Computation: ILCCEdit
ILCC performs research on all aspects of natural language processing, drawing on machine learning, statistical modeling, and computational, psychological, and linguistic theories of communication among humans and between humans and machines using text, speech and other modalities.
Institute for Computing Systems Architecture: ICSAEdit
ICSA performs research on architecture and engineering of future computing systems: performance and scalability; innovative algorithms, architectures, compilers, languages and protocols.
Institute of Perception, Action and Behaviour: IPABEdit
IPAB links computational action, perception, representation, transformation and generation processes to real or virtual worlds: statistical machine learning, computer vision, mobile and humanoid robotics, motor control, graphics and visualization.
Laboratory for Foundations of Computer Science: LFCSEdit
The LFCS Develops and applies foundational understanding of computation and communication: formal models, mathematical theories, and software tools.
Senior academic staff and alumniEdit
Senior academic staff include:
- Professor Malcolm Atkinson
- Professor Alan Bundy CBE FRS FREng
- Professor Peter Buneman MBE FRS
- Professor Christopher Bishop FRS FREng FRSE
- Professor Wenfei Fan FRS FRSE MAE
- Professor Michael Fourman FRSE
- Professor Igor Goryanin
- Professor Jane Hillston Quantitative Modelling
- Professor Elham Kashefi
- Professor Mirella Lapata FRSE
- Professor Alex Lascarides
- Professor Leonid Libkin FRSE
- Professor Johanna Moore, computational linguist
- Professor Jon Oberlander FRSE
- Professor Michael O'Boyle
- Professor Gordon Plotkin FRS FRSE MAE
- Professor Don Sannella
- Professor Mark Steedman FBA
- Professor Keith Stenning
- Professor Austin Tate FREng FRSE
- Professor Sethu Vijayakumar FRSE
- Professor Philip Wadler
- Professor David Willshaw
Alumni of the school of informatics include:
- Samson Abramsky FRS, computer scientist at the University of Oxford
- Pat Ambler, creator of Freddy II
- Andrew Blake FRS, computer scientist and former director of the Alan Turing Institute in London
- Bob Boyer, computer scientist, mathematician, philosopher at the University of Texas at Austin
- Rod Burstall FRSE, retired emeritus
- Luca Cardelli FRS, computer scientist, Assistant Director of Microsoft Research, Cambridge
- Ian Clarke, creator of Freenet
- Paul Dourish, Professor at the University of California, Irvine
- Carla Gomes, computer scientist, Director of the Cornell University Institute for Computational Sustainability
- Andrew Gordon at Microsoft Research
- Michael J. C. Gordon (1948–2017) FRS, computer scientist at the University of Cambridge
- Richard Gregory (1923–2010) FRS, cognitive scientist at the University of Bristol
- Pat Hayes Senior Research Scientist at the Institute for Human and Machine Cognition in Pensacola, Florida
- Matthew Hennessy Professor at Trinity College, Dublin
- Geoffrey Hinton FRS, informatician at Google Brain and the University of Toronto, he completed his PhD in Edinburgh in 1977.
- Mark Jerrum, now[when?] professor at the University of London
- Philipp Koehn Professor of Machine Translation at Johns Hopkins University
- Robert Kowalski, logician, computer scientist at Imperial College London
- Lǐ Wèi, mathematician and computer scientist, President of Beihang University
- Christopher Longuet-Higgins (1923–2004) FRS, cognitive scientist
- Donald Michie (1923–2007)artificial intelligence pioneer
- Robin Milner (1934 –2010) FRS, computer scientist, winner of the Turing Award
- Eugenio Moggi Professor at University of Genoa, Italy
- Faron Moller, Professor at Swansea University
- J Strother Moore, computer scientist at the University of Texas at Austin
- Stephen Muggleton, computer scientist at Imperial College London
- Timothy O'Shea, Emeritus Professor and former principal and vice-chancellor of the University of Edinburgh
- Robin Popplestone (1938–2004) creator of COWSEL and POP-2
- Davide Sangiorgi, professor at the University of Bologna
- Nigel Shadbolt, Chairman of the Open Data Institute (ODI) and master of Jesus College, Oxford
- Alistair Sinclair, now[when?] professor at University of California, Berkeley
- Aaron Sloman, philosopher, cognitive scientist at the University of Birmingham
- Chris Tofts, scientist at Hewlett-Packard
- Mads Tofte, professor at the IT University of Copenhagen
- Leslie Valiant FRS winner of the Turing Award in 2010 and Professor at Harvard University
- David H. D. Warren creator of the Warren Abstract Machine
- Peter Dayan FRS director at the Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics in Tübingen, Germany
The Edinburgh Cowgate fire of December 2002 destroyed a number of buildings, including 80 South Bridge, which housed around one third of the school and its renowned AI library. Space was quickly made available in the University's Appleton Tower as a replacement.[when?]
Until June 2008, the School was dispersed over five sites: three in the George Square Campus: Appleton Tower, Buccleuch Place, Forrest Hill; and two at King's Buildings: James Clerk Maxwell Building, and the Darwin Building.
In June and July 2008, the School's research moved into its new home, The Informatics Forum. This building for interaction designed by Bennetts Associates, Reaich and Hall and Buro Happold, now[when?] houses some 500 researchers, including staff and graduate students. Construction began in October 2005, and the Forum's completion in July 2008 finally brought the School's researchers together, under one roof, some ten years after its inception.
In August 2018, the School gained another research space in the form of the Bayes Centre, a purpose-built data science and Artificial Intelligence hub shared with multiple other data science and informatics groups, as well as the University's Maxwell Graduate Institute, encompassing the PhD research output of the mathematics departments at both Edinburgh and Heriot-Watt University.
- "Contact us". University of Edinburgh School of Informatics. 11 September 2018. Retrieved 11 September 2018.
- "Staff Headcount & Full Time Equivalent Statistics (FTE) as at Oct 17". Human Resources, The University of Edinburgh. October 2018. Retrieved 9 May 2018.
- "University of Edinburgh Factsheet 2017/2018" (PDF). Governance & Strategic Planning, The University of Edinburgh. 31 January 2018. Retrieved 9 May 2018.
- "Research Excellence Framework 2014: Institutions Ranked By Subject" (PDF).
- Dayan, Peter Samuel (1991). Reinforcing connectionism: learning the statistical way. lib.ed.ac.uk (PhD thesis). hdl:1842/14754. EThOS uk.bl.ethos.649240.
- "RAE 2001 : Results". rae.ac.uk.
- "RAE 2008 : Quality profiles". rae.ac.uk.
- "Informatics News: RAE 2008 results: Informatics and Computer Science".
- "Welcome — ANC - Institute for Adaptive and Neural Computation". www.anc.ed.ac.uk.
- "CISA - InfWeb". web.inf.ed.ac.uk.
- "AIAI University of Edinburgh - Home page". www.aiai.ed.ac.uk.
- "ILCC - InfWeb". web.inf.ed.ac.uk.
- Wiggins, Geraint. "Profile - Institute for Computing Systems Architecture". www.inf.ed.ac.uk.
- "IPAB - InfWeb". web.inf.ed.ac.uk.
- "Welcome to LFCS — LFCS". wcms.inf.ed.ac.uk.
- "People". The University of Edinburgh.
- Hinton, Geoffrey Everest (1977). Relaxation and its role in vision. lib.ed.ac.uk (PhD thesis). University of Edinburgh. hdl:1842/8121. OCLC 18656113. EThOS uk.bl.ethos.482889.
- Anon (2014). "Shadbolt, Prof. Nigel Richard". Who's Who. ukwhoswho.com (online edition via Oxford University Press ed.). A & C Black, an imprint of Bloomsbury Publishing plc. doi:10.1093/ww/9780199540884.013.U245873. (subscription or UK public library membership required) (subscription required)
- "Groups within Bayes Centre".