Rosengård (literally "Rose Manor") was a city district (Swedish: stadsdel) in the center of Malmö Municipality, Sweden. On 1 July 2013, it was merged with Husie, forming Öster. In 2012, Rosengård had a population of 23,563 of the municipality's 307,758. Its area was 332 hectares.
Rosengård is often incorrectly referred to as a suburb, although the area is located centrally in Malmö, neighbouring the former city district Centrum. Long a destination for immigrants, 86% of the population had some foreign ancestry in 2008.
Most of Rosengård was built between 1967 and 1972 as a part of the Million Programme although some parts, such as the mansion in Herrgården, and Östra kyrkogården, are older. Rosengård is to a high degree populated by minorities. In 1972, the percentage of immigrants was around 18%, with the majority of inhabitants being working-class people from rural Sweden. Since 1974, there has been a white flight out of the suburb as more immigrants were assigned there. By 2012, the figure for those of immigrant background was given as 86%.
Rosengård has also been the place for several violent clashes between gangs and between the resident youths and authorities. Fire crews and ambulance personnel have also been threatened and attacked, as well as the police.
In December 2008, riots occurred as youngsters confronted the police in which cars, wagons, kiosks, building sheds, recycling stations, and bicycle sheds were set ablaze. The background to the riots was the eviction of a local mosque. The riot was the most violent yet seen in a suburb in Sweden. The riot finally ended when police forces from Gothenburg and Stockholm were sent in.
In its December 2015 report, the Swedish Police Authority placed the southern half of the district in the most severe category of urban areas with high crime rates.
In 2016, after a criminal family had been evicted in an effort by the housing company to reduce crime, the office of the housing company was subjected to three bomb attacks.
The 2005 documentary ”Utan gränser – en film om idrott och integration” (Without Borders - A Film About Sports and Integration) was shot in Rosengård, and is a film described by Swedish newspaper Aftonbladet as "a documentary on how to succeed with integration" of migrants into Swedish society. Osama Krayem, one of the protagonists, later went on to become one of the 2016 Brussels bombings perpetrators.
The neighbourhoods of Rosengård were:
- Rosengård Centrum
- Västra Kattarp
- Östra kyrkogården
Rosengård Centrum is a shopping mall with several stores, including one of Sweden's largest grocery stores (City Gross). Zlatan Court, a football field sponsored by the football player Zlatan Ibrahimović, is situated in the area too.
Tower block buildings in Rosengård.
Places of worshipEdit
The ten largest groups of foreign-born persons in 2010 were:
Unemployment and education are two major issues in the area. Only 38% of the population in Rosengård are employed and 60% complete elementary school, compared to a citywide average (inclusive Rosengård) of 80%, indicating that in the rest of the city, about 100% finish elementary school.
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- "Malmö's wave of car burnings continues". 12 August 2016. Retrieved 15 August 2018.
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- Radio, Sveriges. "Bomberna i Rosengård - P1 Dokumentär". sverigesradio.se (in Swedish). Retrieved 15 August 2018.
- Nilsson, Christoffer; Melin, Eric (15 April 2016). "Swedish terror suspect was in movie about successful integration - Terrormisstänkt svensk var med i film om lyckad integration". Aftonbladet (in Swedish). Retrieved 17 April 2016.
As an eleven-year-old Osama Krayem participated in a documentary on how to succeed with integration.
- Magnus Ranstorp, Filip Ahlin, Peder Hyllengren, Magnus Normark. Mellan salafism och salafistisk jihadism - Påverkan mot och utmaningar för det svenska samhället (PDF). 2018: Swedish Defence University. pp. Section 4.4.1.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
- "Malmöbor födda i utlandet. 1 januari 2010". Malmö Municipality (in Swedish). 1 January 2010. Archived from the original on 5 March 2012. Retrieved 19 January 2014.