Lucia Francisca "Susi" Susanti Haditono (Hanzi: 王蓮香, Pinyin: Wang Lian-xiang, Hokkien: Ong Lien Hiang, born 11 February 1971) is a retired Indonesian badminton player. Relatively small of stature, she combined quick and graceful movement with elegant shotmaking technique, and is regarded by many as one of the greatest women's singles players of all time. She is the first Indonesian Olympic gold medalist and the only Indonesian woman until Lilyana Natsir won gold in 2016.
|Full name||Lucia Francisca Susanti Haditono|
|Birth name||Ong Lien Hiang|
|Born||11 February 1971|
|Height||1.65 m (5 ft 5 in)|
She won the women's singles gold medal at the 1992 Olympic Games in Barcelona, Spain and the bronze medal at the 1996 Olympic Games in Atlanta, United States. She retired from the world badminton circuit not long after her marriage to Alan Budikusuma (who had also won a badminton singles gold medal at the 1992 Summer Olympics) in February 1997. Susanti was the most dominant women's singles player in the first half of the 1990s, winning the All-England in 1990, 1991, 1993 and 1994, the World Badminton Grand Prix finale five times consecutively from 1990 to 1994 as well as in 1996, and the IBF World Championships in 1993. She is the only female player to hold the Olympic, World Championship, and All-England singles titles simultaneously. She won the Japan Open three times and the Indonesian Open five times. She also won numerous Badminton Grand Prix Series events and five Badminton World Cups. She led the Indonesian team to victory over perennial champion China in the 1994 and 1996 Uber Cup (women's world team) competitions. All of this came during a relatively strong period in women's international badminton. Her chief competitors early in her prime years were the Chinese players Tang Jiuhong and Huang Hua, and, later, China's Ye Zhaoying and the Korean Bang Soo-hyun.
Susanti was an extremely durable defensive player who liked to instigate long rallies to wear down her opponent's stamina and invite errors. That style was in contrast to most of the top female players of her time such as Bang Soo Hyun, Tang Jiuhong, Huang Hua, and Ye Zhaoying, who employed a more aggressive style.
Susanti's matches against top-tier opponents were characteristically slow-paced and long, especially in the era of 15 points system when a player could only earn a point when she or he held the serve. Susanti relied on deep clears to the back line, limiting the chance of a fast-paced exchange, mixed with tight drop shots, forcing her opponent to cover the entire court. Susanti frequently covered her backhand side with overhead forehands, by relying on her quickness and back-arching suppleness. Relatively short, she often stretched her legs very wide to take low shots at the corners or away from her position. Developed from training, this leg-stretching, almost balletic maneuver became a signature pose which sometimes ended with a full leg split. In the later years of her career, Susanti incorporated more smashing into her repertoire, enough to put throw off opponents expecting only a game of attrition.
She is married to Alan Budikusuma (Chinese: 魏仁芳), a men's badminton Olympic gold medalist (also in 1992) and one of the top men's players in the history of the sport, a former Chinese Indonesian badminton player who excelled at the world level from the late 1980s to the mid-1990s. Together they have three children, Laurencia Averina, born 1999, Albertus Edward, born 2000, Sebastianus Fredrick, born 2003.
|1992||Pavelló de la Mar Bella, Barcelona, Spain||Bang Soo-hyun||5–11, 11–5, 11–3||Gold|
|1996||GSU Sports Arena, Atlanta, United States||Kim Ji-hyun||11–4, 11–1||Bronze|
|1991||Brøndby Arena, Copenhagen, Denmark||Tang Jiuhong||4–11, 1–11||Bronze|
|1993||National Indoor Arena, Birmingham, England||Bang Soo-hyun||7–11, 11–9, 11–3||Gold|
|1995||Malley Sports Centre, Lausanne, Switzerland||Ye Zhaoying||11–5, 8–11, 2–11||Bronze|
|1989||Guangzhou Gymnasium, Guangzhou, China||Han Aiping||11–5, 11–4||Gold|
|1990||Istora Senayan, Jakarta, Indonesia||Sarwendah Kusumawardhani||5–11, 11–1, 11–12||Silver|
|1991||Macau Forum, Macau||Huang Hua||3–11, 2–11||Bronze|
|1993||Indira Gandhi Arena, New Delhi, India||Lim Xiaoqing||11–7, 11–5||Gold|
|1994||Phan Dinh Phung Indoor Stadium, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam||Bang Soo-hyun||12–9, 11–6||Gold|
|1995||Istora Senayan, Jakarta, Indonesia||Ye Zhaoying||9–12, 11–2, 9–12||Silver|
|1996||Istora Senayan, Jakarta, Indonesia||Wang Chen||11–7, 11–4||Gold|
|1997||Among Rogo Sports Hall, Yogyakarta, Indonesia||Ye Zhaoying||11–8, 11–5||Gold|
|1990||Beijing Gymnasium, Beijing, China||Tang Jiuhong||11–7, 1–11, 7–11||Bronze|
|1994||Tsuru Memorial Gymnasium, Hiroshima, Japan||Hisako Mizui||4–11, 5–11||Bronze|
|1988||Bandar Lampung, Indonesia||Tang Jiuhong||1–11, 4–11||Bronze|
Southeast Asian GamesEdit
|1987||Kuningan Hall, Jakarta, Indonesia||Elizabeth Latief||5–11, 9–11||Silver|
|1989||Stadium Negara, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia||Sarwendah Kusumawardhani||11–7, 11–6||Gold|
|1991||Camp Crame Gymnasium, Manila, Philippines||Sarwendah Kusumawardhani||5–11, 11–8, 11–2||Gold|
|1995||Gymnasium 3, 700th Anniversary Sport Complex, Chiang Mai, Thailand||Somharuthai Jaroensiri||11–4, 11–0||Gold|
World Junior championshipsEdit
The Bimantara World Junior Championships was an international invitation badminton tournament for junior players. It was held in Jakarta, Indonesia from 1987 to 1991.
|1987||Jakarta, Indonesia||Lee Jung-mi||11–6, 8–11, 11–6||Gold|
|1988||Jakarta, Indonesia||Huang Ying||11–5, 11–2||Gold|
|1987||Jakarta, Indonesia||Lilik Sudarwati|| Lee Jung-mi
|9–15, 15–6, 15–5||Gold|
|1988||Jakarta, Indonesia||Lilik Sudarwati|| Shon Hye-joo
|14–18, 18–14, 15–4||Gold|
|1987||Jakarta, Indonesia||Ardy Wiranata|| Ricky Subagja
|7–15, 15–7, 15–9||Gold|
IBF World Grand PrixEdit
The World Badminton Grand Prix sanctioned by International Badminton Federation (IBF) since 1983.
|1987||Indonesia Open||Verawaty Fadjrin|| Rosiana Tendean
|1990||Australian Open||Anna Lao||11–1, 11–4||Winner|
|1990||Australian Open||Lisa Campbell|| Rhonda Cator
|1990||Australian Open||Ardy Wiranata|| He Tim
Record against selected opponentsEdit
Record against year-end Finals finalists, World Championships semi-finalists, and Olympic quarter-finalists.
- Leigh, James (21 May 1995). "Badminton: Shock defeat for Susanti". The Independent. Retrieved 22 October 2018.
- Clarey, Christopher (25 June 1996). "ATLANTA 1996 -- BADMINTON IN INDONESIA;This Is No Picnic: In Southeast Asia, Respect Rides on a Shuttlecock". The New York Times. Retrieved 11 September 2020.