Sport in Peru

Sports in Peru are popular and widespread.

FootballEdit

Football is the most popular sport in Peru, and the Peru national football team have competed in the FIFA World Cup five times.

The national team has also won two Copa América trophies: 1939 and 1975.

At the club level there are significant achievements such as the Cienciano championships in the 2003 Copa Sudamericana and in the 2004 Recopa Sudamericana.[1][2] The Simon Bolivar Cup won by Defensor Lima and Alianza Lima in 1974 and 1976 respectively,[3] in addition to the Copa Libertadores U-20 championship won by Universitario de Deportes in 2011.[4]

Club competitionsEdit

Peruvian Primera DivisiónEdit

The Peru First Division is the top flight of association football in Peru.

List of championsEdit
Season Champion
1912 Lima Cricket[5]
1913 Jorge Chávez N°1[6]
1914 Lima Cricket[7]
1915 Sport José Gálvez[8]
1916 Sport José Gálvez[9]
1917 Sport Juan Bielovucic[10]
1918 Sport Alianza[11]
1919 Sport Alianza[12]
1920 Sport Inca[13]
1921 Sport Progreso[14]
1922–25 No Tournament
1926 Sport Progreso[15]
1927 Alianza Lima[16]
1928 Alianza Lima[17]
1929 Federación Universitaria[18]
1930 Atlético Chalaco[19]
1931 Alianza Lima[20]
1932 Alianza Lima[21]
1933 Alianza Lima[22]
1934 Universitario[23][24][25][26]
1935 Sport Boys[27]
1936 No Tournament
1937 Sport Boys[28]
1938 Deportivo Municipal[29]
1939 Universitario[30]
1940 Deportivo Municipal[31]
1941 Universitario[32]
1942 Sport Boys[33]
1943 Deportivo Municipal[34]
1944 Sucre[35]
1945 Universitario[36]
1946 Universitario[37]
1947 Atlético Chalaco[38]
1948 Alianza Lima[39]
1949 Universitario[40]
1950 Deportivo Municipal[41]
1951 Sport Boys[42]
1952 Alianza Lima
1953 Mariscal Sucre
1954 Alianza Lima
1955 Alianza Lima
1956 Sporting Cristal
1957 Centro Iqueño
1958 Sport Boys
1959 Universitario
1960 Universitario
1961 Sporting Cristal
1962 Alianza Lima
1963 Alianza Lima
1964 Universitario
1965 Alianza Lima
1966 Universitario
1967 Universitario
1968 Sporting Cristal
1969 Universitario
1970 Sporting Cristal
1971 Universitario
1972 Sporting Cristal
1973 Defensor Lima
1974 Universitario
1975 Alianza Lima
1976 Unión Huaral
1977 Alianza Lima
1978 Alianza Lima
1979 Sporting Cristal
1980 Sporting Cristal
1981 Melgar
1982 Universitario
1983 Sporting Cristal
1984 Sport Boys
1985 Universitario
1986 San Agustín
1987 Universitario
1988 Sporting Cristal
1989 Unión Huaral
1990 Universitario
1991 Sporting Cristal
1992 Universitario
1993 Universitario
1994 Sporting Cristal
1995 Sporting Cristal
1996 Sporting Cristal
1997 Alianza Lima
1998 Universitario
1999 Universitario
2000 Universitario
2001 Alianza Lima
2002 Sporting Cristal
2003 Alianza Lima
2004 Alianza Lima
2005 Sporting Cristal
2006 Alianza Lima
2007 Universidad San Martín
2008 Universidad San Martín
2009 Universitario
2010 Universidad San Martín
2011 Juan Aurich
2012 Sporting Cristal
2013 Universitario
2014 Sporting Cristal
2015 Melgar
2016 Sporting Cristal
2017 Alianza Lima
2018 Sporting Cristal
2019 Binacional
2020 Sporting Cristal
2021 Alianza Lima

Peruvian Segunda DivisiónEdit

The Liga 2 (Ligue 2) of Peru is the second-highest division in the Peruvian football league system.

TaekwondoEdit

Taekwondo was introduced in Peru by Hakeem Aanders Polar, an Arequipeños instructor master the art of Taekwondo in Cochabamba, Bolivia, and introduced this form of martial art in the early 1970s. The first Taekwondo Clubs in Peru were to be found in Arequipa.

In the late 1970s, Sa Bum Nim Byon Oh Park introduced taekwondo in Lima. In 1979, Sa Bum Nim Jon Hye, after a few years spent in Argentina also joined Byon Oh Park in disseminating taekwondo in Lima.

Simultaneously to these two, John Polar and Byon Oh Park, Alex Velazques was doing taekwondo with a reduced number of practices along with "La Yegua" Leiblinger who later moved to Argentina.

It was Byon Oh Park, who introduced the regulated form of taekwondo and started to teach to some new taekwondo instructors. Of those, Percy Vergara and Juan Infantas were the YUHmain instructors and the ones who started the dissemination of taekwondo to bigger audiences. Both Percy Vergara and Juan Infantas started to run a Taekwondo Club in the San Marcos University. They also opened up a new club, Black Belt Taekwondo Club where most of their best students from San Marcos continued training.

In 1982, the first open martial arts competition was run. In this competition, practitioners from kung fu, karate, kyokushinkai and other styles, along with taekwondo took part. It was the first time taekwondo athletes were to take part in any open national event.

After this experience taekwondo grew up in popularity and a number of clubs and academies started to flourish. In 1981, Saboming Ki Hyung Lee arrived to Peru and joined forces into making this sport even more popular. Percy Vergara started clubs in Regattas Lima, as Cesar Landeo started one in the Engineering National University (UNI) where he graduated as Electrical engineer. The UNI team has won more than 10 university championships between 1981 and 1994 at the university level. Other taekwondo Clubs appeared and flourished, thanks also to the contribution of Ki Bong Lee, So Yong Kim and Eui Wan Chong.

In the south of Peru, taekwondo was disseminated by Professor Alberto Cabrera Cano, Angle Leon, while in the north by Professor Luis Benites.

Today taekwondo, although it has lost the prestige it had by the mid-1990s remains steadfast and efforts are made to return the sport in Peru to its previous level of prestige.

The Peru 2008 Summer Olympics team included Peter López; he finished at fourth place.

BasketballEdit

Until the mid-70s, Peru had one of the best basketball national teams in South America. However, since the 1973 South American Basketball Championship, where Peru won the bronze medal, international victories have become scarce.

Water poloEdit

Peru features a water polo team that finished fourth at the 2018 South American Games.[43]

Peru's women's national under-20 water polo team made its debut at the 2021 FINA Junior Water Polo World Championships.[44]

Rugby leagueEdit

While no Rugby league has been played on Peru soil, Peru has a National Rugby league team. They make their debut on 17 October 2015 in the first Latino Seven competition.

Rugby unionEdit

On 30 November 1996, the first university test match saw the Universidad de Lima win 18 to 3 against the Pontificia Universidad Catolica. This match also has the distinction of being the first time that the participants on the pitch including team members and the referee were Peru-born.

VolleyballEdit

The Peru women's national volleyball team is the national team of Peru. The team was one of the dominant forces in women's volleyball in the 1980s, culminating in the silver medal won at the 1988 Summer Olympics in Seoul, South Korea.

Introduction of volleyball in PeruEdit

Volleyball was introduced in South America in Peru in 1911, with the hiring by the government of President Augusto B. Leguía of American educators Joseph Lockey and Joseph McKnight, responsible for an educational reform, and that he practiced it as a hobby, since in those years football and boxing predominated.[45][46][47]

SurfingEdit

For travelers from all over the world, Peru offers waves for everyone: beginners, intermediate, and advanced longboard riders alike surfers. Felipe Pomar, Second World Surfing Championship, Peru 1965, and Sofia Mulanovich, Women's World Surf Champion in 2004.

SailingEdit

Peru is the only country of the region that has won the Central, South American & Caribbean Championships for six years in Sunfish Class. In the Optimist Class, it was three times World Champion in Team-Racing in 1997 and 1998, and have more South American Champions in J24, Windsurf, Laser Class and Lightning.

ShootingEdit

Peru's four Olympic medals achievements include three in shooting. Edwin Vásquez won Peru's only gold medal in the 1948 Summer Olympics, while Francisco Boza (Los Angeles 1984), and Juan Giha (Barcelona 1992) both won silver medals.

TennisEdit

Luis Horna and Jaime Yzaga are well-known Peru-born tennis players. Tennis Hall of Famer and Davis Cup and Wimbledon winner Alejandro Olmedo is Peru-born, but played for the United States.[48][49] Laura Arraya is the best Peruvian tennis player in the women's competition. Her brother is Pablo Arraya, a former Peruvian tennis player.

The Peru Davis Cup team currently compete in the Americas Zone Group II, with their best result qualifying for the World Group in 2008. They had twice previously reached the World Group playoffs in 1989 and 1994, but did not advance.

Club Lawn Tennis de la Exposición is located in the district of Jesús María in Lima, the usual court location for Peru's players. The court was found in 1884, and was the home court for the golden generation of Peru's tennis players of the 1980s. Its principal colosseum was named after the Buse Brothers, Enrique and Eduardo Buse. Enrique played at Wimbledon and the US Open in 1946 and again at the US Open in 1951.

Peru at the OlympicsEdit

Peru has officially participated in 17 Summer Olympic Games and 2 Winter Olympic Games. The Comité Olímpico Peruano is the National Olympic Committee for Peru which was founded in 1924 and recognized by the International Olympic Committee in 1936.

Peru has won a total of four medals, three in shooting events and one in volleyball. Their first and only gold medal to date was won by Edwin Vásquez in the 1948 Summer Olympics in the Men's 50 metre pistol. The remaining three medals were silver.


ReferencesEdit

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