Strakonice (Czech pronunciation: [ˈstrakoɲɪtsɛ]; German: Strakonitz) is a town in the South Bohemian Region of the Czech Republic. It has about 22,000 inhabitants.

Strakonice
Aerial view
Aerial view
Flag of Strakonice
Coat of arms of Strakonice
Strakonice is located in Czech Republic
Strakonice
Strakonice
Location in the Czech Republic
Coordinates: 49°15′41″N 13°54′9″E / 49.26139°N 13.90250°E / 49.26139; 13.90250Coordinates: 49°15′41″N 13°54′9″E / 49.26139°N 13.90250°E / 49.26139; 13.90250
Country Czech Republic
RegionSouth Bohemian
DistrictStrakonice
First mentioned1243
Government
 • MayorBřetislav Hrdlička
Area
 • Total34.68 km2 (13.39 sq mi)
Elevation
393 m (1,289 ft)
Population
 (2022-01-01)[1]
 • Total22,214
 • Density640/km2 (1,700/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
386 01
Websitewww.strakonice.eu

Administrative partsEdit

Strakonice is made up of town parts of Strakonice I and Strakonice II, and villages of Dražejov, Hajská, Modlešovice, Přední Ptákovice, Střela and Virt.

GeographyEdit

Strakonice is located about 51 kilometres (32 mi) northwest of České Budějovice. It lies mostly in the northern tip of the České Budějovice Basin, but the municipal territory also extends to the Blatná Uplands on the north, and to the Bohemian Forest Foothills on the south. The highest point of the territory is the hill Velká Kakada with an altitude of 564 metres (1,850 ft).

The town is situated at the confluence of the Volyňka and Otava rivers. There are several ponds in the territory, the largest of them are Velkoholský and Blatský.

In the municipal territory there are the nature reserve Bažantnice u Pracejovic and the nature monument Tůně u Hajské.

HistoryEdit

 
Strakonice Castle

A moated castle on the Otava River was built by the noble family Bavors of Strakonice at the beginning of the 13th century, the first written mention of the castle is from 1235. The first written mention of the village of Strakonice is from 1243, when the Church of Saint Wenceslaus already existed and when Bavors donated a part of the castle and several villages in the vicinity to the Knights Hospitaller of the Order of Saint John. In 1318, Strakonice already was a town.[2][3]

From 1402, the Knights Hospitaller owned the whole castle as well as the surrounding manor.[3] In 1420 the Hussite commander Jan Žižka occupied Strakonice, but failed to capture the fortress. Strakonice Castle experienced an extensive reconstruction to a representation residence of the Grand Priors of the Order in the 16th century, the later modifications were minor only. After the Thirty Years' War, the castle has lost its significance.[2][3]

During the 19th century, the town was industrialized. In the 1860s, the town was connected with České Budějovice and Plzeň by railroad, which helped its further development.[2]

DemographicsEdit

Historical population
YearPop.±%
18698,327—    
18809,246+11.0%
18908,733−5.5%
19008,789+0.6%
19108,715−0.8%
YearPop.±%
19219,001+3.3%
193011,398+26.6%
195012,056+5.8%
196114,297+18.6%
197017,478+22.2%
YearPop.±%
198021,731+24.3%
199124,705+13.7%
200123,800−3.7%
201122,690−4.7%
202121,909−3.4%
Source: Censuses[4][5]

ClimateEdit

Strakonice has a cool, wet, and temperate inland version of a humid continental climate (Dfb).

Climate data for Strakonice
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 0.8
(33.4)
2.5
(36.5)
8.3
(46.9)
13.5
(56.3)
18.7
(65.7)
21.8
(71.2)
23.6
(74.5)
23.0
(73.4)
19.2
(66.6)
13.0
(55.4)
6.0
(42.8)
2.4
(36.3)
12.7
(54.9)
Daily mean °C (°F) −2.3
(27.9)
−1.2
(29.8)
3.5
(38.3)
7.9
(46.2)
12.8
(55.0)
16.0
(60.8)
17.8
(64.0)
17.2
(63.0)
13.7
(56.7)
8.3
(46.9)
3.0
(37.4)
−0.3
(31.5)
8.0
(46.4)
Average low °C (°F) −5.4
(22.3)
−4.9
(23.2)
−1.2
(29.8)
2.4
(36.3)
6.9
(44.4)
10.3
(50.5)
12.0
(53.6)
11.5
(52.7)
8.2
(46.8)
3.7
(38.7)
0.0
(32.0)
−3.0
(26.6)
3.4
(38.1)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 48
(1.9)
40
(1.6)
45
(1.8)
46
(1.8)
75
(3.0)
83
(3.3)
92
(3.6)
81
(3.2)
58
(2.3)
45
(1.8)
45
(1.8)
54
(2.1)
712
(28.0)
Source: Climate-Data.ORG [1]

EconomyEdit

 
Dudák, the burghers' brewery

Since the 19th century Strakonice was a main production site for fez hats and it also became an industrial centre known for its motorbikes and hand guns production.

Strakonice is also known for its brewery called "Dudák – Burghers' Brewery Strakonice", located nearby the castle. It produces the beer under the brand Strakonický Dudák. The Strakonice Burghers' Brewery is the last brewery in the Czech Republic to still be owned by a town.[6] The tradition of beer brewing in the town started in 1367 and the Burghers' Brewery was founded in 1649.[7]

TransportEdit

Strakonice lies the railway line of national importance BrnoJihlavaČeské Budějovice–Strakonice–Plzeň, and on the regional railway line Strakonice–Volary.

CultureEdit

 
International Bagpipe Festival, 2006

Every year, the town hosts the International Bagpipe Festival. The town's bagpipe tradition refers to the famous work of Josef Kajetán Tyl Strakonický dudák ("The Bagpiper of Strakonice").[8]

SightsEdit

Most of the historic buildings were demolished during the 20th century. The Strakonice Castle today serves as a regional museum and gallery. Its exhibitions focus on motorcycles, weapons, bagpipers and the traditional fez production. The Rumpál Tower serves as a lookout tower.[9]

Notable peopleEdit

Twin towns – sister citiesEdit

Strakonice is twinned with:[10]

Strakonice also has friendly relations with Rawicz in Poland.[10]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Population of Municipalities – 1 January 2022". Czech Statistical Office. 2022-04-29.
  2. ^ a b c "Historie města" (in Czech). Město Strakonice. Retrieved 2021-08-21.
  3. ^ a b c "Střípky z historie" (in Czech). Strakonice Castle. Retrieved 2021-08-21.
  4. ^ "Historický lexikon obcí České republiky 1869–2011 – Okres Strakonice" (in Czech). Czech Statistical Office. 2015-12-21. pp. 15–16.
  5. ^ "Population Census 2021: Population by sex". Public Database. Czech Statistical Office. 2021-03-27.
  6. ^ "Strakonický pivovar Dudák chystá prodej plechovkového piva" (in Czech). Jižní Čechy TEĎ. 2017-12-08. Retrieved 2021-08-21.
  7. ^ "Historie" (in Czech). DUDÁK – Měšťanský pivovar Strakonice, a. s. Retrieved 2021-08-21.
  8. ^ "International Bagpipe Festival STRAKONICE" (in Czech). Městské kulturní středisko Strakonice. Retrieved 2021-08-21.
  9. ^ "Strakonice" (in Czech). CzechTourism. Retrieved 2022-03-02.
  10. ^ a b "Partnerská města" (in Czech). Město Strakonice. Retrieved 2021-08-21.

External linksEdit