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Alois Mock (10 June 1934 – 1 June 2017) was a politician and member of the Austrian People's Party (ÖVP). He was Vice Chancellor of Austria from 1987 to 1989. As foreign minister, he helped take Austria into the European Union.
Alois Mock, speaking in 1986
|Vice-Chancellor of Austria|
21 January 1987 – 24 April 1989
|Preceded by||Norbert Steger|
|Succeeded by||Josef Riegler|
|Foreign Minister of Austria|
21 January 1987 – 4 May 1995
|Preceded by||Peter Jankowitsch|
|Succeeded by||Wolfgang Schüssel|
|Born||10 June 1934|
Euratsfeld, Lower Austria,
|Died||1 June 2017 (aged 82)|
Vienna, Austria
|Cause of death||Complications from Parkinson's disease|
|Political party||Austrian People's Party|
Born in Euratsfeld, Lower Austria, to August and Mathilde Mock, he studied law at the University of Vienna and later international law in Bologna and Brussels. In Vienna, he became a member of K.A.V. Norica Wien, a Roman Catholic student fraternity, which is a member of the Cartellverband. From 1961, he advised Austrian chancellor Josef Klaus on European Economic Community and EFTA policies. From 1962 till 1966, he worked at Austria's mission to the OECD in Paris. In 1966 he became Klaus's cabinet secretary. From 1969-70 was the youngest education minister in Austrian history.
After the parliamentary elections 1971 - in which the Social Democratic Party of Austria (SPÖ) under Bruno Kreisky won a majority — he became a member of parliament and mayor of Euratsfeld. From 1971-78, he chaired the ÖAAB, the most important grouping of the ÖVP. From 1978-87, he was the leader of the ÖVP parliamentary group, and from 1979, he also was ÖVP federal party chairman. He was later to be succeeded by Josef Riegler, Erhard Busek and Wolfgang Schüssel. In 1979, Mock became President of the European Democrat Union (EDU), and from 1983 to 1987 also was president of the International Democratic Union (IDU). At the 1983 elections, the ÖVP obtained nearly the same percentage as Kreisky's SPÖ. Kreisky didn't want to go on without an absolute majority and stepped down.
Following the 1986 elections, Alois Mock was Austrian vice chancellor in the government of Franz Vranitzky (SPÖ) from 1987 to 1989. From 1987 to 1995, he was foreign minister, leading Austria into the European Union. He became one of Austria's most popular politicians. In June 1989, together with his Hungarian colleague Gyula Horn, he cut the wires of the Iron Curtain near Sopron at the fortified border to Communist neighbour Hungary. As a result, during the following months, thousands of East German citizens were able to exit the Eastern Bloc. This marked the beginning of the fall of Communism.
In November 1989 Mock was one of the founders of the Central European cooperative Pentagonale, which later grew from 5 countries to the 18 of the CEI (Central European Initiative). In 1999, he retired from parliament because of Parkinson's disease. At the time of his death Mock was a Member of the Advisory Board of the Global Panel Foundation, an NGO that works behind the scenes in crisis areas around the world.
Honours and awardsEdit
- Grand Gold Medal with Ribbon for Services to the Republic of Austria
- Golden Commander's Cross with the Star of Honour for Services to the province of Lower Austria
- Grand Gold Medal of the province of Upper Austria
- Medal of Tyrol
- Large Order Montfort of Vorarlberg
- Carinthian Order in Gold
- Grand Cross of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany
- Grand Cross of Merit of the Italian Republic
- Legion of Honour (France)
- Grand Cross of the Order of Orange-Nassau (Netherlands)
- Grand Cross of the Order of Merit of the Principality of Liechtenstein
- Grand Order of King Dmitar Zvonimir (Croatia)
- Order of the Dragon of Bosnia
- Mother Teresa Medal (Albania)
- Grand Cross of Merit of the Republic of Cyprus
- Order of Merit of the Republic of Poland
- Order of Stara Planina, 1st class (Bulgaria)
- Order of the Star of Jordan (Jordan)
- Grand Officer's Cross of the Order of Ummayad Syria
- Order of Diplomatic Service Merit Gwanghwa Medal (South Korea)
- Grand Cross of the Order of Bernardo O'Higgins (Chile)
- Grand Cross of the Order of the Liberator San Martin (Argentina)
- Star of Mahaputera, 2nd class (Indonesia)
- Order of the Rising Sun (Japan)
- Grand Cross of the Order of St. Gregory
- Grand Commander[clarification needed] of the Order of the Star of Romania
- Grand Order of Merit of South Tyrol
- Peace Connection Mostar (Bosnia-Herzegovina)
- Commander's Cross with the Star of Order of Merit of the Republic of Hungary
- Great merit of the Province of South Tyrol (Alto Adige)
- National Order of faithful service in the rank of Commander (Romania)
- Cook, Bernard A. (2001). Europe since 1945: an encyclopedia. Taylor & Francis. p. 865. ISBN 978-0-8153-4058-4. Retrieved 26 September 2010.
- Allain Pellet (1992). "The Opinions of the Badinter Arbitration Committee: A Second Breath for the Self-Determination of Peoples" (PDF). European Journal of International Law. 3 (1): 178–185. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2011-05-29.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2012-09-20. Retrieved 2014-09-23.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)