Decoration of Honour for Services to the Republic of Austria

The Decoration of Honour for Services to the Republic of Austria (German: Ehrenzeichen für Verdienste um die Republik Österreich) is a national honour awarded by the Republic of Austria.

Order of Honour for Services to the Republic of Austria
Großstern-Ehrenzeichen-Rep-AUT-combined.jpg
Grand Cross, Special Class set of the Order
TypeState decoration
Awarded forMeritorious service
to the Austrian nation
EligibilityCivilians and military personnel
Established2 April 1952
Precedence
Next (higher)None (highest)
Next (lower)Varies by grade[1]
RelatedOrder for Science and the Arts

The decoration is awarded in 15 grades and is Austria's highest national honour.

HistoryEdit

The Decoration of Honour for Services to the Republic of Austria was first established by federal law on 4 November 1922. It initially had ten grades. Later it was expanded to sixteen grades. It was replaced in 1934 by the Austrian Order of Merit (Österreichischer Verdienstorden) in 1934.

The modern iteration of the Decoration of Honour for Services to the Republic of Austria was established by the National Council in 1952.[2] It is conferred by the Republic of Austria to honour people (from Austria and abroad) who have rendered meritorious services to the country. Recipients are selected by the government. The awards are made by the President in accordance with the respective laws.[2] The State President of Austria automatically receives the "Grand Star of the Decoration for Services to the Republic of Austria" by being elected to the office and holds this honour for life. The decoration should not be confused with other decorations in the Austrian honours system such as the "Austrian Decoration for Science and Art".

ClassesEdit

The Decoration of Honour for Services to the Republic of Austria is divided into the 15 classes as follows:

  1.   Grand Star (Gross-Stern)[3]
  2.   Grand Decoration of Honour in Gold with Sash (Grosses Goldenes Ehrenzeichen am Bande)[3]
  3.   Grand Decoration of Honour in Silver with Sash (Grosses Silbernes Ehrenzeichen am Bande)[3]
  4.   Grand Decoration of Honour in Gold with Star (Grosses Goldenes Ehrenzeichen mit Stern)[3]
  5.   Grand Decoration of Honour in Silver with Star (Grosses Silbernes Ehrenzeichen mit Stern)[3]
  6.   Grand Decoration of Honour in Gold (Grosses Goldenes Ehrenzeichen)[3]
  7.   Grand Decoration of Honour in Silver (Grosses Silbernes Ehrenzeichen)[3]
  8.   Grand Decoration of Honour (Grosses Ehrenzeichen)[3]
  9.   Decoration of Honour in Gold (Goldenes Ehrenzeichen)[4]
  10.   Decoration of Honour in Silver (Silbernes Ehrenzeichen)[4]
  11.   Decoration of Merit in Gold (Goldenes Verdienstzeichen)[4]
  12.   Decoration of Merit in Silver (Silbernes Verdienstzeichen)[4]
  13.     Gold Medal (Goldene Medaille)[4]
  14.   Silver Medal (Silberne Medaille)[4]
  15.   Bronze Medal (Bronzene Medaille), no longer awarded[4]

The "Gold Medal for Services to the Republic of Austria" may also be conferred as "Gold Medal with Red Riband" awarded for bravery and lifesaving.[4]

Notable recipientsEdit

See also List of honours of Austria awarded to heads of state and royalty

Below is a list of all Grand Star recipients and other notable recipients, in chronological order with year of award in parentheses:.

Grand Star recipientsEdit

Royal HousesEdit

PoliticiansEdit

Other select recipientsEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ "Bundespraesident.at: Decorations of Honour". Bundespraesident.at. Retrieved 26 January 2020.
  2. ^ a b "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 16 February 2009. Retrieved 15 February 2010.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h Hofburg: Decoration (English); Archived 27 September 2011 at the Wayback Machine Ehrenzeichen (German). Archived 27 September 2011 at the Wayback Machine
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h Hofburg: Ehrenzeichen (German). Archived 27 September 2011 at the Wayback Machine
  5. ^ Badurina, Berislav; Saračević, Sead; Grobenski, Valent; Eterović, Ivo; Tudor, Mladen (1980). Bilo je časno živjeti s Titom. Vjesnik. p. 102.
  6. ^ Volkov, Solomon. (2004). Testimony, p. 280.
  7. ^ Felder, Deborah G. (2005). Fifty Jewish Women Who Changed the World, p. 129.
  8. ^ a b "Eingelangt am 23.04.2012 : Dieser Text wurde elektronisch übermittelt. Abweichungen vom Original sind möglich. Bundeskanzler Anfragebeantwortung" (PDF). Parlament.gv.at. Retrieved 10 February 2019.
  9. ^ Toyota: Toyoda bio Archived 4 June 2009 at the Wayback Machine
  10. ^ "Austrian Decorations". Austrianinformation.org.
  11. ^ "Obituary: Jeanette Schmid". The Daily Telegraph. 17 March 2005.
  12. ^ "Stuart E. Eizenstat". Cov.com. Retrieved 10 February 2019.
  13. ^ "Reply to a parliamentary question about the Decoration of Honour" (PDF) (in German). p. 1879. Retrieved 1 November 2012.
  14. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 22 September 2012. Retrieved 12 May 2019.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  15. ^ University, Lancaster. "News & Events - Linguistics and English Language - Lancaster University". Lancaster.ac.uk. Retrieved 10 February 2019.
  16. ^ "Miep Gies :: Grand Decoration of Honour for Services". Miepgies.nl. Retrieved 15 January 2016.
  17. ^ "Dr. Dobida offiziell in die IIHF Hall of Fame aufgenommen". Hockey web (in German). 9 May 2007. Retrieved 26 February 2019.
  18. ^ "Dr. Hans Dobida in die IIHF Hall of Fame aufgenommen". Hockeyfans.at (in German). 11 November 2006. Retrieved 26 February 2019.

ReferencesEdit

External linksEdit