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Turks in Sweden or Swedish Turks (Swedish: Turkar i Sverige; Turkish: İsveç Türkleri) are people of Turkish ethnicity living in Sweden, mostly of Macedonian Turkish and Bulgarian Turkish descent and ancestry from the Balkan states of North Macedonia and Bulgaria while another large remainder of the (Turkish) ethnic minority has immigrant ancestral roots in Turkey proper. According to the Swedish Minister for Foreign Affairs, there are 100,000 people in Sweden with a Turkish background, and a further 10,000 Swedish-Turks live in Turkey.[2] Many Turks in Sweden have double citizenship and 37,000 are registered voters in Turkey.[6]

Turks in Sweden
Total population
Regions with significant populations
Sunni Islam

Turkish interpreters in Sweden have encouraged asylum seekers from Turkey to become informants on behalf of Turkish authorities.[7][8] Interpreters have also threatened to send information on regime critics to Turkish authorities.[7]

Turkish organizationsEdit

Mosques controlled by DiyanetEdit

According to Dagens Nyheter in 2017, nine mosques in Sweden have imams sent and paid for by the Turkish Directorate of Religious Affairs (Diyanet). Along with their religious duties, the imams are also tasked with reporting on critics of theTurkish government. According to Dagens Nyheter, propaganda for president Erdogan is openly presented in the mosques.[6]

  • Muslimska församlingen i Malmö (translation: Muslim congregation in Malmö) is a turkish congregation connected to the Turkish directorate of Religious Affairs, Diyanet. According to its own records, it has 2200 members. The imam was trained and sent by Diyanet. According to the Swedish Agency for Support to Faith Communities, the mosque has good relations to the Malmö Millî Görüş chapter.[9] In 2011, after decades of collecting donations from its members, it bought a property to use as a mosque for 8 million SEK. In 2017, the congregation donated its property to Svenska Islam stiftelsen (Turkish: Isveç Diyanet Vakfı) which is part of Diyanet.[6]
  • Fittja Mosque[6]

Politics and electionsEdit

In the 2018 Swedish general election, 10 000 Swedich citizens living in Turkey were expected to cast their votes in Turkey.[10]

Famous Turkish SwedesEdit

Timur Ersöz, Turkish Filmmaker residing in Stockholm


  1. ^ Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency. "Turkiet är en viktig bro mellan Öst och Väst". Archived from the original on 2012-09-11. Retrieved 2011-04-14.
  2. ^ a b Swedish Ministry for Foreign Affairs. "Ankara Historia". Archived from the original on 2011-07-22. Retrieved 2011-04-14.
  3. ^ Hava, Ergin (15 April 2011). "Swedish trade minister Ewa Björling calls on Turkey to cooperate in third countries". Sundays Zaman. Retrieved 15 April 2011.
  4. ^ Hurriyet Daily News. "Businessman invites Swedes for cheap labor, regional access". Retrieved 2011-04-14.
  5. ^ Laczko, Stacher & Klekowski von Koppenfels 2002, 187.
  6. ^ a b c d "Genom statsanställda imamer har Turkiet inflytande i nio svenska moskéer. Många turksvenskar i Stockholm, Göteborg och Malmö har slutat gå till moskén av rädsla. Den alltmer auktoritära turkiska regimen skrämmer och kartlägger meningsmotståndare i Sverige". DN.SE (in Swedish). Dagens Nyheter. 2017-04-01. Archived from the original on 15 June 2018. Retrieved 2019-02-16.
  7. ^ a b Malmöhus, P4 (2018-03-06). "Flyktingspionage kan leda till att personer råkar illa ut". Sveriges Radio (in Swedish). Retrieved 2018-07-14.
  8. ^ Öhman, Daniel (2017-03-28). "Turkiet kartlägger oppositionella i Sverige". Sveriges Radio (in Swedish). Retrieved 2018-07-14.
  9. ^ Rickard Lagervall & Leif Stenberg (2016). Muslimska församlingar och föreningar i Malmö och Lund – en ögonblicksbild (PDF). Lund: Lund University / Center for Middle Eastern Studies (CMES). pp. 34–35. Archived from the original (PDF) on 16 February 2019.
  10. ^ "Swedish elections begin in Turkey's Kulu district - Turkey News". Hürriyet Daily News. Retrieved 2019-10-08.


  • Laczko, Frank; Stacher, Irene; Klekowski von Koppenfels, Amanda (2002). New challenges for Migration Policy in Central and Eastern Europe. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-90-6704-153-9. (Turkic Swedish: İ'svoç Túrkhlärih)

Further readingEdit

  • Abadan-Unat N. (2004) Disputed models of integration: Multiculturalism, Institutionalization of religion, political participation presented in “Conference integration of immigrants from Turkey in Belgium, France, Denmark and Sweden” 2004 Bosphorus University Istanbul.
  • Akpınar, Aylin (2004). Integration of immigrants from Turkey in Sweden: The case of women presented in “Conference integration of immigrants from Turkey in Belgium, France, Denmark and Sweden” 2004 Bosphorus University Istanbul.
  • Aksoy, A. and Robins, K. (2002) “Banal Transnationalism: The Difference that Television Makes.” ESRC Transnational Communities Programme. Oxford: WPTC-02-08.
  • Appadurai, A. (1996) Modernity at Large: Cultural Dimensions of Globalization . Minneapolis and London: University of Minnesota Press
  • Bibark, Mutlu (2005) Uluslararası Türk-Etnik Yerel Medyası ve Adiyet Tasarımlarının inşaasında rolü / Trans-national Turkish Ethnic Media and its role in construction of identity design. From Yurtdışındaki Türk Medyası Sempozyumu: Bildiriler / Proceedings from conference on Turkish Media Abroad (ed.) Abdülrezzak Altun.Ankara University Faculty of Communication.
  • Cohen, R. (1997) ‘Global diasporas: an introduction’. London: UCL Press.
  • Georgiou, M and Silverstone, R. (2005) “Editorial Introduction: Media and ethnic minorities in Europe” Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies Vol. 31, No. 3, May 2005, pp 433–441. Routledge. Taylor & Francis group. London
  • Paine, S. (1974) Exporting workers: the Turkish case, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press
  • Theolin, Sture (2000) The Swedish palace in Istanbul: A thousand years of cooperation between Turkey and Sweden, Yapı Kredi yayıncılık AS. Istanbul, Turkey.
  • Westin, Charles (2003) “Young People of Migrant Origin in Sweden” in Migration and Labour in Europe. Views from Turkey and Sweden. Emrehan Zeybekoğlu and Bo Johansson (eds.), (Istanbul: MURCIR & NIWL, 2003)

External linksEdit